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Subject[PATCH -mm -v4 5/5] mm, swap: Don't use VMA based swap readahead if HDD is used as swap
Date
From: Huang Ying <ying.huang@intel.com>

VMA based swap readahead will readahead the virtual pages that is
continuous in the virtual address space. While the original swap
readahead will readahead the swap slots that is continuous in the swap
device. Although VMA based swap readahead is more correct for the
swap slots to be readahead, it will trigger more small random
readings, which may cause the performance of HDD (hard disk) to
degrade heavily, and may finally exceed the benefit.

To avoid the issue, in this patch, if the HDD is used as swap, the VMA
based swap readahead will be disabled, and the original swap readahead
will be used instead.

Signed-off-by: "Huang, Ying" <ying.huang@intel.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Shaohua Li <shli@kernel.org>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Fengguang Wu <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Cc: Tim Chen <tim.c.chen@intel.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
---
include/linux/swap.h | 11 ++++++-----
mm/swapfile.c | 8 +++++++-
2 files changed, 13 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/swap.h b/include/linux/swap.h
index 61d63379e956..9c4ae6f14eea 100644
--- a/include/linux/swap.h
+++ b/include/linux/swap.h
@@ -400,16 +400,17 @@ extern struct page *do_swap_page_readahead(swp_entry_t fentry, gfp_t gfp_mask,
struct vm_fault *vmf,
struct vma_swap_readahead *swap_ra);

-static inline bool swap_use_vma_readahead(void)
-{
- return READ_ONCE(swap_vma_readahead);
-}
-
/* linux/mm/swapfile.c */
extern atomic_long_t nr_swap_pages;
extern long total_swap_pages;
+extern atomic_t nr_rotate_swap;
extern bool has_usable_swap(void);

+static inline bool swap_use_vma_readahead(void)
+{
+ return READ_ONCE(swap_vma_readahead) && !atomic_read(&nr_rotate_swap);
+}
+
/* Swap 50% full? Release swapcache more aggressively.. */
static inline bool vm_swap_full(void)
{
diff --git a/mm/swapfile.c b/mm/swapfile.c
index 42eff9e4e972..4f8b3e08a547 100644
--- a/mm/swapfile.c
+++ b/mm/swapfile.c
@@ -96,6 +96,8 @@ static DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD(proc_poll_wait);
/* Activity counter to indicate that a swapon or swapoff has occurred */
static atomic_t proc_poll_event = ATOMIC_INIT(0);

+atomic_t nr_rotate_swap = ATOMIC_INIT(0);
+
static inline unsigned char swap_count(unsigned char ent)
{
return ent & ~SWAP_HAS_CACHE; /* may include SWAP_HAS_CONT flag */
@@ -2569,6 +2571,9 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE1(swapoff, const char __user *, specialfile)
if (p->flags & SWP_CONTINUED)
free_swap_count_continuations(p);

+ if (!p->bdev || !blk_queue_nonrot(bdev_get_queue(p->bdev)))
+ atomic_dec(&nr_rotate_swap);
+
mutex_lock(&swapon_mutex);
spin_lock(&swap_lock);
spin_lock(&p->lock);
@@ -3145,7 +3150,8 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE2(swapon, const char __user *, specialfile, int, swap_flags)
cluster = per_cpu_ptr(p->percpu_cluster, cpu);
cluster_set_null(&cluster->index);
}
- }
+ } else
+ atomic_inc(&nr_rotate_swap);

error = swap_cgroup_swapon(p->type, maxpages);
if (error)
--
2.11.0
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