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SubjectRe: [PATCHv2 5/7] printk: allow kmsg to be encrypted using public key encryption
Ccing Kees, Peter, Andrew, Steven

On (01/13/18 23:34), Dan Aloni wrote:
> This commit enables the kernel to encrypt the free-form text that
> is generated by printk() before it is brought up to `dmesg` in
> userspace.
>
> The encryption is made using one of the trusted public keys which
> are kept built-in inside the kernel. These keys are presently
> also used for verifying kernel modules and userspace-supplied
> firmwares.

OK, this is the first time I'm receiving it, yet it's v2 already.
I'm Cc-ed on only this particular patch, not the entire patch set;
so it's hard to tell what else is being touched and why, so I'm
going to start with the basic questions.

are you fixing the real problem? that's because you see unhashed
kernel pointers in dmesg or is there anything else?

-ss

// keeping the code for Cc-ed people

> ---
> Documentation/ioctl/ioctl-number.txt | 1 +
> include/uapi/linux/kmsg.h | 18 ++
> init/Kconfig | 11 +
> kernel/printk/printk.c | 450 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 4 files changed, 480 insertions(+)
> create mode 100644 include/uapi/linux/kmsg.h
>
> diff --git a/Documentation/ioctl/ioctl-number.txt b/Documentation/ioctl/ioctl-number.txt
> index 3e3fdae5f3ed..eafa24cddf3f 100644
> --- a/Documentation/ioctl/ioctl-number.txt
> +++ b/Documentation/ioctl/ioctl-number.txt
> @@ -226,6 +226,7 @@ Code Seq#(hex) Include File Comments
> 'f' 00-0F fs/ocfs2/ocfs2_fs.h conflict!
> 'g' 00-0F linux/usb/gadgetfs.h
> 'g' 20-2F linux/usb/g_printer.h
> +'g' 30-3F uapi/linux/kmsg.h
> 'h' 00-7F conflict! Charon filesystem
> <mailto:zapman@interlan.net>
> 'h' 00-1F linux/hpet.h conflict!
> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/kmsg.h b/include/uapi/linux/kmsg.h
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..497040740d69
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/kmsg.h
> @@ -0,0 +1,18 @@
> +#ifndef _LINUX_UAPI_KMSG_H
> +#define _LINUX_UAPI_KMSG_H
> +
> +#include <linux/ioctl.h>
> +#include <linux/types.h>
> +
> +struct kmsg_ioctl_get_encrypted_key {
> + void __user *output_buffer;
> + __u64 buffer_size;
> + __u64 key_size;
> +};
> +
> +#define KMSG_IOCTL_BASE 'g'
> +
> +#define KMSG_IOCTL__GET_ENCRYPTED_KEY _IOWR(KMSG_IOCTL_BASE, 0x30, \
> + struct kmsg_ioctl_get_encrypted_key)
> +
> +#endif /* _LINUX_DN_H */
> diff --git a/init/Kconfig b/init/Kconfig
> index a9a2e2c86671..8e07a8f9e5c6 100644
> --- a/init/Kconfig
> +++ b/init/Kconfig
> @@ -1769,6 +1769,17 @@ config MODULE_SIG
> debuginfo strip done by some packagers (such as rpmbuild) and
> inclusion into an initramfs that wants the module size reduced.
>
> +config KMSG_ENCRYPTION
> + bool "Encrypt /dev/kmsg (viewing dmesg will require decryption!)"
> + depends on SYSTEM_TRUSTED_KEYRING
> + select BASE64_ARMOR
> + help
> + This enables strong encryption of messages generated by the kernel,
> + to defend against most kinds of information leaks.
> +
> + Note that this option adds the OpenSSL development packages as a
> + kernel build dependency so that certificates can be generated.
