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Subject[PATCH] bpf: 32-bit RSH verification must truncate input before the ALU op
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When I wrote commit 468f6eafa6c4 ("bpf: fix 32-bit ALU op verification"), I
assumed that, in order to emulate 64-bit arithmetic with 32-bit logic, it
is sufficient to just truncate the output to 32 bits; and so I just moved
the register size coercion that used to be at the start of the function to
the end of the function.

That assumption is true for almost every op, but not for 32-bit right
shifts, because those can propagate information towards the least
significant bit. Fix it by always truncating inputs for 32-bit ops to 32
bits.

Also get rid of the coerce_reg_to_size() after the ALU op, since that has
no effect.

Fixes: 468f6eafa6c4 ("bpf: fix 32-bit ALU op verification")
Acked-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
Signed-off-by: Jann Horn <jannh@google.com>
---
kernel/bpf/verifier.c | 10 +++++++++-
1 file changed, 9 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/kernel/bpf/verifier.c b/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
index bb07e74b34a2..465952a8e465 100644
--- a/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
+++ b/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
@@ -2896,6 +2896,15 @@ static int adjust_scalar_min_max_vals(struct bpf_verifier_env *env,
u64 umin_val, umax_val;
u64 insn_bitness = (BPF_CLASS(insn->code) == BPF_ALU64) ? 64 : 32;

+ if (insn_bitness == 32) {
+ /* Relevant for 32-bit RSH: Information can propagate towards
+ * LSB, so it isn't sufficient to only truncate the output to
+ * 32 bits.
+ */
+ coerce_reg_to_size(dst_reg, 4);
+ coerce_reg_to_size(&src_reg, 4);
+ }
+
smin_val = src_reg.smin_value;
smax_val = src_reg.smax_value;
umin_val = src_reg.umin_value;
@@ -3131,7 +3140,6 @@ static int adjust_scalar_min_max_vals(struct bpf_verifier_env *env,
if (BPF_CLASS(insn->code) != BPF_ALU64) {
/* 32-bit ALU ops are (32,32)->32 */
coerce_reg_to_size(dst_reg, 4);
- coerce_reg_to_size(&src_reg, 4);
}

__reg_deduce_bounds(dst_reg);
--
2.19.0.605.g01d371f741-goog
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