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Subject[tip:perf/core] perf header: Add infrastructure to record first and last sample time
Commit-ID:  6011518db3bd04c80cd3ce3e6aea1c399739adb4
Gitweb: https://git.kernel.org/tip/6011518db3bd04c80cd3ce3e6aea1c399739adb4
Author: Jin Yao <yao.jin@linux.intel.com>
AuthorDate: Fri, 8 Dec 2017 21:13:41 +0800
Committer: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>
CommitDate: Mon, 8 Jan 2018 11:20:51 -0300

perf header: Add infrastructure to record first and last sample time

perf report/script/... have a --time option to limit the time range of
output. That's very useful to slice large traces, e.g. when processing
the output of perf script for some analysis.

But right now --time only supports absolute time. Also there is no fast
way to get the start/end times of a given trace except for looking at
it. This makes it hard to e.g. only decode the first half of the trace,
which is useful for parallelization of scripts

Another problem is that perf records are variable size and there is no
synchronization mechanism. So the only way to find the last sample
reliably would be to walk all samples. But we want to avoid that in perf
report/... because it is already quite expensive. That is why storing
the first sample time and last sample time in perf record is better.

This patch creates a new header feature type HEADER_SAMPLE_TIME and
related ops. Save the first sample time and the last sample time to the
feature section in perf file header. That will be done when, for
instance, processing build-ids, where we already have to process all
samples to create the build-id table, take advantage of that to further
amortize that processing by storing HEADER_SAMPLE_TIME to make 'perf
report/script' faster when using --time.

Committer testing:

After this patch is applied the header is written with zeroes, we need
the next patch, for "perf record" to actually write the timestamps:

# perf report -D | grep PERF_RECORD_SAMPLE\(
22501155244406 0x44f0 [0x28]: PERF_RECORD_SAMPLE(IP, 0x4001): 25016/25016: 0xffffffffa21be8c5 period: 1 addr: 0
<SNIP>
22501155793625 0x4a30 [0x28]: PERF_RECORD_SAMPLE(IP, 0x4001): 25016/25016: 0xffffffffa21ffd50 period: 2828043 addr: 0
# perf report --header | grep "time of "
# time of first sample : 0.000000
# time of last sample : 0.000000
#

Changelog:

v7: 1. Rebase to latest perf/core branch.

2. Add following clarification in patch description according to
Arnaldo's suggestion.

"That will be done when, for instance, processing build-ids,
where we already have to process all samples to create the
build-id table, take advantage of that to further amortize
that processing by storing HEADER_SAMPLE_TIME to make
'perf report/script' faster when using --time."

v4: Use perf script time style for timestamp printing. Also add with
the printing of sample duration.

v3: Remove the definitions of first_sample_time/last_sample_time from
perf_session. Just define them in perf_evlist

Signed-off-by: Jin Yao <yao.jin@linux.intel.com>
Acked-by: Jiri Olsa <jolsa@kernel.org>
Tested-by: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>
Cc: Alexander Shishkin <alexander.shishkin@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Kan Liang <kan.liang@intel.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1512738826-2628-2-git-send-email-yao.jin@linux.intel.com
Signed-off-by: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>
---
tools/perf/Documentation/perf.data-file-format.txt | 4 ++
tools/perf/util/evlist.h | 2 +
tools/perf/util/header.c | 60 ++++++++++++++++++++++
tools/perf/util/header.h | 1 +
4 files changed, 67 insertions(+)

diff --git a/tools/perf/Documentation/perf.data-file-format.txt b/tools/perf/Documentation/perf.data-file-format.txt
index 15e8b48..f7d85e8 100644
--- a/tools/perf/Documentation/perf.data-file-format.txt
+++ b/tools/perf/Documentation/perf.data-file-format.txt
@@ -261,6 +261,10 @@ struct {
struct perf_header_string map;
}[number_of_cache_levels];

