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Subjectpatch "tools: Add 'firmware' category and add ihex2fw tool" added to char-misc-next
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This is a note to let you know that I've just added the patch titled

tools: Add 'firmware' category and add ihex2fw tool

to my char-misc git tree which can be found at
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/gregkh/char-misc.git
in the char-misc-next branch.

The patch will show up in the next release of the linux-next tree
(usually sometime within the next 24 hours during the week.)

The patch will also be merged in the next major kernel release
during the merge window.

If you have any questions about this process, please let me know.


From 1e5106031f298af4ad29c2eb866780d9a21e9ab4 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Andrey Smirnov <andrew.smirnov@gmail.com>
Date: Wed, 17 Oct 2018 11:27:18 -0700
Subject: tools: Add 'firmware' category and add ihex2fw tool

Commit 5620a0d1aacd ("firmware: delete in-kernel firmware") removed
ihex2fw tool together with the rest of the contents of firmware/
folder. Since that tool is quite useful for doing .ihex -> .fw
converstion, restore its original source code to tools/firmware

Suggested-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: Kyle McMartin <kyle@kernel.org>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
Cc: David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: linux-kernel <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrey Smirnov <andrew.smirnov@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
---
tools/Makefile | 7 +-
tools/firmware/Makefile | 13 ++
tools/firmware/ihex2fw.c | 281 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
3 files changed, 298 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 tools/firmware/Makefile
create mode 100644 tools/firmware/ihex2fw.c

diff --git a/tools/Makefile b/tools/Makefile
index abb358a70ad0..77f1aee8ea01 100644
--- a/tools/Makefile
+++ b/tools/Makefile
@@ -13,6 +13,7 @@ help:
@echo ' cgroup - cgroup tools'
@echo ' cpupower - a tool for all things x86 CPU power'
@echo ' firewire - the userspace part of nosy, an IEEE-1394 traffic sniffer'
+ @echo ' firmware - Firmware tools'
@echo ' freefall - laptop accelerometer program for disk protection'
@echo ' gpio - GPIO tools'
@echo ' hv - tools used when in Hyper-V clients'
@@ -60,7 +61,7 @@ acpi: FORCE
cpupower: FORCE
$(call descend,power/$@)

-cgroup firewire hv guest spi usb virtio vm bpf iio gpio objtool leds wmi pci: FORCE
+cgroup firewire hv guest spi usb virtio vm bpf iio gpio objtool leds wmi pci firmware: FORCE
$(call descend,$@)

liblockdep: FORCE
@@ -137,7 +138,7 @@ acpi_clean:
cpupower_clean:
$(call descend,power/cpupower,clean)

-cgroup_clean hv_clean firewire_clean spi_clean usb_clean virtio_clean vm_clean wmi_clean bpf_clean iio_clean gpio_clean objtool_clean leds_clean pci_clean:
+cgroup_clean hv_clean firewire_clean spi_clean usb_clean virtio_clean vm_clean wmi_clean bpf_clean iio_clean gpio_clean objtool_clean leds_clean pci_clean firmware_clean:
$(call descend,$(@:_clean=),clean)

liblockdep_clean:
@@ -175,6 +176,6 @@ clean: acpi_clean cgroup_clean cpupower_clean hv_clean firewire_clean \
perf_clean selftests_clean turbostat_clean spi_clean usb_clean virtio_clean \
vm_clean bpf_clean iio_clean x86_energy_perf_policy_clean tmon_clean \
freefall_clean build_clean libbpf_clean libsubcmd_clean liblockdep_clean \
- gpio_clean objtool_clean leds_clean wmi_clean pci_clean
+ gpio_clean objtool_clean leds_clean wmi_clean pci_clean firmware_clean

