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SubjectRe: [PATCH 03/16] x86/entry/32: Leave the kernel via the trampoline stack
On Tue, Jan 16, 2018 at 8:36 AM, Joerg Roedel <joro@8bytes.org> wrote:
> From: Joerg Roedel <jroedel@suse.de>
>
> Switch back to the trampoline stack before returning to
> userspace.
>
> Signed-off-by: Joerg Roedel <jroedel@suse.de>
> ---
> arch/x86/entry/entry_32.S | 58 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> arch/x86/kernel/asm-offsets_32.c | 1 +
> 2 files changed, 59 insertions(+)
>
> diff --git a/arch/x86/entry/entry_32.S b/arch/x86/entry/entry_32.S
> index 5a7bdb73be9f..14018eeb11c3 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/entry/entry_32.S
> +++ b/arch/x86/entry/entry_32.S
> @@ -263,6 +263,61 @@
> .endm
>
> /*
> + * Switch back from the kernel stack to the entry stack.
> + *
> + * iret_frame > 0 adds code to copie over an iret frame from the old to
> + * the new stack. It also adds a check which bails out if
> + * we are not returning to user-space.
> + *
> + * This macro is allowed not modify eflags when iret_frame == 0.
> + */
> +.macro SWITCH_TO_ENTRY_STACK iret_frame=0
> + .if \iret_frame > 0
> + /* Are we returning to userspace? */
> + testb $3, 4(%esp) /* return CS */
> + jz .Lend_\@
> + .endif
> +
> + /*
> + * We run with user-%fs already loaded from pt_regs, so we don't
> + * have access to per_cpu data anymore, and there is no swapgs
> + * equivalent on x86_32.
> + * We work around this by loading the kernel-%fs again and
> + * reading the entry stack address from there. Then we restore
> + * the user-%fs and return.
> + */
> + pushl %fs
> + pushl %edi
> +
> + /* Re-load kernel-%fs, after that we can use PER_CPU_VAR */
> + movl $(__KERNEL_PERCPU), %edi
> + movl %edi, %fs
> +
> + /* Save old stack pointer to copy the return frame over if needed */
> + movl %esp, %edi
> + movl PER_CPU_VAR(cpu_tss_rw + TSS_sp0), %esp
> +
> + /* Now we are on the entry stack */
> +
> + .if \iret_frame > 0
> + /* Stack frame: ss, esp, eflags, cs, eip, fs, edi */
> + pushl 6*4(%edi) /* ss */
> + pushl 5*4(%edi) /* esp */
> + pushl 4*4(%edi) /* eflags */
> + pushl 3*4(%edi) /* cs */
> + pushl 2*4(%edi) /* eip */
> + .endif
> +
> + pushl 4(%edi) /* fs */
> +
> + /* Restore user %edi and user %fs */
> + movl (%edi), %edi
> + popl %fs

Yikes! We're not *supposed* to be able to observe an asynchronous
descriptor table change, but if the LDT changes out from under you,
this is going to blow up badly. It would be really nice if you could
pull this off without percpu access or without needing to do this
dance where you load user FS, then kernel FS, then user FS. If that's
not doable, then you should at least add exception handling -- look at
the other 'pop %fs' instructions in entry_32.S.

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