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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2] arm64/module: use mod->klp_info section header information for livepatch modules
+++ Will Deacon [29/10/18 15:28 +0000]:
>Hi Jessica,
>
>On Fri, Oct 26, 2018 at 07:25:01PM +0200, Jessica Yu wrote:
>> The arm64 module loader keeps a pointer into info->sechdrs to keep track
>> of section header information for .plt section(s). A pointer to the
>> relevent section header (struct elf64_shdr) in info->sechdrs is stored
>> in mod->arch.{init,core}.plt. This pointer may be accessed while
>> applying relocations in apply_relocate_add() for example. And unlike
>> normal modules, livepatch modules can call apply_relocate_add() after
>> module load. But the info struct (and therefore info->sechdrs) gets
>> freed at the end of load_module() and so mod->arch.{init,core}.plt
>> becomes an invalid pointer after the module is done loading.
>>
>> Luckily, livepatch modules already keep a copy of Elf section header
>> information in mod->klp_info. So make sure livepatch modules on arm64
>> have access to the section headers in klp_info and set
>> mod->arch.{init,core}.plt to the appropriate section header in
>> mod->klp_info so that they can call apply_relocate_add() even after
>> module load.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Jessica Yu <jeyu@kernel.org>
>> ---
>>
>> v2:
>> - fix missing free_module_elf() in error path
>> - move copy_module_elf() and module_finalize() out of post_relocation()
>> to make error handling more clear
>> - add braces to if-else block in arm64 module_frob_arch_sections()
>>
>> arch/arm64/include/asm/module.h | 1 +
>> arch/arm64/kernel/module-plts.c | 17 ++++++++++++-----
>> arch/arm64/kernel/module.c | 10 ++++++++++
>> kernel/module.c | 29 +++++++++++++++--------------
>> 4 files changed, 38 insertions(+), 19 deletions(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/module.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/module.h
>> index fef773c94e9d..ac9b97f9ae5e 100644
>> --- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/module.h
>> +++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/module.h
>> @@ -25,6 +25,7 @@ struct mod_plt_sec {
>> struct elf64_shdr *plt;
>> int plt_num_entries;
>> int plt_max_entries;
>> + int plt_shndx;
>> };
>
>Does this mean we can drop the plt pointer from this struct altogether, and
>simply offset into the section headers when applying the relocations?

Hmm, if everyone is OK with dropping the plt pointer from struct
mod_plt_sec, then I think we can simplify this patch even further.

With the plt shndx saved, we can additionally pass a pointer to
sechdrs to module_emit_plt_entry(), and with that just offset into the
section headers as you suggest. Since livepatch *already* passes in
the correct copy of the section headers (mod->klp_info->sechdrs) to
apply_relocate_add(), we wouldn't even need to modify the arm64
module_finalize() to change mod->arch.core.plt to point into
mod->klp_info->sechdrs anymore and we can drop all the changes to the
module loader too.

Something like the following maybe?

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/module.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/module.h
index fef773c94e9d..ac10fa066487 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/module.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/module.h
@@ -22,7 +22,7 @@

#ifdef CONFIG_ARM64_MODULE_PLTS
struct mod_plt_sec {
- struct elf64_shdr *plt;
+ int plt_shndx;
int plt_num_entries;
int plt_max_entries;
};
@@ -37,10 +37,12 @@ struct mod_arch_specific {
};
#endif

-u64 module_emit_plt_entry(struct module *mod, void *loc, const Elf64_Rela *rela,
+u64 module_emit_plt_entry(struct module *mod, Elf64_Shdr *sechdrs,
+ void *loc, const Elf64_Rela *rela,
Elf64_Sym *sym);

-u64 module_emit_veneer_for_adrp(struct module *mod, void *loc, u64 val);
+u64 module_emit_veneer_for_adrp(struct module *mod, Elf64_Shdr *sechdrs,
+ void *loc, u64 val);

#ifdef CONFIG_RANDOMIZE_BASE
extern u64 module_alloc_base;
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/module-plts.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/module-plts.c
index f0690c2ca3e0..3cd744a1cbc2 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/module-plts.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/module-plts.c
@@ -16,13 +16,15 @@ static bool in_init(const struct module *mod, void *loc)
return (u64)loc - (u64)mod->init_layout.base < mod->init_layout.size;
}