.PHONY: FORCE
diff --git a/tools/firmware/Makefile b/tools/firmware/Makefile
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..d329825aa31b
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/firmware/Makefile
@@ -0,0 +1,13 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+# Makefile for firmware tools
+
+CFLAGS = -Wall -Wextra -g
+
+all: ihex2fw
+%: %.c
+ $(CC) $(CFLAGS) -o $@ $^
+
+clean:
+ $(RM) ihex2fw
+
+.PHONY: all clean
\ No newline at end of file
diff --git a/tools/firmware/ihex2fw.c b/tools/firmware/ihex2fw.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..b58dd061e978
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/firmware/ihex2fw.c
@@ -0,0 +1,281 @@
+/*
+ * Parser/loader for IHEX formatted data.
+ *
+ * Copyright © 2008 David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org>
+ * Copyright © 2005 Jan Harkes <jaharkes@cs.cmu.edu>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ */
+
+#include <stdint.h>
+#include <arpa/inet.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <errno.h>
+#include <sys/types.h>
+#include <sys/stat.h>
+#include <sys/mman.h>
+#include <fcntl.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#define _GNU_SOURCE
+#include <getopt.h>
+
+
+struct ihex_binrec {
+ struct ihex_binrec *next; /* not part of the real data structure */
+ uint32_t addr;
+ uint16_t len;
+ uint8_t data[];
+};
+
+/**
+ * nybble/hex are little helpers to parse hexadecimal numbers to a byte value
+ **/
+static uint8_t nybble(const uint8_t n)
+{
+ if (n >= '0' && n <= '9') return n - '0';
+ else if (n >= 'A' && n <= 'F') return n - ('A' - 10);
+ else if (n >= 'a' && n <= 'f') return n - ('a' - 10);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static uint8_t hex(const uint8_t *data, uint8_t *crc)
+{
+ uint8_t val = (nybble(data[0]) << 4) | nybble(data[1]);
+ *crc += val;
+ return val;
+}
+
+static int process_ihex(uint8_t *data, ssize_t size);
+static void file_record(struct ihex_binrec *record);
+static int output_records(int outfd);
+
+static int sort_records = 0;
+static int wide_records = 0;
+static int include_jump = 0;
+
+static int usage(void)
+{
+ fprintf(stderr, "ihex2fw: Convert ihex files into binary "
+ "representation for use by Linux kernel\n");
+ fprintf(stderr, "usage: ihex2fw [<options>] <src.HEX> <dst.fw>\n");
+ fprintf(stderr, " -w: wide records (16-bit length)\n");
+ fprintf(stderr, " -s: sort records by address\n");
+ fprintf(stderr, " -j: include records for CS:IP/EIP address\n");
+ return 1;
+}
+
+int main(int argc, char **argv)
+{
+ int infd, outfd;
+ struct stat st;
+ uint8_t *data;
+ int opt;
+
+ while ((opt = getopt(argc, argv, "wsj")) != -1) {
+ switch (opt) {
+ case 'w':
+ wide_records = 1;
+ break;
+ case 's':
+ sort_records = 1;
+ break;
+ case 'j':
+ include_jump = 1;
+ break;
+ default:
+ return usage();
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (optind + 2 != argc)
+ return usage();
+
+ if (!strcmp(argv[optind], "-"))
+ infd = 0;
+ else
+ infd = open(argv[optind], O_RDONLY);
+ if (infd == -1) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "Failed to open source file: %s",
+ strerror(errno));
+ return usage();
+ }
+ if (fstat(infd, &st)) {
+ perror("stat");
+ return 1;
+ }
+ data = mmap(NULL, st.st_size, PROT_READ, MAP_SHARED, infd, 0);
+ if (data == MAP_FAILED) {
+ perror("mmap");
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ if (!strcmp(argv[optind+1], "-"))
+ outfd = 1;
+ else
+ outfd = open(argv[optind+1], O_TRUNC|O_CREAT|O_WRONLY, 0644);
+ if (outfd == -1) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "Failed to open destination file: %s",
+ strerror(errno));
+ return usage();
+ }
+ if (process_ihex(data, st.st_size))
+ return 1;
+
+ return output_records(outfd);
+}
+
+static int process_ihex(uint8_t *data, ssize_t size)
+{
+ struct ihex_binrec *record;
+ uint32_t offset = 0;
+ uint32_t data32;
+ uint8_t type, crc = 0, crcbyte = 0;
+ int i, j;
+ int line = 1;
+ int len;
+
+ i = 0;
+next_record:
+ /* search for the start of record character */
+ while (i < size) {
