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SubjectRE: [PATCH 00/17] v3 net generic subsystem refcount conversions
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> On Fri, 2017-06-30 at 13:07 +0300, Elena Reshetova wrote:
> > Changes in v3:
> > Rebased on top of the net-next tree.
> >
> > Changes in v2:
> > No changes in patches apart from rebases, but now by
> > default refcount_t = atomic_t (*) and uses all atomic standard operations
> > unless CONFIG_REFCOUNT_FULL is enabled. This is a compromise for the
> > systems that are critical on performance (such as net) and cannot accept even
> > slight delay on the refcounter operations.
> >
> > This series, for core network subsystem components, replaces atomic_t reference
> > counters with the new refcount_t type and API (see include/linux/refcount.h).
> > By doing this we prevent intentional or accidental
> > underflows or overflows that can led to use-after-free vulnerabilities.
> > These patches contain only generic net pieces. Other changes will be sent
> separately.
> >
> > The patches are fully independent and can be cherry-picked separately.
> > The big patches, such as conversions for sock structure, need a very detailed
> > look from maintainers: refcount managing is quite complex in them and while
> > it seems that they would benefit from the change, extra checking is needed.
> > The biggest corner issue is the fact that refcount_inc() does not increment
> > from zero.
> >
> > If there are no objections to the patches, please merge them via respective trees.
> >
> > * The respective change is currently merged into -next as
> > "locking/refcount: Create unchecked atomic_t implementation".
> >
> > Elena Reshetova (17):
> > net: convert inet_peer.refcnt from atomic_t to refcount_t
> > net: convert neighbour.refcnt from atomic_t to refcount_t
> > net: convert neigh_params.refcnt from atomic_t to refcount_t
> > net: convert nf_bridge_info.use from atomic_t to refcount_t
> > net: convert sk_buff.users from atomic_t to refcount_t
> > net: convert sk_buff_fclones.fclone_ref from atomic_t to refcount_t
> > net: convert sock.sk_wmem_alloc from atomic_t to refcount_t
> > net: convert sock.sk_refcnt from atomic_t to refcount_t
> > net: convert ip_mc_list.refcnt from atomic_t to refcount_t
> > net: convert in_device.refcnt from atomic_t to refcount_t
> > net: convert netpoll_info.refcnt from atomic_t to refcount_t
> > net: convert unix_address.refcnt from atomic_t to refcount_t
> > net: convert fib_rule.refcnt from atomic_t to refcount_t
> > net: convert inet_frag_queue.refcnt from atomic_t to refcount_t
> > net: convert net.passive from atomic_t to refcount_t
> > net: convert netlbl_lsm_cache.refcount from atomic_t to refcount_t
> > net: convert packet_fanout.sk_ref from atomic_t to refcount_t
>
>
> Can you take a look at this please ?
>
> Thanks.

Thank you very much for the report! This is an underflow (dec/sub from zero) that is reported by WARNING.
I guess it is unlikely that actual code underflows, so the most probable cause is that it attempted to do refcount_inc/add() from zero, but then failed.
However in that case you should have seen another warning on refcount_inc() somewhere earlier. That one is actually the one I need to see to track the root cause.
Could you tell me how do you arrive to the below output? Boot in what config/etc.
I can try to reproduce to debug further.

