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SubjectRe: ARM builtin perf tests for breakpoint failures
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Hi Will,

On 11/14/18 2:34 PM, Will Deacon wrote:
> Hi Florian,
>
> On Wed, Nov 14, 2018 at 12:21:12PM -0800, Florian Fainelli wrote:
>> I have been trying to debug some perf builtin tests on ARM 32-bit and
>> found that "Breakpoint overflow signal handler" and "Breakpoint overflow
>> sampling" were failing, but there are a number of reasons for that and
>> they may fail in seemingly unexpected ways.
>>
>> My perf binary is built in Thumb2 because that is what the toolchain
>> produces by default. Going through the rabbit hole, I found the
>> following failure scenarios.
>>
>> 1) If __test_function()'s addresss has the Thumb bit set, then we set a
>> breakpoint length (bp_len = sizeof(long)) which makes us fail to
>> validate the event in hw_breakpoint_arch_parse() and we return -EINVAL
>> from SYS_perf_event_open(). This is because the offset computed has a
>> value of 1 (function address is e.g: 0x0004c169), but we requested a
>> bp_len of 4. The test fails right away.
>>
>> 2) If we correct the test such that if addr & 1 == true then we set
>> bp_len = 2, then we can see that the test runs to completion, but the
>> perf breakpoint event count returns 0 and indeed, no SIGIO is ever
>> delivered. This is presumably because of the alignment_mask value of 0x3
>> in hw_breakpoint_arch_parse() which would strip the Thumb bit and not
>> allow matching it when set assign info->address &= ~alignment_mask. We
>> would indeed not have the HW hit that breakpoint at all.
>>
>> 3) If we keep the fix from 2) and also change the the alignment_mask to
>> 0x2 to preserve the Thumb bit, then we can run into what is described as
>> 4) below.
>>
>> 4) if __test_function()'s address does not have the Thumb bit set (which
>> surprisingly can happen even if test_function does, go figure), then we
>> will set a bp_len = 4, and then we are just stuck in an infinite SIGIO
>> delivery that looks like this:
>>
>> [pid 1859] perf_event_open(0xbebee790, 0, -1, -1, 0x8 /* PERF_FLAG_???
>> */) = 3
>> [pid 1859] fcntl64(3, F_SETFL, O_RDWR|O_NONBLOCK|O_ASYNC) = 0
>> [pid 1859] fcntl64(3, F_SETSIG, 0x1d) = 0
>> [pid 1859] fcntl64(3, F_SETOWN, 1859) = 0
>> [pid 1859] ioctl(3, PERF_EVENT_IOC_RESET, 0) = 0
>> [pid 1859] ioctl(3, PERF_EVENT_IOC_ENABLE, 0) = 0
>> [pid 1859] --- SIGIO {si_signo=SIGIO, si_code=POLL_IN, si_band=65} ---
>> [pid 1859] rt_sigreturn()
>>
>> and on and on, we can't even see gettimeofday() begin called in that case.
>>
>> This is observable on both 4.9.135 and 4.19 on ARMv7 and ARMv8 CPUs
>> running in AArch32.
>>
>> I am not clear how to fix that properly, since there appears to be a
>> nesting of problems here.
>
> This came up a few years ago iirc and I think most of this boils down to the
> fact that we require the overflow handler to do the stepping on arm/arm64,
> which is relied upon by GDB/ptrace. The hw_breakpoint code is a complete
> disaster so my preference would be to rip out the perf part and just
> implement something directly in ptrace, but it's a pretty horrible job.
>
> Are you actually using the perf interface to hw_breakpoint for something
> useful?

In fact, not really, I was just looking at why these tests were failing
and was wondering what the reasoning behind could be and if it was
worth/possible fixing them. I was a bit worried because on 4.19, the
overflow test can lead to a RCU stall.

Maybe this will be good enough as a "solution" for now?

diff --git a/tools/perf/tests/bp_signal.c b/tools/perf/tests/bp_signal.c
index a467615c5a0e..3b5471ea2331 100644
--- a/tools/perf/tests/bp_signal.c
+++ b/tools/perf/tests/bp_signal.c
@@ -296,7 +296,7 @@ bool test__bp_signal_is_supported(void)
* instruction breakpoint using the perf event interface.
* Once it's there we can release this.
*/
-#if defined(__powerpc__) || defined(__s390x__)
+#if defined(__powerpc__) || defined(__s390x__) || defined(__arm__)
return false;
#else
return true;

--
Florian

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