+ if (data[i] == '\n') line++;
+ if (data[i++] == ':') break;
+ }
+
+ /* Minimum record length would be about 10 characters */
+ if (i + 10 > size) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "Can't find valid record at line %d\n", line);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ len = hex(data + i, &crc); i += 2;
+ if (wide_records) {
+ len <<= 8;
+ len += hex(data + i, &crc); i += 2;
+ }
+ record = malloc((sizeof (*record) + len + 3) & ~3);
+ if (!record) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "out of memory for records\n");
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ }
+ memset(record, 0, (sizeof(*record) + len + 3) & ~3);
+ record->len = len;
+
+ /* now check if we have enough data to read everything */
+ if (i + 8 + (record->len * 2) > size) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "Not enough data to read complete record at line %d\n",
+ line);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ record->addr = hex(data + i, &crc) << 8; i += 2;
+ record->addr |= hex(data + i, &crc); i += 2;
+ type = hex(data + i, &crc); i += 2;
+
+ for (j = 0; j < record->len; j++, i += 2)
+ record->data[j] = hex(data + i, &crc);
+
+ /* check CRC */
+ crcbyte = hex(data + i, &crc); i += 2;
+ if (crc != 0) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "CRC failure at line %d: got 0x%X, expected 0x%X\n",
+ line, crcbyte, (unsigned char)(crcbyte-crc));
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ /* Done reading the record */
+ switch (type) {
+ case 0:
+ /* old style EOF record? */
+ if (!record->len)
+ break;
+
+ record->addr += offset;
+ file_record(record);
+ goto next_record;
+
+ case 1: /* End-Of-File Record */
+ if (record->addr || record->len) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "Bad EOF record (type 01) format at line %d",
+ line);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+ break;
+
+ case 2: /* Extended Segment Address Record (HEX86) */
+ case 4: /* Extended Linear Address Record (HEX386) */
+ if (record->addr || record->len != 2) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "Bad HEX86/HEX386 record (type %02X) at line %d\n",
+ type, line);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ /* We shouldn't really be using the offset for HEX86 because
+ * the wraparound case is specified quite differently. */
+ offset = record->data[0] << 8 | record->data[1];
+ offset <<= (type == 2 ? 4 : 16);
+ goto next_record;
+
+ case 3: /* Start Segment Address Record */
+ case 5: /* Start Linear Address Record */
+ if (record->addr || record->len != 4) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "Bad Start Address record (type %02X) at line %d\n",
+ type, line);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ memcpy(&data32, &record->data[0], sizeof(data32));
+ data32 = htonl(data32);
+ memcpy(&record->data[0], &data32, sizeof(data32));
+
+ /* These records contain the CS/IP or EIP where execution
+ * starts. If requested output this as a record. */
+ if (include_jump)
+ file_record(record);
+ goto next_record;
+
+ default:
+ fprintf(stderr, "Unknown record (type %02X)\n", type);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static struct ihex_binrec *records;
+
+static void file_record(struct ihex_binrec *record)
+{
+ struct ihex_binrec **p = &records;
+
+ while ((*p) && (!sort_records || (*p)->addr < record->addr))
+ p = &((*p)->next);
+
+ record->next = *p;
+ *p = record;
+}
+
+static int output_records(int outfd)
+{
+ unsigned char zeroes[6] = {0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0};
+ struct ihex_binrec *p = records;
+
+ while (p) {
+ uint16_t writelen = (p->len + 9) & ~3;
+
+ p->addr = htonl(p->addr);
+ p->len = htons(p->len);
+ if (write(outfd, &p->addr, writelen) != writelen)
+ return 1;
+ p = p->next;
+ }
+ /* EOF record is zero length, since we don't bother to represent
+ the type field in the binary version */
+ if (write(outfd, zeroes, 6) != 6)
+ return 1;
+ return 0;
+}
--
2.19.1

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