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SubjectRe: [RFC] Restrict writes into untrusted FIFOs and regular files
2017-09-18 23:00 GMT+02:00 Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>:
> On Fri, Sep 15, 2017 at 1:43 AM, Salvatore Mesoraca
> <s.mesoraca16@gmail.com> wrote:
>> Disallows writing into FIFOs or regular files not owned by the user
>> in world writable sticky directories, unless the owner is the same as
>> that of the directory or the file is opened without the O_CREAT flag.
>
> Thanks for working on this!
Thank you for taking the time to review it!

>> The purpose is to make data spoofing attacks harder.
>
> Do you have any examples of attacks (CVEs, blog posts, etc) that you
> could link to in this commit?
I'll try to find some examples of CVEs partially fixed by the symlinks/hardlinks
restriction that could be still exploited via FIFOs or regular files.

>> This protection can be turned on and off separately for FIFOs and regular
>> files via sysctl, just like the symlinks/hardlinks protection.
>> This patch is based on Openwall's "HARDEN_FIFO" feature by Solar
>> Designer <solar at openwall.com>.
>
> The email address obfuscation can be dropped here, it's already listed
> in the "Suggested-by". :)
Oops :)

>> Suggested-by: Solar Designer <solar@openwall.com>
>> Suggested-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
>> Signed-off-by: Salvatore Mesoraca <s.mesoraca16@gmail.com>
>> ---
>> Documentation/sysctl/fs.txt | 34 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>> fs/namei.c | 23 +++++++++++++++++++++++
>> include/linux/fs.h | 2 ++
>> kernel/sysctl.c | 18 ++++++++++++++++++
>> 4 files changed, 77 insertions(+)
>>
>> diff --git a/Documentation/sysctl/fs.txt b/Documentation/sysctl/fs.txt
>> index 35e17f7..18e16b7 100644
>> --- a/Documentation/sysctl/fs.txt
>> +++ b/Documentation/sysctl/fs.txt
>> @@ -36,6 +36,8 @@ Currently, these files are in /proc/sys/fs:
>> - pipe-user-pages-soft
>> - protected_hardlinks
>> - protected_symlinks
>> +- protected_fifos
>> +- protected_regular_files
>
> bike shed: I think "_files" is redundant, since we're already in proc/sys/fs/
>
> Also, here and later, keep this list alphabetized (fifos, hardlinks,
> regular_files, symlinks).
OK, I'll fix this.

>> - suid_dumpable
>> - super-max
>> - super-nr
>> @@ -222,6 +224,38 @@ This protection is based on the restrictions in Openwall and grsecurity.
>>
>> ==============================================================
>>
>> +protected_fifos:
>> +
>> +The intent of this protection is to avoid unintentional writes to
>> +an attacker-controlled FIFO, where program expected to create a regular
>> +file.
>
> Typo: "a program" or "programs", instead of "program".
Oops 2 :)

