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Subject[PATCHv7 3/4] x86/boot/compressed/64: Prepare trampoline memory
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If a bootloader enables 64-bit mode with 4-level paging, we might need to
switch over to 5-level paging. The switching requires the disabling
paging. It works fine if kernel itself is loaded below 4G.

But if the bootloader put the kernel above 4G (not sure if anybody does
this), we would lose control as soon as paging is disabled, because the
code becomes unreachable to the CPU.

To handle the situation, we need a trampoline in lower memory that would
take care of switching on 5-level paging.

Apart from the trampoline code itself we also need a place to store top
level page table in lower memory as we don't have a way to load 64-bit
values into CR3 in 32-bit mode. We only really need 8 bytes there as we
only use the very first entry of the page table. But we allocate a whole
page anyway.

We cannot have the code in the same page as the page table because there's
a risk that a CPU would read the page table speculatively and get confused
by seeing garbage. It's never a good idea to have junk in PTE entries
visible to the CPU.

We also need a small stack in the trampoline to re-enable long mode via
long return. But stack and code can share the page just fine.

This patch changes paging_prepare() to find a right spot in lower memory
for the trampoline. Then it copies the trampoline code there and sets up
the new top level page table for 5-level paging.

At this point we do all the preparation, but don't use trampoline yet.
It will be done in the following patch.

The trampoline will be used even on 4-level paging machines. This way we
will get better test coverage and the keep the trampoline code in shape.

Signed-off-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
---
arch/x86/boot/compressed/head_64.S | 3 ++-
arch/x86/boot/compressed/pgtable.h | 18 ++++++++++++++
arch/x86/boot/compressed/pgtable_64.c | 45 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
3 files changed, 65 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
create mode 100644 arch/x86/boot/compressed/pgtable.h

diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/head_64.S b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/head_64.S
index 10b4df46de84..1bcc62a232f6 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/head_64.S
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/head_64.S
@@ -491,8 +491,9 @@ relocated:
jmp *%rax

.code32
+ENTRY(trampoline_32bit_src)
compatible_mode:
- /* Setup data and stack segments */
+ /* Set up data and stack segments */
movl $__KERNEL_DS, %eax
movl %eax, %ds
movl %eax, %ss
diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/pgtable.h b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/pgtable.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..6e0db2260147
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/pgtable.h
@@ -0,0 +1,18 @@
+#ifndef BOOT_COMPRESSED_PAGETABLE_H
+#define BOOT_COMPRESSED_PAGETABLE_H
+
+#define TRAMPOLINE_32BIT_SIZE (2 * PAGE_SIZE)
+
+#define TRAMPOLINE_32BIT_PGTABLE_OFFSET 0
+
+#define TRAMPOLINE_32BIT_CODE_OFFSET PAGE_SIZE
+#define TRAMPOLINE_32BIT_CODE_SIZE 0x60
+
+#define TRAMPOLINE_32BIT_STACK_END TRAMPOLINE_32BIT_SIZE
+
+#ifndef __ASSEMBLER__
+
+extern void (*trampoline_32bit_src)(void *return_ptr);
+
+#endif /* __ASSEMBLER__ */
+#endif /* BOOT_COMPRESSED_PAGETABLE_H */
diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/pgtable_64.c b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/pgtable_64.c
index 3f1697fcc7a8..e7eadd991177 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/pgtable_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/pgtable_64.c
@@ -1,4 +1,6 @@
#include <asm/processor.h>
+#include "pgtable.h"
+#include "../string.h"

/*
* __force_order is used by special_insns.h asm code to force instruction
@@ -9,6 +11,9 @@
*/
unsigned long __force_order;

+#define BIOS_START_MIN 0x20000U /* 128K, less than this is insane */
+#define BIOS_START_MAX 0x9f000U /* 640K, absolute maximum */
+
struct paging_config {
unsigned long trampoline_start;
unsigned long l5_required;
@@ -17,11 +22,51 @@ struct paging_config {
struct paging_config paging_prepare(void)
{
struct paging_config paging_config = {};
+ unsigned long bios_start, ebda_start, *trampoline;

/* Check if LA57 is desired and supported */
if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_X86_5LEVEL) && native_cpuid_eax(0) >= 7 &&
(native_cpuid_ecx(7) & (1 << (X86_FEATURE_LA57 & 31))))
paging_config.l5_required = 1;

+ /*
+ * Find a suitable spot for the trampoline.
+ * This code is based on reserve_bios_regions().
+ */
+
+ ebda_start = *(unsigned short *)0x40e << 4;
+ bios_start = *(unsigned short *)0x413 << 10;
+
+ if (bios_start < BIOS_START_MIN || bios_start > BIOS_START_MAX)
+ bios_start = BIOS_START_MAX;
+
+ if (ebda_start > BIOS_START_MIN && ebda_start < bios_start)
+ bios_start = ebda_start;
+
+ /* Place the trampoline just below the end of low memory, aligned to 4k */
+ paging_config.trampoline_start = bios_start - TRAMPOLINE_32BIT_SIZE;
+ paging_config.trampoline_start = round_down(paging_config.trampoline_start, PAGE_SIZE);
+
+ trampoline = (unsigned long *)paging_config.trampoline_start;
+
+ /* Clear trampoline memory first */
+ memset(trampoline, 0, TRAMPOLINE_32BIT_SIZE);
+
+ /* Copy trampoline code in place */
+ memcpy(trampoline + TRAMPOLINE_32BIT_CODE_OFFSET / sizeof(unsigned long),
+ &trampoline_32bit_src, TRAMPOLINE_32BIT_CODE_SIZE);
+
+ /*
+ * Set up current CR3 as the first and the only entry in a new top
+ * level page table.
+ *
+ * The new page table will be used for switching from 4- to 5-level
+ * paging. In other cases trampoline wouldn't touch CR3.
+ *
+ * Note: KASLR relies on CR3 pointing to the _pgtable on a 4-level
+ * machine when booted via startup64().
+ */
+ trampoline[TRAMPOLINE_32BIT_PGTABLE_OFFSET] = __native_read_cr3() + _PAGE_TABLE_NOENC;
+
return paging_config;
}
--
2.15.1
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