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SubjectRe: [v8 0/4] cgroup-aware OOM killer
On Wed, Sep 27, 2017 at 12:43 AM, Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org> wrote:
> On Tue 26-09-17 20:37:37, Tim Hockin wrote:
> [...]
>> I feel like David has offered examples here, and many of us at Google
>> have offered examples as long ago as 2013 (if I recall) of cases where
>> the proposed heuristic is EXACTLY WRONG.
>
> I do not think we have discussed anything resembling the current
> approach. And I would really appreciate some more examples where
> decisions based on leaf nodes would be EXACTLY WRONG.
>
>> We need OOM behavior to kill in a deterministic order configured by
>> policy.
>
> And nobody is objecting to this usecase. I think we can build a priority
> policy on top of leaf-based decision as well. The main point we are
> trying to sort out here is a reasonable semantic that would work for
> most workloads. Sibling based selection will simply not work on those
> that have to use deeper hierarchies for organizational purposes. I
> haven't heard a counter argument for that example yet.

We have a priority-based, multi-user cluster. That cluster runs a
variety of work, including critical things like search and gmail, as
well as non-critical things like batch work. We try to offer our
users an SLA around how often they will be killed by factors outside
themselves, but we also want to get higher utilization. We know for a
fact (data, lots of data) that most jobs have spare memory capacity,
set aside for spikes or simply because accurate sizing is hard. We
can sell "guaranteed" resources to critical jobs, with a high SLA. We
can sell "best effort" resources to non-critical jobs with a low SLA.
We achieve much better overall utilization this way.

I need to represent the priority of these tasks in a way that gives me
a very strong promise that, in case of system OOM, the non-critical
jobs will be chosen before the critical jobs. Regardless of size.
Regardless of how many non-critical jobs have to die. I'd rather kill
*all* of the non-critical jobs than a single critical job. Size of
the process or cgroup is simply not a factor, and honestly given 2
options of equal priority I'd say age matters more than size.

So concretely I have 2 first-level cgroups, one for "guaranteed" and
one for "best effort" classes. I always want to kill from "best
effort", even if that means killing 100 small cgroups, before touching
"guaranteed".

I apologize if this is not as thorough as the rest of the thread - I
am somewhat out of touch with the guts of it all these days. I just
feel compelled to indicate that, as a historical user (via Google
systems) and current user (via Kubernetes), some of the assertions
being made here do not ring true for our very real use cases. I
desperately want cgroup-aware OOM handing, but it has to be
policy-based or it is just not useful to us.

Thanks.

Tim

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