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Subject[PATCH v5 3/4] mm: convert totalram_pages and totalhigh_pages variables to atomic
Date
totalram_pages and totalhigh_pages are made static inline function.

Main motivation was that managed_page_count_lock handling was
complicating things. It was discussed in lenght here,
https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/patch/995739/#1181785
So it seemes better to remove the lock and convert variables
to atomic, with preventing poteintial store-to-read tearing as
a bonus.

Suggested-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Suggested-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: Arun KS <arunks@codeaurora.org>
Reviewed-by: Konstantin Khlebnikov <khlebnikov@yandex-team.ru>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Acked-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
---
coccinelle script to make most of the changes,

@@
declarer name EXPORT_SYMBOL;
symbol totalram_pages;
expression e;
@@
(
EXPORT_SYMBOL(totalram_pages);
|
- totalram_pages = e
+ totalram_pages_set(e)
|
- totalram_pages += e
+ totalram_pages_add(e)
|
- totalram_pages++
+ totalram_pages_inc()
|
- totalram_pages--
+ totalram_pages_dec()
|
- totalram_pages
+ totalram_pages()
)

@@
symbol totalhigh_pages;
expression e;
@@
(
EXPORT_SYMBOL(totalhigh_pages);
|
- totalhigh_pages = e
+ totalhigh_pages_set(e)
|
- totalhigh_pages += e
+ totalhigh_pages_add(e)
|
- totalhigh_pages++
+ totalhigh_pages_inc()
|
- totalhigh_pages--
+ totalhigh_pages_dec()
|
- totalhigh_pages
+ totalhigh_pages()
)

Manaually apply all changes of following files,

include/linux/highmem.h
include/linux/mm.h
include/linux/swap.h
mm/highmem.c

and for mm/page_alloc.c mannualy apply only below changes,

#include <linux/stddef.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/highmem.h>
#include <linux/swap.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/pagemap.h>

/* Protect totalram_pages and zone->managed_pages */
static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(managed_page_count_lock);

-unsigned long totalram_pages __read_mostly;
+atomic_long_t _totalram_pages __read_mostly;
unsigned long totalreserve_pages __read_mostly;
unsigned long totalcma_pages __read_mostly;
---

arch/csky/mm/init.c | 4 ++--
arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/cmm.c | 10 +++++-----
arch/s390/mm/init.c | 2 +-
arch/um/kernel/mem.c | 2 +-
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/microcode/core.c | 2 +-
drivers/char/agp/backend.c | 4 ++--
drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915_gem.c | 2 +-
drivers/gpu/drm/i915/selftests/i915_gem_gtt.c | 4 ++--
drivers/hv/hv_balloon.c | 2 +-
drivers/md/dm-bufio.c | 2 +-
drivers/md/dm-crypt.c | 2 +-
drivers/md/dm-integrity.c | 2 +-
drivers/md/dm-stats.c | 2 +-
drivers/media/platform/mtk-vpu/mtk_vpu.c | 2 +-
drivers/misc/vmw_balloon.c | 2 +-
drivers/parisc/ccio-dma.c | 4 ++--
drivers/parisc/sba_iommu.c | 4 ++--
drivers/staging/android/ion/ion_system_heap.c | 2 +-
drivers/xen/xen-selfballoon.c | 6 +++---
fs/ceph/super.h | 2 +-
fs/file_table.c | 2 +-
fs/fuse/inode.c | 2 +-
fs/nfs/write.c | 2 +-
fs/nfsd/nfscache.c | 2 +-
fs/ntfs/malloc.h | 2 +-
fs/proc/base.c | 2 +-
include/linux/highmem.h | 28 +++++++++++++++++++++++++--
include/linux/mm.h | 27 +++++++++++++++++++++++++-
include/linux/swap.h | 1 -
kernel/fork.c | 2 +-
kernel/kexec_core.c | 2 +-
kernel/power/snapshot.c | 2 +-
mm/highmem.c | 5 ++---
mm/huge_memory.c | 2 +-
mm/kasan/quarantine.c | 2 +-
mm/memblock.c | 4 ++--
mm/mm_init.c | 2 +-
mm/oom_kill.c | 2 +-
mm/page_alloc.c | 20 ++++++++++---------
mm/shmem.c | 8 ++++----
mm/slab.c | 2 +-
mm/swap.c | 2 +-
mm/util.c | 2 +-
mm/vmalloc.c | 4 ++--
mm/workingset.c | 2 +-
mm/zswap.c | 4 ++--
net/dccp/proto.c | 2 +-
net/decnet/dn_route.c | 2 +-
net/ipv4/tcp_metrics.c | 2 +-
net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_core.c | 2 +-
net/netfilter/xt_hashlimit.c | 2 +-
net/sctp/protocol.c | 2 +-
security/integrity/ima/ima_kexec.c | 2 +-
53 files changed, 130 insertions(+), 81 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/csky/mm/init.c b/arch/csky/mm/init.c
index dc07c07..66e5970 100644
--- a/arch/csky/mm/init.c
+++ b/arch/csky/mm/init.c
@@ -71,7 +71,7 @@ void free_initrd_mem(unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
ClearPageReserved(virt_to_page(start));
init_page_count(virt_to_page(start));
free_page(start);
- totalram_pages++;
+ totalram_pages_inc();
}
}
#endif
@@ -88,7 +88,7 @@ void free_initmem(void)
ClearPageReserved(virt_to_page(addr));
init_page_count(virt_to_page(addr));
free_page(addr);
- totalram_pages++;
+ totalram_pages_inc();
addr += PAGE_SIZE;
}

diff --git a/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/cmm.c b/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/cmm.c
index 25427a4..e8d63a6 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/cmm.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/cmm.c
@@ -208,7 +208,7 @@ static long cmm_alloc_pages(long nr)

