lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2017]   [Aug]   [16]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
From
Subject[HMM-v25 02/19] mm/hmm: heterogeneous memory management (HMM for short) v5
Date
HMM provides 3 separate types of functionality:
- Mirroring: synchronize CPU page table and device page table
- Device memory: allocating struct page for device memory
- Migration: migrating regular memory to device memory

This patch introduces some common helpers and definitions to all of
those 3 functionality.

Changed since v4:
- added hmm_mm_init() call to init mm's HMM fields
Changed since v3:
- Unconditionaly build hmm.c for static keys
Changed since v2:
- s/device unaddressable/device private
Changed since v1:
- Kconfig logic (depend on x86-64 and use ARCH_HAS pattern)

Signed-off-by: Jérôme Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Evgeny Baskakov <ebaskakov@nvidia.com>
Signed-off-by: John Hubbard <jhubbard@nvidia.com>
Signed-off-by: Mark Hairgrove <mhairgrove@nvidia.com>
Signed-off-by: Sherry Cheung <SCheung@nvidia.com>
Signed-off-by: Subhash Gutti <sgutti@nvidia.com>
---
include/linux/hmm.h | 152 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
include/linux/mm_types.h | 6 ++
kernel/fork.c | 3 +
mm/Kconfig | 13 ++++
mm/Makefile | 2 +-
mm/hmm.c | 74 +++++++++++++++++++++++
6 files changed, 249 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
create mode 100644 include/linux/hmm.h
create mode 100644 mm/hmm.c

