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SubjectRe: [PATCH v5 1/3] arm64/ras: support sea error recovery
Hi Xie XiuQi,

On 26/01/18 12:31, Xie XiuQi wrote:
> With ARM v8.2 RAS Extension, SEA are usually triggered when memory errors
> are consumed. According to the existing process, errors occurred in the
> kernel, leading to direct panic, if it occurred the user-space, we should
> just kill process.
> But there is a class of error, in fact, is not necessary to kill
> process, you can recover and continue to run the process. Such as
> the instruction data corrupted, where the memory page might be
> read-only, which is has not been modified, the disk might have the
> correct data, so you can directly drop the page, ant reload it when
> necessary.

With firmware-first support, we do all this...

> So this patchset is just try to solve such problem: if the error is
> consumed in user-space and the error occurs on a clean page, you can
> directly drop the memory page without killing process.
> If the corrupted page is clean, just dropped it and return to user-space
> without side effects. And if corrupted page is dirty, memory_failure()
> will send SIGBUS with code=BUS_MCEERR_AR. While without this patchset,
> do_sea() will just send SIGBUS, so the process was killed in the same place.

... but this happens too. I agree its something we should fix, but I don't think
this is the best way to do it.

This series is pulling the memory-failure-queue details back into the arch-code
to build a second list, that gets processed as extra work when we return to

The root of the issue is ghes_notify_sea() claims the notification as something
APEI has dealt with, ... but it hasn't done it yet. The signals will be
generated by something currently stuck in a queue. (Evidently x86 doesn't handle
synchronous errors like this using firmware-first).

I think a smaller fix is to give the queues that may be holding the
memory_failure() work a kick as part of the code that calls ghes_notify_sea().
This means that by the time we return to do_sea() ghes_notify_sea()'s claim that
APEI has dealt with it is true as any generated signals are pending. We can then
skip the existing SIGBUS generation code.

> Because memory_failure() may sleep, we can not call it directly in SEA

(this one is more serious, I've attempted to fix it by moving all NMI-like
GHES-notifications to use the estatus queue).

> exception context. So we saved faulting physical address associated with
> a process in the ghes handler and set __TIF_SEA_NOTIFY. When we return
> from SEA exception context and get into do_notify_resume() before the
> process running, we could check it and call memory_failure() to do
> recovery.

> It's safe, because we are in process context.

I think this is the trick. When we take a Synchronous-external-abort out of
userspace, we're in process context too. We can add helpers to drain the
memory_failure_queue which can be called when do_sea() when we know we're
preemptible and interrupts-et-al are unmasked.




> ---
> arch/arm64/Kconfig | 11 +++
> arch/arm64/include/asm/ras.h | 23 ++++++
> arch/arm64/include/asm/thread_info.h | 4 +-
> arch/arm64/kernel/Makefile | 1 +
> arch/arm64/kernel/ras.c | 142 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> arch/arm64/kernel/signal.c | 7 ++
> arch/arm64/mm/fault.c | 27 +++++--
> drivers/acpi/apei/ghes.c | 8 +-
> include/acpi/ghes.h | 3 +
> 9 files changed, 216 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)
> create mode 100644 arch/arm64/include/asm/ras.h
> create mode 100644 arch/arm64/kernel/ras.c

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