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Subject[PATCH 4.19 113/205] perf stat: Handle different PMU names with common prefix
Date
4.19-stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.

------------------

From: Thomas Richter <tmricht@linux.ibm.com>

commit ea1fa48c055f833eb25f0c33188feecb7002ada5 upstream.

On s390 the CPU Measurement Facility for counters now supports
2 PMUs named cpum_cf (CPU Measurement Facility for counters) and
cpum_cf_diag (CPU Measurement Facility for diagnostic counters)
for one and the same CPU.

Running command

[root@s35lp76 perf]# ./perf stat -e tx_c_tend \
-- ~/mytests/cf-tx-events 1

Measuring transactions
TX_C_TABORT_NO_SPECIAL: 0 expected:0
TX_C_TABORT_SPECIAL: 0 expected:0
TX_C_TEND: 1 expected:1
TX_NC_TABORT: 11 expected:11
TX_NC_TEND: 1 expected:1

Performance counter stats for '/root/mytests/cf-tx-events 1':

2 tx_c_tend

0.002120091 seconds time elapsed

0.000121000 seconds user
0.002127000 seconds sys

[root@s35lp76 perf]#

displays output which is unexpected (and wrong):

2 tx_c_tend

The test program definitely triggers only one transaction, as shown
in line 'TX_C_TEND: 1 expected:1'.

This is caused by the following call sequence:

pmu_lookup() scans and installs a PMU.
+--> pmu_aliases() parses all aliases in directory
.../<pmu-name>/events/* which are file names.
+--> pmu_aliases_parse() Read each file in directory and create
an new alias entry. This is done with
+--> perf_pmu__new_alias() and
+--> __perf_pmu__new_alias() which also check for
identical alias names.

After pmu_aliases() returns, a complete list of event names
for this pmu has been created. Now function

pmu_add_cpu_aliases() is called to add the events listed in the json
| files to the alias list of the cpu.
+--> perf_pmu__find_map() Returns a pointer to the json events.

Now function pmu_add_cpu_aliases() scans through all events listed
in the JSON files for this CPU.
Each json event pmu name is compared with the current PMU being
built up and if they mismatch, the json event is added to the
current PMUs alias list.
To avoid duplicate entries the following comparison is done:

if (!is_arm_pmu_core(name)) {
pname = pe->pmu ? pe->pmu : "cpu";
if (strncmp(pname, name, strlen(pname)))
continue;
}

The culprit is the strncmp() function.

Using current s390 PMU naming, the first PMU is 'cpum_cf'
and a long list of events is added, among them 'tx_c_tend'

When the second PMU named 'cpum_cf_diag' is added, only one event
named 'CF_DIAG' is added by the pmu_aliases() function.

Now function pmu_add_cpu_aliases() is invoked for PMU 'cpum_cf_diag'.
Since the CPUID string is the same for both PMUs, json file events
for PMU named 'cpum_cf' are added to the PMU 'cpm_cf_diag'

This happens because the strncmp() actually compares:

strncmp("cpum_cf", "cpum_cf_diag", 6);

The first parameter is the pmu name taken from the event in
the json file. The second parameter is the pmu name of the PMU
currently being built.
They are different, but the length of the compare only tests the
common prefix and this returns 0(true) when it should return false.

Now all events for PMU cpum_cf are added to the alias list for pmu
cpum_cf_diag.

Later on in function parse_events_add_pmu() the event 'tx_c_end' is
searched in all available PMUs and found twice, adding it two
times to the evsel_list global variable which is the root
of all events. This results in a counter value of 2 instead
of 1.

Output with this patch:

[root@s35lp76 perf]# ./perf stat -e tx_c_tend \
-- ~/mytests/cf-tx-events 1
Measuring transactions
TX_C_TABORT_NO_SPECIAL: 0 expected:0
TX_C_TABORT_SPECIAL: 0 expected:0
TX_C_TEND: 1 expected:1
TX_NC_TABORT: 11 expected:11
TX_NC_TEND: 1 expected:1

Performance counter stats for '/root/mytests/cf-tx-events 1':

1 tx_c_tend

0.001815365 seconds time elapsed

0.000123000 seconds user
0.001756000 seconds sys

[root@s35lp76 perf]#

Signed-off-by: Thomas Richter <tmricht@linux.ibm.com>
Reviewed-by: Hendrik Brueckner <brueckner@linux.ibm.com>
Reviewed-by: Sebastien Boisvert <sboisvert@gydle.com>
Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Kan Liang <kan.liang@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
Fixes: 292c34c10249 ("perf pmu: Fix core PMU alias list for X86 platform")
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20181023151616.78193-1-tmricht@linux.ibm.com
Signed-off-by: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

---
tools/perf/util/pmu.c | 2 +-
1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)

--- a/tools/perf/util/pmu.c
+++ b/tools/perf/util/pmu.c
@@ -773,7 +773,7 @@ static void pmu_add_cpu_aliases(struct l

if (!is_arm_pmu_core(name)) {
pname = pe->pmu ? pe->pmu : "cpu";
- if (strncmp(pname, name, strlen(pname)))
+ if (strcmp(pname, name))
continue;
}


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