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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 2/4] x86: vmx: Allow direct access to MSR_IA32_SPEC_CTRL
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On 01/29/2018 11:44 AM, Paolo Bonzini wrote:
> On 29/01/2018 01:58, KarimAllah Ahmed wrote:
>> Add direct access to MSR_IA32_SPEC_CTRL for guests. This is needed for
>> guests that will only mitigate Spectre V2 through IBRS+IBPB and will not
>> be using a retpoline+IBPB based approach.
>>
>> To avoid the overhead of atomically saving and restoring the
>> MSR_IA32_SPEC_CTRL for guests that do not actually use the MSR, only
>> add_atomic_switch_msr when a non-zero is written to it.
>
> You are not storing the guest's MSR value on though vmexit, aren't you?

I originally thought that atomic_switch was also saving the guest MSR on
VM-exit. Now I know it is not.

> Also, there's an obvious typo here:
>
> + add_atomic_switch_msr(vmx, MSR_IA32_SPEC_CTRL, msr_info->data, 0);
> +
> + msr_bitmap = vmx->vmcs01.msr_bitmap;
> + vmx_disable_intercept_for_msr(msr_bitmap, MSR_FS_BASE, MSR_TYPE_RW);
> +

oops! copy & paste error :)

>
> Finally, apparently add_atomic_switch_msr is slower than just rdmsr/wrmsr
> on vmexit. Can you reuse the patches I had posted mid January instead? They
> are also assuming no IBRS usage on the host, so the changes shouldn't be large,
> and limited mostly to using actual X86_FEATURE_* bits instead of cpuid_count().
>
> They lack the code to only read/write SPEC_CTRL if the direct access is enabled,
> but that's small too... Enabling the direct access on the first write, as in
> this patches, is okay.
>
> Thanks,
>
> Paolo
>
>> Cc: Asit Mallick <asit.k.mallick@intel.com>
>> Cc: Arjan Van De Ven <arjan.van.de.ven@intel.com>
>> Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
>> Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
>> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
>> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
>> Cc: Tim Chen <tim.c.chen@linux.intel.com>
>> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
>> Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
>> Cc: Jun Nakajima <jun.nakajima@intel.com>
>> Cc: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
>> Cc: David Woodhouse <dwmw@amazon.co.uk>
>> Cc: Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
>> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
>> Cc: Ashok Raj <ashok.raj@intel.com>
>> Signed-off-by: KarimAllah Ahmed <karahmed@amazon.de>
>>
>> ---
>> v2:
>> - remove 'host_spec_ctrl' in favor of only a comment (dwmw@).
>> - special case writing '0' in SPEC_CTRL to avoid confusing live-migration
>> when the instance never used the MSR (dwmw@).
>> - depend on X86_FEATURE_IBRS instead of X86_FEATURE_SPEC_CTRL (dwmw@).
>> - add MSR_IA32_SPEC_CTRL to the list of MSRs to save (dropped it by accident).
>> ---
>> arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.c | 4 +++-
>> arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c | 65 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>> arch/x86/kvm/x86.c | 1 +
>> 3 files changed, 69 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.c b/arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.c
>> index 0099e10..32c0c14 100644
>> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.c
>> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.c
>> @@ -70,6 +70,7 @@ u64 kvm_supported_xcr0(void)
>> /* These are scattered features in cpufeatures.h. */
>> #define KVM_CPUID_BIT_AVX512_4VNNIW 2
>> #define KVM_CPUID_BIT_AVX512_4FMAPS 3
>> +#define KVM_CPUID_BIT_IBRS 26
>> #define KF(x) bit(KVM_CPUID_BIT_##x)
>>
>> int kvm_update_cpuid(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
>> @@ -392,7 +393,8 @@ static inline int __do_cpuid_ent(struct kvm_cpuid_entry2 *entry, u32 function,
>>
>> /* cpuid 7.0.edx*/
>> const u32 kvm_cpuid_7_0_edx_x86_features =
>> - KF(AVX512_4VNNIW) | KF(AVX512_4FMAPS);
>> + KF(AVX512_4VNNIW) | KF(AVX512_4FMAPS) | \
>> + (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_IBRS) ? KF(IBRS) : 0);
>>
>> /* all calls to cpuid_count() should be made on the same cpu */
>> get_cpu();
>> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c
>> index aa8638a..dac564d 100644
>> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c
>> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c