pa->page[pa->index++] = addr;
loaned_pages++;
- totalram_pages--;
+ totalram_pages_dec();
spin_unlock(&cmm_lock);
nr--;
}
@@ -247,7 +247,7 @@ static long cmm_free_pages(long nr)
free_page(addr);
loaned_pages--;
nr--;
- totalram_pages++;
+ totalram_pages_inc();
}
spin_unlock(&cmm_lock);
cmm_dbg("End request with %ld pages unfulfilled\n", nr);
@@ -291,7 +291,7 @@ static void cmm_get_mpp(void)
int rc;
struct hvcall_mpp_data mpp_data;
signed long active_pages_target, page_loan_request, target;
- signed long total_pages = totalram_pages + loaned_pages;
+ signed long total_pages = totalram_pages() + loaned_pages;
signed long min_mem_pages = (min_mem_mb * 1024 * 1024) / PAGE_SIZE;

rc = h_get_mpp(&mpp_data);
@@ -322,7 +322,7 @@ static void cmm_get_mpp(void)

cmm_dbg("delta = %ld, loaned = %lu, target = %lu, oom = %lu, totalram = %lu\n",
page_loan_request, loaned_pages, loaned_pages_target,
- oom_freed_pages, totalram_pages);
+ oom_freed_pages, totalram_pages());
}

static struct notifier_block cmm_oom_nb = {
@@ -581,7 +581,7 @@ static int cmm_mem_going_offline(void *arg)
free_page(pa_curr->page[idx]);
freed++;
loaned_pages--;
- totalram_pages++;
+ totalram_pages_inc();
pa_curr->page[idx] = pa_last->page[--pa_last->index];
if (pa_last->index == 0) {
if (pa_curr == pa_last)
diff --git a/arch/s390/mm/init.c b/arch/s390/mm/init.c
index 76d0708..5038819 100644
--- a/arch/s390/mm/init.c
+++ b/arch/s390/mm/init.c
@@ -59,7 +59,7 @@ static void __init setup_zero_pages(void)
order = 7;

/* Limit number of empty zero pages for small memory sizes */
- while (order > 2 && (totalram_pages >> 10) < (1UL << order))
+ while (order > 2 && (totalram_pages() >> 10) < (1UL << order))
order--;

empty_zero_page = __get_free_pages(GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_ZERO, order);
diff --git a/arch/um/kernel/mem.c b/arch/um/kernel/mem.c
index 2da2096..8d21a83 100644
--- a/arch/um/kernel/mem.c
+++ b/arch/um/kernel/mem.c
@@ -51,7 +51,7 @@ void __init mem_init(void)

/* this will put all low memory onto the freelists */
memblock_free_all();
- max_low_pfn = totalram_pages;
+ max_low_pfn = totalram_pages();
max_pfn = max_low_pfn;
mem_init_print_info(NULL);
kmalloc_ok = 1;
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/microcode/core.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/microcode/core.c
index 168fa27..97f9ada 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/microcode/core.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/microcode/core.c
@@ -434,7 +434,7 @@ static ssize_t microcode_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf,
size_t len, loff_t *ppos)
{
ssize_t ret = -EINVAL;
- unsigned long nr_pages = totalram_pages;
+ unsigned long nr_pages = totalram_pages();

if ((len >> PAGE_SHIFT) > nr_pages) {
pr_err("too much data (max %ld pages)\n", nr_pages);
diff --git a/drivers/char/agp/backend.c b/drivers/char/agp/backend.c
index 38ffb28..004a3ce 100644
--- a/drivers/char/agp/backend.c
+++ b/drivers/char/agp/backend.c
@@ -115,9 +115,9 @@ static int agp_find_max(void)
long memory, index, result;

#if PAGE_SHIFT < 20
- memory = totalram_pages >> (20 - PAGE_SHIFT);
+ memory = totalram_pages() >> (20 - PAGE_SHIFT);
#else
- memory = totalram_pages << (PAGE_SHIFT - 20);
+ memory = totalram_pages() << (PAGE_SHIFT - 20);
#endif
index = 1;

diff --git a/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915_gem.c b/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915_gem.c
index 0c8aa57..6ed0e75 100644
--- a/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915_gem.c
+++ b/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915_gem.c
@@ -2539,7 +2539,7 @@ static int i915_gem_object_get_pages_gtt(struct drm_i915_gem_object *obj)
* If there's no chance of allocating enough pages for the whole
* object, bail early.
*/
- if (page_count > totalram_pages)
+ if (page_count > totalram_pages())
return -ENOMEM;

st = kmalloc(sizeof(*st), GFP_KERNEL);
diff --git a/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/selftests/i915_gem_gtt.c b/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/selftests/i915_gem_gtt.c
index 127d815..ec01f51 100644
--- a/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/selftests/i915_gem_gtt.c
+++ b/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/selftests/i915_gem_gtt.c
@@ -170,7 +170,7 @@ static int igt_ppgtt_alloc(void *arg)
* This should ensure that we do not run into the oomkiller during
* the test and take down the machine wilfully.
*/
- limit = totalram_pages << PAGE_SHIFT;
+ limit = totalram_pages() << PAGE_SHIFT;
limit = min(ppgtt->vm.total, limit);

