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Subject[PATCH v11 3/3]: perf record: extend trace writing to multi AIO
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Multi AIO trace writing allows caching more kernel data into userspace
memory postponing trace writing for the sake of overall profiling data
thruput increase. It could be seen as kernel data buffer extension into
userspace memory.

With aio-cblocks option value different from 0, current default value,
tool has capability to cache more and more data into user space
along with delegating spill to AIO.

That allows avoiding suspend at record__aio_sync() between calls of
record__mmap_read_evlist() and increase profiling data thruput for
the cost of userspace memory.

Signed-off-by: Alexey Budankov <alexey.budankov@linux.intel.com>
---
Changes in v10:
- added description of aio-cblocks option into perf-record.txt
---
tools/perf/Documentation/perf-record.txt | 6 +++
tools/perf/builtin-record.c | 58 +++++++++++++++++++-----
tools/perf/util/evlist.c | 6 +--
tools/perf/util/evlist.h | 2 +-
tools/perf/util/mmap.c | 76 ++++++++++++++++++++++----------
tools/perf/util/mmap.h | 7 +--
6 files changed, 115 insertions(+), 40 deletions(-)

diff --git a/tools/perf/Documentation/perf-record.txt b/tools/perf/Documentation/perf-record.txt
index 246dee081efd..7f43a05908ed 100644
--- a/tools/perf/Documentation/perf-record.txt
+++ b/tools/perf/Documentation/perf-record.txt
@@ -435,6 +435,12 @@ Specify vmlinux path which has debuginfo.
--buildid-all::
Record build-id of all DSOs regardless whether it's actually hit or not.

+--aio-cblocks <n>
+Use <n> control blocks for asynchronous (Posix AIO) trace writing (max: 4).
+Default value is 0 that enables serial (none-AIO) trace writing mode.
+AIO mode is supported only when linking Perf tool binary with libc library
+providing implementation for Posix AIO API.
+
--all-kernel::
Configure all used events to run in kernel space.

diff --git a/tools/perf/builtin-record.c b/tools/perf/builtin-record.c
index c66ae23e3939..016f521fcaf0 100644
--- a/tools/perf/builtin-record.c
+++ b/tools/perf/builtin-record.c
@@ -196,16 +196,35 @@ static int record__aio_complete(struct perf_mmap *md, struct aiocb *cblock)
return rc;
}

-static void record__aio_sync(struct perf_mmap *md)
+static int record__aio_sync(struct perf_mmap *md, bool sync_all)
{
- struct aiocb *cblock = &md->cblock;
+ struct aiocb **aiocb = md->aiocb;
+ struct aiocb *cblocks = md->cblocks;
struct timespec timeout = { 0, 1000 * 1000 * 1 }; /* 1ms */
+ int i, do_suspend;

do {
- if (cblock->aio_fildes == -1 || record__aio_complete(md, cblock))
- return;
+ do_suspend = 0;
+ for (i = 0; i < md->nr_cblocks; ++i) {
+ if (cblocks[i].aio_fildes == -1 || record__aio_complete(md, &cblocks[i])) {
+ if (sync_all)
+ aiocb[i] = NULL;
+ else
+ return i;
+ } else {
+ /*
+ * Started aio write is not complete yet
+ * so it has to be waited before the
+ * next allocation.
+ */
+ aiocb[i] = &cblocks[i];
+ do_suspend = 1;
+ }
+ }
+ if (!do_suspend)
+ return -1;

