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SubjectRe: [PATCH] mm, meminit: Serially initialise deferred memory if trace_buf_size is specified
Hi Koki,

Yes, the patch is here:

It has not been reviewed yet.


On Wed, Jan 31, 2018 at 12:28 PM,
<> wrote:
> Pavel,
> I assume you are working on the fix.
> Do you have any progress ?
> Koki
>>>-----Original Message-----
>>>From: Mel Gorman []
>>>Sent: Wednesday, December 06, 2017 5:50 AM
>>>To: Pavel Tatashin <>
>>>Cc: Michal Hocko <>; YASUAKI ISHIMATSU
>>><>; Andrew Morton <>;
>>>Linux Memory Management List <>; linux-
>>>; Sanagi, Koki <>; Steve
>>>Sistare <>
>>>Subject: Re: [PATCH] mm, meminit: Serially initialise deferred memory if
>>>trace_buf_size is specified
>>>On Wed, Nov 29, 2017 at 10:41:59PM -0500, Pavel Tatashin wrote:
>>>> Hi Mel,
>>>> Thank you very much for your feedback, my replies below:
>>>> > A lack of involvement from admins is indeed desirable. For example,
>>>> > while I might concede on using a disable-everything-switch, I would
>>>> > not be happy to introduce a switch that specified how much memory
>>>> > per node to initialise.
>>>> >
>>>> > For the forth approach, I really would be only thinking of a blunt
>>>> > "initialise everything instead of going OOM". I was wary of making
>>>> > things too complicated and I worried about some side-effects I'll cover later.
>>>> I see, I misunderstood your suggestion. Switching to serial
>>>> initialization when OOM works, however, boot time becomes
>>>> unpredictable, with some configurations boot is fast with others it is
>>>> slow. All of that depends on whether predictions in
>>>> reset_deferred_meminit() were good or not which is not easy to debug
>>>> for users. Also, overtime predictions in reset_deferred_meminit() can
>>>> become very off, and I do not think that we want to continuously
>>>> adjust this function.
>>>You could increase the probabilty of a report by doing a WARN_ON_ONCE if the
>>>serialised meminit is used.
>>>> >> With this approach we could always init a very small amount of
>>>> >> struct pages, and allow the rest to be initialized on demand as
>>>> >> boot requires until deferred struct pages are initialized. Since,
>>>> >> having deferred pages feature assumes that the machine is large,
>>>> >> there is no drawback of having some extra byte of dead code,
>>>> >> especially that all the checks can be permanently switched of via
>>>> >> static branches once deferred init is complete.
>>>> >>
>>>> >
>>>> > This is where I fear there may be dragons. If we minimse the number
>>>> > of struct pages and initialise serially as necessary, there is a
>>>> > danger that we'll allocate remote memory in cases where local memory
>>>> > would have done because a remote node had enough memory.
>>>> True, but is not what we have now has the same issue as well? If one
>>>> node is gets out of memory we start using memory from another node,
>>>> before deferred pages are initialized?
>>>It's possible but I'm not aware of it happening currently.
>>>> To offset that risk, it would be
>>>> > necessary at boot-time to force allocations from local node where
>>>> > possible and initialise more memory as necessary. That starts
>>>> > getting complicated because we'd need to adjust gfp-flags in the
>>>> > fast path with init-and-retry logic in the slow path and that could
>>>> > be a constant penalty. We could offset that in the fast path by
>>>> > using static branches
>>>> I will try to implement this, and see how complicated the patch will
>>>> be, if it gets too complicated for the problem I am trying to solve we
>>>> can return to one of your suggestions.
>>>> I was thinking to do something like this:
>>>> Start with every small amount of initialized pages in every node.
>>>> If allocation fails, initialize enough struct pages to cover this
>>>> particular allocation with struct pages rounded up to section size but
>>>> in every single node.
>>>Ok, just make sure it's all in the slow paths of the allocator when the alternative
>>>is to fail the allocation.
>>>> > but it's getting more and
>>>> > more complex for what is a minor optimisation -- shorter boot times
>>>> > on large machines where userspace itself could take a *long* time to
>>>> > get up and running (think database reading in 1TB of data from disk as it
>>>warms up).
>>>> On M6-32 with 32T [1] of memory it saves over 4 minutes of boot time,
>>>> and this is on SPARC with 8K pages, on x86 it would be around of 8
>>>> minutes because of twice as many pages. This feature improves
>>>> availability for larger machines quite a bit. Overtime, systems are
>>>> growing, so I expect this feature to become a default configuration in
>>>> the next several years on server configs.
>>>Ok, when developing the series originally, I had no machine even close to 32T of
>>>Mel Gorman
>>>SUSE Labs
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