/* Check we can allocate the entire range */
@@ -1244,7 +1244,7 @@ static int exercise_mock(struct drm_i915_private *i915,
u64 hole_start, u64 hole_end,
unsigned long end_time))
{
- const u64 limit = totalram_pages << PAGE_SHIFT;
+ const u64 limit = totalram_pages() << PAGE_SHIFT;
struct i915_gem_context *ctx;
struct i915_hw_ppgtt *ppgtt;
IGT_TIMEOUT(end_time);
diff --git a/drivers/hv/hv_balloon.c b/drivers/hv/hv_balloon.c
index f3e7da9..5301fef 100644
--- a/drivers/hv/hv_balloon.c
+++ b/drivers/hv/hv_balloon.c
@@ -1090,7 +1090,7 @@ static void process_info(struct hv_dynmem_device *dm, struct dm_info_msg *msg)
static unsigned long compute_balloon_floor(void)
{
unsigned long min_pages;
- unsigned long nr_pages = totalram_pages;
+ unsigned long nr_pages = totalram_pages();
#define MB2PAGES(mb) ((mb) << (20 - PAGE_SHIFT))
/* Simple continuous piecewiese linear function:
* max MiB -> min MiB gradient
diff --git a/drivers/md/dm-bufio.c b/drivers/md/dm-bufio.c
index dc385b7..8b0b628 100644
--- a/drivers/md/dm-bufio.c
+++ b/drivers/md/dm-bufio.c
@@ -1887,7 +1887,7 @@ static int __init dm_bufio_init(void)
dm_bufio_allocated_vmalloc = 0;
dm_bufio_current_allocated = 0;

- mem = (__u64)mult_frac(totalram_pages - totalhigh_pages,
+ mem = (__u64)mult_frac(totalram_pages() - totalhigh_pages(),
DM_BUFIO_MEMORY_PERCENT, 100) << PAGE_SHIFT;

if (mem > ULONG_MAX)
diff --git a/drivers/md/dm-crypt.c b/drivers/md/dm-crypt.c
index b8eec51..f3f2ac0 100644
--- a/drivers/md/dm-crypt.c
+++ b/drivers/md/dm-crypt.c
@@ -2158,7 +2158,7 @@ static int crypt_wipe_key(struct crypt_config *cc)

static void crypt_calculate_pages_per_client(void)
{
- unsigned long pages = (totalram_pages - totalhigh_pages) * DM_CRYPT_MEMORY_PERCENT / 100;
+ unsigned long pages = (totalram_pages() - totalhigh_pages()) * DM_CRYPT_MEMORY_PERCENT / 100;

if (!dm_crypt_clients_n)
return;
diff --git a/drivers/md/dm-integrity.c b/drivers/md/dm-integrity.c
index bb3096b..c12fa01 100644
--- a/drivers/md/dm-integrity.c
+++ b/drivers/md/dm-integrity.c
@@ -2843,7 +2843,7 @@ static int create_journal(struct dm_integrity_c *ic, char **error)
journal_pages = roundup((__u64)ic->journal_sections * ic->journal_section_sectors,
PAGE_SIZE >> SECTOR_SHIFT) >> (PAGE_SHIFT - SECTOR_SHIFT);
journal_desc_size = journal_pages * sizeof(struct page_list);
- if (journal_pages >= totalram_pages - totalhigh_pages || journal_desc_size > ULONG_MAX) {
+ if (journal_pages >= totalram_pages() - totalhigh_pages() || journal_desc_size > ULONG_MAX) {
*error = "Journal doesn't fit into memory";
r = -ENOMEM;
goto bad;
diff --git a/drivers/md/dm-stats.c b/drivers/md/dm-stats.c
index 21de30b..45b92a3 100644
--- a/drivers/md/dm-stats.c
+++ b/drivers/md/dm-stats.c
@@ -85,7 +85,7 @@ static bool __check_shared_memory(size_t alloc_size)
a = shared_memory_amount + alloc_size;
if (a < shared_memory_amount)
return false;
- if (a >> PAGE_SHIFT > totalram_pages / DM_STATS_MEMORY_FACTOR)
+ if (a >> PAGE_SHIFT > totalram_pages() / DM_STATS_MEMORY_FACTOR)
return false;
#ifdef CONFIG_MMU
if (a > (VMALLOC_END - VMALLOC_START) / DM_STATS_VMALLOC_FACTOR)
diff --git a/drivers/media/platform/mtk-vpu/mtk_vpu.c b/drivers/media/platform/mtk-vpu/mtk_vpu.c
index 616f78b..b660249 100644
--- a/drivers/media/platform/mtk-vpu/mtk_vpu.c
+++ b/drivers/media/platform/mtk-vpu/mtk_vpu.c
@@ -855,7 +855,7 @@ static int mtk_vpu_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
/* Set PTCM to 96K and DTCM to 32K */
vpu_cfg_writel(vpu, 0x2, VPU_TCM_CFG);

- vpu->enable_4GB = !!(totalram_pages > (SZ_2G >> PAGE_SHIFT));
+ vpu->enable_4GB = !!(totalram_pages() > (SZ_2G >> PAGE_SHIFT));
dev_info(dev, "4GB mode %u\n", vpu->enable_4GB);

if (vpu->enable_4GB) {
diff --git a/drivers/misc/vmw_balloon.c b/drivers/misc/vmw_balloon.c
index 9b0b3fa..e6126a4 100644
--- a/drivers/misc/vmw_balloon.c
+++ b/drivers/misc/vmw_balloon.c
@@ -570,7 +570,7 @@ static int vmballoon_send_get_target(struct vmballoon *b)
unsigned long status;
unsigned long limit;

- limit = totalram_pages;
+ limit = totalram_pages();

/* Ensure limit fits in 32-bits */
if (limit != (u32)limit)
diff --git a/drivers/parisc/ccio-dma.c b/drivers/parisc/ccio-dma.c
index 701a7d6..358e380 100644
--- a/drivers/parisc/ccio-dma.c
+++ b/drivers/parisc/ccio-dma.c
@@ -1251,7 +1251,7 @@ void __init ccio_cujo20_fixup(struct parisc_device *cujo, u32 iovp)
** Hot-Plug/Removal of PCI cards. (aka PCI OLARD).
*/

- iova_space_size = (u32) (totalram_pages / count_parisc_driver(&ccio_driver));
+ iova_space_size = (u32) (totalram_pages() / count_parisc_driver(&ccio_driver));

