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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 3/4] arm64: implement live patching
On 18 October 2018 at 20:58, Jessica Yu <jeyu@kernel.org> wrote:
> +++ Miroslav Benes [17/10/18 15:39 +0200]:
>
>> On Mon, 1 Oct 2018, Torsten Duwe wrote:
>>
>>> Based on ftrace with regs, do the usual thing. Also allocate a
>>> task flag for whatever consistency handling will be used.
>>> Watch out for interactions with the graph tracer.
>>
>>
>> Similar to what Mark wrote about 2/4, I'd appreciate a better commit log.
>> Could you explain traditional "what/why/how", please?
>>
>>> Signed-off-by: Torsten Duwe <duwe@suse.de>
>>>
>>> --- a/arch/arm64/Kconfig
>>> +++ b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
>>> @@ -119,6 +119,7 @@ config ARM64
>>> select HAVE_GENERIC_DMA_COHERENT
>>> select HAVE_HW_BREAKPOINT if PERF_EVENTS
>>> select HAVE_IRQ_TIME_ACCOUNTING
>>> + select HAVE_LIVEPATCH
>>> select HAVE_MEMBLOCK
>>> select HAVE_MEMBLOCK_NODE_MAP if NUMA
>>> select HAVE_NMI
>>> @@ -1349,4 +1350,6 @@ if CRYPTO
>>> source "arch/arm64/crypto/Kconfig"
>>> endif
>>>
>>> +source "kernel/livepatch/Kconfig"
>>> +
>>> source "lib/Kconfig"
>>> --- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/thread_info.h
>>> +++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/thread_info.h
>>> @@ -76,6 +76,7 @@ void arch_release_task_struct(struct tas
>>> #define TIF_FOREIGN_FPSTATE 3 /* CPU's FP state is not
>>> current's */
>>> #define TIF_UPROBE 4 /* uprobe breakpoint or
>>> singlestep */
>>> #define TIF_FSCHECK 5 /* Check FS is USER_DS on return
>>> */
>>> +#define TIF_PATCH_PENDING 6
>>> #define TIF_NOHZ 7
>>> #define TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE 8
>>> #define TIF_SYSCALL_AUDIT 9
>>> @@ -94,6 +95,7 @@ void arch_release_task_struct(struct tas
>>> #define _TIF_NEED_RESCHED (1 << TIF_NEED_RESCHED)
>>> #define _TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME (1 << TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME)
>>> #define _TIF_FOREIGN_FPSTATE (1 << TIF_FOREIGN_FPSTATE)
>>> +#define _TIF_PATCH_PENDING (1 << TIF_PATCH_PENDING)
>>> #define _TIF_NOHZ (1 << TIF_NOHZ)
>>> #define _TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE (1 << TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE)
>>> #define _TIF_SYSCALL_AUDIT (1 << TIF_SYSCALL_AUDIT)
>>> @@ -106,7 +108,8 @@ void arch_release_task_struct(struct tas
>>>
>>> #define _TIF_WORK_MASK (_TIF_NEED_RESCHED | _TIF_SIGPENDING | \
>>> _TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME |
>>> _TIF_FOREIGN_FPSTATE | \
>>> - _TIF_UPROBE | _TIF_FSCHECK)
>>> + _TIF_UPROBE | _TIF_FSCHECK | \
>>> + _TIF_PATCH_PENDING)
>>
>>
>> Could you add a note to the changelog what this means? My ability to read
>> arm64 entry.S is very limited, but I can see that _TIF_WORK_MASK is
>> process in a syscall exit and irq return paths. That's good. It is also
>> called (via "b ret_to_user") in a couple of different places (el0_*
>> labels). I guess those are returns from exception handling. A comment
>> about it in the changelog would be appreciated.
>>
>>> #define _TIF_SYSCALL_WORK (_TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE | _TIF_SYSCALL_AUDIT
>>> | \
>>> _TIF_SYSCALL_TRACEPOINT | _TIF_SECCOMP |
>>> \
>>> --- /dev/null
>>> +++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/livepatch.h
>>> @@ -0,0 +1,36 @@
>>> +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
>>> + *
>>> + * livepatch.h - arm64-specific Kernel Live Patching Core
>>> + *
>>> + * Copyright (C) 2016,2018 SUSE
>>> + *
>>> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
>>> + * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
>>> + * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2
>>> + * of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
>>> + *
>>> + * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
>>> + * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
>>> + * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
>>> + * GNU General Public License for more details.
>>> + *
>>> + * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
>>> + * along with this program; if not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
>>> + */
>>> +#ifndef _ASM_ARM64_LIVEPATCH_H
>>> +#define _ASM_ARM64_LIVEPATCH_H
>>> +
>>> +#include <linux/module.h>
>>> +#include <linux/ftrace.h>
>>
>>
>> I think that only
>>
>> #include <asm/ptrace.h>
>>
>> is in fact needed, because of "struct pt_regs".
>>
>>
>> Ad relocations. I checked that everything in struct mod_arch_specific
>> stays after the module is load. Both core and init get SHF_ALLOC set
>> (mod->arch.core.plt->sh_flags in module_frob_arch_sections(). It is
>> important because apply_relocate_add() may use those sections
>> through module_emit_plt_entry() call.
>
>
> Yes, it looks like the needed .plt sections will remain in module
> memory. However, I think I found a slight issue... :/
>
> In module_frob_arch_sections(), mod->arch.core.plt is set to an offset
> within info->sechdrs:
>
> if (!strcmp(secstrings + sechdrs[i].sh_name, ".plt"))
> mod->arch.core.plt = sechdrs + i;
>
> sechdrs is from info->sechdrs, which is freed at the end of
> load_module() via free_copy(). So although the relevant plt section(s)
> are in module memory, mod->arch.core.plt will point to invalid memory
> after info is freed. In other words, the section (.plt) *is* in memory
> but the section header (struct elf64_shdr) containing section metadata
> like sh_addr, sh_size etc., is not.
>

Just for my understanding: this only matters for live patching, right?

