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SubjectRe: [RESEND PATCH v5 0/9] extend PWM framework to support PWM modes
Hello Claudiu,

On Tue, Aug 28, 2018 at 04:01:17PM +0300, Claudiu Beznea wrote:
> Please give feedback on these patches which extends the PWM framework in
> order to support multiple PWM modes of operations. This series is a rework
> of [1] and [2].
>
> The current patch series add the following PWM modes:
> - PWM mode normal
> - PWM mode complementary
> - PWM mode push-pull
>
> Normal mode - for PWM channels with one output; output waveforms looks like
> this:
> __ __ __ __
> PWM __| |__| |__| |__| |__
> <--T-->
>
> Where T is the signal period

In my discussion about some suggested changes to the PWM framework I
used slightly different way to show the wave-forms in ASCII which are
IMHO slightly better. Also I think it is valuable to not use a 50% duty
cycle in the examples to remove some ambiguity.

With a duty cycle of 1/3 the normal mode looks as follows in "my" way:

__ __ __
PWM __/ \_____/ \_____/ \_____/
^ ^ ^ ^

The carets mark always the start of a period. And note the rising and
falling edges are already part of the active and inactive phases
respectively which matches reality.

> Since PWMs with more than one output per channel could be used as one
> output PWM the normal mode is the default mode for all PWMs (if not
> specified otherwise).
>
> Complementary mode - for PWM channels with two outputs; output waveforms
> for a PWM channel in complementary mode looks line this:
> __ __ __ __
> PWMH1 __| |__| |__| |__| |__
> __ __ __ __ __
> PWML1 |__| |__| |__| |__|
> <--T-->
>
> Where T is the signal period.

So this translates to (I think):

__ __ __ __ __
PWMH __/ \_____/ \_____/ \_____/ \_____/ \_____/
__ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____
PWML \__/ \__/ \__/ \__/ \__/ \
^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^

That is PWML always pulls in the opposite direction of PWMH. Maybe we
could come up with better terms than PWMH and PWML (which might be
specific for the Atmel implementation?). Maybe "normal" and
"complement"?

> Push-pull mode - for PWM channels with two outputs; output waveforms for a
> PWM channel in push-pull mode with normal polarity looks like this:
> __ __
> PWMH __| |________| |________
> __ __
> PWML ________| |________| |__
> <--T-->

That again with the alternative display method and duty cycle 1/3:

__ __ __
PWMA __/ \______________/ \______________/ \______
__ __
PWMB ___________/ \______________/ \______________/
^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^

That is PWMA and PWMB are active only every 2nd period taking alternate
turns, right?


> If polarity is inversed:
> __ ________ ________
> PWMH |__| |__|
> ________ ________ __
> PWML |__| |__|
> <--T-->

That's again with duty cycle 1/3:

__ ______________ ______________ ______
PWMA \__/ \__/ \__/
___________ ______________ ______________
PWMB \__/ \__/ \
^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^

Given that the start of period isn't externally visible this is
equivalent to using a duty cycle 2/3 and not inverting which results in:

__ ______________ ______________ ______
PWMA \__/ \__/ \__/
___________ ______________ ______________
PWMB \__/ \__/ \
^ ^ ^ ^ ^

I would really like if a more detailed description of the modes would be
created as part of this series. Currently there are a few implied
properties hidden in the PWM API (unrelated to this series) which I try
to resolve together with Thierry. Getting this documented right from the
start would be great here.

I didn't look in detail into the driver implementation, but from the
PWMs implemented in the STM32F4 family I would have chosen a different
model which makes me wonder if we should stick to a more general way to
describe two outputs from a single PWM channel.

I would use four values with nanosecond resolution to describe these:

.period
.duty_cycle
.alt_duty_cycle
.alt_offset

period and duty_cycle is as before for the primary output and then the
alt_* values describe offset and duty cycle of the secondary output.

What you called "normal mode" would then be specified using

.period = $period
.duty_cycle = $duty_cycle
.alt_duty_cycle = 0
.alt_offset = dontcare

Your "push pull mode" would be:

.period = 2 * $period
.duty_cycle = $duty_cycle
.alt_duty_cycle = $duty_cycle
.alt_offset = $period

and complementary mode would be specified using:

.period = $period
.duty_cycle = $duty_cycle
.alt_duty_cycle = $period - $duty_cycle
.alt_offset = $duty_cycle

With this abstraction stuff like "complementary output with dead-time
insertion" (something like:

__ __ __
PWMA __/ \______________/ \______________/ \______
__________ __________ __
PWMB _______/ \______/ \______/
^ ^ ^

) could be modelled.

> The PWM working modes are per PWM channel registered as PWM's capabilities.
> The driver registers itself to PWM core a get_caps() function, in
> struct pwm_ops, that will be used by PWM core to retrieve PWM capabilities.
> If this function is not registered in driver's probe, a default function
> will be used to retrieve PWM capabilities. Currently, the default
> capabilities includes only PWM normal mode.

In the i2c framework this is a function, too, and I wonder if simplicity
is better served when this is just a flags member in the pwm_ops
structure.

> PWM state has been updated to keep PWM mode. PWM mode could be configured
> via sysfs or via DT. pwm_apply_state() will do the preliminary validation
> for PWM mode to be applied.
>
> In sysfs, user could get PWM modes by reading mode file of PWM device:
> root@sama5d2-xplained:/sys/class/pwm/pwmchip0/pwm2# ls -l
> total 0
> -r--r--r-- 1 root root 4096 Oct 9 09:07 capture
> lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 0 Oct 9 09:07 device -> ../../pwmchip0
> -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 4096 Oct 9 08:42 duty_cycle
> -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 4096 Oct 9 08:44 enable
> --w------- 1 root root 4096 Oct 9 09:07 export
> -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 4096 Oct 9 08:43 mode
> -r--r--r-- 1 root root 4096 Oct 9 09:07 npwm
> -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 4096 Oct 9 08:42 period
> -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 4096 Oct 9 08:44 polarity
> drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 0 Oct 9 09:07 power
> lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 0 Oct 9 09:07 subsystem -> ../../../../../../../../class/pwm
> -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 4096 Oct 9 08:42 uevent
> --w------- 1 root root 4096 Oct 9 09:07 unexport
> root@sama5d2-xplained:/sys/class/pwm/pwmchip0/pwm2# cat mode
> normal complementary [push-pull]
>
> The mode enclosed in bracket is the currently active mode.
>
> The mode could be set, via sysfs, by writing to mode file one of the modes
> displayed at read:
> root@sama5d2-xplained:/sys/class/pwm/pwmchip0/pwm2# echo normal > mode
> root@sama5d2-xplained:/sys/class/pwm/pwmchip0/pwm2# cat mode
> [normal] complementary push-pull

Getting a simple user of this into the kernel would be beneficial, too.
In my discussion with Thierry I'm faced with arguments like: You're
simplifying stuff which might destroy a use-case for sysfs users. This
is hard to argue against because it involves some guesswork to
reconstruct or contradict such arguments.

Best regards
Uwe

--
Pengutronix e.K. | Uwe Kleine-König |
Industrial Linux Solutions | http://www.pengutronix.de/ |

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