/* limit IOVA space size to 1MB-1GB */

@@ -1290,7 +1290,7 @@ void __init ccio_cujo20_fixup(struct parisc_device *cujo, u32 iovp)

DBG_INIT("%s() hpa 0x%p mem %luMB IOV %dMB (%d bits)\n",
__func__, ioc->ioc_regs,
- (unsigned long) totalram_pages >> (20 - PAGE_SHIFT),
+ (unsigned long) totalram_pages() >> (20 - PAGE_SHIFT),
iova_space_size>>20,
iov_order + PAGE_SHIFT);

diff --git a/drivers/parisc/sba_iommu.c b/drivers/parisc/sba_iommu.c
index c1e599a..e065594 100644
--- a/drivers/parisc/sba_iommu.c
+++ b/drivers/parisc/sba_iommu.c
@@ -1414,7 +1414,7 @@ static int setup_ibase_imask_callback(struct device *dev, void *data)
** for DMA hints - ergo only 30 bits max.
*/

- iova_space_size = (u32) (totalram_pages/global_ioc_cnt);
+ iova_space_size = (u32) (totalram_pages()/global_ioc_cnt);

/* limit IOVA space size to 1MB-1GB */
if (iova_space_size < (1 << (20 - PAGE_SHIFT))) {
@@ -1439,7 +1439,7 @@ static int setup_ibase_imask_callback(struct device *dev, void *data)
DBG_INIT("%s() hpa 0x%lx mem %ldMB IOV %dMB (%d bits)\n",
__func__,
ioc->ioc_hpa,
- (unsigned long) totalram_pages >> (20 - PAGE_SHIFT),
+ (unsigned long) totalram_pages() >> (20 - PAGE_SHIFT),
iova_space_size>>20,
iov_order + PAGE_SHIFT);

diff --git a/drivers/staging/android/ion/ion_system_heap.c b/drivers/staging/android/ion/ion_system_heap.c
index 548bb02..6cb0eeb 100644
--- a/drivers/staging/android/ion/ion_system_heap.c
+++ b/drivers/staging/android/ion/ion_system_heap.c
@@ -110,7 +110,7 @@ static int ion_system_heap_allocate(struct ion_heap *heap,
unsigned long size_remaining = PAGE_ALIGN(size);
unsigned int max_order = orders[0];

- if (size / PAGE_SIZE > totalram_pages / 2)
+ if (size / PAGE_SIZE > totalram_pages() / 2)
return -ENOMEM;

INIT_LIST_HEAD(&pages);
diff --git a/drivers/xen/xen-selfballoon.c b/drivers/xen/xen-selfballoon.c
index 5165aa8..246f612 100644
--- a/drivers/xen/xen-selfballoon.c
+++ b/drivers/xen/xen-selfballoon.c
@@ -189,7 +189,7 @@ static void selfballoon_process(struct work_struct *work)
bool reset_timer = false;

if (xen_selfballooning_enabled) {
- cur_pages = totalram_pages;
+ cur_pages = totalram_pages();
tgt_pages = cur_pages; /* default is no change */
goal_pages = vm_memory_committed() +
totalreserve_pages +
@@ -227,7 +227,7 @@ static void selfballoon_process(struct work_struct *work)
if (tgt_pages < floor_pages)
tgt_pages = floor_pages;
balloon_set_new_target(tgt_pages +
- balloon_stats.current_pages - totalram_pages);
+ balloon_stats.current_pages - totalram_pages());
reset_timer = true;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_FRONTSWAP
@@ -569,7 +569,7 @@ int xen_selfballoon_init(bool use_selfballooning, bool use_frontswap_selfshrink)
* much more reliably and response faster in some cases.
*/
if (!selfballoon_reserved_mb) {
- reserve_pages = totalram_pages / 10;
+ reserve_pages = totalram_pages() / 10;
selfballoon_reserved_mb = PAGES2MB(reserve_pages);
}
schedule_delayed_work(&selfballoon_worker, selfballoon_interval * HZ);
diff --git a/fs/ceph/super.h b/fs/ceph/super.h
index c005a54..9a2d861 100644
--- a/fs/ceph/super.h
+++ b/fs/ceph/super.h
@@ -808,7 +808,7 @@ static inline int default_congestion_kb(void)
* This allows larger machines to have larger/more transfers.
* Limit the default to 256M
*/
- congestion_kb = (16*int_sqrt(totalram_pages)) << (PAGE_SHIFT-10);
+ congestion_kb = (16*int_sqrt(totalram_pages())) << (PAGE_SHIFT-10);
if (congestion_kb > 256*1024)
congestion_kb = 256*1024;

diff --git a/fs/file_table.c b/fs/file_table.c
index b6e9587..5679e7f 100644
--- a/fs/file_table.c
+++ b/fs/file_table.c
@@ -380,7 +380,7 @@ void __init files_init(void)
void __init files_maxfiles_init(void)
{
unsigned long n;
- unsigned long nr_pages = totalram_pages;
+ unsigned long nr_pages = totalram_pages();
unsigned long memreserve = (nr_pages - nr_free_pages()) * 3/2;

memreserve = min(memreserve, nr_pages - 1);
diff --git a/fs/fuse/inode.c b/fs/fuse/inode.c
index 0b94b23..2121e71 100644
--- a/fs/fuse/inode.c
+++ b/fs/fuse/inode.c
@@ -824,7 +824,7 @@ static struct dentry *fuse_get_parent(struct dentry *child)
static void sanitize_global_limit(unsigned *limit)
{
if (*limit == 0)
- *limit = ((totalram_pages << PAGE_SHIFT) >> 13) /
+ *limit = ((totalram_pages() << PAGE_SHIFT) >> 13) /
sizeof(struct fuse_req);