- while (aio_suspend((const struct aiocb**)&cblock, 1, &timeout)) {
+ while (aio_suspend((const struct aiocb **)aiocb, md->nr_cblocks, &timeout)) {
if (!(errno == EAGAIN || errno == EINTR))
pr_err("failed to sync perf data, error: %m\n");
}
@@ -430,11 +449,14 @@ static int record__mmap_evlist(struct record *rec,
struct perf_evlist *evlist)
{
struct record_opts *opts = &rec->opts;
+ int nr_cblocks = 0;
char msg[512];
-
+#ifdef HAVE_AIO_SUPPORT
+ nr_cblocks = opts->nr_cblocks;
+#endif
if (perf_evlist__mmap_ex(evlist, opts->mmap_pages,
opts->auxtrace_mmap_pages,
- opts->auxtrace_snapshot_mode) < 0) {
+ opts->auxtrace_snapshot_mode, nr_cblocks) < 0) {
if (errno == EPERM) {
pr_err("Permission error mapping pages.\n"
"Consider increasing "
@@ -632,7 +654,7 @@ static void record__mmap_read_sync(struct record *rec)
struct perf_mmap *map = &maps[i];

if (map->base)
- record__aio_sync(map);
+ record__aio_sync(map, true);
}
}
#endif
@@ -674,12 +696,13 @@ static int record__mmap_read_evlist(struct record *rec, struct perf_evlist *evli
}
#ifdef HAVE_AIO_SUPPORT
} else {
+ int idx;
/*
* Call record__aio_sync() to wait till map->data buffer
* becomes available after previous aio write request.
*/
- record__aio_sync(map);
- if (perf_mmap__aio_push(map, rec, record__aio_pushfn, &off) != 0) {
+ idx = record__aio_sync(map, false);
+ if (perf_mmap__aio_push(map, rec, idx, record__aio_pushfn, &off) != 0) {
lseek(trace_fd, off, SEEK_SET);
rc = -1;
goto out;
@@ -1446,6 +1469,10 @@ static int perf_record_config(const char *var, const char *value, void *cb)
var = "call-graph.record-mode";
return perf_default_config(var, value, cb);
}
+#ifdef HAVE_AIO_SUPPORT
+ if (!strcmp(var, "record.aio-cblocks"))
+ rec->opts.nr_cblocks = strtol(value, NULL, 0);
+#endif

return 0;
}
@@ -1837,6 +1864,10 @@ static struct option __record_options[] = {
"signal"),
OPT_BOOLEAN(0, "dry-run", &dry_run,
"Parse options then exit"),
+#ifdef HAVE_AIO_SUPPORT
+ OPT_INTEGER(0, "aio-cblocks", &record.opts.nr_cblocks,
+ "Max number of simultaneous per-mmap trace writes (default: 0 - serial, max: 4)"),
+#endif
OPT_END()
};

@@ -2029,6 +2060,13 @@ int cmd_record(int argc, const char **argv)
goto out;
}

+#ifdef HAVE_AIO_SUPPORT
+ if (rec->opts.nr_cblocks > 4)
+ rec->opts.nr_cblocks = 4;
+ if (verbose > 0)
+ pr_info("nr_cblocks: %d\n", rec->opts.nr_cblocks);
+#endif
+
err = __cmd_record(&record, argc, argv);
out:
perf_evlist__delete(rec->evlist);
diff --git a/tools/perf/util/evlist.c b/tools/perf/util/evlist.c
index af2f8c965d7a..2dad3a4e50e0 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/evlist.c
+++ b/tools/perf/util/evlist.c
@@ -1018,7 +1018,7 @@ int perf_evlist__parse_mmap_pages(const struct option *opt, const char *str,
*/
int perf_evlist__mmap_ex(struct perf_evlist *evlist, unsigned int pages,
unsigned int auxtrace_pages,
- bool auxtrace_overwrite)
+ bool auxtrace_overwrite, int nr_cblocks __maybe_unused)
{
struct perf_evsel *evsel;
const struct cpu_map *cpus = evlist->cpus;
@@ -1030,7 +1030,7 @@ int perf_evlist__mmap_ex(struct perf_evlist *evlist, unsigned int pages,
*/
struct mmap_params mp;
#ifdef HAVE_AIO_SUPPORT
- mp.nr_cblocks = 0;
+ mp.nr_cblocks = nr_cblocks;
#endif
if (!evlist->mmap)
evlist->mmap = perf_evlist__alloc_mmap(evlist, false);
@@ -1062,7 +1062,7 @@ int perf_evlist__mmap_ex(struct perf_evlist *evlist, unsigned int pages,