> +
> config MODULE_SIG_FORCE
> bool "Require modules to be validly signed"
> depends on MODULE_SIG
> diff --git a/kernel/printk/printk.c b/kernel/printk/printk.c
> index b9006617710f..898094fb87bd 100644
> --- a/kernel/printk/printk.c
> +++ b/kernel/printk/printk.c
> @@ -48,6 +48,14 @@
> #include <linux/sched/clock.h>
> #include <linux/sched/debug.h>
> #include <linux/sched/task_stack.h>
> +#include <linux/scatterlist.h>
> +#include <linux/random.h>
> +#include <linux/base64-armor.h>
> +#include <crypto/akcipher.h>
> +#include <crypto/public_key.h>
> +#include <crypto/aead.h>
> +#include <uapi/linux/kmsg.h>
> +#include <keys/system_keyring.h>
>
> #include <linux/uaccess.h>
> #include <asm/sections.h>
> @@ -100,6 +108,10 @@ enum devkmsg_log_masks {
> DEVKMSG_LOG_MASK_LOCK = BIT(__DEVKMSG_LOG_BIT_LOCK),
> };
>
> +#define CRYPT_KMSG_KEY_LEN 16
> +#define CRYPT_KMSG_AUTH_LEN 16
> +#define CRYPT_KMSG_TEXT_META_MAX 32
> +
> /* Keep both the 'on' and 'off' bits clear, i.e. ratelimit by default: */
> #define DEVKMSG_LOG_MASK_DEFAULT 0
>
> @@ -744,12 +756,33 @@ static ssize_t msg_print_ext_body(char *buf, size_t size,
> return p - buf;
> }
>
> +#ifdef CONFIG_KMSG_ENCRYPTION
> +static int __ro_after_init kmsg_encrypt = 1;
> +static int __init control_kmsg_encrypt(char *str)
> +{
> + get_option(&str, &kmsg_encrypt);
> + return 0;
> +}
> +__setup("kmsg_encrypt=", control_kmsg_encrypt);
> +
> +struct devkmsg_crypt {
> + u8 key[CRYPT_KMSG_KEY_LEN];
> + u8 *encrypted_key;
> + size_t encrypted_key_len;
> + bool encrypted_key_read;
> + struct crypto_aead *sk_tfm;
> +};
> +#else
> +struct devkmsg_crypt {};
> +#endif
> +
> /* /dev/kmsg - userspace message inject/listen interface */
> struct devkmsg_user {
> u64 seq;
> u32 idx;
> struct ratelimit_state rs;
> struct mutex lock;
> + struct devkmsg_crypt crypt;
> char buf[CONSOLE_EXT_LOG_MAX];
> };
>
> @@ -816,6 +849,358 @@ static ssize_t devkmsg_write(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *from)
> return ret;
> }
>
> +#ifdef CONFIG_KMSG_ENCRYPTION
> +
> +static int devkmsg_encrypt_key(struct devkmsg_crypt *crypt,
> + struct crypto_akcipher *ak_tfm)
> +{
> + const struct public_key *pkey;
> + struct akcipher_request *req;
> + unsigned int out_len_max;
> + struct scatterlist src, dst;
> + void *outbuf_enc = NULL;
> + struct crypto_wait wait;
> + struct key *key;
> + int err;
> +
> + if (!kmsg_encrypt)
> + return 0;
> +
> + key = find_trusted_asymmetric_key(NULL, NULL);
> + if (IS_ERR(key))
> + return PTR_ERR(key);
> +
> + pkey = key->payload.data[asym_crypto];
> + BUG_ON(!pkey);
> +
> + err = -ENOMEM;
> + req = akcipher_request_alloc(ak_tfm, GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!req)
> + goto exit2;
> +
> + err = crypto_akcipher_set_pub_key(ak_tfm,
> + pkey->key, pkey->keylen);
> + if (err)
> + goto exit;
> +
> + err = -ENOMEM;
> + out_len_max = crypto_akcipher_maxsize(ak_tfm);
> + outbuf_enc = kzalloc(out_len_max, GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!outbuf_enc)
> + goto exit;
> +
> + crypto_init_wait(&wait);
> + sg_init_one(&src, crypt->key, sizeof(crypt->key));
> + sg_init_one(&dst, outbuf_enc, out_len_max);
> + akcipher_request_set_crypt(req, &src, &dst, sizeof(crypt->key),
> + out_len_max);
> + akcipher_request_set_callback(req, CRYPTO_TFM_REQ_MAY_BACKLOG,
> + crypto_req_done, &wait);
> +
> + err = crypto_wait_req(crypto_akcipher_encrypt(req), &wait);
