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Subject[RFC 1/2] RISC-V: An infrastructure to add vendor-specific code.
Date
  RISC-V permits each vendor to develop respective extension ISA based on
RISC-V standard ISA. This means that these vendor-specific features may be
compatible to their compiler and CPU. Therefore, each vendor may be
considered a sub-architecture of RISC-V. Currently, vendors do not have the
appropriate examples to add these specific features to the kernel. In this
commit, we propose an infrastructure that vendor can easily hook their
specific features into kernel. This infrastructure is developed based on
the following 3 ideas:

1. Keep code readable
All vendors use the same condition to control the flow of program in
RISC-V generic port instead of vendor-defined kernel configuration.

2. Vendor can easily add features without considering other vendors.

3. Even if the CPU vendor in kernel configuration does not match the CPU
vendor on platform, the kernel still can work.

This infrastructure can be divided into 3 parts as below.

A. Folder structure
We consider each vendor as a sub-architecture of RISC-V. Hence, we
plane to centralize vendor-dependent code, including source file and
header file, into respective folder which is located at
arch/riscv/<vendor>. Like the general architecture, the header files
are located in arch/riscv/<vendor>/include/asm and
arch/riscv/<vendor>/include/uapi.

B. Include vendor's file at compile time
B.1 Vendor's Kconfig
Vendor can define the needed kernel configuration here. For
this infrastructure to work properly, user needs to define the
macro CONFIG_VENDOR_ID and CONFIG_VENDOR_FOLDER_NAME as JEDEC
manufacturer ID and the name of the vendor folder in this Kconfig.
B.2 Vendor's source file
The folder name of the selected vendor is recorded in macro
CONFIG_VENDOR_FOLDER_NAME. To ensure that compiler only compiles the
code of the selected vendor, it is only include the Makefile placed
in CONFIG_VENDOR_FOLDER_NAME.
B.3 Vendor's header file
The searching order of vendor's folder is prior to riscv generic
folder. This design enables vendors to replace the riscv
generic header file with self-defined header file. Nevertheless,
vendor can still include the contents of riscv generic header file
by "include_next".
The vendor-hook.h is the only exception that cannot be replaced
because other vendors define their specific function as a dummy
function here for linkage.

C. Check compatibility in run time
To avoid kernel panic by incompatible CPU, the compatibility check
is needed before entering vendor-specific function. We think the
compatibility check here only needs to ensure that the vendor can safely
call self-checking mechanism. Hence, the macro
CHECK_VENDOR_XEXT_ISA_COMPATIBLE which is used to check compatibility
only compares the vendor's JEDEC manufacturer ID with the content of csr
$mvendorid.

Signed-off-by: Vincent Chen <vincentc@andestech.com>
---
arch/riscv/Kconfig | 49 +++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/riscv/Makefile | 6 +++
arch/riscv/include/asm/sbi.h | 5 ++
arch/riscv/include/asm/vendor-hook.h | 13 ++++++
arch/riscv/kernel/cpufeature.c | 5 ++
arch/riscv/kernel/setup.c | 6 ++-
arch/riscv/vendor-nds/Kconfig | 29 +++++++++++++
arch/riscv/vendor-nds/Makefile | 1 +
arch/riscv/vendor-nds/include/asm/vendor-hook.h | 8 ++++
arch/riscv/vendor-nds/setup.c | 9 ++++
10 files changed, 130 insertions(+), 1 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 arch/riscv/include/asm/vendor-hook.h
create mode 100644 arch/riscv/vendor-nds/Kconfig
create mode 100644 arch/riscv/vendor-nds/Makefile
create mode 100644 arch/riscv/vendor-nds/include/asm/vendor-hook.h
create mode 100644 arch/riscv/vendor-nds/setup.c

diff --git a/arch/riscv/Kconfig b/arch/riscv/Kconfig
index b008b34..a54a115 100644
--- a/arch/riscv/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/riscv/Kconfig
@@ -209,6 +209,55 @@ config RISCV_BASE_PMU