diff --git a/include/linux/hmm.h b/include/linux/hmm.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..ca60595ce784
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/linux/hmm.h
@@ -0,0 +1,152 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright 2013 Red Hat Inc.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * Authors: Jérôme Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com>
+ */
+/*
+ * Heterogeneous Memory Management (HMM)
+ *
+ * See Documentation/vm/hmm.txt for reasons and overview of what HMM is and it
+ * is for. Here we focus on the HMM API description, with some explanation of
+ * the underlying implementation.
+ *
+ * Short description: HMM provides a set of helpers to share a virtual address
+ * space between CPU and a device, so that the device can access any valid
+ * address of the process (while still obeying memory protection). HMM also
+ * provides helpers to migrate process memory to device memory, and back. Each
+ * set of functionality (address space mirroring, and migration to and from
+ * device memory) can be used independently of the other.
+ *
+ *
+ * HMM address space mirroring API:
+ *
+ * Use HMM address space mirroring if you want to mirror range of the CPU page
+ * table of a process into a device page table. Here, "mirror" means "keep
+ * synchronized". Prerequisites: the device must provide the ability to write-
+ * protect its page tables (at PAGE_SIZE granularity), and must be able to
+ * recover from the resulting potential page faults.
+ *
+ * HMM guarantees that at any point in time, a given virtual address points to
+ * either the same memory in both CPU and device page tables (that is: CPU and
+ * device page tables each point to the same pages), or that one page table (CPU
+ * or device) points to no entry, while the other still points to the old page
+ * for the address. The latter case happens when the CPU page table update
+ * happens first, and then the update is mirrored over to the device page table.
+ * This does not cause any issue, because the CPU page table cannot start
+ * pointing to a new page until the device page table is invalidated.
+ *
+ * HMM uses mmu_notifiers to monitor the CPU page tables, and forwards any
+ * updates to each device driver that has registered a mirror. It also provides
+ * some API calls to help with taking a snapshot of the CPU page table, and to
+ * synchronize with any updates that might happen concurrently.
+ *
+ *
+ * HMM migration to and from device memory:
+ *
+ * HMM provides a set of helpers to hotplug device memory as ZONE_DEVICE, with
+ * a new MEMORY_DEVICE_PRIVATE type. This provides a struct page for each page
+ * of the device memory, and allows the device driver to manage its memory
+ * using those struct pages. Having struct pages for device memory makes
+ * migration easier. Because that memory is not addressable by the CPU it must
+ * never be pinned to the device; in other words, any CPU page fault can always
+ * cause the device memory to be migrated (copied/moved) back to regular memory.
+ *
+ * A new migrate helper (migrate_vma()) has been added (see mm/migrate.c) that
+ * allows use of a device DMA engine to perform the copy operation between
+ * regular system memory and device memory.
+ */
+#ifndef LINUX_HMM_H
+#define LINUX_HMM_H
+
+#include <linux/kconfig.h>
+
+#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_HMM)
+
+
+/*
+ * hmm_pfn_t - HMM uses its own pfn type to keep several flags per page
+ *
+ * Flags:
+ * HMM_PFN_VALID: pfn is valid
+ * HMM_PFN_WRITE: CPU page table has write permission set
+ */
+typedef unsigned long hmm_pfn_t;
+
+#define HMM_PFN_VALID (1 << 0)
+#define HMM_PFN_WRITE (1 << 1)
+#define HMM_PFN_SHIFT 2
+
+/*
+ * hmm_pfn_t_to_page() - return struct page pointed to by a valid hmm_pfn_t
+ * @pfn: hmm_pfn_t to convert to struct page
+ * Returns: struct page pointer if pfn is a valid hmm_pfn_t, NULL otherwise
+ *
+ * If the hmm_pfn_t is valid (ie valid flag set) then return the struct page
+ * matching the pfn value stored in the hmm_pfn_t. Otherwise return NULL.
+ */
+static inline struct page *hmm_pfn_t_to_page(hmm_pfn_t pfn)
+{
+ if (!(pfn & HMM_PFN_VALID))
+ return NULL;
+ return pfn_to_page(pfn >> HMM_PFN_SHIFT);
+}
+
+/*
+ * hmm_pfn_t_to_pfn() - return pfn value store in a hmm_pfn_t
+ * @pfn: hmm_pfn_t to extract pfn from
+ * Returns: pfn value if hmm_pfn_t is valid, -1UL otherwise
+ */
+static inline unsigned long hmm_pfn_t_to_pfn(hmm_pfn_t pfn)
+{
+ if (!(pfn & HMM_PFN_VALID))
+ return -1UL;
+ return (pfn >> HMM_PFN_SHIFT);
+}
+
+/*
+ * hmm_pfn_t_from_page() - create a valid hmm_pfn_t value from struct page
+ * @page: struct page pointer for which to create the hmm_pfn_t
+ * Returns: valid hmm_pfn_t for the page
+ */
+static inline hmm_pfn_t hmm_pfn_t_from_page(struct page *page)
+{
+ return (page_to_pfn(page) << HMM_PFN_SHIFT) | HMM_PFN_VALID;
+}
+
+/*
+ * hmm_pfn_t_from_pfn() - create a valid hmm_pfn_t value from pfn
+ * @pfn: pfn value for which to create the hmm_pfn_t
+ * Returns: valid hmm_pfn_t for the pfn
+ */
+static inline hmm_pfn_t hmm_pfn_t_from_pfn(unsigned long pfn)
+{
+ return (pfn << HMM_PFN_SHIFT) | HMM_PFN_VALID;
+}
+
+
+/* Below are for HMM internal use only! Not to be used by device driver! */
+void hmm_mm_destroy(struct mm_struct *mm);
+
+static inline void hmm_mm_init(struct mm_struct *mm)
+{
+ mm->hmm = NULL;
+}
+
+#else /* IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_HMM) */
+
+/* Below are for HMM internal use only! Not to be used by device driver! */
+static inline void hmm_mm_destroy(struct mm_struct *mm) {}
+static inline void hmm_mm_init(struct mm_struct *mm) {}
+
+#endif /* IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_HMM) */
+#endif /* LINUX_HMM_H */
diff --git a/include/linux/mm_types.h b/include/linux/mm_types.h
index 7f384bb62d8e..7f9a04fbbe01 100644
--- a/include/linux/mm_types.h
+++ b/include/linux/mm_types.h
@@ -23,6 +23,7 @@

struct address_space;
struct mem_cgroup;
+struct hmm;