> + if (err) {
> + kfree(outbuf_enc);
> + goto exit;
> + }
> +
> + crypt->encrypted_key_len = req->dst_len;
> + crypt->encrypted_key = outbuf_enc;
> +
> +exit:
> + akcipher_request_free(req);
> +exit2:
> + key_put(key);
> + return err;
> +}
> +
> +static int devkmsg_crypt_init(struct devkmsg_crypt *crypt)
> +{
> + struct crypto_akcipher *ak_tfm;
> + struct crypto_aead *sk_tfm;
> + int err;
> +
> + if (!kmsg_encrypt)
> + return 0;
> +
> + crypt->encrypted_key = NULL;
> + crypt->encrypted_key_len = 0;
> + crypt->encrypted_key_read = false;
> +
> + sk_tfm = crypto_alloc_aead("gcm(aes)", 0, 0);
> + if (IS_ERR(sk_tfm))
> + return PTR_ERR(sk_tfm);
> +
> + get_random_bytes(crypt->key, sizeof(crypt->key));
> +
> + err = crypto_aead_setkey(sk_tfm, crypt->key, sizeof(crypt->key));
> + if (err < 0)
> + goto fail;
> +
> + err = crypto_aead_setauthsize(sk_tfm, CRYPT_KMSG_AUTH_LEN);
> + if (err < 0)
> + goto fail;
> +
> + ak_tfm = crypto_alloc_akcipher("pkcs1pad(rsa,sha256)", 0, 0);
> + if (IS_ERR(ak_tfm)) {
> + err = PTR_ERR(ak_tfm);
> + goto fail;
> + }
> +
> + err = devkmsg_encrypt_key(crypt, ak_tfm);
> + crypto_free_akcipher(ak_tfm);
> +
> + if (err < 0)
> + goto fail;
> +
> + crypt->sk_tfm = sk_tfm;
> + return 0;
> +
> +fail:
> + crypto_free_aead(sk_tfm);
> + return err;
> +}
> +
> +static void devkmsg_crypt_free(struct devkmsg_crypt *crypt)
> +{
> + if (!kmsg_encrypt)
> + return;
> +
> + crypto_free_aead(crypt->sk_tfm);
> + kfree(crypt->encrypted_key);
> +}
> +
> +static int devkmsg_encrypt_inplace(struct devkmsg_user *user,
> + size_t hdr_len, size_t len,
> + size_t *out_len)
> +{
> + DECLARE_CRYPTO_WAIT(wait);
> + const char *newline_pos;
> + const char *prefix = "M:";
> + char suffix[CRYPT_KMSG_TEXT_META_MAX], *ciphertext_start;
> + int all_cryptmsg_encoded_len;
> + int ciphertext_len;
> + int ciphertext_with_auth;
> + int ciphertext_with_auth_iv;
> + int armored_ciphertext_with_auth_iv;
> + int dict_len;
> + int prefix_len = strlen(prefix);
> + int suffix_size;
> + int i;
> + size_t len_no_newline;
> + ssize_t ret;
> + struct aead_request *aead_req;
> + struct scatterlist sgio_in;
> + struct scatterlist sgio_out;
> + u8 *iv;
> + unsigned int iv_len;
> +
> + if (!kmsg_encrypt)
> + return 0;
> +
> + newline_pos = strnchr(user->buf, len, '\n');
> + if (!newline_pos)
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + /* We do not encrypt the dict, but only the free-form text. */
> + len_no_newline = newline_pos - user->buf;
> +
> + /* If dict_len == 1 it's an empty dict, only a '\n' */
> + dict_len = len - len_no_newline;
> +
> + aead_req = aead_request_alloc(user->crypt.sk_tfm, GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!aead_req)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> +
> + iv_len = crypto_aead_ivsize(user->crypt.sk_tfm);
> +
> + ciphertext_len = len_no_newline - hdr_len;
> + ciphertext_with_auth = ciphertext_len + CRYPT_KMSG_AUTH_LEN;
> + ciphertext_with_auth_iv = ciphertext_with_auth + iv_len;
> +
> + armored_ciphertext_with_auth_iv =
> + base64_encode_buffer_bound(ciphertext_with_auth_iv);
> +
> + all_cryptmsg_encoded_len = hdr_len + prefix_len +
> + armored_ciphertext_with_auth_iv;
> +
> + suffix_size =
> + scnprintf(suffix, sizeof(suffix), ",%u,%u",
> + CRYPT_KMSG_AUTH_LEN, iv_len);
> +
> + /*
> + * Check that we are not overflowing with the rearrangement
> + * of the encrypted message.
