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Subject[PATCH] MIPS: Fix `dma_alloc_coherent' returning a non-coherent allocation
Fix a MIPS `dma_alloc_coherent' regression from commit bc3ec75de545 
("dma-mapping: merge direct and noncoherent ops") that causes a cached
allocation to be returned on noncoherent cache systems.

This is due to an inverted check now used in the MIPS implementation of
`arch_dma_alloc' on the result from `dma_direct_alloc_pages' before
doing the cached-to-uncached mapping of the allocation address obtained.
The mapping has to be done for a non-NULL rather than NULL result,
because a NULL result means the allocation has failed.

Invert the check for correct operation then.

Signed-off-by: Maciej W. Rozycki <>
Fixes: bc3ec75de545 ("dma-mapping: merge direct and noncoherent ops")
Cc: # 4.19+
On Thu, 1 Nov 2018, Christoph Hellwig wrote:

> Fails to compile for me with:
> cc1: error: ‘-march=r3000’ requires ‘-mfp32’
> using the x86_64 corss gcc 8 from Debian testing.

Hmm, that seems related to the FPXX ABI, which the R3000 does not support
and which they may have configured as the default for GCC (`-mfpxx').
That's not relevant to the kernel, so we probably just ought to force
`-mfp32' and `-mfp64' for 32-bit and 64-bit builds respectively these

> Either way the config looks like we have all the required bits for
> non-coherent dma support. The only guess is that somehow
> dma_cache_wback_inv aren't hooked up to the right functions for some
> reason, but I can't really think off why.

Well, `dma_cache_wback_inv' isn't actually called and with the 64-bit
configuration I switched to the address returned is in the XKPHYS cached
noncoherent space, as proved with a simple diagnostic patch applied to
`dma_direct_alloc' showing the results of `dev_is_dma_coherent' and the
actual allocation:

tc1: DEFTA at MMIO addr = 0x1e900000, IRQ = 20, Hardware addr = 08-00-2b-a3-a3-29
defxx tc1: dma_direct_alloc: coherent: 0
defxx tc1: dma_direct_alloc: returned: 9800000003db8000
tc1: registered as fddi0

(the value of 3 in bits 61:59 of the virtual address denotes the cached
noncoherent attribute).

The cause is commit bc3ec75de545 ("dma-mapping: merge direct and
noncoherent ops") reversed the interpretation of the `dma_direct_alloc*'
result in `arch_dma_alloc'. I guess this change was unlucky not to have
this part of the API actually verified at run-time by anyone anywhere.

Fixed thus, with debug output now as expected:

defxx tc1: dma_direct_alloc: coherent: 0
defxx tc1: dma_direct_alloc: returned: 9000000003db8000

showing the address returned in the XKPHYS uncached space (the value of 2
in bits 61:59 of the virtual address denotes the uncached attribute), and
the network interface working properly.

Please apply, and backport as required.

arch/mips/mm/dma-noncoherent.c | 2 +-
1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)

Index: linux-20181028-4maxp64-defconfig/arch/mips/mm/dma-noncoherent.c
--- linux-20181028-4maxp64-defconfig.orig/arch/mips/mm/dma-noncoherent.c
+++ linux-20181028-4maxp64-defconfig/arch/mips/mm/dma-noncoherent.c
@@ -50,7 +50,7 @@ void *arch_dma_alloc(struct device *dev,
void *ret;

ret = dma_direct_alloc_pages(dev, size, dma_handle, gfp, attrs);
- if (!ret && !(attrs & DMA_ATTR_NON_CONSISTENT)) {
+ if (ret && !(attrs & DMA_ATTR_NON_CONSISTENT)) {
dma_cache_wback_inv((unsigned long) ret, size);
ret = (void *)UNCAC_ADDR(ret);
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