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SubjectRE: [PATCH v3] iio: dac: ds4422/ds4424 dac driver
Date
You can find my reply to one of your comments below. 

> -----Original Message-----
> From: Peter Meerwald-Stadler [mailto:pmeerw@pmeerw.net]
> Sent: Monday, September 18, 2017 9:49 PM
> To: Ismail Kose <Ismail.Kose@maximintegrated.com>
> Cc: ihkose@gmail.com; Jonathan Cameron <jic23@kernel.org>; Hartmut
> Knaack <knaack.h@gmx.de>; Lars-Peter Clausen <lars@metafoo.de>; Rob
> Herring <robh+dt@kernel.org>; Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com>;
> Maxime Roussin-Belanger <maxime.roussinbelanger@gmail.com>; Mike
> Looijmans <mike.looijmans@topic.nl>; Peter Rosin <peda@axentia.se>;
> Fabrice Gasnier <fabrice.gasnier@st.com>; Jean-Francois Dagenais
> <jeff.dagenais@gmail.com>; linux-iio@vger.kernel.org;
> devicetree@vger.kernel.org; linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
> Subject: Re: [PATCH v3] iio: dac: ds4422/ds4424 dac driver
>
> EXTERNAL EMAIL
>
>
>
> > This patch provides an iio device driver for DS4422/DS4424 chips that
> > support two/four channel 7-bit Sink/Source Current DAC.
>
> some more minor comments below
>
> > Signed-off-by: Ismail Kose <Ismail.Kose@maximintegrated.com>
> > ---
> > v3:
> > * Removed iio-map and platform file support
> > * Removed ds4424.h file
> > * Fixed ADC value read bug
> > * Removed confused comments
> > * Added device tree binding file
> > * Fixed bugs in probe and read function
> >
> > v2:
> (https://na01.safelinks.protection.outlook.com/?url=https%3A%2F%2Flkml.
> org%2Flkml%2F2017%2F9%2F14%2F546&data=01%7C01%7CIsmail.Kose%40
> maximintegrated.com%7C1bb4c28e4d3642f3ccc508d4ff19aecb%7Cfbd909dfe
> a694788a554f24b7854ad03%7C0&sdata=ICps6DntgtUajBSjXi%2BH4oM1iFq3ia
> Wdq9aubdpU2wI%3D&reserved=0)
> > * Fixed coding style and removed unncessary code
> > * Removed min/max rfs, ifs-scale, etc values from device tree
> > * Removed unused code, definitions and some comments
> > * Removed regulator control and made standard structure
> > * Removed data processing and channel scale
> > * Removed device tree binding file
> >
> > .../devicetree/bindings/iio/dac/ds4424.txt | 20 ++
> > drivers/iio/dac/Kconfig | 9 +
> > drivers/iio/dac/Makefile | 1 +
> > drivers/iio/dac/ds4424.c | 399 +++++++++++++++++++++
> > 4 files changed, 429 insertions(+)
> > create mode 100644
> > Documentation/devicetree/bindings/iio/dac/ds4424.txt
> > create mode 100644 drivers/iio/dac/ds4424.c
> >
> > diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/iio/dac/ds4424.txt
> > b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/iio/dac/ds4424.txt
> > new file mode 100644
> > index 000000000000..840b11e1d813
> > --- /dev/null
> > +++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/iio/dac/ds4424.txt
> > @@ -0,0 +1,20 @@
> > +Maxim Integrated DS4422/DS4424 7-bit Sink/Source Current DAC Device
> > +Driver
> > +
> > +Datasheet publicly available at:
> >
> +https://na01.safelinks.protection.outlook.com/?url=https%3A%2F%2Fdata
> > +sheets.maximintegrated.com%2Fen%2Fds%2FDS4422-
> DS4424.pdf&data=01%7C01
> >
> +%7CIsmail.Kose%40maximintegrated.com%7C1bb4c28e4d3642f3ccc508d4ff
> 19ae
> >
> +cb%7Cfbd909dfea694788a554f24b7854ad03%7C0&sdata=QhkGknhcRzCmek
> %2B4Vul
> > +6gCOO8QVNMWSAzz71tP5boTc%3D&reserved=0
> > +
> > +Required properties:
> > + - compatible: Must be "maxim,ds4422" or "maxim,ds4424"
> > + - reg: Should contain the DAC I2C address
> > + - maxim,rfs-resistors-ohms: Should contain reference resistor
> > +
> > +Optional properties:
> > + - vcc-supply: Power supply is optional. If not defined, driver will ignore
> it.