> + */
> + ret = -EINVAL;
> + if (all_cryptmsg_encoded_len + suffix_size + dict_len +
> + CRYPT_KMSG_TEXT_META_MAX + ciphertext_with_auth
> + > sizeof(user->buf))
> + goto out;
> +
> + /* Move away the dict farther down so we don't overwrite it */
> + if (dict_len > 0)
> + memmove(&user->buf[all_cryptmsg_encoded_len + suffix_size],
> + &user->buf[len_no_newline],
> + dict_len);
> +
> + /*
> + * We are using the end of user->buf as a staging area for the
> + * ciphertext + auth + iv, before we do base64-encoding of it,
> + * writing the encoded output to its original place, right
> + * after the prefix.
> + */
> +
> + /* Initialize IV */
> + iv = &user->buf[sizeof(user->buf) - iv_len];
> +
> + get_random_bytes(iv, iv_len);
> +
> + /* Do the encryption */
> + sg_init_one(&sgio_in, user->buf + hdr_len, ciphertext_with_auth);
> + sg_init_one(&sgio_out, iv - ciphertext_with_auth, ciphertext_with_auth);
> + aead_request_set_crypt(aead_req, &sgio_in, &sgio_out,
> + ciphertext_len, iv);
> + aead_request_set_ad(aead_req, 0);
> + aead_request_set_callback(aead_req, CRYPTO_TFM_REQ_MAY_BACKLOG,
> + crypto_req_done, &wait);
> +
> + ret = crypto_wait_req(crypto_aead_encrypt(aead_req), &wait);
> +
> + if (ret)
> + goto out;
> +
> + /* Base64-encode the ciphertext + auth code + IV */
> +
> + BUG_ON(hdr_len <= 1);
> +
> + ciphertext_start = &user->buf[hdr_len + prefix_len];
> + ret = base64_armor(ciphertext_start,
> + armored_ciphertext_with_auth_iv,
> + iv - ciphertext_with_auth,
> + &user->buf[sizeof(user->buf)]);
> +
> + BUG_ON(ret < 0); /* Should indicate a real bug buffer bounds */
> +
> + /* Convert newlines to '~' */
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < ret; i++)
> + if (ciphertext_start[i] == '\n')
> + ciphertext_start[i] = '~';
> +
> + /* Add prefixes and suffixes */
> +
> + memcpy(&user->buf[hdr_len], prefix, prefix_len);
> + memcpy(&user->buf[all_cryptmsg_encoded_len], suffix, suffix_size);
> +
> + len = all_cryptmsg_encoded_len + suffix_size + dict_len;
> + BUG_ON(len > sizeof(user->buf));
> +
> + *out_len = len;
> + ret = 0;
> +
> +out:
> + aead_request_free(aead_req);
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static ssize_t devkmsg_encrypt_onetime_piggyback_key(struct devkmsg_user *user,
> + char __user *buf,
> + size_t count)
> +{
> + /*
> + * Send down the encryted session key as the first message. We identify
> + * it using the 'K:' prefix.
