[lkml]   [2018]   [Oct]   [2]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
Messages in this thread
SubjectRe: [RESEND PATCH v4 1/8] bitops: Introduce the for_each_set_clump macro
On 2018-10-02 03:13, William Breathitt Gray wrote:
> This macro iterates for each group of bits (clump) with set bits, within
> a bitmap memory region. For each iteration, "clump" is set to the found
> clump index, "index" is set to the word index of the bitmap containing
> the found clump, and "offset" is set to the bit offset of the found
> clump within the respective bitmap word.

I can't say I'm a fan. It seems rather clumsy and ad-hoc - though I do
see how it matches the code you replace in drivers/gpio/. When I
initially read the cover letter, I assumed that one would get a sequence
of 4-bit values, but one has to dig the actual value out of the bitmap
afterwards using all of index, offset and a mask computed from clump_size.

> +
> +/**
> + * find_next_clump - find next clump with set bits in a memory region
> + * @index: location to store bitmap word index of found clump
> + * @offset: bits offset of the found clump within the respective bitmap word
> + * @bits: address to base the search on
> + * @size: bitmap size in number of clumps

That's a rather inconvenient unit, no? And rather easy to get wrong, I
can easily see people passing nbits instead.

I think you could reduce the number of arguments to this helper and the
macro, while getting rid of some confusion: Drop index and offset, let
clump_index be start_index and measured in bit positions (like
find_next_bit et al), and let the return value also be a bit position.
And instead of index and offset, have another unsigned long* output
parameter that gives the actual value at [return value:return
value+clump_size]. IOW, I think the prototype should be close to
find_next_bit, except that in case of "clumps", there's an extra piece
of information to return.

> + * @clump_index: clump index at which to start searching
> + * @clump_size: clump size in bits
> + *
> + * Returns the clump index for the next clump with set bits; the respective
> + * bitmap word index is stored at the location pointed by @index, and the bits
> + * offset of the found clump within the respective bitmap word is stored at the
> + * location pointed by @offset. If no bits are set, returns @size.
> + */
> +size_t find_next_clump(size_t *const index, unsigned int *const offset,
> + const unsigned long *const bits, const size_t size,
> + const size_t clump_index, const unsigned int clump_size)
> +{
> + size_t i;
> + unsigned int bits_offset;
> + unsigned long word_mask;
> + const unsigned long clump_mask = GENMASK(clump_size - 1, 0);
> +
> + for (i = clump_index; i < size; i++) {
> + bits_offset = i * clump_size;
> +
> + *index = BIT_WORD(bits_offset);
> + *offset = bits_offset % BITS_PER_LONG;
> +
> + word_mask = bits[*index] & (clump_mask << *offset);
> + if (!word_mask)
> + continue;

The cover letter says

The clump_size argument can be an arbitrary number of bits and is not
required to be a multiple of 2.

by which I assume you mean "power of 2", but either way, the above code
does not seem to take into account the case where bits_offset +
clump_size straddles a word boundary, so it wouldn't work for a
clump_size that does not divide BITS_PER_LONG.

May I suggest another approach:

unsigned long bitmap_get_value(const unsigned long *bitmap, unsigned
start, unsigned width): Get the value of bitmap[start:start+width] for
1<=width<=BITS_PER_LONG (it's up to the caller to ensure this is within
the defined region). That can almost be an inline

bitmap_get_value(const unsigned long *bitmap, unsigned start, unsigned
unsigned idx = BIT_WORD(start);
unsigned offset = start % BITS_PER_LONG;
unsigned long lower = bitmap[idx] >> offset;
unsigned long upper = offset <= BITS_PER_LONG - width ? 0 :
bitmap[idx+1] << (BITS_PER_LONG - offset);
return (lower | upper) & GENMASK(width-1, 0)

Then you can implement the for_each_set_clump by a (IMO) more readable

for (i = 0, start = 0; i < num_ports; i++, start += gpio_reg_size) {
word_mask = bitmap_get_value(mask, start, gpio_reg_size);
if (!word_mask)

Or, if you do want find_next_clump/for_each_set_clump, that can be
implemented in terms of this.


 \ /
  Last update: 2018-10-02 09:43    [W:0.133 / U:1.684 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site