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Subject[PATCH v2] mm: Introduce new function vm_insert_kmem_page
vm_insert_kmem_page is similar to vm_insert_page and will
be used by drivers to map kernel (kmalloc/vmalloc/pages)
allocated memory to user vma.

Going forward, the plan is to restrict future drivers not
to use vm_insert_page ( *it will generate new errno to
VM_FAULT_CODE mapping code for new drivers which were already
cleaned up for existing drivers*) in #PF (page fault handler)
context but to make use of vmf_insert_page which returns
VMF_FAULT_CODE and that is not possible until both vm_insert_page
and vmf_insert_page API exists.

But there are some consumers of vm_insert_page which use it
outside #PF context. straight forward conversion of vm_insert_page
to vmf_insert_page won't work there as those function calls expects
errno not vm_fault_t in return.

These are the approaches which could have been taken to handle
this scenario -

* Replace vm_insert_page with vmf_insert_page and then write few
extra lines of code to convert VM_FAULT_CODE to errno which
makes driver users more complex ( also the reverse mapping errno to
VM_FAULT_CODE have been cleaned up as part of vm_fault_t migration ,
not preferred to introduce anything similar again)

* Maintain both vm_insert_page and vmf_insert_page and use it in
respective places. But it won't gurantee that vm_insert_page will
never be used in #PF context.

* Introduce a similar API like vm_insert_page, convert all non #PF
consumer to use it and finally remove vm_insert_page by converting
it to vmf_insert_page.

And the 3rd approach was taken by introducing vm_insert_kmem_page().

In short, vmf_insert_page will be used in page fault handlers
context and vm_insert_kmem_page will be used to map kernel
memory to user vma outside page fault handlers context.

Few drivers are converted to use vm_insert_kmem_page(). This will
allow both to review the api and that it serves it purpose. other
consumers of vm_insert_page (*used in non #PF context*) will be
replaced by vm_insert_kmem_page, but in separate patches.

Signed-off-by: Souptick Joarder <jrdr.linux@gmail.com>
---
v2: Few non #PF consumers of vm_insert_page are converted
to use vm_insert_kmem_page in patch v2.

Updated the change log.

arch/arm/mm/dma-mapping.c | 2 +-
drivers/auxdisplay/cfag12864bfb.c | 2 +-
drivers/auxdisplay/ht16k33.c | 2 +-
drivers/firewire/core-iso.c | 2 +-
drivers/gpu/drm/rockchip/rockchip_drm_gem.c | 2 +-
include/linux/mm.h | 2 +
kernel/kcov.c | 4 +-
mm/memory.c | 69 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
mm/nommu.c | 7 +++
mm/vmalloc.c | 2 +-
10 files changed, 86 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm/mm/dma-mapping.c b/arch/arm/mm/dma-mapping.c
index 6656647..58d7971 100644
--- a/arch/arm/mm/dma-mapping.c
+++ b/arch/arm/mm/dma-mapping.c
@@ -1598,7 +1598,7 @@ static int __arm_iommu_mmap_attrs(struct device *dev, struct vm_area_struct *vma
pages += off;

do {
- int ret = vm_insert_page(vma, uaddr, *pages++);
+ int ret = vm_insert_kmem_page(vma, uaddr, *pages++);
if (ret) {
pr_err("Remapping memory failed: %d\n", ret);
return ret;
diff --git a/drivers/auxdisplay/cfag12864bfb.c b/drivers/auxdisplay/cfag12864bfb.c
index 40c8a55..82fd627 100644
--- a/drivers/auxdisplay/cfag12864bfb.c
+++ b/drivers/auxdisplay/cfag12864bfb.c
@@ -52,7 +52,7 @@

static int cfag12864bfb_mmap(struct fb_info *info, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
{
- return vm_insert_page(vma, vma->vm_start,
+ return vm_insert_kmem_page(vma, vma->vm_start,
virt_to_page(cfag12864b_buffer));
}

diff --git a/drivers/auxdisplay/ht16k33.c b/drivers/auxdisplay/ht16k33.c
index a43276c..64de30b 100644
--- a/drivers/auxdisplay/ht16k33.c
+++ b/drivers/auxdisplay/ht16k33.c
@@ -224,7 +224,7 @@ static int ht16k33_mmap(struct fb_info *info, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
{
struct ht16k33_priv *priv = info->par;

- return vm_insert_page(vma, vma->vm_start,
+ return vm_insert_kmem_page(vma, vma->vm_start,
virt_to_page(priv->fbdev.buffer));
}

diff --git a/drivers/firewire/core-iso.c b/drivers/firewire/core-iso.c
index 051327a..5f1548d 100644
--- a/drivers/firewire/core-iso.c
+++ b/drivers/firewire/core-iso.c
@@ -112,7 +112,7 @@ int fw_iso_buffer_map_vma(struct fw_iso_buffer *buffer,

uaddr = vma->vm_start;
for (i = 0; i < buffer->page_count; i++) {
- err = vm_insert_page(vma, uaddr, buffer->pages[i]);
+ err = vm_insert_kmem_page(vma, uaddr, buffer->pages[i]);
if (err)
return err;

diff --git a/drivers/gpu/drm/rockchip/rockchip_drm_gem.c b/drivers/gpu/drm/rockchip/rockchip_drm_gem.c
index a8db758..57eb7af 100644
--- a/drivers/gpu/drm/rockchip/rockchip_drm_gem.c
+++ b/drivers/gpu/drm/rockchip/rockchip_drm_gem.c
@@ -234,7 +234,7 @@ static int rockchip_drm_gem_object_mmap_iommu(struct drm_gem_object *obj,
return -ENXIO;

