lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2017]   [Sep]   [19]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
/
From
Date
SubjectRe: [PATCH 3/3] kcov: remove useless barrier()s
On Tue, Sep 19, 2017 at 4:29 PM, Andrey Ryabinin
<aryabinin@virtuozzo.com> wrote:
> On 09/19/2017 04:54 PM, Dmitry Vyukov wrote:
>> On Tue, Sep 19, 2017 at 3:52 PM, Andrey Ryabinin
>> <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com> wrote:
>>>
>>>
>>> On 09/19/2017 03:57 PM, Dmitry Vyukov wrote:
>>>> On Tue, Sep 19, 2017 at 2:46 PM, Andrey Ryabinin
>>>> <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com> wrote:
>>>>> As comment says barriers needed for preempt_schedule_irq() case
>>>>> where in_interrupt() returns false. But we don't use in_interrupt()
>>>>> since b274c0bb394c ("kcov: properly check if we are in an interrupt").
>>>>>
>>>>> Now we use in_task() which handles preempt_schedule_irq() case properly,
>>>>> thus no barrier required.
>>>>
>>>>
>>>> Are you sure in_task() handles preempt_schedule_irq() correctly?
>>>> They seem to differ only by SOFTIRQ_MASK vs SOFTIRQ_OFFSET, and that
>>>> only differs in local_bh_disable sections. But preempt_schedule_irq()
>>>> does not seem to have anything to do softirq/local_bh_disable. It's
>>>> called from real interrupts, right? So I would expect that in_task()
>>>> returns true in preempt_schedule_irq().
>>>
>>> Indeed, you're right. I checked this only on !PREEMPT kernel, where this worked.
>>>
>>> Still, I think that barrier() in __sanitizer_cov_trace_pc() is not needed. AFAIU it needed
>>> to make sure that load of t->kcov_area isn't moved before load of t->kcov_mode, but I don't
>>> think that compiler is allowed to make such reorder. That would be a bug in the compiler.
>>
>
> Ugh, it should have saied READ_ONCE(area[0]) instead of t->kcov_area.
>
>>
>> Why? C compiler is allowed to fuse/reorder loads from the same base
>> object. Also stores can be reordered.
>>
>
> Ok, right. t->kcov_area can be loaded before t->kcov_mode, and it's fine.
> But deference of the kcov_area
> (READ_ONCE(area[0])) can't be moved before kcov_mode check. And this barrier intended to prevent such move, right?


We want to prevent reordering of accesses to t->kcov_mode and
t->kcov_area to prevent situation when an interrupt reads
t->kcov_mode=KCOV_MODE_TRACE and t->kcov_area=NULL and crashes trying
to dereference area.

If we want to play on the edge we could remove _one_ of the barriers
-- the one in __sanitizer_cov_trace_pc. I wanted to model the usual
release/acquire synchronization pair, which is more common and easier
to understand. But interrupts are more restricted than normal threads.
Namely, an interrupt can't be intermixed with host thread execution,
it can execute only all at once at an arbitrary point in host thread.
So the following situation is _not_ possible: an interrupt loads
t->kcov_area=NULL, then host thread executes ioctl and sets both
fields, then interrupt resumes and loads t->kcov_mode=KCOV_MODE_TRACE.
So, it's only important for ioctl to set them in the correct order.






>>>>> Signed-off-by: Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com>
>>>>> ---
>>>>> kernel/kcov.c | 10 ----------
>>>>> 1 file changed, 10 deletions(-)
>>>>>
>>>>> diff --git a/kernel/kcov.c b/kernel/kcov.c
>>>>> index 14cc8c1a7cad..b7fbcbef88c1 100644
>>>>> --- a/kernel/kcov.c
>>>>> +++ b/kernel/kcov.c
>>>>> @@ -71,14 +71,6 @@ void notrace __sanitizer_cov_trace_pc(void)
>>>>>
>>>>> ip -= kaslr_offset();
>>>>>
>>>>> - /*
>>>>> - * There is some code that runs in interrupts but for which
>>>>> - * in_interrupt() returns false (e.g. preempt_schedule_irq()).
>>>>> - * READ_ONCE()/barrier() effectively provides load-acquire wrt
>>>>> - * interrupts, there are paired barrier()/WRITE_ONCE() in
>>>>> - * kcov_ioctl_locked().
>>>>> - */
>>>>> - barrier();
>>>>> area = t->kcov_area;
>>>>> /* The first word is number of subsequent PCs. */
>>>>> pos = READ_ONCE(area[0]) + 1;
>>>>> @@ -228,8 +220,6 @@ static int kcov_ioctl_locked(struct kcov *kcov, unsigned int cmd,
>>>>> /* Cache in task struct for performance. */
>>>>> t->kcov_size = kcov->size;
>>>>> t->kcov_area = kcov->area;
>>>>> - /* See comment in __sanitizer_cov_trace_pc(). */
>>>>> - barrier();
>>>>> WRITE_ONCE(t->kcov_mode, kcov->mode);
>>>>> t->kcov = kcov;
>>>>> kcov->t = t;
>>>>> --
>>>>> 2.13.5
>>>>>
>>>
>
> --
> You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups "syzkaller" group.
> To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, send an email to syzkaller+unsubscribe@googlegroups.com.
> For more options, visit https://groups.google.com/d/optout.

\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2017-09-19 16:43    [W:1.421 / U:0.016 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site