-u64 module_emit_plt_entry(struct module *mod, void *loc, const Elf64_Rela *rela,
+u64 module_emit_plt_entry(struct module *mod, Elf64_Shdr *sechdrs,
+ void *loc, const Elf64_Rela *rela,
Elf64_Sym *sym)
{
- struct mod_plt_sec *pltsec = !in_init(mod, loc) ? &mod->arch.core :
- &mod->arch.init;
- struct plt_entry *plt = (struct plt_entry *)pltsec->plt->sh_addr;
- int i = pltsec->plt_num_entries;
+ struct mod_plt_sec *plt_info = !in_init(mod, loc) ? &mod->arch.core :
+ &mod->arch.init;
+ Elf64_Shdr *pltsec = sechdrs + plt_info->plt_shndx;
+ struct plt_entry *plt = (struct plt_entry *)pltsec->sh_addr;
+ int i = plt_info->plt_num_entries;
u64 val = sym->st_value + rela->r_addend;

plt[i] = get_plt_entry(val);
@@ -35,24 +37,26 @@ u64 module_emit_plt_entry(struct module *mod, void *loc, const Elf64_Rela *rela,
if (i > 0 && plt_entries_equal(plt + i, plt + i - 1))
return (u64)&plt[i - 1];

- pltsec->plt_num_entries++;
- if (WARN_ON(pltsec->plt_num_entries > pltsec->plt_max_entries))
+ plt_info->plt_num_entries++;
+ if (WARN_ON(plt_info->plt_num_entries > plt_info->plt_max_entries))
return 0;

return (u64)&plt[i];
}

#ifdef CONFIG_ARM64_ERRATUM_843419
-u64 module_emit_veneer_for_adrp(struct module *mod, void *loc, u64 val)
+u64 module_emit_veneer_for_adrp(struct module *mod, Elf64_Shdr *sechdrs,
+ void *loc, u64 val)
{
- struct mod_plt_sec *pltsec = !in_init(mod, loc) ? &mod->arch.core :
- &mod->arch.init;
- struct plt_entry *plt = (struct plt_entry *)pltsec->plt->sh_addr;
- int i = pltsec->plt_num_entries++;
+ struct mod_plt_sec *plt_info = !in_init(mod, loc) ? &mod->arch.core :
+ &mod->arch.init;
+ Elf64_Shdr *pltsec = sechdrs + plt_info->plt_shndx;
+ struct plt_entry *plt = (struct plt_entry *)pltsec->sh_addr;
+ int i = plt_info->plt_num_entries++;
u32 mov0, mov1, mov2, br;
int rd;

- if (WARN_ON(pltsec->plt_num_entries > pltsec->plt_max_entries))
+ if (WARN_ON(plt_info->plt_num_entries > plt_info->plt_max_entries))
return 0;

/* get the destination register of the ADRP instruction */
@@ -202,7 +206,7 @@ int module_frob_arch_sections(Elf_Ehdr *ehdr, Elf_Shdr *sechdrs,
unsigned long core_plts = 0;
unsigned long init_plts = 0;
Elf64_Sym *syms = NULL;
- Elf_Shdr *tramp = NULL;
+ Elf_Shdr *pltsec, *tramp = NULL;
int i;

/*
@@ -211,9 +215,9 @@ int module_frob_arch_sections(Elf_Ehdr *ehdr, Elf_Shdr *sechdrs,
*/
for (i = 0; i < ehdr->e_shnum; i++) {
if (!strcmp(secstrings + sechdrs[i].sh_name, ".plt"))
- mod->arch.core.plt = sechdrs + i;
+ mod->arch.core.plt_shndx = i;
else if (!strcmp(secstrings + sechdrs[i].sh_name, ".init.plt"))
- mod->arch.init.plt = sechdrs + i;
+ mod->arch.init.plt_shndx = i;
else if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DYNAMIC_FTRACE) &&
!strcmp(secstrings + sechdrs[i].sh_name,
".text.ftrace_trampoline"))
@@ -222,7 +226,7 @@ int module_frob_arch_sections(Elf_Ehdr *ehdr, Elf_Shdr *sechdrs,
syms = (Elf64_Sym *)sechdrs[i].sh_addr;
}

