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Subject[PATCH v11 2/3]: perf record: enable asynchronous trace writing
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Trace file offset is read once before mmaps iterating loop and written
back after all performance data enqueued for aio writing. Trace file offset
is incremented linearly after every successful aio write operation.

record__aio_sync() blocks till completion of started AIO operation
and then proceeds.

record__mmap_read_sync() implements a barrier for all incomplete
aio write requests.

Signed-off-by: Alexey Budankov <alexey.budankov@linux.intel.com>
---
Changes in v11:
- replacing the both lseek() syscalls in every loop iteration by the only
two syscalls just before and after the loop at record__mmap_read_evlist()
and advancing *in-flight* off file pos value at perf_mmap__aio_push()
Changes in v10:
- avoided lseek() setting file pos back in case of record__aio_write() failure
- compacted code selecting between serial and AIO streaming
- optimized call places of record__mmap_read_sync()
Changes in v9:
- enable AIO streaming only when --aio-cblocks option is specified explicitly
Changes in v8:
- split AIO completion check into separate record__aio_complete()
Changes in v6:
- handled errno == EAGAIN case from aio_write();
Changes in v5:
- data loss metrics decreased from 25% to 2x in trialed configuration;
- avoided nanosleep() prior calling aio_suspend();
- switched to per cpu multi record__aio_sync() aio
- record_mmap_read_sync() now does global barrier just before
switching trace file or collection stop;
- resolved livelock on perf record -e intel_pt// -- dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/null count=100000
Changes in v4:
- converted void *bf to struct perf_mmap *md in signatures
- written comment in perf_mmap__push() just before perf_mmap__get();
- written comment in record__mmap_read_sync() on possible restarting
of aio_write() operation and releasing perf_mmap object after all;
- added perf_mmap__put() for the cases of failed aio_write();
Changes in v3:
- written comments about nanosleep(0.5ms) call prior aio_suspend()
to cope with intrusiveness of its implementation in glibc;
- written comments about rationale behind coping profiling data
into mmap->data buffer;
---
tools/perf/builtin-record.c | 168 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
tools/perf/perf.h | 3 +
tools/perf/util/mmap.c | 76 ++++++++++++++++++++
tools/perf/util/mmap.h | 5 ++
4 files changed, 246 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

diff --git a/tools/perf/builtin-record.c b/tools/perf/builtin-record.c
index 0980dfe3396b..c66ae23e3939 100644
--- a/tools/perf/builtin-record.c
+++ b/tools/perf/builtin-record.c
@@ -124,6 +124,112 @@ static int record__write(struct record *rec, struct perf_mmap *map __maybe_unuse
return 0;
}

+#ifdef HAVE_AIO_SUPPORT
+static int record__aio_write(struct aiocb *cblock, int trace_fd,
+ void *buf, size_t size, off_t off)
+{
+ int rc;
+
+ cblock->aio_fildes = trace_fd;
+ cblock->aio_buf = buf;
+ cblock->aio_nbytes = size;
+ cblock->aio_offset = off;
+ cblock->aio_sigevent.sigev_notify = SIGEV_NONE;
+
+ do {
+ rc = aio_write(cblock);
+ if (rc == 0) {
+ break;
+ } else if (errno != EAGAIN) {
+ cblock->aio_fildes = -1;
+ pr_err("failed to queue perf data, error: %m\n");
+ break;
+ }
+ } while (1);
+
+ return rc;
+}
+
+static int record__aio_complete(struct perf_mmap *md, struct aiocb *cblock)
+{
+ void *rem_buf;
+ off_t rem_off;
+ size_t rem_size;
+ int rc, aio_errno;
+ ssize_t aio_ret, written;
+
+ aio_errno = aio_error(cblock);
+ if (aio_errno == EINPROGRESS)
+ return 0;
+
+ written = aio_ret = aio_return(cblock);
+ if (aio_ret < 0) {
+ if (aio_errno != EINTR)
+ pr_err("failed to write perf data, error: %m\n");
+ written = 0;
+ }
+
+ rem_size = cblock->aio_nbytes - written;
+
+ if (rem_size == 0) {
+ cblock->aio_fildes = -1;
+ /*
+ * md->refcount is incremented in perf_mmap__push() for
+ * every enqueued aio write request so decrement it because
+ * the request is now complete.
+ */
+ perf_mmap__put(md);
+ rc = 1;
+ } else {
+ /*
+ * aio write request may require restart with the
+ * reminder if the kernel didn't write whole
+ * chunk at once.
+ */
+ rem_off = cblock->aio_offset + written;
+ rem_buf = (void *)(cblock->aio_buf + written);
+ record__aio_write(cblock, cblock->aio_fildes,
+ rem_buf, rem_size, rem_off);
+ rc = 0;
+ }
+
+ return rc;
+}
+
+static void record__aio_sync(struct perf_mmap *md)
+{
+ struct aiocb *cblock = &md->cblock;
+ struct timespec timeout = { 0, 1000 * 1000 * 1 }; /* 1ms */
+
+ do {
+ if (cblock->aio_fildes == -1 || record__aio_complete(md, cblock))
+ return;
+
+ while (aio_suspend((const struct aiocb**)&cblock, 1, &timeout)) {
+ if (!(errno == EAGAIN || errno == EINTR))
+ pr_err("failed to sync perf data, error: %m\n");
+ }
+ } while (1);
+}
+
+static int record__aio_pushfn(void *to, struct aiocb *cblock, void *bf, size_t size, off_t off)
+{
+ struct record *rec = to;
+ int ret, trace_fd = rec->session->data->file.fd;
+
+ rec->samples++;
+
+ ret = record__aio_write(cblock, trace_fd, bf, size, off);
+ if (!ret) {
+ rec->bytes_written += size;
+ if (switch_output_size(rec))
+ trigger_hit(&switch_output_trigger);
+ }
+
+ return ret;
+}
+#endif
+
static int process_synthesized_event(struct perf_tool *tool,
union perf_event *event,
struct perf_sample *sample __maybe_unused,
@@ -136,7 +242,6 @@ static int process_synthesized_event(struct perf_tool *tool,
static int record__pushfn(struct perf_mmap *map, void *to, void *bf, size_t size)
{
struct record *rec = to;
-
rec->samples++;
return record__write(rec, map, bf, size);
}
@@ -513,6 +618,25 @@ static struct perf_event_header finished_round_event = {
.type = PERF_RECORD_FINISHED_ROUND,
};

