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SubjectRe: [PATCH v5 0/2] printk: Console owner and waiter logic cleanup
Hello,

On (01/21/18 23:15), Sergey Senozhatsky wrote:
[..]
> we have printk recursion from console drivers. it's redirected to
> printk_safe and we queue an IRQ work to flush the buffer
>
> printk
> console_unlock
> call_console_drivers
> net_console
> printk
> printk_save -> irq_work queue
>
> now console_unlock() enables local IRQs, we have the printk_safe
> flush. but printk_safe flush does not call into the console_unlock(),
> it uses printk_deferred() version of printk
>
> IRQ work
>
> prink_safe_flush
> printk_deferred -> irq_work queue
>
>
> so we schedule another IRQ work (deferred printk work), which eventually
> tries to lock console_sem
>
> IRQ work
> wake_up_klogd_work_func()
> if (console_trylock())
> console_unlock()

Why do we even use irq_work for printk_safe?

Okay... So, how about this. For printk_safe we use system_wq for flushing.
IOW, we flush from a task running exactly on the same CPU which hit printk
recursion, not from IRQ. From vprintk_safe() recursion, we queue work on
*that* CPU. Which gives us the following thing: if CPU stuck in
console_unlock() loop with preemption disabled, then system_wq does not
schedule on that CPU and we, thus, don't flush printk_safe buffer from that
CPU. But if CPU can reschedule, then we are kinda OK to flush printk_safe
buffer, printing extra messages from that CPU will not lock it up, because
it's in preemptible context.

Thoughts?


Something like this:

From: Sergey Senozhatsky <sergey.senozhatsky@gmail.com>
Subject: [PATCH] printk/safe: use slowpath flush for printk_safe

---
kernel/printk/printk_safe.c | 53 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----
1 file changed, 48 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/printk/printk_safe.c b/kernel/printk/printk_safe.c
index 3e3c2004bb23..c641853a5fa9 100644
--- a/kernel/printk/printk_safe.c
+++ b/kernel/printk/printk_safe.c
@@ -22,6 +22,8 @@
#include <linux/cpumask.h>
#include <linux/irq_work.h>
#include <linux/printk.h>
+#include <linux/console.h>
+#include <linux/workqueue.h>

#include "internal.h"

@@ -50,6 +52,7 @@ struct printk_safe_seq_buf {
atomic_t len; /* length of written data */
atomic_t message_lost;
struct irq_work work; /* IRQ work that flushes the buffer */
+ struct work_struct slowpath_flush_work;
unsigned char buffer[SAFE_LOG_BUF_LEN];
};

@@ -61,12 +64,20 @@ static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct printk_safe_seq_buf, nmi_print_seq);
#endif

/* Get flushed in a more safe context. */
-static void queue_flush_work(struct printk_safe_seq_buf *s)
+static void queue_irq_flush_work(struct printk_safe_seq_buf *s)
{
if (printk_safe_irq_ready)
irq_work_queue(&s->work);
}

+static void queue_slowpath_flush_work(struct printk_safe_seq_buf *s)
+{
+ if (printk_safe_irq_ready)
+ queue_work_on(smp_processor_id(),
+ system_wq,
+ &s->slowpath_flush_work);
+}
+
/*
* Add a message to per-CPU context-dependent buffer. NMI and printk-safe
* have dedicated buffers, because otherwise printk-safe preempted by
@@ -89,7 +100,7 @@ static __printf(2, 0) int printk_safe_log_store(struct printk_safe_seq_buf *s,
/* The trailing '\0' is not counted into len. */
if (len >= sizeof(s->buffer) - 1) {
atomic_inc(&s->message_lost);
- queue_flush_work(s);
+ queue_irq_flush_work(s);
return 0;
}

@@ -112,7 +123,6 @@ static __printf(2, 0) int printk_safe_log_store(struct printk_safe_seq_buf *s,
if (atomic_cmpxchg(&s->len, len, len + add) != len)
goto again;

- queue_flush_work(s);
return add;
}

@@ -243,6 +253,35 @@ static void __printk_safe_flush(struct irq_work *work)
raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&read_lock, flags);
}

+/* NMI buffers are always flushed */
+static void flush_nmi_buffer(struct irq_work *work)
+{
+ __printk_safe_flush(work);
+}
+
+/* printk_safe buffers flushing, on the contrary, can be postponed */
+static void flush_printk_safe_buffer(struct irq_work *work)
+{
+ struct printk_safe_seq_buf *s =
+ container_of(work, struct printk_safe_seq_buf, work);
+
+ if (is_console_locked()) {
+ queue_slowpath_flush_work(s);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ __printk_safe_flush(work);
+}
+
+static void slowpath_flush_work_fn(struct work_struct *work)
+{
+ struct printk_safe_seq_buf *s =
+ container_of(work, struct printk_safe_seq_buf,
+ slowpath_flush_work);
+
+ __printk_safe_flush(&s->work);
+}
+
/**
* printk_safe_flush - flush all per-cpu nmi buffers.
*
@@ -300,6 +339,7 @@ static __printf(1, 0) int vprintk_nmi(const char *fmt, va_list args)
{
struct printk_safe_seq_buf *s = this_cpu_ptr(&nmi_print_seq);

+ queue_irq_flush_work(s);
return printk_safe_log_store(s, fmt, args);
}

@@ -343,6 +383,7 @@ static __printf(1, 0) int vprintk_safe(const char *fmt, va_list args)
{
struct printk_safe_seq_buf *s = this_cpu_ptr(&safe_print_seq);

+ queue_slowpath_flush_work(s);
return printk_safe_log_store(s, fmt, args);
}

@@ -387,11 +428,13 @@ void __init printk_safe_init(void)
struct printk_safe_seq_buf *s;

s = &per_cpu(safe_print_seq, cpu);
- init_irq_work(&s->work, __printk_safe_flush);
+ init_irq_work(&s->work, flush_printk_safe_buffer);
+ INIT_WORK(&s->slowpath_flush_work, slowpath_flush_work_fn);

#ifdef CONFIG_PRINTK_NMI
s = &per_cpu(nmi_print_seq, cpu);
- init_irq_work(&s->work, __printk_safe_flush);
+ init_irq_work(&s->work, flush_nmi_buffer);
+ /* we don't use slowpath flush for NMI */
#endif
}

--
2.16.1
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