- if (!mod->arch.core.plt || !mod->arch.init.plt) {
+ if (!mod->arch.core.plt_shndx || !mod->arch.init.plt_shndx) {
pr_err("%s: module PLT section(s) missing\n", mod->name);
return -ENOEXEC;
}
@@ -254,17 +258,19 @@ int module_frob_arch_sections(Elf_Ehdr *ehdr, Elf_Shdr *sechdrs,
sechdrs[i].sh_info, dstsec);
}

- mod->arch.core.plt->sh_type = SHT_NOBITS;
- mod->arch.core.plt->sh_flags = SHF_EXECINSTR | SHF_ALLOC;
- mod->arch.core.plt->sh_addralign = L1_CACHE_BYTES;
- mod->arch.core.plt->sh_size = (core_plts + 1) * sizeof(struct plt_entry);
+ pltsec = sechdrs + mod->arch.core.plt_shndx;
+ pltsec->sh_type = SHT_NOBITS;
+ pltsec->sh_flags = SHF_EXECINSTR | SHF_ALLOC;
+ pltsec->sh_addralign = L1_CACHE_BYTES;
+ pltsec->sh_size = (core_plts + 1) * sizeof(struct plt_entry);
mod->arch.core.plt_num_entries = 0;
mod->arch.core.plt_max_entries = core_plts;

- mod->arch.init.plt->sh_type = SHT_NOBITS;
- mod->arch.init.plt->sh_flags = SHF_EXECINSTR | SHF_ALLOC;
- mod->arch.init.plt->sh_addralign = L1_CACHE_BYTES;
- mod->arch.init.plt->sh_size = (init_plts + 1) * sizeof(struct plt_entry);
+ pltsec = sechdrs + mod->arch.init.plt_shndx;
+ pltsec->sh_type = SHT_NOBITS;
+ pltsec->sh_flags = SHF_EXECINSTR | SHF_ALLOC;
+ pltsec->sh_addralign = L1_CACHE_BYTES;
+ pltsec->sh_size = (init_plts + 1) * sizeof(struct plt_entry);
mod->arch.init.plt_num_entries = 0;
mod->arch.init.plt_max_entries = init_plts;

diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/module.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/module.c
index dd23655fda3a..8e6444db2d8e 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/module.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/module.c
@@ -198,7 +198,8 @@ static int reloc_insn_imm(enum aarch64_reloc_op op, __le32 *place, u64 val,
return 0;
}

-static int reloc_insn_adrp(struct module *mod, __le32 *place, u64 val)
+static int reloc_insn_adrp(struct module *mod, Elf64_Shdr *sechdrs,
+ __le32 *place, u64 val)
{
u32 insn;

@@ -215,7 +216,7 @@ static int reloc_insn_adrp(struct module *mod, __le32 *place, u64 val)
insn &= ~BIT(31);
} else {
/* out of range for ADR -> emit a veneer */
- val = module_emit_veneer_for_adrp(mod, place, val & ~0xfff);
+ val = module_emit_veneer_for_adrp(mod, sechdrs, place, val & ~0xfff);
if (!val)
return -ENOEXEC;
insn = aarch64_insn_gen_branch_imm((u64)place, val,
@@ -368,7 +369,7 @@ int apply_relocate_add(Elf64_Shdr *sechdrs,
case R_AARCH64_ADR_PREL_PG_HI21_NC:
overflow_check = false;
case R_AARCH64_ADR_PREL_PG_HI21:
- ovf = reloc_insn_adrp(me, loc, val);
+ ovf = reloc_insn_adrp(me, sechdrs, loc, val);
if (ovf && ovf != -ERANGE)
return ovf;
break;
@@ -413,7 +414,7 @@ int apply_relocate_add(Elf64_Shdr *sechdrs,

if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARM64_MODULE_PLTS) &&
ovf == -ERANGE) {
- val = module_emit_plt_entry(me, loc, &rel[i], sym);
+ val = module_emit_plt_entry(me, sechdrs, loc, &rel[i], sym);
if (!val)
return -ENOEXEC;
ovf = reloc_insn_imm(RELOC_OP_PREL, loc, val, 2,
Perhaps this approach is better. Miroslav and Petr, do you think this
would work? (Apologies for the efforts to review the last two
versions, if we end up scrapping the old patch :-/)

Thanks,

Jessica

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