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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3] tools/lib/traceevent: Replace str_error_r() with an open coded implementation
Em Fri, Oct 05, 2018 at 09:27:16AM -0700, Colin McCabe escreveu:
> Hmm. Did you consider setting the ifdefs you can set to always get the POSIX version of strerror_r?

Yes, didn't work for tools/perf, that uses _GNU_SOURCE, so we would have
the headers with that and the .c with an explicit undef _GNU_SOURCE,
that didn't fly, at least in my experiments, and that may be the case
with just some odd distros, working with others.

Having a separate .c file that first thing it does is to undef
_GNU_SOURCE, then include the necessary headers, then use strerror_r was
what worked accross the 67 environments in my containers:

1 alpine:3.4 : Ok gcc (Alpine 5.3.0) 5.3.0
2 alpine:3.5 : Ok gcc (Alpine 6.2.1) 6.2.1 20160822
3 alpine:3.6 : Ok gcc (Alpine 6.3.0) 6.3.0
4 alpine:3.7 : Ok gcc (Alpine 6.4.0) 6.4.0
5 alpine:3.8 : Ok gcc (Alpine 6.4.0) 6.4.0
6 alpine:edge : Ok gcc (Alpine 6.4.0) 6.4.0
7 amazonlinux:1 : Ok gcc (GCC) 4.8.5 20150623 (Red Hat 4.8.5-28)
8 amazonlinux:2 : Ok gcc (GCC) 7.3.1 20180303 (Red Hat 7.3.1-5)
9 android-ndk:r12b-arm : Ok arm-linux-androideabi-gcc (GCC) 4.9.x 20150123 (prerelease)
10 android-ndk:r15c-arm : Ok arm-linux-androideabi-gcc (GCC) 4.9.x 20150123 (prerelease)
11 centos:5 : Ok gcc (GCC) 4.1.2 20080704 (Red Hat 4.1.2-55)
12 centos:6 : Ok gcc (GCC) 4.4.7 20120313 (Red Hat 4.4.7-23)
13 centos:7 : Ok gcc (GCC) 4.8.5 20150623 (Red Hat 4.8.5-28)
14 clearlinux:latest : Ok gcc (Clear Linux OS for Intel Architecture) 8.2.1 20180502
15 debian:7 : Ok gcc (Debian 4.7.2-5) 4.7.2
16 debian:8 : Ok gcc (Debian 4.9.2-10+deb8u1) 4.9.2
17 debian:9 : Ok gcc (Debian 6.3.0-18+deb9u1) 6.3.0 20170516
18 debian:experimental : Ok gcc (Debian 8.2.0-7) 8.2.0
19 debian:experimental-x-arm64 : Ok aarch64-linux-gnu-gcc (Debian 8.2.0-4) 8.2.0
20 debian:experimental-x-mips : Ok mips-linux-gnu-gcc (Debian 8.1.0-12) 8.1.0
21 debian:experimental-x-mips64 : Ok mips64-linux-gnuabi64-gcc (Debian 8.1.0-12) 8.1.0
22 debian:experimental-x-mipsel : Ok mipsel-linux-gnu-gcc (Debian 8.1.0-12) 8.1.0
23 fedora:20 : Ok gcc (GCC) 4.8.3 20140911 (Red Hat 4.8.3-7)
24 fedora:21 : Ok gcc (GCC) 4.9.2 20150212 (Red Hat 4.9.2-6)
25 fedora:22 : Ok gcc (GCC) 5.3.1 20160406 (Red Hat 5.3.1-6)
26 fedora:23 : Ok gcc (GCC) 5.3.1 20160406 (Red Hat 5.3.1-6)
27 fedora:24 : Ok gcc (GCC) 6.3.1 20161221 (Red Hat 6.3.1-1)
28 fedora:24-x-ARC-uClibc : Ok arc-linux-gcc (ARCompact ISA Linux uClibc toolchain 2017.09-rc2) 7.1.1 20170710
29 fedora:25 : Ok gcc (GCC) 6.4.1 20170727 (Red Hat 6.4.1-1)
30 fedora:26 : Ok gcc (GCC) 7.3.1 20180130 (Red Hat 7.3.1-2)
