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SubjectRe: [PATCH 09/16] of: overlay: validate overlay properties #address-cells and #size-cells
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On 10/08/18 11:46, Alan Tull wrote:
> On Mon, Oct 8, 2018 at 10:57 AM Alan Tull <atull@kernel.org> wrote:
>>
>> On Thu, Oct 4, 2018 at 11:14 PM <frowand.list@gmail.com> wrote:
>>>
>>> From: Frank Rowand <frank.rowand@sony.com>
>>>
>>> If overlay properties #address-cells or #size-cells are already in
>>> the live devicetree for any given node, then the values in the
>>> overlay must match the values in the live tree.
>>
>> Hi Frank,
>>
>> I'm starting some FPGA testing on this patchset applied to v4.19-rc7.
>> That applied cleanly; if that's not the best base to test against,
>> please let me know.

I would expect -rc7 to be ok to test against. I'm doing the development
of it on -rc1.

Thanks for the testing.


>> On a very simple overlay, I'm seeing this patch's warning catching
>> things other than #address-cells or #size-cells.

#address-cells and #size-cells escape the warning for properties on an
existing (non-overlay) node if the existing node already contains them
as a special case. Those two properties are needed in the overlay to
avoid dtc compiler warnings. If the same properties already exist in
the base devicetree and have the same values as in the overlay then
there is no need to add property update changeset entries in the overlay
changeset. Since there will not be changeset entries for those two
properties, there will be no memory leak when the changeset is removed.

The special casing of #address-cells and #size-cells is part of the
fix patches that are a result of the validation patches. Thus a little
bit less memory leaking than we have today.


> What it's warning about are new properties being added to an existing
> node. So !prop is true and !of_node_check_flag(target->np,
> OF_OVERLAY) also is true. Is that a potential memory leak as you are
> warning? If so, your code is working as planned and you'll just need
> to document that also in the header.

Yes, you are accurately describing what the check is catching.

The memory leak (on release) is because the memory allocated for overlay
properties is released when the reference count of the node they are
attached is decremented to zero, but only if the node is a dynamic flagged
node (as overlays are). The memory allocated for the overlay properties
will not be freed in this case because the node is not a dynamic node.


>> I'm just getting
>> started looking at this, will spend time understanding this better and
>> I'll test other overlays. The warnings were:
>>
>> Applying dtbo: socfpga_overlay.dtb
>> [ 33.117881] fpga_manager fpga0: writing soc_system.rbf to Altera
>> SOCFPGA FPGA Manager
>> [ 33.575223] OF: overlay: WARNING: add_changeset_property(), memory
>> leak will occur if overlay removed. Property:
>> /soc/base-fpga-region/firmware-name
>> [ 33.588584] OF: overlay: WARNING: add_changeset_property(), memory
>> leak will occur if overlay removed. Property:
>> /soc/base-fpga-region/fpga-bridges
>> [ 33.601856] OF: overlay: WARNING: add_changeset_property(), memory
>> leak will occur if overlay removed. Property:
>> /soc/base-fpga-region/ranges

Are there properties in /soc/base-fpga-region/ in the base devicetree?

If not, then that node could be removed from the base devicetree and first created
in an overlay.

If so, is it possible to add an additional level of node, /soc/base-fpga-region/foo,
which would contain the properties that are warned about above? Then the properties
would be children of an overlay node and the memory would be freed on overlay
release.

This is not actually a suggestion that should be implemented right now, just trying
to understand the possible alternatives, because this would result in an arbitrary
fake level in the tree (which I don't like).

My intent is to leave these validation checks as warnings while we figure out the
best way to solve the underlying memory leak issue. Note that some of the
validation checks result in errors and cause an overlay apply to fail. If I
did those checks correctly, they should only catch cases where the live tree
after applying the overlay was a "corrupt" tree instead of the desired changes.

I expect that Plumbers will be a good place to explore these things.


