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SubjectRe: [PATCH v7 3/6] seccomp: add a way to get a listener fd from ptrace
+cc selinux people explicitly, since they probably have opinions on this

On Tue, Oct 9, 2018 at 3:29 PM Christian Brauner <christian@brauner.io> wrote:
> On Tue, Oct 09, 2018 at 02:39:53PM +0200, Jann Horn wrote:
> > On Mon, Oct 8, 2018 at 8:18 PM Christian Brauner <christian@brauner.io> wrote:
> > > On Mon, Oct 08, 2018 at 06:42:00PM +0200, Jann Horn wrote:
> > > > On Mon, Oct 8, 2018 at 6:21 PM Christian Brauner <christian@brauner.io> wrote:
> > > > > On Mon, Oct 08, 2018 at 05:33:22PM +0200, Jann Horn wrote:
> > > > > > On Mon, Oct 8, 2018 at 5:16 PM Christian Brauner <christian@brauner.io> wrote:
> > > > > > > On Thu, Sep 27, 2018 at 09:11:16AM -0600, Tycho Andersen wrote:
> > > > > > > > diff --git a/kernel/seccomp.c b/kernel/seccomp.c
> > > > > > > > index 44a31ac8373a..17685803a2af 100644
> > > > > > > > --- a/kernel/seccomp.c
> > > > > > > > +++ b/kernel/seccomp.c
> > > > > > > > @@ -1777,4 +1777,35 @@ static struct file *init_listener(struct task_struct *task,
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > return ret;
> > > > > > > > }
> > > > > > > > +
> > > > > > > > +long seccomp_new_listener(struct task_struct *task,
> > > > > > > > + unsigned long filter_off)
> > > > > > > > +{
> > > > > > > > + struct seccomp_filter *filter;
> > > > > > > > + struct file *listener;
> > > > > > > > + int fd;
> > > > > > > > +
> > > > > > > > + if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
> > > > > > > > + return -EACCES;
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > I know this might have been discussed a while back but why exactly do we
> > > > > > > require CAP_SYS_ADMIN in init_userns and not in the target userns? What
> > > > > > > if I want to do a setns()fd, CLONE_NEWUSER) to the target process and
> > > > > > > use ptrace from in there?
> > > > > >
> > > > > > See https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/CAG48ez3R+ZJ1vwGkDfGzKX2mz6f=jjJWsO5pCvnH68P+RKO8Ow@mail.gmail.com/
> > > > > > . Basically, the problem is that this doesn't just give you capability
> > > > > > over the target task, but also over every other task that has the same
> > > > > > filter installed; you need some sort of "is the caller capable over
> > > > > > the filter and anyone who uses it" check.
> > > > >
> > > > > Thanks.
> > > > > But then this new ptrace feature as it stands is imho currently broken.
> > > > > If you can install a seccomp filter with SECCOMP_RET_USER_NOTIF if you
> > > > > are ns_cpabable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN) and also get an fd via seccomp() itself
> > > > > if you are ns_cpabable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN)
> >
> > Actually, you don't need CAP_SYS_ADMIN for seccomp() at all as long as
> > you enable the NNP flag, I think?
>
> Yes, if you turn on NNP you don't even need sys_admin.
>
> >
> > > > > then either the new ptrace() api
> > > > > extension should be fixed to allow for this too or the seccomp() way of
> > > > > retrieving the pid - which I really think we want - needs to be fixed to
> > > > > require capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN) too.
> > > > > The solution where both require ns_capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN) is - imho -
> > > > > the preferred way to solve this.
> > > > > Everything else will just be confusing.
> > > >
> > > > First you say "broken", then you say "confusing". Which one do you mean?
> > >
> > > Both. It's broken in so far as it places a seemingly unnecessary
> > > restriction that could be fixed. You outlined one possible fix yourself
> > > in the link you provided.
> >
> > If by "possible fix" you mean "check whether the seccomp filter is
> > only attached to a single task": That wouldn't fundamentally change
> > the situation, it would only add an additional special case.
> >
> > > And it's confusing in so far as there is a way
> > > via seccomp() to get the fd without said requirement.
> >
> > I don't find it confusing at all. seccomp() and ptrace() are very
>
> Fine, then that's a matter of opinion. I find it counterintuitive that
> you can get an fd without privileges via one interface but not via
> another.
>
> > different situations: When you use seccomp(), infrastructure is
>
> Sure. Note, that this is _one_ of the reasons why I want to make sure we
> keep the native seccomp() only based way of getting an fd without
> forcing userspace to switching to a differnet kernel api.
>
> > already in place for ensuring that your filter is only applied to
> > processes over which you are capable, and propagation is limited by
> > inheritance from your task down. When you use ptrace(), you need a
> > pretty different sort of access check that checks whether you're
> > privileged over ancestors, siblings and so on of the target task.
>
> So, don't get me wrong I'm not arguing against the ptrace() interface in
> general. If this is something that people find useful, fine. But, I
> would like to have a simple single-syscall pure-seccomp() based way of
> getting an fd, i.e. what we have in patch 1 of this series.

Yeah, I also prefer the seccomp() one.

> > But thinking about it more, I think that CAP_SYS_ADMIN over the saved
> > current->mm->user_ns of the task that installed the filter (stored as
> > a "struct user_namespace *" in the filter) should be acceptable.
>
> Hm... Why not CAP_SYS_PTRACE?

Because LSMs like SELinux add extra checks that apply even if you have
CAP_SYS_PTRACE, and this would subvert those. The only capability I
know of that lets you bypass LSM checks by design (if no LSM blocks
the capability itself) is CAP_SYS_ADMIN.

> One more thing. Citing from [1]
>
> > I think there's a security problem here. Imagine the following scenario:
> >
> > 1. task A (uid==0) sets up a seccomp filter that uses SECCOMP_RET_USER_NOTIF
> > 2. task A forks off a child B
> > 3. task B uses setuid(1) to drop its privileges
> > 4. task B becomes dumpable again, either via prctl(PR_SET_DUMPABLE, 1)
> > or via execve()
> > 5. task C (the attacker, uid==1) attaches to task B via ptrace
> > 6. task C uses PTRACE_SECCOMP_NEW_LISTENER on task B
>
> Sorry, to be late to the party but would this really pass
> __ptrace_may_access() in ptrace_attach()? It doesn't seem obvious to me
> that it would... Doesn't look like it would get past:
>
> tcred = __task_cred(task);
> if (uid_eq(caller_uid, tcred->euid) &&
> uid_eq(caller_uid, tcred->suid) &&
> uid_eq(caller_uid, tcred->uid) &&
> gid_eq(caller_gid, tcred->egid) &&
> gid_eq(caller_gid, tcred->sgid) &&
> gid_eq(caller_gid, tcred->gid))
> goto ok;
> if (ptrace_has_cap(tcred->user_ns, mode))
> goto ok;
> rcu_read_unlock();
> return -EPERM;
> ok:
> rcu_read_unlock();
> mm = task->mm;
> if (mm &&
> ((get_dumpable(mm) != SUID_DUMP_USER) &&
> !ptrace_has_cap(mm->user_ns, mode)))
> return -EPERM;

Which specific check would prevent task C from attaching to task B? If
the UIDs match, the first "goto ok" executes; and you're dumpable, so
you don't trigger the second "return -EPERM".

> > 7. because the seccomp filter is shared by task A and task B, task C
> > is now able to influence syscall results for syscalls performed by
> > task A
>
> [1]: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/CAG48ez3R+ZJ1vwGkDfGzKX2mz6f=jjJWsO5pCvnH68P+RKO8Ow@mail.gmail.com/

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