The original PLT support was implemented to support loading modules
outside of the -/+ 128 MB range of an arm64 relative branch/jump
instruction, and was later enhanced [for the same reason] to support
emitting a trampoline for the ftrace entrypoint.



> But we have mod->klp_info->sechdrs (which is a copy of the section
> headers) for this very reason. It is initialized only at the very end
> of load_module(). I don't think copy_module_elf() is dependent on
> anything, so it can just be moved earlier.
>
> Note that we cannot set mod->arch.core.plt to mod->klp_info->sechdrs + i
> during module_frob_arch_sections() because it is still too early, none
> of the module sections have been copied and none of their sh_addr's
> have been set to their final locations as this is all happening before
> move_module() is called. So we can use a module_finalize() function
> for arm64 to switch the mod->arch.core.plt to use the klp_info section
> headers.
>
> Maybe this will be more clear in the example fix below (completely
> untested and unreviewed!):
>
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/module.h
> b/arch/arm64/include/asm/module.h
> index 97d0ef12e2ff..150afc29171b 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/module.h
> +++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/module.h
> @@ -25,6 +25,7 @@ struct mod_plt_sec {
> struct elf64_shdr *plt;
> int plt_num_entries;
> int plt_max_entries;
> + int plt_shndx;
> };
>
> struct mod_arch_specific {
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/module-plts.c
> b/arch/arm64/kernel/module-plts.c
> index f0690c2ca3e0..c23cef8f0165 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/kernel/module-plts.c
> +++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/module-plts.c
> @@ -196,6 +196,21 @@ static unsigned int count_plts(Elf64_Sym *syms,
> Elf64_Rela *rela, int num,
> return ret;
> }
>
> +int module_finalize(const Elf_Ehdr *hdr, const Elf_Shdr *sechdrs,
> + struct module *mod)
> +{
> + /*
> + * Livepatch modules need to keep access to section headers to apply
> + * relocations. Note mod->klp_info should have already been
> initialized
> + * and all section sh_addr's should have their final addresses by
> the
> + * time module_finalize() is called.
> + */
> + if (is_livepatch_module(mod))
> + mod->arch.core.plt = mod->klp_info->sechdrs +
> mod->arch.core.plt_shndx;
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> int module_frob_arch_sections(Elf_Ehdr *ehdr, Elf_Shdr *sechdrs,
> char *secstrings, struct module *mod)
> {
> @@ -210,11 +225,13 @@ int module_frob_arch_sections(Elf_Ehdr *ehdr, Elf_Shdr
> *sechdrs,
> * entries. Record the symtab address as well.
> */
> for (i = 0; i < ehdr->e_shnum; i++) {
> - if (!strcmp(secstrings + sechdrs[i].sh_name, ".plt"))
> + if (!strcmp(secstrings + sechdrs[i].sh_name, ".plt")) {
> mod->arch.core.plt = sechdrs + i;
> - else if (!strcmp(secstrings + sechdrs[i].sh_name,
> ".init.plt"))
> + mod->arch.core.plt_shndx = i;
> + } else if (!strcmp(secstrings + sechdrs[i].sh_name,
> ".init.plt")) {
> mod->arch.init.plt = sechdrs + i;
> - else if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DYNAMIC_FTRACE) &&
> + mod->arch.init.plt_shndx = i;
> + } else if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DYNAMIC_FTRACE) &&
> !strcmp(secstrings + sechdrs[i].sh_name,
> ".text.ftrace_trampoline"))
> tramp = sechdrs + i;
> diff --git a/kernel/module.c b/kernel/module.c
> index 6746c85511fe..2fc4d74288dd 100644
> --- a/kernel/module.c
> +++ b/kernel/module.c
> @@ -3363,6 +3363,12 @@ static int post_relocation(struct module *mod, const
> struct load_info *info)
> /* Setup kallsyms-specific fields. */
> add_kallsyms(mod, info);
>
> + if (is_livepatch_module(mod)) {
> + err = copy_module_elf(mod, info);
> + if (err < 0)
> + return err;
> + }
> +
> /* Arch-specific module finalizing. */
> return module_finalize(info->hdr, info->sechdrs, mod);
> }
> @@ -3775,12 +3781,6 @@ static int load_module(struct load_info *info, const
> char __user *uargs,
> if (err < 0)
> goto coming_cleanup;
>
> - if (is_livepatch_module(mod)) {
> - err = copy_module_elf(mod, info);
> - if (err < 0)
> - goto sysfs_cleanup;
> - }
> -
> /* Get rid of temporary copy. */
> free_copy(info);
>
> Thoughts? Does the fix make sense?
>
>> The last thing is count_plts() function called from
>> module_frob_arch_sections(). It needed to be changed in 2016 as well. See
>> Jessica's patch
>> (20160713001113.GA30925@packer-debian-8-amd64.digitalocean.com). The logic
>> in the function has changed since then. If I am not mistaken,
>> count_plts() is fine as it is right now. It does not consider SHN_UNDEF
>> anymore, it looks at the destination section (where a symbol should
>> resolved to) only.
>>
>> Jessica, could you doublecheck, please?
>
>
> Yes, I think count_plts() is fine now in this case (because it is
> always true that sym->st_shndx != dstidx for SHN_LIVEPATCH symbols)
> and my old patch from 2016 is no longer needed.
>
> Thanks,
>
> Jessica

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