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SubjectRe: [PATCH] seq_buf: Make seq_buf_puts() NULL terminate the buffer
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Jann Horn <jannh@google.com> writes:
> On Wed, Oct 17, 2018 at 2:10 PM Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au> wrote:
>> Currently seq_buf_puts() will happily create a non NULL terminated
>> string for you in the buffer. This is particularly dangerous if the
>> buffer is on the stack.
>>
>> For example:
>>
>> char buf[8];
>> char secret = "secret";
>> struct seq_buf s;
>>
>> seq_buf_init(&s, buf, sizeof(buf));
>> seq_buf_puts(&s, "foo");
>> printk("Message is %s\n", buf);
>>
>> Can result in:
>>
>> Message is fooªªªªªsecret
>>
>> We could require all users to memset() their buffer to NULL before
>> use. But that seems likely to be forgotten and lead to bugs.
>>
>> Instead we can change seq_buf_puts() to always leave the buffer in a
>> NULL terminated state.
>>
>> The only downside is that this makes the buffer 1 character smaller
>> for seq_buf_puts(), but that seems like a good trade off.
>
> After this, you can also simplify rdt_last_cmd_status_show(), right?

Yes.

We also have a seq_buf_printf() in powerpc code that is printing a fixed
string purely to get NULL termination, so that can become a
seq_buf_puts().

>> diff --git a/lib/seq_buf.c b/lib/seq_buf.c
>> index 11f2ae0f9099..b1570204cde3 100644
>> --- a/lib/seq_buf.c
>> +++ b/lib/seq_buf.c
>> @@ -144,9 +144,13 @@ int seq_buf_puts(struct seq_buf *s, const char *str)
>>
>> WARN_ON(s->size == 0);
>>
>> + /* Add 1 to len for the trailing NULL which must be there */
>
> Nit: In the comments, I would prefer either "null byte" or "NUL"
> instead of "NULL" when talking about something that is not a pointer.

Hmm yeah I guess. I think of them as being more or less the same thing,
or at least interchangeable, but that's a bit sloppy.

I'll send a v2 with "null byte".

>> + len += 1;
>
> It looks like you're using an "unsigned int" for the length, meaning
> that this can in theory (e.g. when operating on a string from a big
> vmalloc buffer) overflow. You should be using size_t here.

Yes you're right.

And if len overflows to zero above ..

>> if (seq_buf_can_fit(s, len)) {

This will return true.

>> memcpy(s->buffer + s->len, str, len);
>> - s->len += len;
>> + /* Don't count the trailing NULL against the capacity */
>> + s->len += len - 1;

And then here s->len becomes UINT_MAX.

I think. Which is probably not what we want.

I'll send a patch to switch to size_t in there.

cheers

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