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Subjectlinux-next: manual merge of the kspp tree with the tip tree
Hi all,

Today's linux-next merge of the kspp tree got a conflict in:

Documentation/x86/x86_64/mm.txt

between commits:

5b1290406579 ("x86/mm/doc: Clean up the x86-64 virtual memory layout descriptions")
32b89760ddf4 ("x86/mm/doc: Enhance the x86-64 virtual memory layout descriptions")

from the tip tree and commit:

afaef01c0015 ("x86/entry: Add STACKLEAK erasing the kernel stack at the end of syscalls")

from the kspp tree.

I fixed it up (see below - could probably be done better) and can carry
the fix as necessary. This is now fixed as far as linux-next is
concerned, but any non trivial conflicts should be mentioned to your
upstream maintainer when your tree is submitted for merging. You may
also want to consider cooperating with the maintainer of the
conflicting tree to minimise any particularly complex conflicts.

--
Cheers,
Stephen Rothwell

diff --cc Documentation/x86/x86_64/mm.txt
index 702898633b00,600bc2afa27d..000000000000
--- a/Documentation/x86/x86_64/mm.txt
+++ b/Documentation/x86/x86_64/mm.txt
@@@ -1,124 -1,57 +1,126 @@@
+====================================================
+Complete virtual memory map with 4-level page tables
+====================================================

-Virtual memory map with 4 level page tables:
-
-0000000000000000 - 00007fffffffffff (=47 bits) user space, different per mm
-hole caused by [47:63] sign extension
-ffff800000000000 - ffff87ffffffffff (=43 bits) guard hole, reserved for hypervisor
-ffff880000000000 - ffffc7ffffffffff (=64 TB) direct mapping of all phys. memory
-ffffc80000000000 - ffffc8ffffffffff (=40 bits) hole
-ffffc90000000000 - ffffe8ffffffffff (=45 bits) vmalloc/ioremap space
-ffffe90000000000 - ffffe9ffffffffff (=40 bits) hole
-ffffea0000000000 - ffffeaffffffffff (=40 bits) virtual memory map (1TB)
-... unused hole ...
-ffffec0000000000 - fffffbffffffffff (=44 bits) kasan shadow memory (16TB)
-... unused hole ...
- vaddr_end for KASLR
-fffffe0000000000 - fffffe7fffffffff (=39 bits) cpu_entry_area mapping
-fffffe8000000000 - fffffeffffffffff (=39 bits) LDT remap for PTI
-ffffff0000000000 - ffffff7fffffffff (=39 bits) %esp fixup stacks
-... unused hole ...
-ffffffef00000000 - fffffffeffffffff (=64 GB) EFI region mapping space
-... unused hole ...
-ffffffff80000000 - ffffffff9fffffff (=512 MB) kernel text mapping, from phys 0
-ffffffffa0000000 - fffffffffeffffff (1520 MB) module mapping space
-[fixmap start] - ffffffffff5fffff kernel-internal fixmap range
-ffffffffff600000 - ffffffffff600fff (=4 kB) legacy vsyscall ABI
-ffffffffffe00000 - ffffffffffffffff (=2 MB) unused hole
+Notes:
+
+ - Negative addresses such as "-23 TB" are absolute addresses in bytes, counted down
+ from the top of the 64-bit address space. It's easier to understand the layout
+ when seen both in absolute addresses and in distance-from-top notation.
+
+ For example 0xffffe90000000000 == -23 TB, it's 23 TB lower than the top of the
+ 64-bit address space (ffffffffffffffff).
+
+ Note that as we get closer to the top of the address space, the notation changes
+ from TB to GB and then MB/KB.
+
+ - "16M TB" might look weird at first sight, but it's an easier to visualize size
+ notation than "16 EB", which few will recognize at first sight as 16 exabytes.