+#ifdef HAVE_AIO_SUPPORT
+static void record__mmap_read_sync(struct record *rec)
+{
+ int i;
+ struct perf_evlist *evlist = rec->evlist;
+ struct perf_mmap *maps = evlist->mmap;
+
+ if (!rec->opts.nr_cblocks)
+ return;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < evlist->nr_mmaps; i++) {
+ struct perf_mmap *map = &maps[i];
+
+ if (map->base)
+ record__aio_sync(map);
+ }
+}
+#endif
+
static int record__mmap_read_evlist(struct record *rec, struct perf_evlist *evlist,
bool overwrite)
{
@@ -520,7 +644,10 @@ static int record__mmap_read_evlist(struct record *rec, struct perf_evlist *evli
int i;
int rc = 0;
struct perf_mmap *maps;
-
+#ifdef HAVE_AIO_SUPPORT
+ int trace_fd = rec->data.file.fd;
+ off_t off;
+#endif
if (!evlist)
return 0;

@@ -531,14 +658,34 @@ static int record__mmap_read_evlist(struct record *rec, struct perf_evlist *evli
if (overwrite && evlist->bkw_mmap_state != BKW_MMAP_DATA_PENDING)
return 0;

+#ifdef HAVE_AIO_SUPPORT
+ off = lseek(trace_fd, 0, SEEK_CUR);
+#endif
for (i = 0; i < evlist->nr_mmaps; i++) {
struct perf_mmap *map = &maps[i];

if (map->base) {
- if (perf_mmap__push(map, rec, record__pushfn) != 0) {
- rc = -1;
- goto out;
+#ifdef HAVE_AIO_SUPPORT
+ if (!rec->opts.nr_cblocks) {
+#endif
+ if (perf_mmap__push(map, rec, record__pushfn) != 0) {
+ rc = -1;
+ goto out;
+ }
+#ifdef HAVE_AIO_SUPPORT
+ } else {
+ /*
+ * Call record__aio_sync() to wait till map->data buffer
+ * becomes available after previous aio write request.
+ */
+ record__aio_sync(map);
+ if (perf_mmap__aio_push(map, rec, record__aio_pushfn, &off) != 0) {
+ lseek(trace_fd, off, SEEK_SET);
+ rc = -1;
+ goto out;
+ }
}
+#endif
}

if (map->auxtrace_mmap.base && !rec->opts.auxtrace_snapshot_mode &&
@@ -547,7 +694,9 @@ static int record__mmap_read_evlist(struct record *rec, struct perf_evlist *evli
goto out;
}
}
-
+#ifdef HAVE_AIO_SUPPORT
+ lseek(trace_fd, off, SEEK_SET);
+#endif
/*
* Mark the round finished in case we wrote
* at least one event.
@@ -650,6 +799,9 @@ record__switch_output(struct record *rec, bool at_exit)
/* Same Size: "2015122520103046"*/
char timestamp[] = "InvalidTimestamp";

