lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2018]   [Oct]   [18]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
From
Subject[PATCH 3/3] x86/quirks: Add parameter to clear MSIs early on boot
Date
We observed a kdump failure in x86 that was narrowed down to MSI irq
storm coming from a PCI network device. The bug manifests as a lack of
progress in the boot process of kdump kernel, and a flood of kernel
messages like:

[...]
[ 342.265294] do_IRQ: 0.155 No irq handler for vector
[ 342.266916] do_IRQ: 0.155 No irq handler for vector
[ 347.258422] do_IRQ: 14053260 callbacks suppressed
[...]

The root cause of the issue is that kexec process of the kdump kernel
doesn't ensure PCI devices are reset or MSI capabilities are disabled,
so a PCI adapter could produce a huge amount of irqs which would steal
all the processing time for the CPU (specially since we usually restrict
kdump kernel to use a single CPU only).

This patch implements the kernel parameter "pci=clearmsi" to clear the
MSI/MSI-X enable bits in the Message Control register for all PCI devices
during early boot time, thus preventing potential issues in the kexec'ed
kernel. PCI spec also supports/enforces this need (see PCI Local Bus
spec sections 6.8.1.3 and 6.8.2.3).

Suggested-by: Dan Streetman <ddstreet@canonical.com>
Suggested-by: Gavin Shan <shan.gavin@linux.alibaba.com>
Signed-off-by: Guilherme G. Piccoli <gpiccoli@canonical.com>
---
.../admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt | 6 ++++
arch/x86/include/asm/pci-direct.h | 1 +
arch/x86/kernel/early-quirks.c | 32 +++++++++++++++++++
arch/x86/pci/common.c | 4 +++
4 files changed, 43 insertions(+)

diff --git a/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt b/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
index 92eb1f42240d..aeb510e484d4 100644
--- a/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
+++ b/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
@@ -3161,6 +3161,12 @@
nomsi [MSI] If the PCI_MSI kernel config parameter is
enabled, this kernel boot option can be used to
disable the use of MSI interrupts system-wide.
+ clearmsi [X86] Clears MSI/MSI-X enable bits early in boot
+ time in order to avoid issues like adapters
+ screaming irqs and preventing boot progress.
+ Also, it enforces the PCI Local Bus spec
+ rule that those bits should be 0 in system reset
+ events (useful for kexec/kdump cases).
noioapicquirk [APIC] Disable all boot interrupt quirks.
Safety option to keep boot IRQs enabled. This
should never be necessary.
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/pci-direct.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/pci-direct.h
index 813996305bf5..ebb3db2eee41 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/pci-direct.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/pci-direct.h
@@ -15,5 +15,6 @@ extern void write_pci_config(u8 bus, u8 slot, u8 func, u8 offset, u32 val);
extern void write_pci_config_byte(u8 bus, u8 slot, u8 func, u8 offset, u8 val);
extern void write_pci_config_16(u8 bus, u8 slot, u8 func, u8 offset, u16 val);

+extern unsigned int pci_early_clear_msi;
extern int early_pci_allowed(void);
#endif /* _ASM_X86_PCI_DIRECT_H */
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/early-quirks.c b/arch/x86/kernel/early-quirks.c
index fd50f9e21623..21060d80441e 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/early-quirks.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/early-quirks.c
@@ -28,6 +28,37 @@
#include <asm/irq_remapping.h>
#include <asm/early_ioremap.h>

+static void __init early_pci_clear_msi(int bus, int slot, int func)
+{
+ int pos;
+ u16 ctrl;
+
+ if (likely(!pci_early_clear_msi))
+ return;
+
+ pr_info_once("Clearing MSI/MSI-X enable bits early in boot (quirk)\n");
+
+ pos = pci_early_find_cap(bus, slot, func, PCI_CAP_ID_MSI);
+ if (pos) {
+ ctrl = read_pci_config_16(bus, slot, func, pos + PCI_MSI_FLAGS);
+ ctrl &= ~PCI_MSI_FLAGS_ENABLE;
+ write_pci_config_16(bus, slot, func, pos + PCI_MSI_FLAGS, ctrl);
+
+ /* Read again to flush previous write */
+ ctrl = read_pci_config_16(bus, slot, func, pos + PCI_MSI_FLAGS);
+ }
+
+ pos = pci_early_find_cap(bus, slot, func, PCI_CAP_ID_MSIX);
+ if (pos) {
+ ctrl = read_pci_config_16(bus, slot, func, pos + PCI_MSIX_FLAGS);
+ ctrl &= ~PCI_MSIX_FLAGS_ENABLE;
+ write_pci_config_16(bus, slot, func, pos + PCI_MSIX_FLAGS, ctrl);
+
+ /* Read again to flush previous write */
+ ctrl = read_pci_config_16(bus, slot, func, pos + PCI_MSIX_FLAGS);
+ }
+}
+
static void __init fix_hypertransport_config(int num, int slot, int func)
{
u32 htcfg;
@@ -709,6 +740,7 @@ static struct chipset early_qrk[] __initdata = {
PCI_CLASS_BRIDGE_HOST, PCI_ANY_ID, 0, force_disable_hpet},
{ PCI_VENDOR_ID_BROADCOM, 0x4331,
PCI_CLASS_NETWORK_OTHER, PCI_ANY_ID, 0, apple_airport_reset},
+ { PCI_ANY_ID, PCI_ANY_ID, 0, 0, 0, early_pci_clear_msi},
{}
};

diff --git a/arch/x86/pci/common.c b/arch/x86/pci/common.c
index d4ec117c1142..7f6f85bd47a3 100644
--- a/arch/x86/pci/common.c
+++ b/arch/x86/pci/common.c
@@ -32,6 +32,7 @@ int noioapicreroute = 1;
#endif
int pcibios_last_bus = -1;
unsigned long pirq_table_addr;
+unsigned int pci_early_clear_msi;
const struct pci_raw_ops *__read_mostly raw_pci_ops;
const struct pci_raw_ops *__read_mostly raw_pci_ext_ops;

@@ -604,6 +605,9 @@ char *__init pcibios_setup(char *str)
} else if (!strcmp(str, "skip_isa_align")) {
pci_probe |= PCI_CAN_SKIP_ISA_ALIGN;
return NULL;
+ } else if (!strcmp(str, "clearmsi")) {
+ pci_early_clear_msi = 1;
+ return NULL;
} else if (!strcmp(str, "noioapicquirk")) {
noioapicquirk = 1;
return NULL;
--
2.19.0
\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2018-10-18 20:38    [W:0.198 / U:0.008 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site