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SubjectRe: [PATCH 2/3] uapi: get rid of STATX_ALL
Date
On Oct 18, 2018, at 7:11 AM, Miklos Szeredi <mszeredi@redhat.com> wrote:
>
> Constants of the *_ALL type can be actively harmful due to the fact that
> developers will usually fail to consider the possible effects of future
> changes to the definition.
>
> Remove STATX_ALL from the uapi, while no damage has been done yet.
>
> We could keep something like this around in the kernel, but there's
> actually no point, since all filesystems should be explicitly checking
> flags that they support and not rely on the VFS masking unknown ones out: a
> flag could be known to the VFS, yet not known to the filesystem (see
> orangefs bug fixed in the previous patch).

What is actually strange is that the vfs_getattr_nosec() code is setting

stat->result_mask = STATX_BASIC_STATS;

in the code before any of the filesystem ->getattr methods are called.
That means it is up to the filesystems to actively *clear* flags from
the result_mask as opposed to only *setting* flags for fields that it
is filling in. That seems a bit backward to me?

It looks like NFS is _probably_ doing the right thing, though it is still
using the userspace-supplied request_mask as a mask for the bits being
returned, but the saving grace is that result_mask is STATX_BASIC_STATS
set by vfs_getattr_nosec() AFAICS.

Looking at OCFS2, CIFS, GFS2, they are doing a full inode revalidation
and returning the basic stats without looking at flags, request_mask,
or result_mask at all, so I'd expect they could be more efficient
(i.e. not revalidating the inode and possibly doing an RPC at all if
only some minimal flags are requested, or if AT_STATX_FORCE_SYNC is
not set).

It looks like overlayfs, nfsd, and fuse at least (as statx callers)
are often requesting a small subset of flags (e.g. STATX_INO,
STATX_NLINK, STATX_ATIME | STATX_MTIME, etc.) so they could be more
efficient if the underlying filesystems did only what was asked.

Cheers, Andreas

>
> Signed-off-by: Miklos Szeredi <mszeredi@redhat.com>
> Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
> Cc: Michael Kerrisk <mtk.manpages@gmail.com>
> ---
> fs/stat.c | 1 -
> include/uapi/linux/stat.h | 2 +-
> samples/statx/test-statx.c | 2 +-
> tools/include/uapi/linux/stat.h | 2 +-
> 4 files changed, 3 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/fs/stat.c b/fs/stat.c
> index f8e6fb2c3657..8d297a279991 100644
> --- a/fs/stat.c
> +++ b/fs/stat.c
> @@ -73,7 +73,6 @@ int vfs_getattr_nosec(const struct path *path, struct kstat *stat,
>
> memset(stat, 0, sizeof(*stat));
> stat->result_mask |= STATX_BASIC_STATS;
> - request_mask &= STATX_ALL;
> query_flags &= KSTAT_QUERY_FLAGS;
> if (inode->i_op->getattr)
> return inode->i_op->getattr(path, stat, request_mask,
> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/stat.h b/include/uapi/linux/stat.h
> index 7b35e98d3c58..370f09d92fa6 100644
> --- a/include/uapi/linux/stat.h
> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/stat.h
> @@ -148,7 +148,7 @@ struct statx {
> #define STATX_BLOCKS 0x00000400U /* Want/got stx_blocks */
> #define STATX_BASIC_STATS 0x000007ffU /* The stuff in the normal stat struct */
> #define STATX_BTIME 0x00000800U /* Want/got stx_btime */
> -#define STATX_ALL 0x00000fffU /* All currently supported flags */
> +
> #define STATX__RESERVED 0x80000000U /* Reserved for future struct statx expansion */
>
> /*
> diff --git a/samples/statx/test-statx.c b/samples/statx/test-statx.c
> index d4d77b09412c..e354048dea3c 100644
> --- a/samples/statx/test-statx.c
> +++ b/samples/statx/test-statx.c
> @@ -211,7 +211,7 @@ int main(int argc, char **argv)
> struct statx stx;
> int ret, raw = 0, atflag = AT_SYMLINK_NOFOLLOW;
>
> - unsigned int mask = STATX_ALL;
> + unsigned int mask = STATX_BASIC_STATS | STATX_BTIME;
>
> for (argv++; *argv; argv++) {
> if (strcmp(*argv, "-F") == 0) {
> diff --git a/tools/include/uapi/linux/stat.h b/tools/include/uapi/linux/stat.h
> index 7b35e98d3c58..370f09d92fa6 100644
> --- a/tools/include/uapi/linux/stat.h
> +++ b/tools/include/uapi/linux/stat.h
> @@ -148,7 +148,7 @@ struct statx {
> #define STATX_BLOCKS 0x00000400U /* Want/got stx_blocks */
> #define STATX_BASIC_STATS 0x000007ffU /* The stuff in the normal stat struct */
> #define STATX_BTIME 0x00000800U /* Want/got stx_btime */
> -#define STATX_ALL 0x00000fffU /* All currently supported flags */
> +
> #define STATX__RESERVED 0x80000000U /* Reserved for future struct statx expansion */
>
> /*
> --
> 2.14.3
>


Cheers, Andreas




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