+ It also shows it nicely how incredibly large 64-bit address space is.
+
+========================================================================================================================
+ Start addr | Offset | End addr | Size | VM area description
+========================================================================================================================
+ | | | |
+ 0000000000000000 | 0 | 00007fffffffffff | 128 TB | user-space virtual memory, different per mm
+__________________|____________|__________________|_________|___________________________________________________________
+ | | | |
+ 0000800000000000 | +128 TB | ffff7fffffffffff | ~16M TB | ... huge, almost 64 bits wide hole of non-canonical
+ | | | | virtual memory addresses up to the -128 TB
+ | | | | starting offset of kernel mappings.
+__________________|____________|__________________|_________|___________________________________________________________
+ |
+ | Kernel-space virtual memory, shared between all processes:
+____________________________________________________________|___________________________________________________________
+ | | | |
+ ffff800000000000 | -128 TB | ffff87ffffffffff | 8 TB | ... guard hole, also reserved for hypervisor
+ ffff880000000000 | -120 TB | ffffc7ffffffffff | 64 TB | direct mapping of all physical memory (page_offset_base)
+ ffffc80000000000 | -56 TB | ffffc8ffffffffff | 1 TB | ... unused hole
+ ffffc90000000000 | -55 TB | ffffe8ffffffffff | 32 TB | vmalloc/ioremap space (vmalloc_base)
+ ffffe90000000000 | -23 TB | ffffe9ffffffffff | 1 TB | ... unused hole
+ ffffea0000000000 | -22 TB | ffffeaffffffffff | 1 TB | virtual memory map (vmemmap_base)
+ ffffeb0000000000 | -21 TB | ffffebffffffffff | 1 TB | ... unused hole
+ ffffec0000000000 | -20 TB | fffffbffffffffff | 16 TB | KASAN shadow memory
+ fffffc0000000000 | -4 TB | fffffdffffffffff | 2 TB | ... unused hole
+ | | | | vaddr_end for KASLR
+ fffffe0000000000 | -2 TB | fffffe7fffffffff | 0.5 TB | cpu_entry_area mapping
+ fffffe8000000000 | -1.5 TB | fffffeffffffffff | 0.5 TB | LDT remap for PTI
+ ffffff0000000000 | -1 TB | ffffff7fffffffff | 0.5 TB | %esp fixup stacks
+__________________|____________|__________________|_________|____________________________________________________________
+ |
+ | Identical layout to the 47-bit one from here on:
+____________________________________________________________|____________________________________________________________
+ | | | |
+ ffffff8000000000 | -512 GB | ffffffeeffffffff | 444 GB | ... unused hole
+ ffffffef00000000 | -68 GB | fffffffeffffffff | 64 GB | EFI region mapping space
+ ffffffff00000000 | -4 GB | ffffffff7fffffff | 2 GB | ... unused hole
+ ffffffff80000000 | -2 GB | ffffffff9fffffff | 512 MB | kernel text mapping, mapped to physical address 0
+ ffffffff80000000 |-2048 MB | | |
+ ffffffffa0000000 |-1536 MB | fffffffffeffffff | 1520 MB | module mapping space
+ ffffffffff000000 | -16 MB | | |
+ FIXADDR_START | ~-11 MB | ffffffffff5fffff | ~0.5 MB | kernel-internal fixmap range, variable size and offset
+ ffffffffff600000 | -10 MB | ffffffffff600fff | 4 kB | legacy vsyscall ABI
+ ffffffffffe00000 | -2 MB | ffffffffffffffff | 2 MB | ... unused hole
+__________________|____________|__________________|_________|___________________________________________________________
+ STACKLEAK_POISON value in this last hole: ffffffffffff4111