+ HEADER_SAMPLE_TIME = 21,
+
+Two uint64_t for the time of first sample and the time of last sample.
+
other bits are reserved and should ignored for now
HEADER_FEAT_BITS = 256,

diff --git a/tools/perf/util/evlist.h b/tools/perf/util/evlist.h
index 7516066..e7fbca6 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/evlist.h
+++ b/tools/perf/util/evlist.h
@@ -50,6 +50,8 @@ struct perf_evlist {
struct perf_evsel *selected;
struct events_stats stats;
struct perf_env *env;
+ u64 first_sample_time;
+ u64 last_sample_time;
};

struct perf_evsel_str_handler {
diff --git a/tools/perf/util/header.c b/tools/perf/util/header.c
index ca73aa7..a326e0d 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/header.c
+++ b/tools/perf/util/header.c
@@ -16,6 +16,7 @@
#include <linux/stringify.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/utsname.h>
+#include <linux/time64.h>

#include "evlist.h"
#include "evsel.h"
@@ -35,6 +36,7 @@
#include <api/fs/fs.h>
#include "asm/bug.h"
#include "tool.h"
+#include "time-utils.h"

#include "sane_ctype.h"

@@ -1180,6 +1182,20 @@ static int write_stat(struct feat_fd *ff __maybe_unused,
return 0;
}

+static int write_sample_time(struct feat_fd *ff,
+ struct perf_evlist *evlist)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = do_write(ff, &evlist->first_sample_time,
+ sizeof(evlist->first_sample_time));
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+
+ return do_write(ff, &evlist->last_sample_time,
+ sizeof(evlist->last_sample_time));
+}
+
static void print_hostname(struct feat_fd *ff, FILE *fp)
{
fprintf(fp, "# hostname : %s\n", ff->ph->env.hostname);
@@ -1505,6 +1521,28 @@ static void print_group_desc(struct feat_fd *ff, FILE *fp)
}
}

+static void print_sample_time(struct feat_fd *ff, FILE *fp)
+{
+ struct perf_session *session;
+ char time_buf[32];
+ double d;
+
+ session = container_of(ff->ph, struct perf_session, header);
+
+ timestamp__scnprintf_usec(session->evlist->first_sample_time,
+ time_buf, sizeof(time_buf));
+ fprintf(fp, "# time of first sample : %s\n", time_buf);
+
+ timestamp__scnprintf_usec(session->evlist->last_sample_time,
+ time_buf, sizeof(time_buf));
+ fprintf(fp, "# time of last sample : %s\n", time_buf);
+
+ d = (double)(session->evlist->last_sample_time -
+ session->evlist->first_sample_time) / NSEC_PER_MSEC;
+
+ fprintf(fp, "# sample duration : %10.3f ms\n", d);
+}
+
static int __event_process_build_id(struct build_id_event *bev,
char *filename,
struct perf_session *session)
@@ -2146,6 +2184,27 @@ out_free_caches:
return -1;
}

+static int process_sample_time(struct feat_fd *ff, void *data __maybe_unused)
+{
+ struct perf_session *session;
+ u64 first_sample_time, last_sample_time;
+ int ret;
+
+ session = container_of(ff->ph, struct perf_session, header);
+
+ ret = do_read_u64(ff, &first_sample_time);
+ if (ret)
+ return -1;
+
+ ret = do_read_u64(ff, &last_sample_time);
+ if (ret)
+ return -1;
+
+ session->evlist->first_sample_time = first_sample_time;
+ session->evlist->last_sample_time = last_sample_time;
+ return 0;
+}
+
struct feature_ops {
int (*write)(struct feat_fd *ff, struct perf_evlist *evlist);
void (*print)(struct feat_fd *ff, FILE *fp);
@@ -2203,6 +2262,7 @@ static const struct feature_ops feat_ops[HEADER_LAST_FEATURE] = {
FEAT_OPN(AUXTRACE, auxtrace, false),
FEAT_OPN(STAT, stat, false),
FEAT_OPN(CACHE, cache, true),
+ FEAT_OPR(SAMPLE_TIME, sample_time, false),
};

struct header_print_data {
diff --git a/tools/perf/util/header.h b/tools/perf/util/header.h
index 317fb90..f28aaaa 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/header.h
+++ b/tools/perf/util/header.h
@@ -35,6 +35,7 @@ enum {
HEADER_AUXTRACE,
HEADER_STAT,
HEADER_CACHE,
+ HEADER_SAMPLE_TIME,
HEADER_LAST_FEATURE,
HEADER_FEAT_BITS = 256,
};
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