> > +
> > +Example:
> > + ds4224@10 {
> > + compatible = "maxim,ds4424";
> > + reg = <0x10>; /* When A0, A1 pins are ground */
> > + vcc-supply = "dac_vcc_3v3";
> > + maxim,rfs-resistors-ohms = <400 800 1000 1600>;
> > + };
> > diff --git a/drivers/iio/dac/Kconfig b/drivers/iio/dac/Kconfig index
> > 25bed2d7d2b9..db6ceba1c76f 100644
> > --- a/drivers/iio/dac/Kconfig
> > +++ b/drivers/iio/dac/Kconfig
> > @@ -310,4 +310,13 @@ config VF610_DAC
> > This driver can also be built as a module. If so, the module will
> > be called vf610_dac.
> >
> > +config DS4424
> > + tristate "Maxim Integrated DS4422/DS4424 DAC driver"
> > + depends on I2C
> > + help
> > + If you say yes here you get support for Maxim chips DS4422, DS4424.
> > +
> > + This driver can also be built as a module. If so, the module
> > + will be called ds4424.
>
> alphabetic order please
>
> +
> > endmenu
> > diff --git a/drivers/iio/dac/Makefile b/drivers/iio/dac/Makefile index
> > 603587cc2f07..f29f929a0587 100644
> > --- a/drivers/iio/dac/Makefile
> > +++ b/drivers/iio/dac/Makefile
> > @@ -33,3 +33,4 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_MCP4922) += mcp4922.o
> > obj-$(CONFIG_STM32_DAC_CORE) += stm32-dac-core.o
> > obj-$(CONFIG_STM32_DAC) += stm32-dac.o
> > obj-$(CONFIG_VF610_DAC) += vf610_dac.o
> > +obj-$(CONFIG_DS4424) += ds4424.o
>
> alphabetic order please
>
> > diff --git a/drivers/iio/dac/ds4424.c b/drivers/iio/dac/ds4424.c new
> > file mode 100644 index 000000000000..46ae28081cf0
> > --- /dev/null
> > +++ b/drivers/iio/dac/ds4424.c
> > @@ -0,0 +1,399 @@
> > +/*
> > + * Maxim Integrated
> > + * 7-bit, Multi-Channel Sink/Source Current DAC Driver
> > + * Copyright (C) 2017 Maxim Integrated
> > + *
> > + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
> > +modify
> > + * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
> > + * published by the Free Software Foundation.
> > + */
> > +
> > +#include <linux/kernel.h>
> > +#include <linux/module.h>
> > +#include <linux/i2c.h>
> > +#include <linux/regulator/consumer.h> #include <linux/err.h> #include
> > +<linux/delay.h> #include <linux/iio/iio.h> #include
> > +<linux/iio/driver.h> #include <linux/iio/machine.h> #include
> > +<linux/iio/consumer.h>
> > +
> > +#define DS4422_MAX_DAC_CHANNELS 2
> > +#define DS4424_MAX_DAC_CHANNELS 4
> > +
> > +#define DS4424_DAC_ADDR(chan) ((chan) + 0xf8)
> > +#define DS4424_SOURCE_I 1
> > +#define DS4424_SINK_I 0
> > +
> > +#define DS4424_CHANNEL(chan) { \
> > + .type = IIO_CURRENT, \
> > + .indexed = 1, \
> > + .output = 1, \
> > + .channel = chan, \
> > + .info_mask_separate = BIT(IIO_CHAN_INFO_RAW), \
> > + .address = DS4424_DAC_ADDR(chan), \
>
> .address is not used
>
> > +}
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * DS4424 DAC control register 8 bits
> > + * [7] 0: to sink; 1: to source
> > + * [6:0] steps to sink/source
> > + * bit[7] looks like a sign bit, but the value of the register is
> > + * not a two's complement code considering the bit[6:0] is a absolute
> > + * distance from the zero point.