31 fedora:27 : Ok gcc (GCC) 7.3.1 20180712 (Red Hat 7.3.1-6)
32 fedora:28 : Ok gcc (GCC) 8.1.1 20180712 (Red Hat 8.1.1-5)
33 fedora:rawhide : Ok gcc (GCC) 8.2.1 20180905 (Red Hat 8.2.1-3)
34 gentoo-stage3-amd64:latest : Ok gcc (Gentoo 7.3.0-r3 p1.4) 7.3.0
35 mageia:5 : Ok gcc (GCC) 4.9.2
36 mageia:6 : Ok gcc (Mageia 5.5.0-1.mga6) 5.5.0
37 opensuse:13.2 : Ok gcc (SUSE Linux) 4.8.3 20140627 [gcc-4_8-branch revision 212064]
38 opensuse:42.1 : Ok gcc (SUSE Linux) 4.8.5
39 opensuse:42.2 : Ok gcc (SUSE Linux) 4.8.5
40 opensuse:42.3 : Ok gcc (SUSE Linux) 4.8.5
41 opensuse:tumbleweed : Ok gcc (SUSE Linux) 7.3.1 20180323 [gcc-7-branch revision 258812]
42 oraclelinux:6 : Ok gcc (GCC) 4.4.7 20120313 (Red Hat 4.4.7-23.0.1)
43 oraclelinux:7 : Ok gcc (GCC) 4.8.5 20150623 (Red Hat 4.8.5-28.0.1)
44 ubuntu:12.04.5 : Ok gcc (Ubuntu/Linaro 4.6.3-1ubuntu5) 4.6.3
45 ubuntu:14.04.4 : Ok gcc (Ubuntu 4.8.4-2ubuntu1~14.04.3) 4.8.4
46 ubuntu:14.04.4-x-linaro-arm64 : Ok aarch64-linux-gnu-gcc (Linaro GCC 5.5-2017.10) 5.5.0
47 ubuntu:16.04 : Ok gcc (Ubuntu 5.4.0-6ubuntu1~16.04.10) 5.4.0 20160609
48 ubuntu:16.04-x-arm : Ok arm-linux-gnueabihf-gcc (Ubuntu/Linaro 5.4.0-6ubuntu1~16.04.9) 5.4.0 20160609
49 ubuntu:16.04-x-arm64 : Ok aarch64-linux-gnu-gcc (Ubuntu/Linaro 5.4.0-6ubuntu1~16.04.9) 5.4.0 20160609
50 ubuntu:16.04-x-powerpc : Ok powerpc-linux-gnu-gcc (Ubuntu 5.4.0-6ubuntu1~16.04.9) 5.4.0 20160609
51 ubuntu:16.04-x-powerpc64 : Ok powerpc64-linux-gnu-gcc (Ubuntu/IBM 5.4.0-6ubuntu1~16.04.9) 5.4.0 20160609
52 ubuntu:16.04-x-powerpc64el : Ok powerpc64le-linux-gnu-gcc (Ubuntu/IBM 5.4.0-6ubuntu1~16.04.9) 5.4.0 20160609
53 ubuntu:16.04-x-s390 : Ok s390x-linux-gnu-gcc (Ubuntu 5.4.0-6ubuntu1~16.04.9) 5.4.0 20160609
54 ubuntu:16.10 : Ok gcc (Ubuntu 6.2.0-5ubuntu12) 6.2.0 20161005
55 ubuntu:17.10 : Ok gcc (Ubuntu 7.2.0-8ubuntu3.2) 7.2.0
56 ubuntu:18.04 : Ok gcc (Ubuntu 7.3.0-16ubuntu3) 7.3.0
57 ubuntu:18.04-x-arm : Ok arm-linux-gnueabihf-gcc (Ubuntu/Linaro 7.3.0-16ubuntu3) 7.3.0
58 ubuntu:18.04-x-arm64 : Ok aarch64-linux-gnu-gcc (Ubuntu/Linaro 7.3.0-16ubuntu3) 7.3.0
59 ubuntu:18.04-x-m68k : Ok m68k-linux-gnu-gcc (Ubuntu 7.3.0-16ubuntu3) 7.3.0
60 ubuntu:18.04-x-powerpc : Ok powerpc-linux-gnu-gcc (Ubuntu 7.3.0-16ubuntu3) 7.3.0
61 ubuntu:18.04-x-powerpc64 : Ok powerpc64-linux-gnu-gcc (Ubuntu 7.3.0-16ubuntu3) 7.3.0
62 ubuntu:18.04-x-powerpc64el : Ok powerpc64le-linux-gnu-gcc (Ubuntu 7.3.0-16ubuntu3) 7.3.0
63 ubuntu:18.04-x-riscv64 : Ok riscv64-linux-gnu-gcc (Ubuntu 7.3.0-16ubuntu3) 7.3.0
64 ubuntu:18.04-x-s390 : Ok s390x-linux-gnu-gcc (Ubuntu 7.3.0-16ubuntu3) 7.3.0
65 ubuntu:18.04-x-sh4 : Ok sh4-linux-gnu-gcc (Ubuntu 7.3.0-16ubuntu3) 7.3.0
66 ubuntu:18.04-x-sparc64 : Ok sparc64-linux-gnu-gcc (Ubuntu 7.3.0-16ubuntu3) 7.3.0
67 ubuntu:18.10 : Ok gcc (Ubuntu 8.2.0-4ubuntu1) 8.2.0

