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Subject[PATCH RFC] mm: Add an fs-write seal to memfd
Date
Android uses ashmem for sharing memory regions. We are looking forward
to migrating all usecases of ashmem to memfd so that we can possibly
remove the ashmem driver in the future from staging while also
benefiting from using memfd and contributing to it. Note staging drivers
are also not ABI and generally can be removed at anytime.

One of the main usecases Android has is the ability to create a region
and mmap it as writeable, then drop its protection for "future" writes
while keeping the existing already mmap'ed writeable-region active.
This allows us to implement a usecase where receivers of the shared
memory buffer can get a read-only view, while the sender continues to
write to the buffer. See CursorWindow in Android for more details:
https://developer.android.com/reference/android/database/CursorWindow

This usecase cannot be implemented with the existing F_SEAL_WRITE seal.
To support the usecase, this patch adds a new F_SEAL_FS_WRITE seal which
prevents any future mmap and write syscalls from succeeding while
keeping the existing mmap active. The following program shows the seal
working in action:

int main() {
int ret, fd;
void *addr, *addr2, *addr3, *addr1;
ret = memfd_create_region("test_region", REGION_SIZE);
printf("ret=%d\n", ret);
fd = ret;

// Create map
addr = mmap(0, REGION_SIZE, PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE, MAP_SHARED, fd, 0);
if (addr == MAP_FAILED)
printf("map 0 failed\n");
else
printf("map 0 passed\n");

if ((ret = write(fd, "test", 4)) != 4)
printf("write failed even though no fs-write seal "
"(ret=%d errno =%d)\n", ret, errno);
else
printf("write passed\n");

addr1 = mmap(0, REGION_SIZE, PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE, MAP_SHARED, fd, 0);
if (addr1 == MAP_FAILED)
perror("map 1 prot-write failed even though no seal\n");
else
printf("map 1 prot-write passed as expected\n");

ret = fcntl(fd, F_ADD_SEALS, F_SEAL_FS_WRITE);
if (ret == -1)
printf("fcntl failed, errno: %d\n", errno);
else
printf("fs-write seal now active\n");

if ((ret = write(fd, "test", 4)) != 4)
printf("write failed as expected due to fs-write seal\n");
else
printf("write passed (unexpected)\n");

addr2 = mmap(0, REGION_SIZE, PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE, MAP_SHARED, fd, 0);
if (addr2 == MAP_FAILED)
perror("map 2 prot-write failed as expected due to seal\n");
else
printf("map 2 passed\n");

addr3 = mmap(0, REGION_SIZE, PROT_READ, MAP_SHARED, fd, 0);
if (addr3 == MAP_FAILED)
perror("map 3 failed\n");
else
printf("map 3 prot-read passed as expected\n");
}

The output of running this program is as follows:
ret=3
map 0 passed
write passed
map 1 prot-write passed as expected
fs-write seal now active
write failed as expected due to fs-write seal
map 2 prot-write failed as expected due to seal
: Permission denied
map 3 prot-read passed as expected

Cc: jreck@google.com
Cc: john.stultz@linaro.org
Cc: tkjos@google.com
Cc: gregkh@linuxfoundation.org
Signed-off-by: Joel Fernandes (Google) <joel@joelfernandes.org>
---
include/uapi/linux/fcntl.h | 1 +
mm/memfd.c | 6 +++++-
2 files changed, 6 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/fcntl.h b/include/uapi/linux/fcntl.h
index 6448cdd9a350..bafd1233b6a8 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/fcntl.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/fcntl.h
@@ -41,6 +41,7 @@
#define F_SEAL_SHRINK 0x0002 /* prevent file from shrinking */
#define F_SEAL_GROW 0x0004 /* prevent file from growing */
#define F_SEAL_WRITE 0x0008 /* prevent writes */
+#define F_SEAL_FS_WRITE 0x0010 /* prevent all write-related syscalls */
/* (1U << 31) is reserved for signed error codes */

/*
diff --git a/mm/memfd.c b/mm/memfd.c
index 2bb5e257080e..4b09f446c2d2 100644
--- a/mm/memfd.c
+++ b/mm/memfd.c
@@ -150,7 +150,8 @@ static unsigned int *memfd_file_seals_ptr(struct file *file)
#define F_ALL_SEALS (F_SEAL_SEAL | \
F_SEAL_SHRINK | \
F_SEAL_GROW | \
- F_SEAL_WRITE)
+ F_SEAL_WRITE | \
+ F_SEAL_FS_WRITE)

static int memfd_add_seals(struct file *file, unsigned int seals)
{
@@ -219,6 +220,9 @@ static int memfd_add_seals(struct file *file, unsigned int seals)
}
}

+ if ((seals & F_SEAL_FS_WRITE) && !(*file_seals & F_SEAL_FS_WRITE))
+ file->f_mode &= ~(FMODE_WRITE | FMODE_PWRITE);
+
*file_seals |= seals;
error = 0;

--
2.19.0.605.g01d371f741-goog
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