/*
* Each physical page in the system has a struct page associated with
@@ -504,6 +505,11 @@ struct mm_struct {
atomic_long_t hugetlb_usage;
#endif
struct work_struct async_put_work;
+
+#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_HMM)
+ /* HMM needs to track a few things per mm */
+ struct hmm *hmm;
+#endif
} __randomize_layout;

extern struct mm_struct init_mm;
diff --git a/kernel/fork.c b/kernel/fork.c
index d747e14ce27b..2760f1b15538 100644
--- a/kernel/fork.c
+++ b/kernel/fork.c
@@ -37,6 +37,7 @@
#include <linux/binfmts.h>
#include <linux/mman.h>
#include <linux/mmu_notifier.h>
+#include <linux/hmm.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/vmacache.h>
@@ -807,6 +808,7 @@ static struct mm_struct *mm_init(struct mm_struct *mm, struct task_struct *p,
mm_init_aio(mm);
mm_init_owner(mm, p);
mmu_notifier_mm_init(mm);
+ hmm_mm_init(mm);
clear_tlb_flush_pending(mm);
#if defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) && !USE_SPLIT_PMD_PTLOCKS
mm->pmd_huge_pte = NULL;
@@ -885,6 +887,7 @@ void __mmdrop(struct mm_struct *mm)
BUG_ON(mm == &init_mm);
mm_free_pgd(mm);
destroy_context(mm);
+ hmm_mm_destroy(mm);
mmu_notifier_mm_destroy(mm);
check_mm(mm);
put_user_ns(mm->user_ns);
diff --git a/mm/Kconfig b/mm/Kconfig
index ab937c8d247f..f0b0f2d6c123 100644
--- a/mm/Kconfig
+++ b/mm/Kconfig
@@ -691,6 +691,19 @@ config ZONE_DEVICE

If FS_DAX is enabled, then say Y.

+config ARCH_HAS_HMM
+ bool
+ default y
+ depends on (X86_64 || PPC64)
+ depends on ZONE_DEVICE
+ depends on MMU && 64BIT
+ depends on MEMORY_HOTPLUG
+ depends on MEMORY_HOTREMOVE
+ depends on SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP
+
+config HMM
+ bool
+
config FRAME_VECTOR
bool

diff --git a/mm/Makefile b/mm/Makefile
index 411bd24d4a7c..1cde2a8bed97 100644
--- a/mm/Makefile
+++ b/mm/Makefile
@@ -39,7 +39,7 @@ obj-y := filemap.o mempool.o oom_kill.o \
mm_init.o mmu_context.o percpu.o slab_common.o \
compaction.o vmacache.o swap_slots.o \
interval_tree.o list_lru.o workingset.o \
- debug.o $(mmu-y)
+ debug.o hmm.o $(mmu-y)

obj-y += init-mm.o

diff --git a/mm/hmm.c b/mm/hmm.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..88a7e10747d5
--- /dev/null
+++ b/mm/hmm.c
@@ -0,0 +1,74 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright 2013 Red Hat Inc.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * Authors: Jérôme Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com>
+ */
+/*
+ * Refer to include/linux/hmm.h for information about heterogeneous memory
+ * management or HMM for short.
+ */
+#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/hmm.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_HMM
+/*
+ * struct hmm - HMM per mm struct
+ *
+ * @mm: mm struct this HMM struct is bound to
+ */
+struct hmm {
+ struct mm_struct *mm;
+};
+
+/*
+ * hmm_register - register HMM against an mm (HMM internal)
+ *
+ * @mm: mm struct to attach to
+ *
+ * This is not intended to be used directly by device drivers. It allocates an
+ * HMM struct if mm does not have one, and initializes it.
+ */
+static struct hmm *hmm_register(struct mm_struct *mm)
+{
+ if (!mm->hmm) {
+ struct hmm *hmm = NULL;
+
+ hmm = kmalloc(sizeof(*hmm), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!hmm)
+ return NULL;
+ hmm->mm = mm;
+
+ spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock);
+ if (!mm->hmm)
+ mm->hmm = hmm;
+ else
+ kfree(hmm);
+ spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock);
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * The hmm struct can only be freed once the mm_struct goes away,
+ * hence we should always have pre-allocated an new hmm struct
+ * above.
+ */
+ return mm->hmm;
+}
+
+void hmm_mm_destroy(struct mm_struct *mm)
+{
+ kfree(mm->hmm);
+}
+#endif /* CONFIG_HMM */
--
2.13.4
\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2017-08-17 02:11    [W:0.236 / U:1.456 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site