if (*limit >= 1 << 16)
diff --git a/fs/nfs/write.c b/fs/nfs/write.c
index 586726a..4f15665 100644
--- a/fs/nfs/write.c
+++ b/fs/nfs/write.c
@@ -2121,7 +2121,7 @@ int __init nfs_init_writepagecache(void)
* This allows larger machines to have larger/more transfers.
* Limit the default to 256M
*/
- nfs_congestion_kb = (16*int_sqrt(totalram_pages)) << (PAGE_SHIFT-10);
+ nfs_congestion_kb = (16*int_sqrt(totalram_pages())) << (PAGE_SHIFT-10);
if (nfs_congestion_kb > 256*1024)
nfs_congestion_kb = 256*1024;

diff --git a/fs/nfsd/nfscache.c b/fs/nfsd/nfscache.c
index e2fe0e9..da52b59 100644
--- a/fs/nfsd/nfscache.c
+++ b/fs/nfsd/nfscache.c
@@ -99,7 +99,7 @@ static unsigned long nfsd_reply_cache_scan(struct shrinker *shrink,
nfsd_cache_size_limit(void)
{
unsigned int limit;
- unsigned long low_pages = totalram_pages - totalhigh_pages;
+ unsigned long low_pages = totalram_pages() - totalhigh_pages();

limit = (16 * int_sqrt(low_pages)) << (PAGE_SHIFT-10);
return min_t(unsigned int, limit, 256*1024);
diff --git a/fs/ntfs/malloc.h b/fs/ntfs/malloc.h
index ab172e5..5becc8a 100644
--- a/fs/ntfs/malloc.h
+++ b/fs/ntfs/malloc.h
@@ -47,7 +47,7 @@ static inline void *__ntfs_malloc(unsigned long size, gfp_t gfp_mask)
return kmalloc(PAGE_SIZE, gfp_mask & ~__GFP_HIGHMEM);
/* return (void *)__get_free_page(gfp_mask); */
}
- if (likely((size >> PAGE_SHIFT) < totalram_pages))
+ if (likely((size >> PAGE_SHIFT) < totalram_pages()))
return __vmalloc(size, gfp_mask, PAGE_KERNEL);
return NULL;
}
diff --git a/fs/proc/base.c b/fs/proc/base.c
index ce34654..d7fd1ca 100644
--- a/fs/proc/base.c
+++ b/fs/proc/base.c
@@ -530,7 +530,7 @@ static ssize_t lstats_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf,
static int proc_oom_score(struct seq_file *m, struct pid_namespace *ns,
struct pid *pid, struct task_struct *task)
{
- unsigned long totalpages = totalram_pages + total_swap_pages;
+ unsigned long totalpages = totalram_pages() + total_swap_pages;
unsigned long points = 0;

points = oom_badness(task, NULL, NULL, totalpages) *
diff --git a/include/linux/highmem.h b/include/linux/highmem.h
index 0690679..cea3a01 100644
--- a/include/linux/highmem.h
+++ b/include/linux/highmem.h
@@ -36,7 +36,31 @@ static inline void invalidate_kernel_vmap_range(void *vaddr, int size)

/* declarations for linux/mm/highmem.c */
unsigned int nr_free_highpages(void);
-extern unsigned long totalhigh_pages;
+extern atomic_long_t _totalhigh_pages;
+static inline unsigned long totalhigh_pages(void)
+{
+ return (unsigned long)atomic_long_read(&_totalhigh_pages);
+}
+
+static inline void totalhigh_pages_inc(void)
+{
+ atomic_long_inc(&_totalhigh_pages);
+}
+
+static inline void totalhigh_pages_dec(void)
+{
+ atomic_long_dec(&_totalhigh_pages);
+}
+
+static inline void totalhigh_pages_add(long count)
+{
+ atomic_long_add(count, &_totalhigh_pages);
+}
+
+static inline void totalhigh_pages_set(long val)
+{
+ atomic_long_set(&_totalhigh_pages, val);
+}

void kmap_flush_unused(void);

@@ -51,7 +75,7 @@ static inline struct page *kmap_to_page(void *addr)
return virt_to_page(addr);
}

-#define totalhigh_pages 0UL
+static inline unsigned long totalhigh_pages(void) { return 0UL; }

#ifndef ARCH_HAS_KMAP
static inline void *kmap(struct page *page)
diff --git a/include/linux/mm.h b/include/linux/mm.h
index 5411de9..72e7b1a 100644
--- a/include/linux/mm.h
+++ b/include/linux/mm.h
@@ -48,7 +48,32 @@ static inline void set_max_mapnr(unsigned long limit)
static inline void set_max_mapnr(unsigned long limit) { }
#endif

-extern unsigned long totalram_pages;
+extern atomic_long_t _totalram_pages;
+static inline unsigned long totalram_pages(void)
+{
+ return (unsigned long)atomic_long_read(&_totalram_pages);
+}
+
+static inline void totalram_pages_inc(void)
+{
+ atomic_long_inc(&_totalram_pages);
+}
+
+static inline void totalram_pages_dec(void)
+{
+ atomic_long_dec(&_totalram_pages);
+}
+
+static inline void totalram_pages_add(long count)
+{
+ atomic_long_add(count, &_totalram_pages);
+}
+
+static inline void totalram_pages_set(long val)
+{
+ atomic_long_set(&_totalram_pages, val);
+}
+
extern void * high_memory;
extern int page_cluster;

diff --git a/include/linux/swap.h b/include/linux/swap.h
index d8a07a4..ea66108 100644
--- a/include/linux/swap.h
+++ b/include/linux/swap.h
@@ -308,7 +308,6 @@ struct vma_swap_readahead {
} while (0)