int perf_evlist__mmap(struct perf_evlist *evlist, unsigned int pages)
{
- return perf_evlist__mmap_ex(evlist, pages, 0, false);
+ return perf_evlist__mmap_ex(evlist, pages, 0, false, 0);
}

int perf_evlist__create_maps(struct perf_evlist *evlist, struct target *target)
diff --git a/tools/perf/util/evlist.h b/tools/perf/util/evlist.h
index dc66436add98..2464463879b4 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/evlist.h
+++ b/tools/perf/util/evlist.h
@@ -162,7 +162,7 @@ unsigned long perf_event_mlock_kb_in_pages(void);

int perf_evlist__mmap_ex(struct perf_evlist *evlist, unsigned int pages,
unsigned int auxtrace_pages,
- bool auxtrace_overwrite);
+ bool auxtrace_overwrite, int nr_cblocks);
int perf_evlist__mmap(struct perf_evlist *evlist, unsigned int pages);
void perf_evlist__munmap(struct perf_evlist *evlist);

diff --git a/tools/perf/util/mmap.c b/tools/perf/util/mmap.c
index ecaa5b5eb3ed..d33511490632 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/mmap.c
+++ b/tools/perf/util/mmap.c
@@ -156,8 +156,16 @@ void __weak auxtrace_mmap_params__set_idx(struct auxtrace_mmap_params *mp __mayb
#ifdef HAVE_AIO_SUPPORT
static void perf_mmap__aio_munmap(struct perf_mmap *map)
{
- if (map->data)
- zfree(&map->data);
+ int i;
+
+ if (map->aiocb)
+ zfree(&map->aiocb);
+ if (map->cblocks)
+ zfree(&map->cblocks);
+ for (i = 0; i < map->nr_cblocks; ++i) {
+ if (map->data[i])
+ zfree(&map->data[i]);
+ }
}
#endif

@@ -178,28 +186,50 @@ void perf_mmap__munmap(struct perf_mmap *map)
#ifdef HAVE_AIO_SUPPORT
static int perf_mmap__aio_mmap(struct perf_mmap *map, struct mmap_params *mp)
{
- int delta_max;
+ int delta_max, i, prio;

map->nr_cblocks = mp->nr_cblocks;
if (map->nr_cblocks) {
- map->data = malloc(perf_mmap__mmap_len(map));
+ map->aiocb = calloc(map->nr_cblocks, sizeof(struct aiocb *));
+ if (!map->aiocb) {
+ pr_debug2("failed to allocate aiocb for data buffer, error %m\n");
+ return -1;
+ }
+ map->cblocks = calloc(map->nr_cblocks, sizeof(struct aiocb));
+ if (!map->cblocks) {
+ pr_debug2("failed to allocate cblocks for data buffer, error %m\n");
+ return -1;
+ }
+ map->data = calloc(map->nr_cblocks, sizeof(void *));
if (!map->data) {
pr_debug2("failed to allocate data buffer, error %m\n");
return -1;
}
- /*
- * Use cblock.aio_fildes value different from -1
- * to denote started aio write operation on the
- * cblock so it requires explicit record__aio_sync()
- * call prior the cblock may be reused again.
- */
- map->cblock.aio_fildes = -1;
- /*
- * Allocate cblock with max priority delta to
- * have faster aio write system calls.
- */
delta_max = sysconf(_SC_AIO_PRIO_DELTA_MAX);
- map->cblock.aio_reqprio = delta_max;
+ for (i = 0; i < map->nr_cblocks; ++i) {
+ map->data[i] = malloc(perf_mmap__mmap_len(map));
+ if (!map->data[i]) {
+ pr_debug2("failed to allocate data buffer area, error %m");
+ return -1;
+ }
+ /*
+ * Use cblock.aio_fildes value different from -1
+ * to denote started aio write operation on the
+ * cblock so it requires explicit record__aio_sync()
+ * call prior the cblock may be reused again.
+ */
+ map->cblocks[i].aio_fildes = -1;
+ /*
+ * Allocate cblocks with priority delta to have
+ * faster aio write system calls because queued requests
+ * are kept in separate per-prio queues and adding
+ * a new request will iterate thru shorter per-prio
+ * list. Blocks with numbers higher than
+ * _SC_AIO_PRIO_DELTA_MAX go with priority 0.
+ */
+ prio = delta_max - i;
+ map->cblocks[i].aio_reqprio = prio >= 0 ? prio : 0;
+ }
}

