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SubjectRe: [PATCH 02/16] x86/entry/32: Enter the kernel via trampoline stack
On Wed, Jan 17, 2018 at 1:18 AM, Joerg Roedel <joro@8bytes.org> wrote:
> On Tue, Jan 16, 2018 at 02:45:27PM -0800, Andy Lutomirski wrote:
>> On Tue, Jan 16, 2018 at 8:36 AM, Joerg Roedel <joro@8bytes.org> wrote:
>> > +.macro SWITCH_TO_KERNEL_STACK nr_regs=0 check_user=0
>>
>> How about marking nr_regs with :req to force everyone to be explicit?
>
> Yeah, that's more readable, I'll change it.
>
>> > + /*
>> > + * TSS_sysenter_stack is the offset from the bottom of the
>> > + * entry-stack
>> > + */
>> > + movl TSS_sysenter_stack + ((\nr_regs + 1) * 4)(%esp), %esp
>>
>> This is incomprehensible. You're adding what appears to be the offset
>> of sysenter_stack within the TSS to something based on esp and
>> dereferencing that to get the new esp. That't not actually what
>> you're doing, but please change asm_offsets.c (as in my previous
>> email) to avoid putting serious arithmetic in it and then do the
>> arithmetic right here so that it's possible to follow what's going on.
>
> Probably this needs better comments. So TSS_sysenter_stack is the offset
> from to tss.sp0 (tss.sp1 later) from the _bottom_ of the stack. But in
> this macro the stack might not be empty, it has a configurable (by
> \nr_regs) number of dwords on it. Before this instruction we also do a
> push %edi, so we need (\nr_regs + 1).
>
> This can't be put into asm_offset.c, as the actual offset depends on how
> much is on the stack.
>
>> > ENTRY(entry_INT80_32)
>> > ASM_CLAC
>> > pushl %eax /* pt_regs->orig_ax */
>> > +
>> > + /* Stack layout: ss, esp, eflags, cs, eip, orig_eax */
>> > + SWITCH_TO_KERNEL_STACK nr_regs=6 check_user=1
>> > +
>>
>> Why check_user?
>
> You are right, check_user shouldn't ne needed as INT80 is never called
> from kernel mode.
>
>> > ENTRY(nmi)
>> > ASM_CLAC
>> > +
>> > + /* Stack layout: ss, esp, eflags, cs, eip */
>> > + SWITCH_TO_KERNEL_STACK nr_regs=5 check_user=1
>>
>> This is wrong, I think. If you get an nmi in kernel mode but while
>> still on the sysenter stack, you blow up. IIRC we have some crazy
>> code already to handle this (for nmi and #DB), and maybe that's
>> already adequate or can be made adequate, but at the very least this
>> needs a big comment explaining why it's okay.
>
> If we get an nmi while still on the sysenter stack, then we are not
> entering the handler from user-space and the above code will do
> nothing and behave as before.
>
> But you are right, it might blow up. There is a problem with the cr3
> switch, because the nmi can happen in kernel mode before the cr3 is
> switched, then this handler will not do the cr3 switch itself and crash
> the kernel. But the stack switching should be fine, I think.
>
>> > + /*
>> > + * TODO: Find a way to let cpu_current_top_of_stack point to
>> > + * cpu_tss_rw.x86_tss.sp1. Doing so now results in stack corruption with
>> > + * iret exceptions.
>> > + */
>> > + this_cpu_write(cpu_tss_rw.x86_tss.sp1, next_p->thread.sp0);
>>
>> Do you know what the issue is?
>
> No, not yet, I will look into that again. But first I want to get
> this series stable enough as it is.
>
>> As a general comment, the interaction between this patch and vm86 is a
>> bit scary. In vm86 mode, the kernel gets entered with extra stuff on
>> the stack, which may screw up all your offsets.
>
> Just read up on vm86 mode control transfers and the stack layout then.
> Looks like I need to check for eflags.vm=1 and copy four more registers
> from/to the entry stack. Thanks for pointing that out.

You could just copy those slots unconditionally. After all, you're
slowing down entries by an epic amount due to writing CR3 on with PCID
off, so four words copied should be entirely lost in the noise. OTOH,
checking for VM86 mode is just a single bt against EFLAGS.

With the modern (rewritten a year or two ago by Brian Gerst) vm86
code, all the slots (those actually in pt_regs) are in the same
location regardless of whether we're in VM86 mode or not, but we're
still fiddling with the bottom of the stack. Since you're controlling
the switch to the kernel thread stack, you can easily just write the
frame to the correct location, so you should not need to context
switch sp1 -- you can do it sanely and leave sp1 as the actual bottom
of the kernel stack no matter what. In fact, you could probably avoid
context switching sp0, either, which would be a nice cleanup.

So I recommend the following. Keep sp0 as the bottom of the sysenter
stack no matter what. Then do:

bt $X86_EFLAGS_VM_BIT
jc .Lfrom_vm_\@

push 5 regs to real stack, starting at four-word offset (so they're in
the right place)
update %esp
...
.Lupdate_esp_\@

.Lfrom_vm_\@:
push 9 regs to real stack, starting at the bottom
jmp .Lupdate_esp_\@

Does that seem reasonable? It's arguably much nicer than what we have now.

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