/* linux/mm/page_alloc.c */
-extern unsigned long totalram_pages;
extern unsigned long totalreserve_pages;
extern unsigned long nr_free_buffer_pages(void);
extern unsigned long nr_free_pagecache_pages(void);
diff --git a/kernel/fork.c b/kernel/fork.c
index 58422c5..f73287c 100644
--- a/kernel/fork.c
+++ b/kernel/fork.c
@@ -739,7 +739,7 @@ void __init __weak arch_task_cache_init(void) { }
static void set_max_threads(unsigned int max_threads_suggested)
{
u64 threads;
- unsigned long nr_pages = totalram_pages;
+ unsigned long nr_pages = totalram_pages();

/*
* The number of threads shall be limited such that the thread
diff --git a/kernel/kexec_core.c b/kernel/kexec_core.c
index 7e967ca..d714044 100644
--- a/kernel/kexec_core.c
+++ b/kernel/kexec_core.c
@@ -152,7 +152,7 @@ int sanity_check_segment_list(struct kimage *image)
int i;
unsigned long nr_segments = image->nr_segments;
unsigned long total_pages = 0;
- unsigned long nr_pages = totalram_pages;
+ unsigned long nr_pages = totalram_pages();

/*
* Verify we have good destination addresses. The caller is
diff --git a/kernel/power/snapshot.c b/kernel/power/snapshot.c
index b0308a2..640b203 100644
--- a/kernel/power/snapshot.c
+++ b/kernel/power/snapshot.c
@@ -105,7 +105,7 @@ void __init hibernate_reserved_size_init(void)

void __init hibernate_image_size_init(void)
{
- image_size = ((totalram_pages * 2) / 5) * PAGE_SIZE;
+ image_size = ((totalram_pages() * 2) / 5) * PAGE_SIZE;
}

/*
diff --git a/mm/highmem.c b/mm/highmem.c
index 59db322..107b10f 100644
--- a/mm/highmem.c
+++ b/mm/highmem.c
@@ -105,9 +105,8 @@ static inline wait_queue_head_t *get_pkmap_wait_queue_head(unsigned int color)
}
#endif

-unsigned long totalhigh_pages __read_mostly;
-EXPORT_SYMBOL(totalhigh_pages);
-
+atomic_long_t _totalhigh_pages __read_mostly;
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(_totalhigh_pages);

EXPORT_PER_CPU_SYMBOL(__kmap_atomic_idx);

diff --git a/mm/huge_memory.c b/mm/huge_memory.c
index 55478ab..6e88f72 100644
--- a/mm/huge_memory.c
+++ b/mm/huge_memory.c
@@ -420,7 +420,7 @@ static int __init hugepage_init(void)
* where the extra memory used could hurt more than TLB overhead
* is likely to save. The admin can still enable it through /sys.
*/
- if (totalram_pages < (512 << (20 - PAGE_SHIFT))) {
+ if (totalram_pages() < (512 << (20 - PAGE_SHIFT))) {
transparent_hugepage_flags = 0;
return 0;
}
diff --git a/mm/kasan/quarantine.c b/mm/kasan/quarantine.c
index b209dba..5835c0f 100644
--- a/mm/kasan/quarantine.c
+++ b/mm/kasan/quarantine.c
@@ -236,7 +236,7 @@ void quarantine_reduce(void)
* Update quarantine size in case of hotplug. Allocate a fraction of
* the installed memory to quarantine minus per-cpu queue limits.
*/
- total_size = (READ_ONCE(totalram_pages) << PAGE_SHIFT) /
+ total_size = (totalram_pages() << PAGE_SHIFT) /
QUARANTINE_FRACTION;
percpu_quarantines = QUARANTINE_PERCPU_SIZE * num_online_cpus();
new_quarantine_size = (total_size < percpu_quarantines) ?
diff --git a/mm/memblock.c b/mm/memblock.c
index bbd82ab..2aa1598 100644
--- a/mm/memblock.c
+++ b/mm/memblock.c
@@ -1576,7 +1576,7 @@ void __init __memblock_free_late(phys_addr_t base, phys_addr_t size)

for (; cursor < end; cursor++) {
memblock_free_pages(pfn_to_page(cursor), cursor, 0);
- totalram_pages++;
+ totalram_pages_inc();
}
}

@@ -1978,7 +1978,7 @@ unsigned long __init memblock_free_all(void)
reset_all_zones_managed_pages();

pages = free_low_memory_core_early();
- totalram_pages += pages;
+ totalram_pages_add(pages);

return pages;
}
diff --git a/mm/mm_init.c b/mm/mm_init.c
index 6838a53..3391710 100644
--- a/mm/mm_init.c
+++ b/mm/mm_init.c
@@ -146,7 +146,7 @@ static void __meminit mm_compute_batch(void)
s32 batch = max_t(s32, nr*2, 32);

/* batch size set to 0.4% of (total memory/#cpus), or max int32 */
- memsized_batch = min_t(u64, (totalram_pages/nr)/256, 0x7fffffff);
+ memsized_batch = min_t(u64, (totalram_pages()/nr)/256, 0x7fffffff);

vm_committed_as_batch = max_t(s32, memsized_batch, batch);
}
diff --git a/mm/oom_kill.c b/mm/oom_kill.c
index 6589f60..21d4877 100644
--- a/mm/oom_kill.c
+++ b/mm/oom_kill.c
@@ -269,7 +269,7 @@ static enum oom_constraint constrained_alloc(struct oom_control *oc)
}

/* Default to all available memory */
- oc->totalpages = totalram_pages + total_swap_pages;
+ oc->totalpages = totalram_pages() + total_swap_pages;

if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NUMA))
return CONSTRAINT_NONE;
diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
index 22e6645..f8b64cc 100644
--- a/mm/page_alloc.c
+++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
@@ -16,6 +16,7 @@

#include <linux/stddef.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/highmem.h>
#include <linux/swap.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/pagemap.h>
@@ -124,7 +125,8 @@
/* Protect totalram_pages and zone->managed_pages */
static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(managed_page_count_lock);