return 0;
@@ -368,7 +398,7 @@ int perf_mmap__push(struct perf_mmap *md, void *to,
}

#ifdef HAVE_AIO_SUPPORT
-int perf_mmap__aio_push(struct perf_mmap *md, void *to,
+int perf_mmap__aio_push(struct perf_mmap *md, void *to, int idx,
int push(void *to, struct aiocb *cblock, void *buf, size_t size, off_t off),
off_t *off)
{
@@ -383,7 +413,7 @@ int perf_mmap__aio_push(struct perf_mmap *md, void *to,
return (rc == -EAGAIN) ? 0 : -1;

/*
- * md->base data is copied into md->data buffer to
+ * md->base data is copied into md->data[idx] buffer to
* release space in the kernel buffer as fast as possible,
* thru perf_mmap__consume() below.
*
@@ -405,20 +435,20 @@ int perf_mmap__aio_push(struct perf_mmap *md, void *to,
buf = &data[md->start & md->mask];
size = md->mask + 1 - (md->start & md->mask);
md->start += size;
- memcpy(md->data, buf, size);
+ memcpy(md->data[idx], buf, size);
size0 = size;
}

buf = &data[md->start & md->mask];
size = md->end - md->start;
md->start += size;
- memcpy(md->data + size0, buf, size);
+ memcpy(md->data[idx] + size0, buf, size);

/*
- * Increment md->refcount to guard md->data buffer
+ * Increment md->refcount to guard md->data[idx] buffer
* from premature deallocation because md object can be
* released earlier than aio write request started
- * on mmap->data is complete.
+ * on mmap->data[idx] is complete.
*
* perf_mmap__put() is done at record__aio_complete()
* after started request completion.
@@ -428,7 +458,7 @@ int perf_mmap__aio_push(struct perf_mmap *md, void *to,
md->prev = head;
perf_mmap__consume(md);

- rc = push(to, &md->cblock, md->data, size0 + size, *off);
+ rc = push(to, &md->cblocks[idx], md->data[idx], size0 + size, *off);
if (!rc) {
*off += size0 + size;
} else {
diff --git a/tools/perf/util/mmap.h b/tools/perf/util/mmap.h
index 8618223ae675..67af594b57eb 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/mmap.h
+++ b/tools/perf/util/mmap.h
@@ -30,8 +30,9 @@ struct perf_mmap {
struct auxtrace_mmap auxtrace_mmap;
char event_copy[PERF_SAMPLE_MAX_SIZE] __aligned(8);
#ifdef HAVE_AIO_SUPPORT
- void *data;
- struct aiocb cblock;
+ void **data;
+ struct aiocb *cblocks;
+ struct aiocb **aiocb;
int nr_cblocks;
#endif
};
@@ -106,7 +107,7 @@ union perf_event *perf_mmap__read_event(struct perf_mmap *map);
int perf_mmap__push(struct perf_mmap *md, void *to,
int push(struct perf_mmap *map, void *to, void *buf, size_t size));
#ifdef HAVE_AIO_SUPPORT
-int perf_mmap__aio_push(struct perf_mmap *md, void *to,
+int perf_mmap__aio_push(struct perf_mmap *md, void *to, int idx,
int push(void *to, struct aiocb *cblock, void *buf, size_t size, off_t off),
off_t *off);
#endif
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