endmenu

+choice
+ prompt "non-standard extension ISA"
+ default PURE_STANDARD_EXTENSION_ISA
+ help
+ Select a CPU IP vendor used on the target platform. The features
+ of the extension ISA from selected vendor will be enabled.
+
+ If you just need RISCV standard ISA, please select 'none'
+
+config RISCV_NDS
+ bool "AndeStar RISC-V ISA support"
+ select SUPPORT_X_EXTENSION_ISA
+ help
+ Say Y here if you plan to run kernel on the AndeStar RISC-V CPU
+ and use some of the specific features provided by the AndeStar RISC-V
+ CPU such as cctl and non-cache coherent agent support.
+
+ If the CPU used by the target platform is an AndeStar RISC-V CPU but you
+ don't know what to do here, say Y.
+
+config PURE_STANDARD_EXTENSION_ISA
+ bool "none"
+
+endchoice
+config SUPPORT_X_EXTENSION_ISA
+ bool
+ depends on !PURE_STANDARD_EXTENSION_ISA
+ default n
+ help
+ The statement 'Y' means vendor-provided extension ISA is enabled in
+ kerenl.
+
+config VENDOR_FOLDER_NAME
+ string
+ depends on SUPPORT_X_EXTENSION_ISA
+ help
+ The name of the vendor folder in ./arch/riscv. Makefile will use
+ CONFIG_VENDOR_FOLDER_NAME to search the required header file.
+
+config VENDOR_ID
+ hex
+ depends on SUPPORT_X_EXTENSION_ISA
+ help
+ The JEDEC manufacturer ID of CPU IP vendor. This will be used to
+ check the compatibility between the kernel and the platform by
+ comparing $mvendorid and CONFIG_VENDOR_ID.
+
+source "arch/riscv/vendor-nds/Kconfig"
+
endmenu

menu "Kernel type"
diff --git a/arch/riscv/Makefile b/arch/riscv/Makefile
index 61ec424..8616aa9 100644
--- a/arch/riscv/Makefile
+++ b/arch/riscv/Makefile
@@ -80,6 +80,12 @@ head-y := arch/riscv/kernel/head.o

core-y += arch/riscv/kernel/ arch/riscv/mm/

+ifeq ($(CONFIG_SUPPORT_X_EXTENSION_ISA),y)
+riscv-vendor-name := $(CONFIG_VENDOR_FOLDER_NAME:"%"=%)
+LINUXINCLUDE := -I$(srctree)/arch/riscv/$(riscv-vendor-name)/include $(LINUXINCLUDE)
+core-$(CONFIG_RISCV_NDS) += arch/riscv/$(riscv-vendor-name)/
+endif
+
libs-y += arch/riscv/lib/

all: vmlinux
diff --git a/arch/riscv/include/asm/sbi.h b/arch/riscv/include/asm/sbi.h
index b6bb10b..5e1abf6 100644
--- a/arch/riscv/include/asm/sbi.h
+++ b/arch/riscv/include/asm/sbi.h
@@ -25,6 +25,7 @@
#define SBI_REMOTE_SFENCE_VMA 6
#define SBI_REMOTE_SFENCE_VMA_ASID 7
#define SBI_SHUTDOWN 8
+#define SBI_GET_MVENDOR_ID 10

#define SBI_CALL(which, arg0, arg1, arg2) ({ \
register uintptr_t a0 asm ("a0") = (uintptr_t)(arg0); \
@@ -97,4 +98,8 @@ static inline void sbi_remote_sfence_vma_asid(const unsigned long *hart_mask,
SBI_CALL_1(SBI_REMOTE_SFENCE_VMA_ASID, hart_mask);
}

+static inline unsigned long sbi_get_mvendorid(void)
+{
+ return SBI_CALL_0(SBI_GET_MVENDOR_ID);
+}
#endif
diff --git a/arch/riscv/include/asm/vendor-hook.h b/arch/riscv/include/asm/vendor-hook.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..fbf0f1f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/riscv/include/asm/vendor-hook.h
@@ -0,0 +1,13 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+/* Copyright (C) 2018 Andes Technology Corporation */
+#include <linux/string.h>
+
+#define CHECK_VENDOR_XEXT_ISA_COMPATIBLE \
+ ((IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SUPPORT_X_EXTENSION_ISA)) && \
+ (mvendorid == CONFIG_VENDOR_ID))
+
+extern unsigned long mvendorid;
+
+#ifndef SETUP_VENDOR_EXTENSION
+#define setup_vendor_extension(x) do {} while (0)
+#endif
diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/cpufeature.c b/arch/riscv/kernel/cpufeature.c
index 17011a8..2794cae 100644
--- a/arch/riscv/kernel/cpufeature.c
+++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/cpufeature.c
@@ -20,8 +20,10 @@
#include <linux/of.h>
#include <asm/processor.h>
#include <asm/hwcap.h>
+#include <asm/sbi.h>