-Virtual memory map with 5 level page tables:
-
-0000000000000000 - 00ffffffffffffff (=56 bits) user space, different per mm
-hole caused by [56:63] sign extension
-ff00000000000000 - ff0fffffffffffff (=52 bits) guard hole, reserved for hypervisor
-ff10000000000000 - ff8fffffffffffff (=55 bits) direct mapping of all phys. memory
-ff90000000000000 - ff9fffffffffffff (=52 bits) LDT remap for PTI
-ffa0000000000000 - ffd1ffffffffffff (=54 bits) vmalloc/ioremap space (12800 TB)
-ffd2000000000000 - ffd3ffffffffffff (=49 bits) hole
-ffd4000000000000 - ffd5ffffffffffff (=49 bits) virtual memory map (512TB)
-... unused hole ...
-ffdf000000000000 - fffffc0000000000 (=53 bits) kasan shadow memory (8PB)
-... unused hole ...
- vaddr_end for KASLR
-fffffe0000000000 - fffffe7fffffffff (=39 bits) cpu_entry_area mapping
-... unused hole ...
-ffffff0000000000 - ffffff7fffffffff (=39 bits) %esp fixup stacks
-... unused hole ...
-ffffffef00000000 - fffffffeffffffff (=64 GB) EFI region mapping space
-... unused hole ...
-ffffffff80000000 - ffffffff9fffffff (=512 MB) kernel text mapping, from phys 0
-ffffffffa0000000 - fffffffffeffffff (1520 MB) module mapping space
-[fixmap start] - ffffffffff5fffff kernel-internal fixmap range
-ffffffffff600000 - ffffffffff600fff (=4 kB) legacy vsyscall ABI
-ffffffffffe00000 - ffffffffffffffff (=2 MB) unused hole
+
+====================================================
+Complete virtual memory map with 5-level page tables
+====================================================
+
+Notes:
+
+ - With 56-bit addresses, user-space memory gets expanded by a factor of 512x,
+ from 0.125 PB to 64 PB. All kernel mappings shift down to the -64 PT starting
+ offset and many of the regions expand to support the much larger physical
+ memory supported.
+
+========================================================================================================================
+ Start addr | Offset | End addr | Size | VM area description
+========================================================================================================================
+ | | | |
+ 0000000000000000 | 0 | 00ffffffffffffff | 64 PB | user-space virtual memory, different per mm
+__________________|____________|__________________|_________|___________________________________________________________
+ | | | |
+ 0000800000000000 | +64 PB | ffff7fffffffffff | ~16K PB | ... huge, still almost 64 bits wide hole of non-canonical
+ | | | | virtual memory addresses up to the -128 TB
+ | | | | starting offset of kernel mappings.
+__________________|____________|__________________|_________|___________________________________________________________
+ |
+ | Kernel-space virtual memory, shared between all processes:
+____________________________________________________________|___________________________________________________________
+ | | | |
+ ff00000000000000 | -64 PB | ff0fffffffffffff | 4 PB | ... guard hole, also reserved for hypervisor
+ ff10000000000000 | -60 PB | ff8fffffffffffff | 32 PB | direct mapping of all physical memory (page_offset_base)
+ ff90000000000000 | -28 PB | ff9fffffffffffff | 4 PB | LDT remap for PTI
+ ffa0000000000000 | -24 PB | ffd1ffffffffffff | 12.5 PB | vmalloc/ioremap space (vmalloc_base)
+ ffd2000000000000 | -11.5 PB | ffd3ffffffffffff | 0.5 PB | ... unused hole
+ ffd4000000000000 | -11 PB | ffd5ffffffffffff | 0.5 PB | virtual memory map (vmemmap_base)
+ ffd6000000000000 | -10.5 PB | ffdeffffffffffff | 2.25 PB | ... unused hole
+ ffdf000000000000 | -8.25 PB | fffffdffffffffff | ~8 PB | KASAN shadow memory
+ fffffc0000000000 | -4 TB | fffffdffffffffff | 2 TB | ... unused hole
+ | | | | vaddr_end for KASLR
+ fffffe0000000000 | -2 TB | fffffe7fffffffff | 0.5 TB | cpu_entry_area mapping
+ fffffe8000000000 | -1.5 TB | fffffeffffffffff | 0.5 TB | ... unused hole
+ ffffff0000000000 | -1 TB | ffffff7fffffffff | 0.5 TB | %esp fixup stacks
+__________________|____________|__________________|_________|____________________________________________________________
+ |
+ | Identical layout to the 47-bit one from here on:
+____________________________________________________________|____________________________________________________________
+ | | | |
+ ffffff8000000000 | -512 GB | ffffffeeffffffff | 444 GB | ... unused hole
+ ffffffef00000000 | -68 GB | fffffffeffffffff | 64 GB | EFI region mapping space
+ ffffffff00000000 | -4 GB | ffffffff7fffffff | 2 GB | ... unused hole
+ ffffffff80000000 | -2 GB | ffffffff9fffffff | 512 MB | kernel text mapping, mapped to physical address 0
+ ffffffff80000000 |-2048 MB | | |
+ ffffffffa0000000 |-1536 MB | fffffffffeffffff | 1520 MB | module mapping space
+ ffffffffff000000 | -16 MB | | |
+ FIXADDR_START | ~-11 MB | ffffffffff5fffff | ~0.5 MB | kernel-internal fixmap range, variable size and offset
+ ffffffffff600000 | -10 MB | ffffffffff600fff | 4 kB | legacy vsyscall ABI
+ ffffffffffe00000 | -2 MB | ffffffffffffffff | 2 MB | ... unused hole
+__________________|____________|__________________|_________|___________________________________________________________
+ STACKLEAK_POISON value in this last hole: ffffffffffff4111

Architecture defines a 64-bit virtual address. Implementations can support
less. Currently supported are 48- and 57-bit virtual addresses. Bits 63
[unhandled content-type:application/pgp-signature]
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