for (i = offset; i < end; i++) {
- ret = vm_insert_page(vma, uaddr, rk_obj->pages[i]);
+ ret = vm_insert_kmem_page(vma, uaddr, rk_obj->pages[i]);
if (ret)
return ret;
uaddr += PAGE_SIZE;
diff --git a/include/linux/mm.h b/include/linux/mm.h
index a61ebe8..5f42d35 100644
--- a/include/linux/mm.h
+++ b/include/linux/mm.h
@@ -2477,6 +2477,8 @@ unsigned long change_prot_numa(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
struct vm_area_struct *find_extend_vma(struct mm_struct *, unsigned long addr);
int remap_pfn_range(struct vm_area_struct *, unsigned long addr,
unsigned long pfn, unsigned long size, pgprot_t);
+int vm_insert_kmem_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr,
+ struct page *page);
int vm_insert_page(struct vm_area_struct *, unsigned long addr, struct page *);
int vm_insert_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr,
unsigned long pfn);
diff --git a/kernel/kcov.c b/kernel/kcov.c
index 3ebd09e..2afaeb4 100644
--- a/kernel/kcov.c
+++ b/kernel/kcov.c
@@ -293,8 +293,8 @@ static int kcov_mmap(struct file *filep, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
spin_unlock(&kcov->lock);
for (off = 0; off < size; off += PAGE_SIZE) {
page = vmalloc_to_page(kcov->area + off);
- if (vm_insert_page(vma, vma->vm_start + off, page))
- WARN_ONCE(1, "vm_insert_page() failed");
+ if (vm_insert_kmem_page(vma, vma->vm_start + off, page))
+ WARN_ONCE(1, "vm_insert_kmem_page() failed");
}
return 0;
}
diff --git a/mm/memory.c b/mm/memory.c
index c467102..b800c10 100644
--- a/mm/memory.c
+++ b/mm/memory.c
@@ -1682,6 +1682,75 @@ pte_t *__get_locked_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr,
return pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, ptl);
}

+static int insert_kmem_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr,
+ struct page *page, pgprot_t prot)
+{
+ struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
+ int retval;
+ pte_t *pte;
+ spinlock_t *ptl;
+
+ retval = -EINVAL;
+ if (PageAnon(page))
+ goto out;
+ retval = -ENOMEM;
+ flush_dcache_page(page);
+ pte = get_locked_pte(mm, addr, &ptl);
+ if (!pte)
+ goto out;
+ retval = -EBUSY;
+ if (!pte_none(*pte))
+ goto out_unlock;
+
+ get_page(page);
+ inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, mm_counter_file(page));
+ page_add_file_rmap(page, false);
+ set_pte_at(mm, addr, pte, mk_pte(page, prot));
+
+ retval = 0;
+ pte_unmap_unlock(pte, ptl);
+ return retval;
+out_unlock:
+ pte_unmap_unlock(pte, ptl);
+out:
+ return retval;
+}
+
+/**
+ * vm_insert_kmem_page - insert single page into user vma
+ * @vma: user vma to map to
+ * @addr: target user address of this page
+ * @page: source kernel page
+ *
+ * This allows drivers to insert individual kernel memory into a user vma.
+ * This API should be used outside page fault handlers context.
+ *
+ * Previously the same has been done with vm_insert_page by drivers. But
+ * vm_insert_page will be converted to vmf_insert_page and will be used
+ * in fault handlers context and return type of vmf_insert_page will be
+ * vm_fault_t type.
+ *
+ * But there are places where drivers need to map kernel memory into user
+ * vma outside fault handlers context. As vmf_insert_page will be restricted
+ * to use within page fault handlers, vm_insert_kmem_page could be used
+ * to map kernel memory to user vma outside fault handlers context.
+ */
+int vm_insert_kmem_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr,
+ struct page *page)
+{
+ if (addr < vma->vm_start || addr >= vma->vm_end)
+ return -EFAULT;
+ if (!page_count(page))
+ return -EINVAL;
+ if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP)) {
+ BUG_ON(down_read_trylock(&vma->vm_mm->mmap_sem));
+ BUG_ON(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP);
+ vma->vm_flags |= VM_MIXEDMAP;
+ }
+ return insert_kmem_page(vma, addr, page, vma->vm_page_prot);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_insert_kmem_page);
+
/*
* This is the old fallback for page remapping.
*
diff --git a/mm/nommu.c b/mm/nommu.c
index e4aac33..153b8c8 100644
--- a/mm/nommu.c
+++ b/mm/nommu.c
@@ -473,6 +473,13 @@ int vm_insert_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr,
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_insert_page);

+int vm_insert_kmem_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr,
+ struct page *page)
+{
+ return -EINVAL;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_insert_kmem_page);
+
/*
* sys_brk() for the most part doesn't need the global kernel
* lock, except when an application is doing something nasty
diff --git a/mm/vmalloc.c b/mm/vmalloc.c
index a728fc4..61d279f 100644
--- a/mm/vmalloc.c
+++ b/mm/vmalloc.c
@@ -2251,7 +2251,7 @@ int remap_vmalloc_range_partial(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long uaddr,
struct page *page = vmalloc_to_page(kaddr);
int ret;

- ret = vm_insert_page(vma, uaddr, page);
+ ret = vm_insert_kmem_page(vma, uaddr, page);
if (ret)
return ret;

--
1.9.1
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