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Subject[PATCH v4] iommu/mediatek: Move attach_device after iommu-group is ready for M4Uv1
Date
In the commit 05f80300dc8b ("iommu: Finish making iommu_group support
mandatory"), the iommu framework has supposed all the iommu drivers have
their owner iommu-group, it get rid of the FIXME workarounds while the
group is NULL. But the flow of Mediatek M4U gen1 looks a bit trick that
it will hang at this case:

==========================================
Unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at virtual address 00000030
pgd = c0004000
[00000030] *pgd=00000000
PC is at mutex_lock+0x28/0x54
LR is at iommu_attach_device+0xa4/0xd4
pc : [<c07632e8>] lr : [<c04736fc>] psr: 60000013
sp : df0edbb8 ip : df0edbc8 fp : df0edbc4
r10: c114da14 r9 : df2a3e40 r8 : 00000003
r7 : df27a210 r6 : df2a90c4 r5 : 00000030 r4 : 00000000
r3 : df0f8000 r2 : fffff000 r1 : df29c610 r0 : 00000030
Flags: nZCv IRQs on FIQs on Mode SVC_32 ISA ARM Segment none
xxx
(mutex_lock) from [<c04736fc>] (iommu_attach_device+0xa4/0xd4)
(iommu_attach_device) from [<c011b9dc>] (__arm_iommu_attach_device+0x28/0x90)
(__arm_iommu_attach_device) from [<c011ba60>] (arm_iommu_attach_device+0x1c/0x30)
(arm_iommu_attach_device) from [<c04759ac>] (mtk_iommu_add_device+0xfc/0x214)
(mtk_iommu_add_device) from [<c0472aa4>] (add_iommu_group+0x3c/0x68)
(add_iommu_group) from [<c047d044>] (bus_for_each_dev+0x78/0xac)
(bus_for_each_dev) from [<c04734a4>] (bus_set_iommu+0xb0/0xec)
(bus_set_iommu) from [<c0476310>] (mtk_iommu_probe+0x328/0x368)
(mtk_iommu_probe) from [<c048189c>] (platform_drv_probe+0x5c/0xc0)
(platform_drv_probe) from [<c047f510>] (driver_probe_device+0x2f4/0x4d8)
(driver_probe_device) from [<c047f800>] (__driver_attach+0x10c/0x128)
(__driver_attach) from [<c047d044>] (bus_for_each_dev+0x78/0xac)
(bus_for_each_dev) from [<c047ec78>] (driver_attach+0x2c/0x30)
(driver_attach) from [<c047e640>] (bus_add_driver+0x1e0/0x278)
(bus_add_driver) from [<c048052c>] (driver_register+0x88/0x108)
(driver_register) from [<c04817ec>] (__platform_driver_register+0x50/0x58)
(__platform_driver_register) from [<c0b31380>] (m4u_init+0x24/0x28)
(m4u_init) from [<c0101c38>] (do_one_initcall+0xf0/0x17c)
=========================

The root cause is that the device's iommu-group is NULL while
arm_iommu_attach_device is called. This patch prepare a new iommu-group
for the iommu consumer devices to fix this issue.

CC: Robin Murphy <robin.murphy@arm.com>
CC: Honghui Zhang <honghui.zhang@mediatek.com>
Fixes: 05f80300dc8b ("iommu: Finish making iommu_group support mandatory")
Reported-by: Ryder Lee <ryder.lee@mediatek.com>
Signed-off-by: Yong Wu <yong.wu@mediatek.com>
---
Change notes:

v4: Get rid of device_group callback.

v3: https://lists.linuxfoundation.org/pipermail/iommu/2018-January/025872.html
don't use the global variable and allocate a new iommu group before
arm_iommu_attach_device following Robin's suggestion.

v2: http://lists.infradead.org/pipermail/linux-mediatek/2018-January/011810.html
Add mtk_domain_v1=NULL in domain_free for symmetry.

v1: https://patchwork.kernel.org/patch/10176255/
---
drivers/iommu/mtk_iommu_v1.c | 54 +++++++++++++++++---------------------------
1 file changed, 21 insertions(+), 33 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/iommu/mtk_iommu_v1.c b/drivers/iommu/mtk_iommu_v1.c
index 542930c..1b1b7759 100644
--- a/drivers/iommu/mtk_iommu_v1.c
+++ b/drivers/iommu/mtk_iommu_v1.c
@@ -418,20 +418,12 @@ static int mtk_iommu_create_mapping(struct device *dev,
m4udev->archdata.iommu = mtk_mapping;
}

- ret = arm_iommu_attach_device(dev, mtk_mapping);
- if (ret)
- goto err_release_mapping;
-
return 0;
-
-err_release_mapping:
- arm_iommu_release_mapping(mtk_mapping);
- m4udev->archdata.iommu = NULL;
- return ret;
}

static int mtk_iommu_add_device(struct device *dev)
{
+ struct dma_iommu_mapping *mtk_mapping;
struct of_phandle_args iommu_spec;
struct of_phandle_iterator it;
struct mtk_iommu_data *data;
@@ -452,15 +444,30 @@ static int mtk_iommu_add_device(struct device *dev)
if (!dev->iommu_fwspec || dev->iommu_fwspec->ops != &mtk_iommu_ops)
return -ENODEV; /* Not a iommu client device */

- data = dev->iommu_fwspec->iommu_priv;
- iommu_device_link(&data->iommu, dev);
-
- group = iommu_group_get_for_dev(dev);
+ /*
+ * This is a short-term bodge because the ARM DMA code doesn't
+ * understand multi-device groups, but we have to call into it
+ * successfully (and not just rely on a normal IOMMU API attach
+ * here) in order to set the correct DMA API ops on @dev.
+ */
+ group = iommu_group_alloc();
if (IS_ERR(group))
return PTR_ERR(group);

+ err = iommu_group_add_device(group, dev);
iommu_group_put(group);
- return 0;
+ if (err)
+ return err;
+
+ data = dev->iommu_fwspec->iommu_priv;
+ mtk_mapping = data->dev->archdata.iommu;
+ err = arm_iommu_attach_device(dev, mtk_mapping);
+ if (err) {
+ iommu_group_remove_device(dev);
+ return err;
+ }
+
+ return iommu_device_link(&data->iommu, dev);;
}

static void mtk_iommu_remove_device(struct device *dev)
@@ -477,24 +484,6 @@ static void mtk_iommu_remove_device(struct device *dev)
iommu_fwspec_free(dev);
}

-static struct iommu_group *mtk_iommu_device_group(struct device *dev)
-{
- struct mtk_iommu_data *data = dev->iommu_fwspec->iommu_priv;
-
- if (!data)
- return ERR_PTR(-ENODEV);
-
- /* All the client devices are in the same m4u iommu-group */
- if (!data->m4u_group) {
- data->m4u_group = iommu_group_alloc();
- if (IS_ERR(data->m4u_group))
- dev_err(dev, "Failed to allocate M4U IOMMU group\n");
- } else {
- iommu_group_ref_get(data->m4u_group);
- }
- return data->m4u_group;
-}
-
static int mtk_iommu_hw_init(const struct mtk_iommu_data *data)
{
u32 regval;
@@ -547,7 +536,6 @@ static int mtk_iommu_hw_init(const struct mtk_iommu_data *data)
.iova_to_phys = mtk_iommu_iova_to_phys,
.add_device = mtk_iommu_add_device,
.remove_device = mtk_iommu_remove_device,
- .device_group = mtk_iommu_device_group,
.pgsize_bitmap = ~0UL << MT2701_IOMMU_PAGE_SHIFT,
};

--
1.8.1.1.dirty
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