> > + */
> > +union ds4424_raw_data {
> > + struct {
> > + u8 dx:7;
> > + u8 source_bit:1;
> > + };
> > + u8 bits;
> > +};
> > +
> > +enum ds4424_device_ids {
> > + ID_DS4422,
> > + ID_DS4424,
> > +};
> > +
> > +struct ds4424_data {
> > + struct i2c_client *client;
> > + struct mutex lock;
> > + __maybe_unused uint16_t save[DS4424_MAX_DAC_CHANNELS];
>
> save should ba uint8_t as well (to match raw)
>
> > + uint32_t rfs_res[DS4424_MAX_DAC_CHANNELS];
> > + struct regulator *vcc_reg;
> > + uint8_t raw[DS4424_MAX_DAC_CHANNELS]; };
> > +
> > +static const struct iio_chan_spec ds4424_channels[] = {
> > + DS4424_CHANNEL(0),
> > + DS4424_CHANNEL(1),
> > + DS4424_CHANNEL(2),
> > + DS4424_CHANNEL(3),
> > +};
> > +
> > +static int ds4424_get_value(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
> > + int *val, int channel) {
> > + struct ds4424_data *data = iio_priv(indio_dev);
> > + int ret;
> > +
> > + mutex_lock(&data->lock);
> > + ret = i2c_smbus_read_byte_data(data->client,
> DS4424_DAC_ADDR(channel));
> > + if (ret < 0)
> > + goto fail;
> > +
> > + *val = ret;
> > + mutex_unlock(&data->lock);
> > + return 0;
> > +
> > +fail:
> > + mutex_unlock(&data->lock);
> > + return ret;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int ds4424_set_value(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
> > + int val, struct iio_chan_spec const *chan)
> > +{
> > + struct ds4424_data *data = iio_priv(indio_dev);
> > + int ret;
> > +
> > + if (val < 0 || val > U8_MAX)
> > + return -EINVAL;
>
> the check here is not necessary, _write_raw() already does the check
>
> > +
> > + mutex_lock(&data->lock);
> > + ret = i2c_smbus_write_byte_data(data->client,
> > + DS4424_DAC_ADDR(chan->channel), val);
> > + if (ret < 0) {
> > + mutex_unlock(&data->lock);
> > + return ret;
> > + }
> > +
> > + data->raw[chan->channel] = val;
> > + mutex_unlock(&data->lock);
> > +
> > + return 0;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int ds4424_read_raw(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
> > + struct iio_chan_spec const *chan,
> > + int *val, int *val2, long mask) {
> > + union ds4424_raw_data raw;
> > + int ret;
> > +
> > + switch (mask) {
> > + case IIO_CHAN_INFO_RAW:
> > + ret = ds4424_get_value(indio_dev, val, chan->channel);
> > + if (ret < 0) {
> > + pr_err("%s : ds4424_get_value returned %d\n",
> > + __func__, ret);
> > + return ret;
> > + }
> > + raw.bits = *val;
> > + *val = raw.dx;
> > + if (raw.source_bit == DS4424_SINK_I)
> > + *val = -*val;
> > + return IIO_VAL_INT;
> > +
> > + default:
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > + }
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int ds4424_write_raw(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
> > + struct iio_chan_spec const *chan,
> > + int val, int val2, long mask) {
> > + union ds4424_raw_data raw;
> > +
> > + if (val2 != 0)
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > +
> > + switch (mask) {
> > + case IIO_CHAN_INFO_RAW:
> > + if (val < S8_MIN || val > S8_MAX)
>
> no, S8_MAX and S8_MIN is 127 and -128, resp.
> -128 is wront, should be -127 I think

-128 is acceptable input for the function.
0 and -128 both will have output current zero.
This should be right.