>> @@ -920,6 +920,8 @@ static void vmx_set_nmi_mask(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, bool masked);
>> static bool nested_vmx_is_page_fault_vmexit(struct vmcs12 *vmcs12,
>> u16 error_code);
>> static void vmx_update_msr_bitmap(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
>> +static void __always_inline vmx_disable_intercept_for_msr(unsigned long *msr_bitmap,
>> + u32 msr, int type);
>>
>> static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct vmcs *, vmxarea);
>> static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct vmcs *, current_vmcs);
>> @@ -2007,6 +2009,28 @@ static void add_atomic_switch_msr(struct vcpu_vmx *vmx, unsigned msr,
>> m->host[i].value = host_val;
>> }
>>
>> +/* do not touch guest_val and host_val if the msr is not found */
>> +static int read_atomic_switch_msr(struct vcpu_vmx *vmx, unsigned msr,
>> + u64 *guest_val, u64 *host_val)
>> +{
>> + unsigned i;
>> + struct msr_autoload *m = &vmx->msr_autoload;
>> +
>> + for (i = 0; i < m->nr; ++i)
>> + if (m->guest[i].index == msr)
>> + break;
>> +
>> + if (i == m->nr)
>> + return 1;
>> +
>> + if (guest_val)
>> + *guest_val = m->guest[i].value;
>> + if (host_val)
>> + *host_val = m->host[i].value;
>> +
>> + return 0;
>> +}
>> +
>> static bool update_transition_efer(struct vcpu_vmx *vmx, int efer_offset)
>> {
>> u64 guest_efer = vmx->vcpu.arch.efer;
>> @@ -3203,7 +3227,9 @@ static inline bool vmx_feature_control_msr_valid(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
>> */
>> static int vmx_get_msr(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct msr_data *msr_info)
>> {
>> + u64 spec_ctrl = 0;
>> struct shared_msr_entry *msr;
>> + struct vcpu_vmx *vmx = to_vmx(vcpu);
>>
>> switch (msr_info->index) {
>> #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
>> @@ -3223,6 +3249,20 @@ static int vmx_get_msr(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct msr_data *msr_info)
>> case MSR_IA32_TSC:
>> msr_info->data = guest_read_tsc(vcpu);
>> break;
>> + case MSR_IA32_SPEC_CTRL:
>> + if (!msr_info->host_initiated &&
>> + !guest_cpuid_has(vcpu, X86_FEATURE_SPEC_CTRL))
>> + return 1;
>> +
>> + /*
>> + * If the MSR is not in the atomic list yet, then the guest
>> + * never wrote a non-zero value to it yet i.e. the MSR value is
>> + * '0'.
>> + */
>> + read_atomic_switch_msr(vmx, MSR_IA32_SPEC_CTRL, &spec_ctrl, NULL);
>> +
>> + msr_info->data = spec_ctrl;
>> + break;
>> case MSR_IA32_SYSENTER_CS:
>> msr_info->data = vmcs_read32(GUEST_SYSENTER_CS);
>> break;
>> @@ -3289,6 +3329,7 @@ static int vmx_set_msr(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct msr_data *msr_info)
>> int ret = 0;
>> u32 msr_index = msr_info->index;
>> u64 data = msr_info->data;
>> + unsigned long *msr_bitmap;
>>
>> switch (msr_index) {
>> case MSR_EFER:
>> @@ -3330,6 +3371,30 @@ static int vmx_set_msr(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct msr_data *msr_info)
>> case MSR_IA32_TSC:
>> kvm_write_tsc(vcpu, msr_info);
>> break;
>> + case MSR_IA32_SPEC_CTRL:
>> + if (!msr_info->host_initiated &&
>> + !guest_cpuid_has(vcpu, X86_FEATURE_IBRS))
>> + return 1;
>> +
>> + if (!msr_info->data)
>> + break;
>> +
>> + /*
>> + * Now we know that the guest is actually using the MSR, so
>> + * atomically load and save the SPEC_CTRL MSR and pass it
>> + * through to the guest.
>> + *
>> + * NOTE:
>> + * IBRS is not supported yet as a mitigation for the host. Once
>> + * it is supported, the "host_value" will need to be '1'
>> + * instead of '0' if IBRS is used also by the host.
>> + */
>> + add_atomic_switch_msr(vmx, MSR_IA32_SPEC_CTRL, msr_info->data, 0);
>> +
>> + msr_bitmap = vmx->vmcs01.msr_bitmap;
>> + vmx_disable_intercept_for_msr(msr_bitmap, MSR_FS_BASE, MSR_TYPE_RW);
>> +
>> + break;
>> case MSR_IA32_CR_PAT:
>> if (vmcs_config.vmentry_ctrl & VM_ENTRY_LOAD_IA32_PAT) {
>> if (!kvm_mtrr_valid(vcpu, MSR_IA32_CR_PAT, data))
>> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
>> index 03869eb..cabaad3 100644
>> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
>> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
>> @@ -1006,6 +1006,7 @@ static u32 msrs_to_save[] = {
>> #endif
>> MSR_IA32_TSC, MSR_IA32_CR_PAT, MSR_VM_HSAVE_PA,
>> MSR_IA32_FEATURE_CONTROL, MSR_IA32_BNDCFGS, MSR_TSC_AUX,
>> + MSR_IA32_SPEC_CTRL
>> };
>>
>> static unsigned num_msrs_to_save;
>>
>
>
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