> best,
> Colin
>
>
> On Fri, Oct 5, 2018, at 08:30, Steven Rostedt wrote:
> > On Tue, 2 Oct 2018 17:55:39 -0400
> > Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> wrote:
> >
> > > From: "Steven Rostedt (VMware)" <rostedt@goodmis.org>
> > >
> > > While working on having PowerTop use libtracevent as a shared object
> > > library, Tzvetomir hit "str_error_r not defined". This was added by commit
> > > c3cec9e68f12d ("tools lib traceevent: Use str_error_r()") because
> > > strerror_r() has two definitions, where one is GNU specific, and the other
> > > is XSI complient. The strerror_r() is in a wrapper str_error_r() to keep the
> > > code from having to worry about which compiler is being used.
> > >
> > > The problem is that str_error_r() is external to libtraceevent, and not part
> > > of the library. If it is used as a shared object then the tools using it
> > > will need to define that function. I do not want that function defined in
> > > libtraceevent itself, as it is out of scope for that library.
> > >
> > > As there's only a single instance of this call, I replaced it with an open
> > > coded algorithm that uses sys_nerr and sys_errlist error array with
> > > strncpy() to place the error message in the given buffer. We don't need to
> > > worry about the errors that strerror_r() returns. If the buffer isn't big
> > > enough, we simply truncate it.
> > >
> > > The sys_nerr and sys_errlist idea was found here:
> > >
> > > http://www.club.cc.cmu.edu/~cmccabe/blog_strerror.html
> > >
> > > Cc: Colin Patrick McCabe <cmccabe@alumni.cmu.edu>
> > > Reported-by: Tzvetomir Stoyanov <tstoyanov@vmware.com>
> > > Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
> > > ---
> > > Changes since v2:
> > >
> > > Use sys_nerr and sys_errlist idea.
> > >
> > > tools/lib/traceevent/event-parse.c | 9 +++++++--
> > > 1 file changed, 7 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
> > >
> > > diff --git a/tools/lib/traceevent/event-parse.c b/tools/lib/traceevent/event-parse.c
> > > index 7980fc6c3bac..d23d10bc5314 100644
> > > --- a/tools/lib/traceevent/event-parse.c
> > > +++ b/tools/lib/traceevent/event-parse.c
> > > @@ -18,7 +18,6 @@
> > > #include <errno.h>
> > > #include <stdint.h>
> > > #include <limits.h>
> > > -#include <linux/string.h>
> > > #include <linux/time64.h>
> > >
> > > #include <netinet/in.h>
> > > @@ -6215,7 +6214,13 @@ int tep_strerror(struct tep_handle *pevent __maybe_unused,
> > > const char *msg;
> > >
> > > if (errnum >= 0) {
> > > - str_error_r(errnum, buf, buflen);
> > > + if (buflen > 0) {
> > > + if (errnum < sys_nerr)
> > > + strncpy(buf, sys_errlist[errnum], buflen);
> > > + else
> > > + snprintf(buf, buflen, "Unknown error %d", errnum);
> > > + buf[buflen - 1] = 0;
> > > + }
> >
> > Bah, I now get warnings that sys_nerr and sys_errlist are deprecated.
> >
> > OK, so going back to just using the racy strerror() should be good
> > enough, as this incompatibility with strerror_r() is a disaster!
> >
> > -- Steve
> >
> >
> > > return 0;
> > > }
> > >
> >
>
>
> C.

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