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Subject[PATCH 4.19 126/205] Btrfs: fix infinite loop on inode eviction after deduplication of eof block
Date
4.19-stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.

------------------

From: Filipe Manana <fdmanana@suse.com>

commit 11023d3f5fdf89bba5e1142127701ca6e6014587 upstream.

If we attempt to deduplicate the last block of a file A into the middle of
a file B, and file A's size is not a multiple of the block size, we end
rounding the deduplication length to 0 bytes, to avoid the data corruption
issue fixed by commit de02b9f6bb65 ("Btrfs: fix data corruption when
deduplicating between different files"). However a length of zero will
cause the insertion of an extent state with a start value greater (by 1)
then the end value, leading to a corrupt extent state that will trigger a
warning and cause chaos such as an infinite loop during inode eviction.
Example trace:

[96049.833585] ------------[ cut here ]------------
[96049.833714] WARNING: CPU: 0 PID: 24448 at fs/btrfs/extent_io.c:436 insert_state+0x101/0x120 [btrfs]
[96049.833767] CPU: 0 PID: 24448 Comm: xfs_io Not tainted 4.19.0-rc7-btrfs-next-39 #1
[96049.833768] Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS rel-1.11.2-0-gf9626ccb91-prebuilt.qemu-project.org 04/01/2014
[96049.833780] RIP: 0010:insert_state+0x101/0x120 [btrfs]
[96049.833783] RSP: 0018:ffffafd2c3707af0 EFLAGS: 00010282
[96049.833785] RAX: 0000000000000000 RBX: 000000000004dfff RCX: 0000000000000006
[96049.833786] RDX: 0000000000000007 RSI: ffff99045c143230 RDI: ffff99047b2168a0
[96049.833787] RBP: ffff990457851cd0 R08: 0000000000000001 R09: 0000000000000000
[96049.833787] R10: ffffafd2c3707ab8 R11: 0000000000000000 R12: ffff9903b93b12c8
[96049.833788] R13: 000000000004e000 R14: ffffafd2c3707b80 R15: ffffafd2c3707b78
[96049.833790] FS: 00007f5c14e7d700(0000) GS:ffff99047b200000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
[96049.833791] CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
[96049.833792] CR2: 00007f5c146abff8 CR3: 0000000115f4c004 CR4: 00000000003606f0
[96049.833795] DR0: 0000000000000000 DR1: 0000000000000000 DR2: 0000000000000000
[96049.833796] DR3: 0000000000000000 DR6: 00000000fffe0ff0 DR7: 0000000000000400
[96049.833796] Call Trace:
[96049.833809] __set_extent_bit+0x46c/0x6a0 [btrfs]
[96049.833823] lock_extent_bits+0x6b/0x210 [btrfs]
[96049.833831] ? _raw_spin_unlock+0x24/0x30
[96049.833841] ? test_range_bit+0xdf/0x130 [btrfs]
[96049.833853] lock_extent_range+0x8e/0x150 [btrfs]
[96049.833864] btrfs_double_extent_lock+0x78/0xb0 [btrfs]
[96049.833875] btrfs_extent_same_range+0x14e/0x550 [btrfs]
[96049.833885] ? rcu_read_lock_sched_held+0x3f/0x70
[96049.833890] ? __kmalloc_node+0x2b0/0x2f0
[96049.833899] ? btrfs_dedupe_file_range+0x19a/0x280 [btrfs]
[96049.833909] btrfs_dedupe_file_range+0x270/0x280 [btrfs]
[96049.833916] vfs_dedupe_file_range_one+0xd9/0xe0
[96049.833919] vfs_dedupe_file_range+0x131/0x1b0
[96049.833924] do_vfs_ioctl+0x272/0x6e0
[96049.833927] ? __fget+0x113/0x200
[96049.833931] ksys_ioctl+0x70/0x80
[96049.833933] __x64_sys_ioctl+0x16/0x20
[96049.833937] do_syscall_64+0x60/0x1b0
[96049.833939] entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x49/0xbe
[96049.833941] RIP: 0033:0x7f5c1478ddd7
[96049.833943] RSP: 002b:00007ffe15b196a8 EFLAGS: 00000202 ORIG_RAX: 0000000000000010
[96049.833945] RAX: ffffffffffffffda RBX: 0000000000000000 RCX: 00007f5c1478ddd7
[96049.833946] RDX: 00005625ece322d0 RSI: 00000000c0189436 RDI: 0000000000000004
[96049.833947] RBP: 0000000000000000 R08: 00007f5c14a46f48 R09: 0000000000000040
[96049.833948] R10: 0000000000000541 R11: 0000000000000202 R12: 0000000000000000
[96049.833949] R13: 0000000000000000 R14: 0000000000000004 R15: 00005625ece322d0
[96049.833954] irq event stamp: 6196
[96049.833956] hardirqs last enabled at (6195): [<ffffffff91b00663>] console_unlock+0x503/0x640
[96049.833958] hardirqs last disabled at (6196): [<ffffffff91a037dd>] trace_hardirqs_off_thunk+0x1a/0x1c
