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Subject[PATCH v6 13/24] arm64: alternative: Apply alternatives early in boot process
Date
From: Daniel Thompson <daniel.thompson@linaro.org>

Currently alternatives are applied very late in the boot process (and
a long time after we enable scheduling). Some alternative sequences,
such as those that alter the way CPU context is stored, must be applied
much earlier in the boot sequence.

Introduce apply_boot_alternatives() to allow some alternatives to be
applied immediately after we detect the CPU features of the boot CPU.

Signed-off-by: Daniel Thompson <daniel.thompson@linaro.org>
[julien.thierry@arm.com: rename to fit new cpufeature framework better,
apply BOOT_SCOPE feature early in boot]
Signed-off-by: Julien Thierry <julien.thierry@arm.com>
Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: Christoffer Dall <christoffer.dall@arm.com>
Cc: Suzuki K Poulose <suzuki.poulose@arm.com>
---
arch/arm64/include/asm/alternative.h | 1 +
arch/arm64/include/asm/cpufeature.h | 4 ++++
arch/arm64/kernel/alternative.c | 43 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----
arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c | 6 +++++
arch/arm64/kernel/smp.c | 7 ++++++
5 files changed, 56 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/alternative.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/alternative.h
index 9806a23..b9f8d78 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/alternative.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/alternative.h
@@ -25,6 +25,7 @@ struct alt_instr {
typedef void (*alternative_cb_t)(struct alt_instr *alt,
__le32 *origptr, __le32 *updptr, int nr_inst);

+void __init apply_boot_alternatives(void);
void __init apply_alternatives_all(void);
bool alternative_is_applied(u16 cpufeature);

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpufeature.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpufeature.h
index a6e063f..2d5f18f 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpufeature.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpufeature.h
@@ -357,6 +357,10 @@ static inline int cpucap_default_scope(const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities *cap)
extern struct static_key_false cpu_hwcap_keys[ARM64_NCAPS];
extern struct static_key_false arm64_const_caps_ready;

+/* ARM64 CAPS + alternative_cb */
+#define ARM64_NPATCHABLE (ARM64_NCAPS + 1)
+extern DECLARE_BITMAP(boot_capabilities, ARM64_NPATCHABLE);
+
bool this_cpu_has_cap(unsigned int cap);

static inline bool cpu_have_feature(unsigned int num)
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/alternative.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/alternative.c
index c947d22..a9b4677 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/alternative.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/alternative.c
@@ -155,7 +155,8 @@ static void clean_dcache_range_nopatch(u64 start, u64 end)
} while (cur += d_size, cur < end);
}

-static void __apply_alternatives(void *alt_region, bool is_module)
+static void __apply_alternatives(void *alt_region, bool is_module,
+ unsigned long *feature_mask)
{
struct alt_instr *alt;
struct alt_region *region = alt_region;
@@ -165,6 +166,9 @@ static void __apply_alternatives(void *alt_region, bool is_module)
for (alt = region->begin; alt < region->end; alt++) {
int nr_inst;

+ if (!test_bit(alt->cpufeature, feature_mask))
+ continue;
+
/* Use ARM64_CB_PATCH as an unconditional patch */
if (alt->cpufeature < ARM64_CB_PATCH &&
!cpus_have_cap(alt->cpufeature))
@@ -203,8 +207,11 @@ static void __apply_alternatives(void *alt_region, bool is_module)
__flush_icache_all();
isb();

- /* We applied all that was available */
- bitmap_copy(applied_alternatives, cpu_hwcaps, ARM64_NCAPS);
+ /* Ignore ARM64_CB bit from feature mask */
+ bitmap_or(applied_alternatives, applied_alternatives,
+ feature_mask, ARM64_NCAPS);
+ bitmap_and(applied_alternatives, applied_alternatives,
+ cpu_hwcaps, ARM64_NCAPS);
}
}

@@ -225,8 +232,13 @@ static int __apply_alternatives_multi_stop(void *unused)
cpu_relax();
isb();
} else {
+ DECLARE_BITMAP(remaining_capabilities, ARM64_NPATCHABLE);
+
+ bitmap_complement(remaining_capabilities, boot_capabilities,
+ ARM64_NPATCHABLE);
+
BUG_ON(all_alternatives_applied);
- __apply_alternatives(&region, false);
+ __apply_alternatives(&region, false, remaining_capabilities);
/* Barriers provided by the cache flushing */
WRITE_ONCE(all_alternatives_applied, 1);
}
@@ -240,6 +252,24 @@ void __init apply_alternatives_all(void)
stop_machine(__apply_alternatives_multi_stop, NULL, cpu_online_mask);
}

+/*
+ * This is called very early in the boot process (directly after we run
+ * a feature detect on the boot CPU). No need to worry about other CPUs
+ * here.
+ */
+void __init apply_boot_alternatives(void)
+{
+ struct alt_region region = {
+ .begin = (struct alt_instr *)__alt_instructions,
+ .end = (struct alt_instr *)__alt_instructions_end,
+ };
+
+ /* If called on non-boot cpu things could go wrong */
+ WARN_ON(smp_processor_id() != 0);
+
+ __apply_alternatives(&region, false, &boot_capabilities[0]);
+}
+
#ifdef CONFIG_MODULES
void apply_alternatives_module(void *start, size_t length)
{
@@ -247,7 +277,10 @@ void apply_alternatives_module(void *start, size_t length)
.begin = start,
.end = start + length,
};
+ DECLARE_BITMAP(all_capabilities, ARM64_NPATCHABLE);
+
+ bitmap_fill(all_capabilities, ARM64_NPATCHABLE);

- __apply_alternatives(&region, true);
+ __apply_alternatives(&region, true, &all_capabilities[0]);
}
#endif
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c
index dcf5d14..58a4978 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c
@@ -53,6 +53,9 @@
DECLARE_BITMAP(cpu_hwcaps, ARM64_NCAPS);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(cpu_hwcaps);

+/* Need also bit for ARM64_CB_PATCH */
+DECLARE_BITMAP(boot_capabilities, ARM64_NPATCHABLE);
+
/*
* Flag to indicate if we have computed the system wide
* capabilities based on the boot time active CPUs. This
@@ -1536,6 +1539,9 @@ static void __update_cpu_capabilities(const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities *caps,
if (!cpus_have_cap(caps->capability) && caps->desc)
pr_info("%s %s\n", info, caps->desc);
cpus_set_cap(caps->capability);
+
+ if (caps->type & SCOPE_BOOT_CPU)
+ set_bit(caps->capability, boot_capabilities);
}
}

diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/smp.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/smp.c
index 96b8f2f..8dc9dde 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/smp.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/smp.c
@@ -414,6 +414,13 @@ void __init smp_prepare_boot_cpu(void)
*/
jump_label_init();
cpuinfo_store_boot_cpu();
+
+ /*
+ * We now know enough about the boot CPU to apply the
+ * alternatives that cannot wait until interrupt handling
+ * and/or scheduling is enabled.
+ */
+ apply_boot_alternatives();
}

static u64 __init of_get_cpu_mpidr(struct device_node *dn)
--
1.9.1
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