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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH for 4.21 01/16] rseq/selftests: Add reference counter to coexist with glibc
----- On Oct 11, 2018, at 6:37 AM, Szabolcs Nagy wrote:

> On 10/10/18 20:19, Mathieu Desnoyers wrote:
>> In order to integrate rseq into user-space applications, add a reference
>> counter field after the struct rseq TLS ABI so many rseq users can be
>> linked into the same application (e.g. librseq and glibc). The
>> reference count ensures that rseq syscall registration/unregistration
>> happens only for the most early/late user for each thread, thus ensuring
>> that rseq is registered across the lifetime of all rseq users for a
>> given thread.
> ...
>> +__attribute__((visibility("hidden"))) __thread
>> +volatile struct libc_rseq __lib_rseq_abi = {
> ...
>> +extern __attribute__((weak, alias("__lib_rseq_abi"))) __thread
>> +volatile struct rseq __rseq_abi;
> ...
>> @@ -70,7 +86,7 @@ int rseq_register_current_thread(void)
>> sigset_t oldset;
>> signal_off_save(&oldset);
>> - if (refcount++)
>> + if (__lib_rseq_abi.refcount++)
>> goto end;
>> rc = sys_rseq(&__rseq_abi, sizeof(struct rseq), 0, RSEQ_SIG);
> why do you use a local refcounter instead of the __rseq_abi one?

There is no refcount in struct rseq (the ABI between kernel and user-space).
The registration refcount was part of an earlier version of the rseq system call,
but we decided against keeping it in the kernel.

So I'm adding one _after_ struct rseq, purely to allow interaction between
various user-space components (program/libraries).

> what prevents calling rseq_register_current_thread more than 4G times?

Nothing. It would indeed be cleaner to error out if we detect that refcount is at
INT_MAX. Is that what you have in mind ?

> why cant the kernel see that the same address is registered again and succeed?

It can, and it does. However, refcounting at user-level is needed to ensure
the registration "lifetime" for rseq covers its entire use. If we have two libraries
using rseq, we end up with the following scenario:

Thread 1
libA registers rseq
libB registers rseq
libB unregisters rseq
libA uses rseq -> bug! it's been unregistered by libB.
libA unregisters rseq -> unexpected, it's already been unregistered.

same applies if libA unregisters rseq before libB (and libB try to use rseq
after libA has unregistered).

The refcount in user-space fixes this.

Thoughts ?



Mathieu Desnoyers
EfficiOS Inc.

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