+#ifdef HAVE_AIO_SUPPORT
+ record__mmap_read_sync(rec);
+#endif
record__synthesize(rec, true);
if (target__none(&rec->opts.target))
record__synthesize_workload(rec, true);
@@ -1157,6 +1309,10 @@ static int __cmd_record(struct record *rec, int argc, const char **argv)
record__synthesize_workload(rec, true);

out_child:
+
+#ifdef HAVE_AIO_SUPPORT
+ record__mmap_read_sync(rec);
+#endif
if (forks) {
int exit_status;

diff --git a/tools/perf/perf.h b/tools/perf/perf.h
index 21bf7f5a3cf5..ef700d8bb610 100644
--- a/tools/perf/perf.h
+++ b/tools/perf/perf.h
@@ -82,6 +82,9 @@ struct record_opts {
bool use_clockid;
clockid_t clockid;
unsigned int proc_map_timeout;
+#ifdef HAVE_AIO_SUPPORT
+ int nr_cblocks;
+#endif
};

struct option;
diff --git a/tools/perf/util/mmap.c b/tools/perf/util/mmap.c
index db8f16f8a363..ecaa5b5eb3ed 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/mmap.c
+++ b/tools/perf/util/mmap.c
@@ -367,6 +367,82 @@ int perf_mmap__push(struct perf_mmap *md, void *to,
return rc;
}

+#ifdef HAVE_AIO_SUPPORT
+int perf_mmap__aio_push(struct perf_mmap *md, void *to,
+ int push(void *to, struct aiocb *cblock, void *buf, size_t size, off_t off),
+ off_t *off)
+{
+ u64 head = perf_mmap__read_head(md);
+ unsigned char *data = md->base + page_size;
+ unsigned long size, size0 = 0;
+ void *buf;
+ int rc = 0;
+
+ rc = perf_mmap__read_init(md);
+ if (rc < 0)
+ return (rc == -EAGAIN) ? 0 : -1;
+
+ /*
+ * md->base data is copied into md->data buffer to
+ * release space in the kernel buffer as fast as possible,
+ * thru perf_mmap__consume() below.
+ *
+ * That lets the kernel to proceed with storing more
+ * profiling data into the kernel buffer earlier than other
+ * per-cpu kernel buffers are handled.
+ *
+ * Coping can be done in two steps in case the chunk of
+ * profiling data crosses the upper bound of the kernel buffer.
+ * In this case we first move part of data from md->start
+ * till the upper bound and then the reminder from the
+ * beginning of the kernel buffer till the end of
+ * the data chunk.
+ */
+
+ size = md->end - md->start;
+
+ if ((md->start & md->mask) + size != (md->end & md->mask)) {
+ buf = &data[md->start & md->mask];
+ size = md->mask + 1 - (md->start & md->mask);
+ md->start += size;
+ memcpy(md->data, buf, size);
+ size0 = size;
+ }
+
+ buf = &data[md->start & md->mask];
+ size = md->end - md->start;
+ md->start += size;
+ memcpy(md->data + size0, buf, size);
+
+ /*
+ * Increment md->refcount to guard md->data buffer
+ * from premature deallocation because md object can be
+ * released earlier than aio write request started
+ * on mmap->data is complete.
+ *
+ * perf_mmap__put() is done at record__aio_complete()
+ * after started request completion.
+ */
+ perf_mmap__get(md);
+
+ md->prev = head;
+ perf_mmap__consume(md);
+
+ rc = push(to, &md->cblock, md->data, size0 + size, *off);
+ if (!rc) {
+ *off += size0 + size;
+ } else {
+ /*
+ * Decrement md->refcount back if aio write
+ * operation failed to start.
+ */
+ perf_mmap__put(md);
+ }
+
+ return rc;
+}
+#endif
+
/*
* Mandatory for overwrite mode
* The direction of overwrite mode is backward.
diff --git a/tools/perf/util/mmap.h b/tools/perf/util/mmap.h
index 1b63b6cc7cf9..8618223ae675 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/mmap.h
+++ b/tools/perf/util/mmap.h
@@ -105,6 +105,11 @@ union perf_event *perf_mmap__read_event(struct perf_mmap *map);

int perf_mmap__push(struct perf_mmap *md, void *to,
int push(struct perf_mmap *map, void *to, void *buf, size_t size));
+#ifdef HAVE_AIO_SUPPORT
+int perf_mmap__aio_push(struct perf_mmap *md, void *to,
+ int push(void *to, struct aiocb *cblock, void *buf, size_t size, off_t off),
+ off_t *off);
+#endif

size_t perf_mmap__mmap_len(struct perf_mmap *map);

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