> + */
> + const char *prefix = "7,0,0,-;K:";
> + size_t prefix_len;
> + size_t base64_len, i;
> + size_t len = 0;
> + char newline = '\n';
> +
> + if (user->crypt.encrypted_key_len == 0 ||
> + user->crypt.encrypted_key_read)
> + return 0;
> +
> + prefix_len = strlen(prefix);
> +
> + if (prefix_len > count)
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + if (copy_to_user(buf, prefix, prefix_len))
> + return -EFAULT;
> +
> + /* Hex-encode and copy to userspace */
> +
> + len += prefix_len;
> +
> + /* Base64-encode the ciphertext + auth code + IV */
> +
> + base64_len = base64_armor(user->buf, sizeof(user->buf),
> + user->crypt.encrypted_key,
> + &user->crypt.encrypted_key[user->crypt.encrypted_key_len]);
> +
> + BUG_ON(base64_len < 0); /* Should indicate a real bug buffer bounds */
> +
> + /* Convert newlines to '~' */
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < base64_len; i++)
> + if (user->buf[i] == '\n')
> + user->buf[i] = '~';
> +
> + if (len + base64_len > count)
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + if (copy_to_user(buf + len, user->buf, base64_len))
> + return -EFAULT;
> +
> + len += base64_len;
> +
> + if (len + 1 > count)
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + if (copy_to_user(buf + len, &newline, 1))
> + return -EFAULT;
> +
> + len += 1;
> +
> + user->crypt.encrypted_key_read = true;
> + return len;
> +}
> +
> +static bool devkmsg_crypt_allow_syslog(void)
> +{
> + return kmsg_encrypt != 0;
> +}
> +
> +#else
> +
> +static void devkmsg_crypt_free(struct devkmsg_crypt *crypt) {}
> +static int devkmsg_crypt_init(struct devkmsg_crypt *crypt)
> +{
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int devkmsg_encrypt_inplace(struct devkmsg_user *user,
> + size_t hdr_len, size_t len,
> + size_t *out_len)
> +{
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static ssize_t devkmsg_encrypt_onetime_piggyback_key(struct devkmsg_user *user,
> + char __user *buf,
> + size_t count)
> +{
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static bool devkmsg_crypt_allow_syslog(void)
> +{
> + return true;
> +}
> +
> +#endif
> +
> static ssize_t devkmsg_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf,
> size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
> {
> @@ -823,6 +1208,7 @@ static ssize_t devkmsg_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf,
> struct printk_log *msg;
> size_t len;
> ssize_t ret;
> + int hdr_len;
>
> if (!user)
> return -EBADF;
> @@ -831,6 +1217,10 @@ static ssize_t devkmsg_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf,
> if (ret)
> return ret;
>
> + ret = devkmsg_encrypt_onetime_piggyback_key(user, buf, count);
> + if (ret != 0)
> + goto out;
> +
> logbuf_lock_irq();
> while (user->seq == log_next_seq) {
> if (file->f_flags & O_NONBLOCK) {
> @@ -859,6 +1249,7 @@ static ssize_t devkmsg_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf,
> msg = log_from_idx(user->idx);
> len = msg_print_ext_header(user->buf, sizeof(user->buf),
> msg, user->seq);
> + hdr_len = len;
> len += msg_print_ext_body(user->buf + len, sizeof(user->buf) - len,
> log_dict(msg), msg->dict_len,
> log_text(msg), msg->text_len);
> @@ -867,6 +1258,10 @@ static ssize_t devkmsg_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf,
> user->seq++;
> logbuf_unlock_irq();
>
> + ret = devkmsg_encrypt_inplace(user, hdr_len, len, &len);
> + if (ret)
> + goto out;
> +
> if (len > count) {