>
>
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > +
> > + if (val > 0) {
> > + raw.source_bit = DS4424_SOURCE_I;
> > + raw.dx = val;
> > + } else {
> > + raw.source_bit = DS4424_SINK_I;
> > + raw.dx = -val;
> > + }
> > +
> > + return ds4424_set_value(indio_dev, raw.bits, chan);
> > +
> > + default:
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > + }
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int ds4424_verify_chip(struct iio_dev *indio_dev) {
> > + int ret = 0, val;
>
> no need to init ret
>
> > +
> > + ret = ds4424_get_value(indio_dev, &val, DS4424_DAC_ADDR(0));
> > + if (ret < 0)
> > + dev_err(&indio_dev->dev,
> > + "%s failed. ret: %d\n", __func__, ret);
> > +
> > + return ret;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int __maybe_unused ds4424_suspend(struct device *dev) {
> > + struct i2c_client *client = to_i2c_client(dev);
> > + struct iio_dev *indio_dev = i2c_get_clientdata(client);
> > + struct ds4424_data *data = iio_priv(indio_dev);
> > + int ret = 0;
> > + int i;
> > +
> > + for (i = 0; i < indio_dev->num_channels; i++) {
> > + data->save[i] = data->raw[i];
> > + ret = ds4424_set_value(indio_dev, 0,
> > + &indio_dev->channels[i]);
> > + if (ret < 0)
> > + return ret;
> > + }
> > + return ret;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int __maybe_unused ds4424_resume(struct device *dev) {
> > + struct i2c_client *client = to_i2c_client(dev);
> > + struct iio_dev *indio_dev = i2c_get_clientdata(client);
> > + struct ds4424_data *data = iio_priv(indio_dev);
> > + int ret = 0;
> > + int i;
> > +
> > + for (i = 0; i < indio_dev->num_channels; i++) {
> > + ret = ds4424_set_value(indio_dev, data->save[i],
> > + &indio_dev->channels[i]);
> > + if (ret < 0)
> > + return ret;
> > + }
> > + return ret;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static SIMPLE_DEV_PM_OPS(ds4424_pm_ops, ds4424_suspend,
> > +ds4424_resume);
> > +
> > +static const struct iio_info ds4424_info = {
> > + .read_raw = ds4424_read_raw,
> > + .write_raw = ds4424_write_raw,
> > +};
> > +
> > +#ifdef CONFIG_OF
> > +static int ds4424_parse_dt(struct iio_dev *indio_dev) {
> > + int ret;
> > + int len;
> > + int count;
> > + struct property *prop;
> > + struct ds4424_data *data = iio_priv(indio_dev);
> > + struct device_node *node = indio_dev->dev.of_node;
> > +
> > + if (!node) {
> > + pr_info("%s:%d ds4424 DT not found\n", __func__, __LINE__);
> > + return -ENODEV;
> > + }
> > +
> > + prop = of_find_property(node, "maxim,rfs-resistors-ohms", &len);
> > + if (!prop) {
> > + pr_err("ds4424 maxim,rfs-resistor not found in DT.\n");
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > + }
> > +
> > + if (len != (DS4424_MAX_DAC_CHANNELS * sizeof(uint32_t))) {
> > + pr_err("ds4424 maxim,rfs-resistor length in DT not valid.\n");
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > + }
> > +
> > + ret = of_property_read_u32_array(node, "maxim,rfs-resistors-ohms",
> > + data->rfs_res, DS4424_MAX_DAC_CHANNELS);
> > + if (ret < 0) {
> > + pr_err("ds4424 reading maxim,rfs-resistors from DT failed.\n");
> > + return ret;
> > + }
> > +
> > + pr_info("ds4424 maxim,rfs-resistors: %d, %d, %d, %d\n",
> > + data->rfs_res[0], data->rfs_res[1],
> > + data->rfs_res[2], data->rfs_res[3]);
> > +
> > + return 0;
> > +}
> > +#else
> > +static int ds4424_parse_dt(struct iio_dev *indio_dev) {
> > + return -ENODEV;
> > +}
> > +#endif
> > +
> > +static int ds4424_probe(struct i2c_client *client,
> > + const struct i2c_device_id *id) {
> > + struct ds4424_data *data;
> > + struct iio_dev *indio_dev;
> > + int ret;
> > +
> > + indio_dev = devm_iio_device_alloc(&client->dev, sizeof(*data));
