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SubjectRe: [PATCH 0/9] Allow persistent memory to be used like normal RAM
On Mon, Oct 22, 2018 at 1:18 PM Dave Hansen <> wrote:
> Persistent memory is cool. But, currently, you have to rewrite
> your applications to use it. Wouldn't it be cool if you could
> just have it show up in your system like normal RAM and get to
> it like a slow blob of memory? Well... have I got the patch
> series for you!
> This series adds a new "driver" to which pmem devices can be
> attached. Once attached, the memory "owned" by the device is
> hot-added to the kernel and managed like any other memory. On
> systems with an HMAT (a new ACPI table), each socket (roughly)
> will have a separate NUMA node for its persistent memory so
> this newly-added memory can be selected by its unique NUMA
> node.

Could you please elaborate this? I'm supposed you mean the pmem will
be a separate NUMA node, right?

I would like to try the patches on real hardware, any prerequisite is needed?


> This is highly RFC, and I really want the feedback from the
> nvdimm/pmem folks about whether this is a viable long-term
> perversion of their code and device mode. It's insufficiently
> documented and probably not bisectable either.
> Todo:
> 1. The device re-binding hacks are ham-fisted at best. We
> need a better way of doing this, especially so the kmem
> driver does not get in the way of normal pmem devices.
> 2. When the device has no proper node, we default it to
> NUMA node 0. Is that OK?
> 3. We muck with the 'struct resource' code quite a bit. It
> definitely needs a once-over from folks more familiar
> with it than I.
> 4. Is there a better way to do this than starting with a
> copy of pmem.c?
> Here's how I set up a system to test this thing:
> 1. Boot qemu with lots of memory: "-m 4096", for instance
> 2. Reserve 512MB of physical memory. Reserving a spot a 2GB
> physical seems to work: memmap=512M!0x0000000080000000
> This will end up looking like a pmem device at boot.
> 3. When booted, convert fsdax device to "device dax":
> ndctl create-namespace -fe namespace0.0 -m dax
> 4. In the background, the kmem driver will probably bind to the
> new device.
> 5. Now, online the new memory sections. Perhaps:
> grep ^MemTotal /proc/meminfo
> for f in `grep -vl online /sys/devices/system/memory/*/state`; do
> echo $f: `cat $f`
> echo online > $f
> grep ^MemTotal /proc/meminfo
> done
> Cc: Dan Williams <>
> Cc: Dave Jiang <>
> Cc: Ross Zwisler <>
> Cc: Vishal Verma <>
> Cc: Tom Lendacky <>
> Cc: Andrew Morton <>
> Cc: Michal Hocko <>
> Cc:
> Cc:
> Cc:
> Cc: Huang Ying <>
> Cc: Fengguang Wu <>

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