Best Regards,
Elena

>
> [ 64.601749] ------------[ cut here ]------------
> [ 64.601757] WARNING: CPU: 0 PID: 6476 at lib/refcount.c:184
> refcount_sub_and_test+0x75/0xa0
> [ 64.601758] Modules linked in: w1_therm wire cdc_acm ehci_pci ehci_hcd
> mlx4_en ib_uverbs mlx4_ib ib_core mlx4_core
> [ 64.601769] CPU: 0 PID: 6476 Comm: ip Tainted: G W 4.12.0-smp-DEV #274
> [ 64.601770] Hardware name: Intel RML,PCH/Iota_QC_19, BIOS 2.40.0 06/22/2016
> [ 64.601771] task: ffff8837bf482040 task.stack: ffff8837bdc08000
> [ 64.601773] RIP: 0010:refcount_sub_and_test+0x75/0xa0
> [ 64.601774] RSP: 0018:ffff8837bdc0f5c0 EFLAGS: 00010286
> [ 64.601776] RAX: 0000000000000026 RBX: 0000000000000001 RCX:
> 0000000000000000
> [ 64.601777] RDX: 0000000000000026 RSI: 0000000000000096 RDI:
> ffffed06f7b81eae
> [ 64.601778] RBP: ffff8837bdc0f5d0 R08: 0000000000000004 R09: fffffbfff4a54c25
> [ 64.601779] R10: 00000000cbc500e5 R11: ffffffffa52a6128 R12: ffff881febcf6f24
> [ 64.601779] R13: ffff881fbf4eaf00 R14: ffff881febcf6f80 R15: ffff8837d7a4ed00
> [ 64.601781] FS: 00007ff5a2f6b700(0000) GS:ffff881fff800000(0000)
> knlGS:0000000000000000
> [ 64.601782] CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
> [ 64.601783] CR2: 00007ffcdc70d000 CR3: 0000001f9c91e000 CR4:
> 00000000001406f0
> [ 64.601783] Call Trace:
> [ 64.601786] refcount_dec_and_test+0x11/0x20
> [ 64.601790] fib_nl_delrule+0xc39/0x1630
> [ 64.601793] ? is_bpf_text_address+0xe/0x20
> [ 64.601795] ? fib_nl_newrule+0x25e0/0x25e0
> [ 64.601798] ? depot_save_stack+0x133/0x470
> [ 64.601801] ? ns_capable+0x13/0x20
> [ 64.601803] ? __netlink_ns_capable+0xcc/0x100
> [ 64.601806] rtnetlink_rcv_msg+0x23a/0x6a0
> [ 64.601808] ? rtnl_newlink+0x1630/0x1630
> [ 64.601811] ? memset+0x31/0x40
> [ 64.601813] netlink_rcv_skb+0x2d7/0x440
> [ 64.601815] ? rtnl_newlink+0x1630/0x1630
> [ 64.601816] ? netlink_ack+0xaf0/0xaf0
> [ 64.601818] ? kasan_unpoison_shadow+0x35/0x50
> [ 64.601820] ? __kmalloc_node_track_caller+0x4c/0x70
> [ 64.601821] rtnetlink_rcv+0x28/0x30
> [ 64.601823] netlink_unicast+0x422/0x610
> [ 64.601824] ? netlink_attachskb+0x650/0x650
> [ 64.601826] netlink_sendmsg+0x7b7/0xb60
> [ 64.601828] ? netlink_unicast+0x610/0x610
> [ 64.601830] ? netlink_unicast+0x610/0x610
> [ 64.601832] sock_sendmsg+0xba/0xf0
> [ 64.601834] ___sys_sendmsg+0x6a9/0x8c0
> [ 64.601835] ? copy_msghdr_from_user+0x520/0x520
> [ 64.601837] ? __alloc_pages_nodemask+0x160/0x520
> [ 64.601839] ? memcg_write_event_control+0xd60/0xd60
> [ 64.601841] ? __alloc_pages_slowpath+0x1d50/0x1d50
> [ 64.601843] ? kasan_slab_free+0x71/0xc0
> [ 64.601845] ? mem_cgroup_commit_charge+0xb2/0x11d0
> [ 64.601847] ? lru_cache_add_active_or_unevictable+0x7d/0x1a0
> [ 64.601849] ? __handle_mm_fault+0x1af8/0x2810
> [ 64.601851] ? may_open_dev+0xc0/0xc0
> [ 64.601852] ? __pmd_alloc+0x2c0/0x2c0
> [ 64.601853] ? __fdget+0x13/0x20
> [ 64.601855] __sys_sendmsg+0xc6/0x150
> [ 64.601856] ? __sys_sendmsg+0xc6/0x150
> [ 64.601857] ? SyS_shutdown+0x170/0x170
> [ 64.601859] ? handle_mm_fault+0x28a/0x650
> [ 64.601861] SyS_sendmsg+0x12/0x20
> [ 64.601863] entry_SYSCALL_64_fastpath+0x13/0x94
> [ 64.601864] RIP: 0033:0x7ff5a29b6080
> [ 64.601865] RSP: 002b:00007ffcdc707e08 EFLAGS: 00000246 ORIG_RAX:
> 000000000000002e
> [ 64.601867] RAX: ffffffffffffffda RBX: 0000000000000000 RCX: 00007ff5a29b6080
> [ 64.601867] RDX: 0000000000000000 RSI: 00007ffcdc707e58 RDI:
> 0000000000000003
> [ 64.601868] RBP: 00007ffcdc70fec0 R08: 0000000000000001 R09:
> 0000000000000000
> [ 64.601869] R10: 00007ffcdc711eb7 R11: 0000000000000246 R12:
> 0000000000456000
> [ 64.601870] R13: 00007ffcdc7108b0 R14: 0000000000000000 R15:
> 0000000000000001
> [ 64.601871] Code: 16 75 33 85 d2 0f 94 c0 48 83 c4 08 5b 5d c3 80 3d 7d 5b 84 01
> 00 75 15 48 c7 c7 60 8e 57 a4 c6 05 6d 5b 84 01 01 e8 bb e2 99 ff <0f> ff 31 c0 48 83
> c4 08 5b 5d c3 83 f8 ff 75 b3 31 c0 eb f0 48
>

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