[96049.833959] softirqs last enabled at (6114): [<ffffffff92600370>] __do_softirq+0x370/0x421
[96049.833964] softirqs last disabled at (6095): [<ffffffff91a8dd4d>] irq_exit+0xcd/0xe0
[96049.833965] ---[ end trace db7b05f01b7fa10c ]---
[96049.935816] R13: 0000000000000000 R14: 00005562e5259240 R15: 00007ffff092b910
[96049.935822] irq event stamp: 6584
[96049.935823] hardirqs last enabled at (6583): [<ffffffff91b00663>] console_unlock+0x503/0x640
[96049.935825] hardirqs last disabled at (6584): [<ffffffff91a037dd>] trace_hardirqs_off_thunk+0x1a/0x1c
[96049.935827] softirqs last enabled at (6328): [<ffffffff92600370>] __do_softirq+0x370/0x421
[96049.935828] softirqs last disabled at (6313): [<ffffffff91a8dd4d>] irq_exit+0xcd/0xe0
[96049.935829] ---[ end trace db7b05f01b7fa123 ]---
[96049.935840] ------------[ cut here ]------------
[96049.936065] WARNING: CPU: 1 PID: 24463 at fs/btrfs/extent_io.c:436 insert_state+0x101/0x120 [btrfs]
[96049.936107] CPU: 1 PID: 24463 Comm: umount Tainted: G W 4.19.0-rc7-btrfs-next-39 #1
[96049.936108] Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS rel-1.11.2-0-gf9626ccb91-prebuilt.qemu-project.org 04/01/2014
[96049.936117] RIP: 0010:insert_state+0x101/0x120 [btrfs]
[96049.936119] RSP: 0018:ffffafd2c3637bc0 EFLAGS: 00010282
[96049.936120] RAX: 0000000000000000 RBX: 000000000004dfff RCX: 0000000000000006
[96049.936121] RDX: 0000000000000007 RSI: ffff990445cf88e0 RDI: ffff99047b2968a0
[96049.936122] RBP: ffff990457851cd0 R08: 0000000000000001 R09: 0000000000000000
[96049.936123] R10: ffffafd2c3637b88 R11: 0000000000000000 R12: ffff9904574301e8
[96049.936124] R13: 000000000004e000 R14: ffffafd2c3637c50 R15: ffffafd2c3637c48
[96049.936125] FS: 00007fe4b87e72c0(0000) GS:ffff99047b280000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
[96049.936126] CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
[96049.936128] CR2: 00005562e52618d8 CR3: 00000001151c8005 CR4: 00000000003606e0
[96049.936129] DR0: 0000000000000000 DR1: 0000000000000000 DR2: 0000000000000000
[96049.936131] DR3: 0000000000000000 DR6: 00000000fffe0ff0 DR7: 0000000000000400
[96049.936131] Call Trace:
[96049.936141] __set_extent_bit+0x46c/0x6a0 [btrfs]
[96049.936154] lock_extent_bits+0x6b/0x210 [btrfs]
[96049.936167] btrfs_evict_inode+0x1e1/0x5a0 [btrfs]
[96049.936172] evict+0xbf/0x1c0
[96049.936174] dispose_list+0x51/0x80
[96049.936176] evict_inodes+0x193/0x1c0
[96049.936180] generic_shutdown_super+0x3f/0x110
[96049.936182] kill_anon_super+0xe/0x30
[96049.936189] btrfs_kill_super+0x13/0x100 [btrfs]
[96049.936191] deactivate_locked_super+0x3a/0x70
[96049.936193] cleanup_mnt+0x3b/0x80
[96049.936195] task_work_run+0x93/0xc0
[96049.936198] exit_to_usermode_loop+0xfa/0x100
[96049.936201] do_syscall_64+0x17f/0x1b0
[96049.936202] entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x49/0xbe
[96049.936204] RIP: 0033:0x7fe4b80cfb37
[96049.936206] RSP: 002b:00007ffff092b688 EFLAGS: 00000246 ORIG_RAX: 00000000000000a6
[96049.936207] RAX: 0000000000000000 RBX: 00005562e5259060 RCX: 00007fe4b80cfb37
[96049.936208] RDX: 0000000000000001 RSI: 0000000000000000 RDI: 00005562e525faa0
[96049.936209] RBP: 00005562e525faa0 R08: 00005562e525f770 R09: 0000000000000015
[96049.936210] R10: 00000000000006b4 R11: 0000000000000246 R12: 00007fe4b85d1e64
[96049.936211] R13: 0000000000000000 R14: 00005562e5259240 R15: 00007ffff092b910
[96049.936211] R13: 0000000000000000 R14: 00005562e5259240 R15: 00007ffff092b910
[96049.936216] irq event stamp: 6616
[96049.936219] hardirqs last enabled at (6615): [<ffffffff91b00663>] console_unlock+0x503/0x640
[96049.936219] hardirqs last disabled at (6616): [<ffffffff91a037dd>] trace_hardirqs_off_thunk+0x1a/0x1c
[96049.936222] softirqs last enabled at (6328): [<ffffffff92600370>] __do_softirq+0x370/0x421
[96049.936222] softirqs last disabled at (6313): [<ffffffff91a8dd4d>] irq_exit+0xcd/0xe0
[96049.936223] ---[ end trace db7b05f01b7fa124 ]---