unsigned long elf_hwcap __read_mostly;
+unsigned long mvendorid;

void riscv_fill_hwcap(void)
{
@@ -58,4 +60,7 @@ void riscv_fill_hwcap(void)
elf_hwcap |= isa2hwcap[(unsigned char)(isa[i])];

pr_info("elf_hwcap is 0x%lx", elf_hwcap);
+
+ mvendorid = sbi_get_mvendorid();
+
}
diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/setup.c b/arch/riscv/kernel/setup.c
index b2d26d9..2dcfb21 100644
--- a/arch/riscv/kernel/setup.c
+++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/setup.c
@@ -38,6 +38,7 @@
#include <asm/sbi.h>
#include <asm/tlbflush.h>
#include <asm/thread_info.h>
+#include <asm/vendor-hook.h>

#ifdef CONFIG_EARLY_PRINTK
static void sbi_console_write(struct console *co, const char *buf,
@@ -228,7 +229,6 @@ void __init setup_arch(char **cmdline_p)
paging_init();
unflatten_device_tree();
swiotlb_init(1);
-
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
setup_smp();
#endif
@@ -238,5 +238,9 @@ void __init setup_arch(char **cmdline_p)
#endif

riscv_fill_hwcap();
+
+ if (CHECK_VENDOR_XEXT_ISA_COMPATIBLE)
+ setup_vendor_extension();
+
}

diff --git a/arch/riscv/vendor-nds/Kconfig b/arch/riscv/vendor-nds/Kconfig
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..19fd485
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/riscv/vendor-nds/Kconfig
@@ -0,0 +1,29 @@
+#
+# For a description of the syntax of this configuration file,
+# see Documentation/kbuild/kconfig-language.txt.
+#
+config VENDOR_FOLDER_NAME
+ string
+ depends on RISCV_NDS
+ default 'vendor-nds'
+
+config VENDOR_ID
+ hex
+ depends on RISCV_NDS
+ default 0x31e
+
+config DMA_NONCOHERENT_OPS
+ bool "support DMA consistent memory without cache coherency agent"
+ def_bool y
+ depends on RISCV_NDS
+ select ARCH_HAS_SYNC_DMA_FOR_CPU
+ select ARCH_HAS_SYNC_DMA_FOR_DEVICE
+ help
+ Say Y here if the cache coherent agent is unsupported.
+ For some AndeStar RISC-V CPU, the MSB of physical address is used to
+ disable the cachebility of this address if the cache coherent agent
+ is unspported. To make this feature work, DMA_NONCOHERENT_OPS shall be
+ Y to enable needed address translation.
+
+ Say N here If cache coherent agent is supported.
+
diff --git a/arch/riscv/vendor-nds/Makefile b/arch/riscv/vendor-nds/Makefile
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..392275e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/riscv/vendor-nds/Makefile
@@ -0,0 +1 @@
+obj-y += cache.o noncoherent_dma.o setup.o
diff --git a/arch/riscv/vendor-nds/include/asm/vendor-hook.h b/arch/riscv/vendor-nds/include/asm/vendor-hook.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..2876c24
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/riscv/vendor-nds/include/asm/vendor-hook.h
@@ -0,0 +1,8 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+/* Copyright (C) 2018 Andes Technology Corporation */
+#ifdef CONFIG_SUPPORT_X_EXTENSION_ISA
+#define SETUP_VENDOR_EXTENSION
+extern void setup_vendor_extension(void);
+#endif
+
+#include_next <asm/vendor-hook.h>
diff --git a/arch/riscv/vendor-nds/setup.c b/arch/riscv/vendor-nds/setup.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..5ceed1b
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/riscv/vendor-nds/setup.c
@@ -0,0 +1,9 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+// Copyright (C) 2018 Andes Technology Corporation
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <asm/vendor-hook.h>
+bool riscv_nds_compat_platform;
+void __init setup_vendor_extension(void)
+{
+ riscv_nds_compat_platform = true;
+}
--
1.7.1
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