> > + if (!indio_dev) {
> > + dev_err(&client->dev, "iio dev alloc failed.\n");
> > + return -ENOMEM;
> > + }
> > +
> > + data = iio_priv(indio_dev);
> > + i2c_set_clientdata(client, indio_dev);
> > + data->client = client;
> > + indio_dev->name = id->name;
> > + indio_dev->dev.of_node = client->dev.of_node;
> > + indio_dev->dev.parent = &client->dev;
> > +
> > + if (!client->dev.of_node) {
> > + dev_err(&client->dev,
> > + "Not found DT.\n");
> > + return -EPERM;
> > + }
> > +
> > + indio_dev->dev.of_node = client->dev.of_node;
> > + ret = ds4424_parse_dt(indio_dev);
> > + if (ret < 0) {
> > + dev_err(&client->dev,
> > + "%s - of_node error\n", __func__);
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > + }
> > +
> > + data->vcc_reg = devm_regulator_get(&client->dev, "vcc");
> > + if (IS_ERR(data->vcc_reg)) {
> > + ret = PTR_ERR(data->vcc_reg);
> > + dev_err(&client->dev,
> > + "Failed to get vcc-supply regulator: %d\n", ret);
> > + return ret;
> > + }
> > +
> > + mutex_init(&data->lock);
> > + ret = regulator_enable(data->vcc_reg);
> > + if (ret < 0) {
> > + dev_err(&client->dev,
> > + "Unable to enable the regulator.\n");
> > + return ret;
> > + }
> > +
> > + usleep_range(1000, 1200);
> > + ret = ds4424_verify_chip(indio_dev);
> > + if (ret < 0)
> > + return -ENXIO;
> > +
> > + switch (id->driver_data) {
> > + case ID_DS4422:
> > + indio_dev->num_channels = DS4422_MAX_DAC_CHANNELS;
> > + break;
> > + case ID_DS4424:
> > + indio_dev->num_channels = DS4424_MAX_DAC_CHANNELS;
> > + break;
> > + default:
> > + dev_err(&client->dev,
> > + "ds4424: Invalid chip id.\n");
> > + regulator_disable(data->vcc_reg);
> > + return -ENXIO;
> > + }
> > +
> > + indio_dev->channels = ds4424_channels;
> > + indio_dev->modes = INDIO_DIRECT_MODE;
> > + indio_dev->info = &ds4424_info;
> > +
> > + ret = iio_device_register(indio_dev);
> > + if (ret < 0) {
> > + dev_err(&client->dev,
> > + "iio_device_register failed. ret: %d\n", ret);
> > + regulator_disable(data->vcc_reg);
> > + }
> > +
> > + return ret;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int ds4424_remove(struct i2c_client *client) {
> > + struct iio_dev *indio_dev = i2c_get_clientdata(client);
> > + struct ds4424_data *data = iio_priv(indio_dev);
> > +
> > + iio_device_unregister(indio_dev);
> > + regulator_disable(data->vcc_reg);
> > +
> > + return 0;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static const struct i2c_device_id ds4424_id[] = {
> > + { "ds4422", ID_DS4422 },
> > + { "ds4424", ID_DS4424 },
> > + { }
> > +};
> > +
> > +MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(i2c, ds4424_id);
> > +
> > +static const struct of_device_id ds4424_of_match[] = {
> > + { .compatible = "maxim,ds4422" },
> > + { .compatible = "maxim,ds4424" },
> > + { },
> > +};
> > +
> > +MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(of, ds4424_of_match);
> > +
> > +static struct i2c_driver ds4424_driver = {
> > + .driver = {
> > + .name = "ds4424",
> > + .of_match_table = ds4424_of_match,
> > + .pm = &ds4424_pm_ops,
> > + },
> > + .probe = ds4424_probe,
> > + .remove = ds4424_remove,
> > + .id_table = ds4424_id,
> > +};
> > +module_i2c_driver(ds4424_driver);
> > +
> > +MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Maxim DS4424 DAC Driver");
> MODULE_AUTHOR("Ismail
> > +H. Kose <ismail.kose@maximintegrated.com>");
> > +MODULE_AUTHOR("Vishal Sood <vishal.sood@maximintegrated.com>");
> > +MODULE_AUTHOR("David Jung <david.jung@maximintegrated.com>");
> > +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
> >
>
> --
>
> Peter Meerwald-Stadler
> Mobile: +43 664 24 44 418

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