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Subject[PATCH v3 0/3] Utilization estimation (util_est) for FAIR tasks

This is a respin of [1], rebased on today's tip/sche/core [2], which
gives the util_est series now working on top of Juri's series [3] integrating
SCHED_DEADLINE into schedutil.

Thanks to everyone who provided feedback on the previous version,
all of the feedbacks have been addressed.

Specifically, as Peter suggested, util_est signals for sched_entity's have been
moved into sched_entity::sched_avg. This way util_est now fits into a single 64B
cacheline along with its required util_avg signal.
On the other hand, I've kept instead the EWMA conditional update, which Peter
suggested to remove, since it turns out to save a bit more of overhead
compared to not having it.

This version has been verified to not have any noticeable overhead, despite
the sched_feat(UTIL_EST) being enabled, by using:

perf bench sched messaging --pipe --thread --group 8 --loop 50000

running 30 iterations on a 40 cores machine:

Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU E5-2690 v2 @ 3.00GHz
dual socket, 10 cores (20 threads) per socket

In the previous version, with this feature enabled, the measured overhead was
instead in the range of ~1% on the same HW/SW test configuration.

This series still keeps the sched feature disabled by default, but given the
new performance figures we could now consider to have it always enabled, or
even just covered by a dedicated KConfig option.

Additional experiments [4] have been done by back-porting these patches to the
v4.4 based kernel running on a Google's Pixel 2 phone. This allowed us to
verify that the proposed modifications contribute to the improvement of PELT by
either matching or outperforming WALT [5], an out-of-tree load tracking
solution currently used by some high-end Android devices, in a representative
set of interactive workloads and industrial benchmarks.

Changes in v3:
- rebased on today's tip/sched/core (0788116)
- moved util_est into sched_avg (Peter)
- use {READ,WRITE}_ONCE() for EWMA updates (Peter)
- using unsigned int to fit all sched_avg into a single 64B cache line
- schedutil integration using Juri's cpu_util_cfs()
- first patch dropped since it's already queued in tip/sched/core

Changes in v2:
- rebased on top of v4.15-rc2
- tested that overhauled PELT code does not affect the util_est

Cheers Patrick

.:: References
[2] git://
sched/core (commit 07881166a892)
[5] Window Assisted Load Tracking

Patrick Bellasi (3):
sched/fair: add util_est on top of PELT
sched/fair: use util_est in LB and WU paths
sched/cpufreq_schedutil: use util_est for OPP selection

include/linux/sched.h | 16 +++++
kernel/sched/debug.c | 4 ++
kernel/sched/fair.c | 156 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
kernel/sched/features.h | 5 ++
kernel/sched/sched.h | 8 ++-
5 files changed, 181 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)


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