-unsigned long totalram_pages __read_mostly;
+atomic_long_t _totalram_pages __read_mostly;
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(_totalram_pages);
unsigned long totalreserve_pages __read_mostly;
unsigned long totalcma_pages __read_mostly;

@@ -4748,11 +4750,11 @@ long si_mem_available(void)

void si_meminfo(struct sysinfo *val)
{
- val->totalram = totalram_pages;
+ val->totalram = totalram_pages();
val->sharedram = global_node_page_state(NR_SHMEM);
val->freeram = global_zone_page_state(NR_FREE_PAGES);
val->bufferram = nr_blockdev_pages();
- val->totalhigh = totalhigh_pages;
+ val->totalhigh = totalhigh_pages();
val->freehigh = nr_free_highpages();
val->mem_unit = PAGE_SIZE;
}
@@ -7065,10 +7067,10 @@ void adjust_managed_page_count(struct page *page, long count)
{
spin_lock(&managed_page_count_lock);
atomic_long_add(count, &page_zone(page)->managed_pages);
- totalram_pages += count;
+ totalram_pages_add(count);
#ifdef CONFIG_HIGHMEM
if (PageHighMem(page))
- totalhigh_pages += count;
+ totalhigh_pages_add(count);
#endif
spin_unlock(&managed_page_count_lock);
}
@@ -7111,9 +7113,9 @@ unsigned long free_reserved_area(void *start, void *end, int poison, char *s)
void free_highmem_page(struct page *page)
{
__free_reserved_page(page);
- totalram_pages++;
+ totalram_pages_inc();
atomic_long_inc(&page_zone(page)->managed_pages);
- totalhigh_pages++;
+ totalhigh_pages_inc();
}
#endif

@@ -7162,10 +7164,10 @@ void __init mem_init_print_info(const char *str)
physpages << (PAGE_SHIFT - 10),
codesize >> 10, datasize >> 10, rosize >> 10,
(init_data_size + init_code_size) >> 10, bss_size >> 10,
- (physpages - totalram_pages - totalcma_pages) << (PAGE_SHIFT - 10),
+ (physpages - totalram_pages() - totalcma_pages) << (PAGE_SHIFT - 10),
totalcma_pages << (PAGE_SHIFT - 10),
#ifdef CONFIG_HIGHMEM
- totalhigh_pages << (PAGE_SHIFT - 10),
+ totalhigh_pages() << (PAGE_SHIFT - 10),
#endif
str ? ", " : "", str ? str : "");
}
diff --git a/mm/shmem.c b/mm/shmem.c
index ccc08ea..14c7e5e 100644
--- a/mm/shmem.c
+++ b/mm/shmem.c
@@ -109,13 +109,13 @@ struct shmem_falloc {
#ifdef CONFIG_TMPFS
static unsigned long shmem_default_max_blocks(void)
{
- return totalram_pages / 2;
+ return totalram_pages() / 2;
}

static unsigned long shmem_default_max_inodes(void)
{
- unsigned long nr_pages = totalram_pages;
- return min(nr_pages - totalhigh_pages, nr_pages / 2);
+ unsigned long nr_pages = totalram_pages();
+ return min(nr_pages - totalhigh_pages(), nr_pages / 2);
}
#endif

@@ -3275,7 +3275,7 @@ static int shmem_parse_options(char *options, struct shmem_sb_info *sbinfo,
size = memparse(value,&rest);
if (*rest == '%') {
size <<= PAGE_SHIFT;
- size *= totalram_pages;
+ size *= totalram_pages();
do_div(size, 100);
rest++;
}
diff --git a/mm/slab.c b/mm/slab.c
index 2a5654b..bc3de2f 100644
--- a/mm/slab.c
+++ b/mm/slab.c
@@ -1248,7 +1248,7 @@ void __init kmem_cache_init(void)
* page orders on machines with more than 32MB of memory if
* not overridden on the command line.
*/
- if (!slab_max_order_set && totalram_pages > (32 << 20) >> PAGE_SHIFT)
+ if (!slab_max_order_set && totalram_pages() > (32 << 20) >> PAGE_SHIFT)
slab_max_order = SLAB_MAX_ORDER_HI;

/* Bootstrap is tricky, because several objects are allocated
diff --git a/mm/swap.c b/mm/swap.c
index aa48371..a87bd4c 100644
--- a/mm/swap.c
+++ b/mm/swap.c
@@ -1023,7 +1023,7 @@ unsigned pagevec_lookup_range_nr_tag(struct pagevec *pvec,
*/
void __init swap_setup(void)
{
- unsigned long megs = totalram_pages >> (20 - PAGE_SHIFT);
+ unsigned long megs = totalram_pages() >> (20 - PAGE_SHIFT);

/* Use a smaller cluster for small-memory machines */
if (megs < 16)
diff --git a/mm/util.c b/mm/util.c
index 8bf08b5..4df23d6 100644
--- a/mm/util.c
+++ b/mm/util.c
@@ -593,7 +593,7 @@ unsigned long vm_commit_limit(void)
if (sysctl_overcommit_kbytes)
allowed = sysctl_overcommit_kbytes >> (PAGE_SHIFT - 10);
else
- allowed = ((totalram_pages - hugetlb_total_pages())
+ allowed = ((totalram_pages() - hugetlb_total_pages())
* sysctl_overcommit_ratio / 100);
allowed += total_swap_pages;

diff --git a/mm/vmalloc.c b/mm/vmalloc.c
index 97d4b25..871e41c 100644
--- a/mm/vmalloc.c
+++ b/mm/vmalloc.c
@@ -1634,7 +1634,7 @@ void *vmap(struct page **pages, unsigned int count,

might_sleep();