>> Here's part of that overlay including the properties it's complaining about:
>>
>> /dts-v1/;
>> /plugin/;
>> / {
>> fragment@0 {
>> target = <&base_fpga_region>;
>> #address-cells = <1>;
>> #size-cells = <1>;
>> __overlay__ {
>> #address-cells = <1>;
>> #size-cells = <1>;
>>
>> firmware-name = "soc_system.rbf";
>> fpga-bridges = <&fpga_bridge1>;
>> ranges = <0x20000 0xff200000 0x100000>,
>> <0x0 0xc0000000 0x20000000>;
>>
>> gpio@10040 {
>> so on...
>>
>> By the way, I didn't get any warnings when I subsequently removed this overlay.

Yes, I did not add any check that could catch this at release time.

-Frank


>> Alan
>>
>>>
>>> If the properties are already in the live tree then there is no
>>> need to create a changeset entry to add them since they must
>>> have the same value. This reduces the memory used by the
>>> changeset and eliminates a possible memory leak. This is
>>> verified by 12 fewer warnings during the devicetree unittest,
>>> as the possible memory leak warnings about #address-cells and
>>>
>>> Signed-off-by: Frank Rowand <frank.rowand@sony.com>
>>> ---
>>> drivers/of/overlay.c | 38 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
>>> 1 file changed, 35 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
>>>
>>> diff --git a/drivers/of/overlay.c b/drivers/of/overlay.c
>>> index 29c33a5c533f..e6fb3ffe9d93 100644
>>> --- a/drivers/of/overlay.c
>>> +++ b/drivers/of/overlay.c
>>> @@ -287,7 +287,12 @@ static struct property *dup_and_fixup_symbol_prop(
>>> * @target may be either in the live devicetree or in a new subtree that
>>> * is contained in the changeset.
>>> *
>>> - * Some special properties are not updated (no error returned).
>>> + * Some special properties are not added or updated (no error returned):
>>> + * "name", "phandle", "linux,phandle".
>>> + *
>>> + * Properties "#address-cells" and "#size-cells" are not updated if they
>>> + * are already in the live tree, but if present in the live tree, the values
>>> + * in the overlay must match the values in the live tree.
>>> *
>>> * Update of property in symbols node is not allowed.
>>> *
>>> @@ -300,6 +305,7 @@ static int add_changeset_property(struct overlay_changeset *ovcs,
>>> {
>>> struct property *new_prop = NULL, *prop;
>>> int ret = 0;
>>> + bool check_for_non_overlay_node = false;
>>>
>>> if (!of_prop_cmp(overlay_prop->name, "name") ||
>>> !of_prop_cmp(overlay_prop->name, "phandle") ||
>>> @@ -322,13 +328,39 @@ static int add_changeset_property(struct overlay_changeset *ovcs,
>>> if (!new_prop)
>>> return -ENOMEM;
>>>
>>> - if (!prop)
>>> + if (!prop) {
>>> +
>>> + check_for_non_overlay_node = true;
>>> ret = of_changeset_add_property(&ovcs->cset, target->np,
>>> new_prop);
>>> - else
>>> +
>>> + } else if (!of_prop_cmp(prop->name, "#address-cells")) {
>>> +
>>> + if (prop->length != 4 || new_prop->length != 4 ||
>>> + *(u32 *)prop->value != *(u32 *)new_prop->value)
>>> + pr_err("ERROR: overlay and/or live tree #address-cells invalid in node %pOF\n",
>>> + target->np);
>>> +
>>> + } else if (!of_prop_cmp(prop->name, "#size-cells")) {
>>> +
>>> + if (prop->length != 4 || new_prop->length != 4 ||
>>> + *(u32 *)prop->value != *(u32 *)new_prop->value)
>>> + pr_err("ERROR: overlay and/or live tree #size-cells invalid in node %pOF\n",
>>> + target->np);
>>> +
>>> + } else {
>>> +
>>> + check_for_non_overlay_node = true;
>>> ret = of_changeset_update_property(&ovcs->cset, target->np,
>>> new_prop);
>>>
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> + if (check_for_non_overlay_node &&
>>> + !of_node_check_flag(target->np, OF_OVERLAY))
>>> + pr_err("WARNING: %s(), memory leak will occur if overlay removed. Property: %pOF/%s\n",
>>> + __func__, target->np, new_prop->name);
>>> +
>>> if (ret) {
>>> kfree(new_prop->name);
>>> kfree(new_prop->value);
>>> --
>>> Frank Rowand <frank.rowand@sony.com>
>>>
>

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