>> +
>> +When set to "0", FIFOs writing is unrestricted.
>> +
>> +When set to "1" don't allow O_CREAT open on FIFOs that we don't own
>> +in world writable sticky directories, unless they are owned by the
>> +owner of the directory.
>> +
>> +This protection is based on the restrictions in Openwall.
>> +
>> +==============================================================
>> +
>> +protected_regular_files:
>> +
>> +This protection is similar to protected_fifos, but it
>> +avoids writes to an attacker-controlled regular file, where program
>> +expected to create one.
>> +
>> +When set to "0", regular files writing is unrestricted.
>> +
>> +When set to "1" don't allow O_CREAT open on regular files that we
>> +don't own in world writable sticky directories, unless they are
>> +owned by the owner of the directory.
>> +
>> +This protection is based on the restrictions in Openwall.
>> +
>> +==============================================================
>> +
>> suid_dumpable:
>>
>> This value can be used to query and set the core dump mode for setuid
>> diff --git a/fs/namei.c b/fs/namei.c
>> index c75ea03..5459dbc 100644
>> --- a/fs/namei.c
>> +++ b/fs/namei.c
>> @@ -3225,6 +3225,9 @@ static int lookup_open(struct nameidata *nd, struct path *path,
>> return error;
>> }
>>
>> +int sysctl_protected_fifos __read_mostly;
>> +int sysctl_protected_regular_files __read_mostly;
>> +
>> /*
>> * Handle the last step of open()
>> */
>> @@ -3354,6 +3357,26 @@ static int do_last(struct nameidata *nd,
>>
>> seq = 0; /* out of RCU mode, so the value doesn't matter */
>> inode = d_backing_inode(path.dentry);
>> + /*
>> + * When this protection is turned on via sysctl:
>> + * don't allow "O_CREAT" open on FIFOs or regular files that we
>> + * don't own in world writable sticky directories, unless they
>> + * are owned by the owner of the directory.
>> + */
>> + if (((sysctl_protected_fifos && S_ISFIFO(inode->i_mode)) ||
>> + (sysctl_protected_regular_files && S_ISREG(inode->i_mode))) &&
>> + (dir->d_inode->i_mode & (S_ISVTX|S_IWOTH) == (S_ISVTX|S_IWOTH)) &&
>> + !uid_eq(inode->i_uid, dir->d_inode->i_uid) &&
>> + !uid_eq(current_fsuid(), inode->i_uid)) {
>> + pr_notice_ratelimited("denied writing in file of %d.%d in a sticky directory by UID %d, EUID %d, process %s:%d.",
>> + from_kuid(&init_user_ns, inode->i_uid),
>> + from_kgid(&init_user_ns, inode->i_gid),
>> + from_kuid(&init_user_ns, current_uid()),
>> + from_kuid(&init_user_ns, current_euid()),
>> + current->comm, current->pid);
>> + path_to_nameidata(&path, nd);
>> + return -EACCES;
>> + }
>
> I think instead of putting this inline in do_last(), you can make a
> helper function (e.g. may_creat()), as done for the hardlink and
> symlink restrictions. Also, I think you'll need to do this check later
> and merge with with the existing O_CREAT flag sanity check:
>
> if (open_flag & O_CREAT) {
> error = -EISDIR;
> if (d_is_dir(nd->path.dentry))
> goto out;
> error = may_creat(dir, inode);
> if (unlikely(error))
> goto out;
> }
>
OK, I'll do this in the next revision.

>> finish_lookup:
>> error = step_into(nd, &path, 0, inode, seq);
>> if (unlikely(error))
>> diff --git a/include/linux/fs.h b/include/linux/fs.h
>> index 339e737..591ae87 100644
>> --- a/include/linux/fs.h
>> +++ b/include/linux/fs.h
>> @@ -71,6 +71,8 @@
>> extern int leases_enable, lease_break_time;
>> extern int sysctl_protected_symlinks;
>> extern int sysctl_protected_hardlinks;
>> +extern int sysctl_protected_fifos;
>> +extern int sysctl_protected_regular_files;
>>
>> typedef __kernel_rwf_t rwf_t;
>>
>> diff --git a/kernel/sysctl.c b/kernel/sysctl.c
>> index 6648fbb..b18d500 100644
>> --- a/kernel/sysctl.c
>> +++ b/kernel/sysctl.c
>> @@ -1807,6 +1807,24 @@ static int sysrq_sysctl_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write,
>> .extra2 = &one,
>> },
>> {
>> + .procname = "protected_fifos",
>> + .data = &sysctl_protected_fifos,
>> + .maxlen = sizeof(int),
>> + .mode = 0600,
>> + .proc_handler = proc_dointvec_minmax,
>> + .extra1 = &zero,
>> + .extra2 = &one,
>> + },
>> + {
>> + .procname = "protected_regular_files",
>> + .data = &sysctl_protected_regular_files,
>> + .maxlen = sizeof(int),
>> + .mode = 0600,
>> + .proc_handler = proc_dointvec_minmax,
>> + .extra1 = &zero,
>> + .extra2 = &one,
>> + },
>> + {
>> .procname = "suid_dumpable",
>> .data = &suid_dumpable,
>> .maxlen = sizeof(int),
>> --
>> 1.9.1
>>
>
> Otherwise, yeah, looks good! :)
Great, thank you!

Salvatore

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