- if (count > totalram_pages)
+ if (count > totalram_pages())
return NULL;

size = (unsigned long)count << PAGE_SHIFT;
@@ -1739,7 +1739,7 @@ void *__vmalloc_node_range(unsigned long size, unsigned long align,
unsigned long real_size = size;

size = PAGE_ALIGN(size);
- if (!size || (size >> PAGE_SHIFT) > totalram_pages)
+ if (!size || (size >> PAGE_SHIFT) > totalram_pages())
goto fail;

area = __get_vm_area_node(size, align, VM_ALLOC | VM_UNINITIALIZED |
diff --git a/mm/workingset.c b/mm/workingset.c
index d46f8c9..dcb994f 100644
--- a/mm/workingset.c
+++ b/mm/workingset.c
@@ -549,7 +549,7 @@ static int __init workingset_init(void)
* double the initial memory by using totalram_pages as-is.
*/
timestamp_bits = BITS_PER_LONG - EVICTION_SHIFT;
- max_order = fls_long(totalram_pages - 1);
+ max_order = fls_long(totalram_pages() - 1);
if (max_order > timestamp_bits)
bucket_order = max_order - timestamp_bits;
pr_info("workingset: timestamp_bits=%d max_order=%d bucket_order=%u\n",
diff --git a/mm/zswap.c b/mm/zswap.c
index cd91fd9..a4e4d36 100644
--- a/mm/zswap.c
+++ b/mm/zswap.c
@@ -219,8 +219,8 @@ struct zswap_tree {

static bool zswap_is_full(void)
{
- return totalram_pages * zswap_max_pool_percent / 100 <
- DIV_ROUND_UP(zswap_pool_total_size, PAGE_SIZE);
+ return totalram_pages() * zswap_max_pool_percent / 100 <
+ DIV_ROUND_UP(zswap_pool_total_size, PAGE_SIZE);
}

static void zswap_update_total_size(void)
diff --git a/net/dccp/proto.c b/net/dccp/proto.c
index 4687960..8b47f94 100644
--- a/net/dccp/proto.c
+++ b/net/dccp/proto.c
@@ -1131,7 +1131,7 @@ static inline void dccp_mib_exit(void)
static int __init dccp_init(void)
{
unsigned long goal;
- unsigned long nr_pages = totalram_pages;
+ unsigned long nr_pages = totalram_pages();
int ehash_order, bhash_order, i;
int rc;

diff --git a/net/decnet/dn_route.c b/net/decnet/dn_route.c
index 1c002c0..950613e 100644
--- a/net/decnet/dn_route.c
+++ b/net/decnet/dn_route.c
@@ -1866,7 +1866,7 @@ void __init dn_route_init(void)
dn_route_timer.expires = jiffies + decnet_dst_gc_interval * HZ;
add_timer(&dn_route_timer);

- goal = totalram_pages >> (26 - PAGE_SHIFT);
+ goal = totalram_pages() >> (26 - PAGE_SHIFT);

for(order = 0; (1UL << order) < goal; order++)
/* NOTHING */;
diff --git a/net/ipv4/tcp_metrics.c b/net/ipv4/tcp_metrics.c
index 03b51cd..b467a7c 100644
--- a/net/ipv4/tcp_metrics.c
+++ b/net/ipv4/tcp_metrics.c
@@ -1000,7 +1000,7 @@ static int __net_init tcp_net_metrics_init(struct net *net)

slots = tcpmhash_entries;
if (!slots) {
- if (totalram_pages >= 128 * 1024)
+ if (totalram_pages() >= 128 * 1024)
slots = 16 * 1024;
else
slots = 8 * 1024;
diff --git a/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_core.c b/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_core.c
index 0480866..2764218 100644
--- a/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_core.c
+++ b/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_core.c
@@ -2251,7 +2251,7 @@ static __always_inline unsigned int total_extension_size(void)

int nf_conntrack_init_start(void)
{
- unsigned long nr_pages = totalram_pages;
+ unsigned long nr_pages = totalram_pages();
int max_factor = 8;
int ret = -ENOMEM;
int i;
diff --git a/net/netfilter/xt_hashlimit.c b/net/netfilter/xt_hashlimit.c
index 9e7f9a3..ee828c3 100644
--- a/net/netfilter/xt_hashlimit.c
+++ b/net/netfilter/xt_hashlimit.c
@@ -274,7 +274,7 @@ static int htable_create(struct net *net, struct hashlimit_cfg3 *cfg,
struct xt_hashlimit_htable *hinfo;
const struct seq_operations *ops;
unsigned int size, i;
- unsigned long nr_pages = totalram_pages;
+ unsigned long nr_pages = totalram_pages();
int ret;

if (cfg->size) {
diff --git a/net/sctp/protocol.c b/net/sctp/protocol.c
index a5b2418..d5878ae 100644
--- a/net/sctp/protocol.c
+++ b/net/sctp/protocol.c
@@ -1368,7 +1368,7 @@ static __init int sctp_init(void)
int status = -EINVAL;
unsigned long goal;
unsigned long limit;
- unsigned long nr_pages = totalram_pages;
+ unsigned long nr_pages = totalram_pages();
int max_share;
int order;
int num_entries;
diff --git a/security/integrity/ima/ima_kexec.c b/security/integrity/ima/ima_kexec.c
index 16bd187..d6f3280 100644
--- a/security/integrity/ima/ima_kexec.c
+++ b/security/integrity/ima/ima_kexec.c
@@ -106,7 +106,7 @@ void ima_add_kexec_buffer(struct kimage *image)
kexec_segment_size = ALIGN(ima_get_binary_runtime_size() +
PAGE_SIZE / 2, PAGE_SIZE);
if ((kexec_segment_size == ULONG_MAX) ||
- ((kexec_segment_size >> PAGE_SHIFT) > totalram_pages / 2)) {
+ ((kexec_segment_size >> PAGE_SHIFT) > totalram_pages() / 2)) {
pr_err("Binary measurement list too large.\n");
return;
}
--
1.9.1
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