The second stack trace, from inode eviction, is repeated forever due to
the infinite loop during eviction.

This is the same type of problem fixed way back in 2015 by commit
113e8283869b ("Btrfs: fix inode eviction infinite loop after extent_same
ioctl") and commit ccccf3d67294 ("Btrfs: fix inode eviction infinite loop
after cloning into it").

So fix this by returning immediately if the deduplication range length
gets rounded down to 0 bytes, as there is nothing that needs to be done in
such case.

Example reproducer:

$ mkfs.btrfs -f /dev/sdb
$ mount /dev/sdb /mnt

$ xfs_io -f -c "pwrite -S 0xe6 0 100" /mnt/foo
$ xfs_io -f -c "pwrite -S 0xe6 0 1M" /mnt/bar

# Unmount the filesystem and mount it again so that we start without any
# extent state records when we ask for the deduplication.
$ umount /mnt
$ mount /dev/sdb /mnt

$ xfs_io -c "dedupe /mnt/foo 0 500K 100" /mnt/bar

# This unmount triggers the infinite loop.
$ umount /mnt

A test case for fstests will follow soon.

Fixes: de02b9f6bb65 ("Btrfs: fix data corruption when deduplicating between different files")
CC: <stable@vger.kernel.org> # 4.19+
Reviewed-by: Nikolay Borisov <nborisov@suse.com>
Signed-off-by: Filipe Manana <fdmanana@suse.com>
Signed-off-by: David Sterba <dsterba@suse.com>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

---
fs/btrfs/ioctl.c | 2 ++
1 file changed, 2 insertions(+)

--- a/fs/btrfs/ioctl.c
+++ b/fs/btrfs/ioctl.c
@@ -3489,6 +3489,8 @@ static int btrfs_extent_same_range(struc
const u64 sz = BTRFS_I(src)->root->fs_info->sectorsize;

len = round_down(i_size_read(src), sz) - loff;
+ if (len == 0)
+ return 0;
olen = len;
}
}

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