> ret = -EINVAL;
> goto out;
> @@ -876,6 +1271,7 @@ static ssize_t devkmsg_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf,
> ret = -EFAULT;
> goto out;
> }
> +
> ret = len;
> out:
> mutex_unlock(&user->lock);
> @@ -943,6 +1339,43 @@ static unsigned int devkmsg_poll(struct file *file, poll_table *wait)
> return ret;
> }
>
> +static long devkmsg_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int ioctl,
> + unsigned long arg)
> +{
> + switch (ioctl) {
> +#ifdef CONFIG_KMSG_ENCRYPTION
> + case KMSG_IOCTL__GET_ENCRYPTED_KEY: {
> + struct devkmsg_user *user = file->private_data;
> + struct kmsg_ioctl_get_encrypted_key params;
> + int err;
> +
> + if (copy_from_user(&params, (void __user *)arg, sizeof(params)))
> + return -EFAULT;
> +
> + if (!user->crypt.encrypted_key) {
> + err = -ENOENT;
> + } else {
> + params.key_size = user->crypt.encrypted_key_len;
> +
> + if (user->crypt.encrypted_key_len > params.buffer_size)
> + err = -E2BIG;
> + else
> + err = copy_to_user(params.output_buffer,
> + user->crypt.encrypted_key,
> + user->crypt.encrypted_key_len);
> + }
> +
> + if (copy_to_user((void __user *)arg, &params, sizeof(params)))
> + return -EFAULT;
> +
> + return err;
> + }
> +#endif
> + default:
> + return -EINVAL;
> + }
> +}
> +
> static int devkmsg_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
> {
> struct devkmsg_user *user;
> @@ -963,6 +1396,12 @@ static int devkmsg_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
> if (!user)
> return -ENOMEM;
>
> + err = devkmsg_crypt_init(&user->crypt);
> + if (err < 0) {
> + kfree(user);
> + return err;
> + }
> +
> ratelimit_default_init(&user->rs);
> ratelimit_set_flags(&user->rs, RATELIMIT_MSG_ON_RELEASE);
>
> @@ -987,6 +1426,7 @@ static int devkmsg_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
> ratelimit_state_exit(&user->rs);
>
> mutex_destroy(&user->lock);
> + devkmsg_crypt_free(&user->crypt);
> kfree(user);
> return 0;
> }
> @@ -997,6 +1437,7 @@ const struct file_operations kmsg_fops = {
> .write_iter = devkmsg_write,
> .llseek = devkmsg_llseek,
> .poll = devkmsg_poll,
> + .unlocked_ioctl = devkmsg_ioctl,
> .release = devkmsg_release,
> };
>
> @@ -1442,6 +1883,8 @@ int do_syslog(int type, char __user *buf, int len, int source)
> case SYSLOG_ACTION_OPEN: /* Open log */
> break;
> case SYSLOG_ACTION_READ: /* Read from log */
> + if (!devkmsg_crypt_allow_syslog())
> + return -EPERM;
> if (!buf || len < 0)
> return -EINVAL;
> if (!len)
> @@ -1460,6 +1903,8 @@ int do_syslog(int type, char __user *buf, int len, int source)
> /* FALL THRU */
> /* Read last kernel messages */
> case SYSLOG_ACTION_READ_ALL:
> + if (!devkmsg_crypt_allow_syslog())
> + return -EPERM;
> if (!buf || len < 0)
> return -EINVAL;
> if (!len)
> @@ -1470,6 +1915,8 @@ int do_syslog(int type, char __user *buf, int len, int source)
> break;
> /* Clear ring buffer */
> case SYSLOG_ACTION_CLEAR:
> + if (!devkmsg_crypt_allow_syslog())
> + return -EPERM;
> syslog_print_all(NULL, 0, true);
> break;
> /* Disable logging to console */
> @@ -1497,6 +1944,9 @@ int do_syslog(int type, char __user *buf, int len, int source)
> break;
> /* Number of chars in the log buffer */
> case SYSLOG_ACTION_SIZE_UNREAD:
> + if (!devkmsg_crypt_allow_syslog())
> + return -EPERM;
> +
> logbuf_lock_irq();
> if (syslog_seq < log_first_seq) {
> /* messages are gone, move to first one */
> --
> 2.14.3
>

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