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SubjectRe: [Outreachy kernel] [RESEND PATCH 2/2] staging: vboxvideo: Use unsigned int instead bool
On Sun, Oct 28, 2018 at 09:47:15AM +0100, Julia Lawall wrote:
> > The "possible alignement issues" in CHECK report is difficult to figure
> > out by just doing a glance analysis. :)
> >
> > Linus also suggested to use bool as the base type i.e., `bool x:1` but
> > again sizeof(_Bool) is implementation defined ranging from 1-4 bytes.
>
> If bool x:1 has the size of bool, then wouldn't int x:1 have the size of
> int? But my little experiments suggest that the size is the smallest that
> fits the requested bits and alignment chosen by the compiler, regardless of
> the type.

Yes, correct!
And we can't use sizeof on bitfields *directly*, nor reference it using a
pointer.

It can be applied only when these bitfields are wrapped in a structure.

Testing:

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdbool.h>

struct S {
bool a:1;
bool b:1;
bool c:1;
bool d:1;
};

int main(void)
{
printf("%zu\n", sizeof(struct S));
}

Output: 1

If I change all bool to unsigned int, output is: *4*.

So, conclusion is compiler doesn't squeeze the size less than
native size of the datatype i.e., if we changed all members to
unsigned int:1,
total width = 4 bits
padding = 4 bits

Therefore, total size should have been = 1 byte!
But since sizeof(unsigned int) == 4, it can't be squeezed to
less than it.


> bool x:1 has the advantage that anything that is not 0 is considered true.

Yes, implicit conversion rules for boolean.

> So for bool x:1, x = 4 is true, while for int x:1, x = 4 is false.

Well, int x:1 can either have 0..1 or -1..0 range due implementation
defined behavior as I said in the previous reply.

If you really want to consider negative values, then make it explicit
using `signed int x:1` which make range guaranteed to be -1..0

Regardless, integer conversion rules will kick in.

> But the :1 adds instructions, so at least for only one bool, where little
> space is saved, it is probably not worth it.

True, we should reply on a promised guideline rather than possibility.


--
Himanshu Jha
Undergraduate Student
Department of Electronics & Communication
Guru Tegh Bahadur Institute of Technology

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