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SubjectRe: [PATCH] traps:Recover undefined user instruction on ARM
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On 05/10/18 05:45, Manjeet Pawar wrote:
> From: Rohit Thapliyal <r.thapliyal@samsung.com>
>
> During user undefined instruction exception, the arm exception
> handler currently results in application crash through SIGILL.
> The bad instruction can be due to ddr/hardware issue.
> For such cases, exception trap handler could try to recover the corrupted
> text by clearing pagetable entry of undefined instruction pc and trying to fetch
> the instruction opcode by generating major page fault.
> Resulting in loading the page with correct instruction from mapped file.
> If there is no error in root filesystem i.e. the opcode is intact
> in file, then filemap fault shall be able to recover
> the instruction and continue execution normally instead of crashing.

And what if that random memory corruption hits data, or kernel
instructions? This seems like a lot of effort to go to to fail to solve
an unsolvable problem...

Robin.

> Signed-off-by: Rohit Thapliyal <r.thapliyal@samsung.com>
> Signed-off-by: Manjeet Pawar <manjeet.p@samsung.com>
> ---
> arch/arm/kernel/traps.c | 100 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----
> 1 file changed, 90 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/arch/arm/kernel/traps.c b/arch/arm/kernel/traps.c
> index badf02c..d971834 100644
> --- a/arch/arm/kernel/traps.c
> +++ b/arch/arm/kernel/traps.c
> @@ -29,6 +29,7 @@
> #include <linux/sched/debug.h>
> #include <linux/sched/task_stack.h>
> #include <linux/irq.h>
> +#include <linux/rmap.h>
>
> #include <linux/atomic.h>
> #include <asm/cacheflush.h>
> @@ -51,6 +52,9 @@
> };
>
> void *vectors_page;
> +#define MAX_UNDEF_RECOVERY_ATTEMPT NR_CPUS
> +static DEFINE_RATELIMIT_STATE(undef_recov_rs, 10 * HZ, NR_CPUS);
> +static int undef_recovery_attempt;
>
> #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_USER
> unsigned int user_debug;
> @@ -435,14 +439,9 @@ int call_undef_hook(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned int instr)
> return fn ? fn(regs, instr) : 1;
> }
>
> -asmlinkage void do_undefinstr(struct pt_regs *regs)
> +static unsigned int getInstr(void __user *pc, struct pt_regs *regs)
> {
> - unsigned int instr;
> - siginfo_t info;
> - void __user *pc;
> -
> - clear_siginfo(&info);
> - pc = (void __user *)instruction_pointer(regs);
> + unsigned int instr = 0;
>
> if (processor_mode(regs) == SVC_MODE) {
> #ifdef CONFIG_THUMB2_KERNEL
> @@ -472,11 +471,32 @@ asmlinkage void do_undefinstr(struct pt_regs *regs)
> goto die_sig;
> instr = __mem_to_opcode_arm(instr);
> }
> +die_sig:
> + return instr;
> +}
> +
> +asmlinkage void __exception do_undefinstr(struct pt_regs *regs)
> +{
> + unsigned int instr, instr2;
> + siginfo_t info;
> + void __user *pc;
> + unsigned long addr;
> + struct mm_struct *mm;
> + struct vm_area_struct *vma;
> + pgd_t *pgd;
> + pud_t *pud;
> + pmd_t *pmd;
> + pte_t *pte;
> + spinlock_t *ptl;
> + clear_siginfo(&info);
>
> - if (call_undef_hook(regs, instr) == 0)
> + pc = (void __user *)instruction_pointer(regs);
> +
> + instr = getInstr(pc, regs);
> +
> + if (instr && call_undef_hook(regs, instr) == 0)
> return;
>
> -die_sig:
> #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_USER
> if (user_debug & UDBG_UNDEFINED) {
> pr_info("%s (%d): undefined instruction: pc=%p\n",
> @@ -485,7 +505,67 @@ asmlinkage void do_undefinstr(struct pt_regs *regs)
> dump_instr(KERN_INFO, regs);
> }
> #endif
> -
> + /* Trying to recover an invalid userspace instruction from here */
> + if ((undef_recovery_attempt < MAX_UNDEF_RECOVERY_ATTEMPT) && __ratelimit(&undef_recov_rs)) {
> + addr = (unsigned long) pc;
> + if (processor_mode(regs) == USR_MODE) {
> + struct page *page = NULL;
> +
> + mm = current->mm;
> + vma = find_vma(mm, (unsigned long)pc);
> + if (!vma)
> + goto fail_recovery;
> +
> + if (!vma->vm_file)
> + goto fail_recovery;
> +
> + dump_instr(KERN_ALERT, regs);
> + down_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
> + /* Check first, just in case, recovery already done by some other thread simultaneously */
> + flush_cache_range(vma, vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end);
> + instr2 = getInstr(pc, regs);
> + if (instr != instr2) {
> + up_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
> + return;
> + }
> + pgd = pgd_offset(vma->vm_mm, addr);
> + pud = pud_offset(pgd, addr);
> + if (!pud_present(*pud)) {
> + up_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
> + goto fail_recovery;
> + }
> + pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr);
> + if (!pmd_present(*pmd)) {
> + up_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
> + goto fail_recovery;
> + }
> + pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl);
> + if (!pte_present(*pte)) {
> + pte_unmap_unlock(pte, ptl);
> + up_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
> + goto fail_recovery;
> + }
> + page = pte_page(*pte);
> +
> + pte_clear(mm, address, pte);
> + pte_unmap_unlock(pte, ptl);
> + pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl);
> + page_remove_rmap(page, false);
> + put_page(page);
> + pte_unmap_unlock(pte, ptl);
> +
> + flush_tlb_range(vma, vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end);
> + up_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
> +
> + instr2 = getInstr(pc, regs);
> + dump_instr(KERN_ALERT, regs);
> + if (instr != instr2) {
> + undef_recovery_attempt++;
> + return;
> + }
> + }
> + }
> +fail_recovery:
> info.si_signo = SIGILL;
> info.si_errno = 0;
> info.si_code = ILL_ILLOPC;
>

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