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SubjectRe: [RFC 21/55] KVM: arm64: Forward HVC instruction to the guest hypervisor
On Mon, Jul 03, 2017 at 11:31:56AM +0200, Andrew Jones wrote:
> On Mon, Jul 03, 2017 at 11:08:50AM +0200, Christoffer Dall wrote:
> > On Mon, Jun 26, 2017 at 11:21:25AM -0400, Jintack Lim wrote:
> > > On Wed, Feb 22, 2017 at 6:47 AM, Christoffer Dall <cdall@linaro.org> wrote:
> > > > On Mon, Jan 09, 2017 at 01:24:17AM -0500, Jintack Lim wrote:
> > > >> Forward exceptions due to hvc instruction to the guest hypervisor.
> > > >>
> > > >> Signed-off-by: Jintack Lim <jintack@cs.columbia.edu>
> > > >> ---
> > > >> arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_nested.h | 5 +++++
> > > >> arch/arm64/kvm/Makefile | 1 +
> > > >> arch/arm64/kvm/handle_exit.c | 11 +++++++++++
> > > >> arch/arm64/kvm/handle_exit_nested.c | 27 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > > >> 4 files changed, 44 insertions(+)
> > > >> create mode 100644 arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_nested.h
> > > >> create mode 100644 arch/arm64/kvm/handle_exit_nested.c
> > > >>
> > > >> diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_nested.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_nested.h
> > > >> new file mode 100644
> > > >> index 0000000..620b4d3
> > > >> --- /dev/null
> > > >> +++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_nested.h
> > > >> @@ -0,0 +1,5 @@
> > > >> +#ifndef __ARM64_KVM_NESTED_H__
> > > >> +#define __ARM64_KVM_NESTED_H__
> > > >> +
> > > >> +int handle_hvc_nested(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
> > > >> +#endif
> > > >> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/Makefile b/arch/arm64/kvm/Makefile
> > > >> index b342bdd..9c35e9a 100644
> > > >> --- a/arch/arm64/kvm/Makefile
> > > >> +++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/Makefile
> > > >> @@ -35,4 +35,5 @@ kvm-$(CONFIG_KVM_ARM_HOST) += $(KVM)/irqchip.o
> > > >> kvm-$(CONFIG_KVM_ARM_HOST) += $(KVM)/arm/arch_timer.o
> > > >> kvm-$(CONFIG_KVM_ARM_PMU) += $(KVM)/arm/pmu.o
> > > >>
> > > >> +kvm-$(CONFIG_KVM_ARM_NESTED_HYP) += handle_exit_nested.o
> > > >> kvm-$(CONFIG_KVM_ARM_NESTED_HYP) += emulate-nested.o
> > > >> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/handle_exit.c b/arch/arm64/kvm/handle_exit.c
> > > >> index a891684..208be16 100644
> > > >> --- a/arch/arm64/kvm/handle_exit.c
> > > >> +++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/handle_exit.c
> > > >> @@ -29,6 +29,10 @@
> > > >> #include <asm/kvm_mmu.h>
> > > >> #include <asm/kvm_psci.h>
> > > >>
> > > >> +#ifdef CONFIG_KVM_ARM_NESTED_HYP
> > > >> +#include <asm/kvm_nested.h>
> > > >> +#endif
> > > >> +
> > > >> #define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS
> > > >> #include "trace.h"
> > > >>
> > > >> @@ -42,6 +46,13 @@ static int handle_hvc(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct kvm_run *run)
> > > >> kvm_vcpu_hvc_get_imm(vcpu));
> > > >> vcpu->stat.hvc_exit_stat++;
> > > >>
> > > >> +#ifdef CONFIG_KVM_ARM_NESTED_HYP
> > > >> + ret = handle_hvc_nested(vcpu);
> > > >> + if (ret < 0 && ret != -EINVAL)
> > > >> + return ret;
> > > >> + else if (ret >= 0)
> > > >> + return ret;
> > > >> +#endif
> > > >> ret = kvm_psci_call(vcpu);
> > > >> if (ret < 0) {
> > > >> kvm_inject_undefined(vcpu);
> > > >> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/handle_exit_nested.c b/arch/arm64/kvm/handle_exit_nested.c
> > > >> new file mode 100644
> > > >> index 0000000..a6ce23b
> > > >> --- /dev/null
> > > >> +++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/handle_exit_nested.c
> > > >> @@ -0,0 +1,27 @@
> > > >> +/*
> > > >> + * Copyright (C) 2016 - Columbia University
> > > >> + * Author: Jintack Lim <jintack@cs.columbia.edu>
> > > >> + *
> > > >> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
> > > >> + * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
> > > >> + * published by the Free Software Foundation.
> > > >> + *
> > > >> + * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
> > > >> + * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
> > > >> + * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
> > > >> + * GNU General Public License for more details.
> > > >> + *
> > > >> + * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
> > > >> + * along with this program. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
> > > >> + */
> > > >> +
> > > >> +#include <linux/kvm.h>
> > > >> +#include <linux/kvm_host.h>
> > > >> +
> > > >> +#include <asm/kvm_emulate.h>
> > > >> +
> > > >> +/* We forward all hvc instruction to the guest hypervisor. */
> > > >> +int handle_hvc_nested(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> > > >> +{
> > > >> + return kvm_inject_nested_sync(vcpu, kvm_vcpu_get_hsr(vcpu));
> > > >> +}
> > > >
> > > > I don't understand the logic here or in the caller above. Do we really
> > > > forward *all" hvc calls to the guest hypervisor now, so that we no
> > > > longer support any hypercalls from the VM? That seems a little rough
> > > > and probably requires some more discussions.
> > >
> > > So I think if we run a VM with the EL2 support, then all hvc calls
> > > from the VM should be forwarded to the virtual EL2.
> >
> > But do we actually check if the guest has EL2 here? It seems you cann
> > handle_hvc_nested unconditionally when you have
> > OCNFIG_KVM_ARM_NESTED_HYP. I think that's what threw me off when first
> > reading your patch.
> >
> > >
> > > I may miss something obvious, so can you (or anyone) come up with some
> > > cases that the host hypervisor needs to directly handle hvc from the
> > > VM with the EL2 support?
> > >
> >
> > So I'm a little unsure what to say here. On one hand you are absolutely
> > correct, that architecturally if we emulated virtual EL2, then all
> > hypercalls are handled by the virtual EL2 (even hypercalls from virtual
> > EL2 which should become self-hypercalls).
> >
> > On the other hand, an enlightened guest may want to use hypercalls to
> > the hypervisor for some reason, but that would require some numbering
> > scheme to separate the two concepts.
>
> Yes, I've been thinking that a KVM generic vcpu needs to be enlightened,
> and to use a hypercall to get the host cpu's errata. If we head down that
> road, then even a vcpu emulating EL2 would need to be able to this.
>

We could use SMC calls here a well, as the "conduit" as I believe the
ARM folks are calling it. We just need to agree somewhere (across
hypervisors preferably), that when you have virtual EL2, everything is
via SMC (even upcalls to a host hypervisor), and otherwise it's via HVC.

> >
> > Do we currently have support for the guest to use SMC calls for PSCI
> > when it has virtual EL2?
>
> Yup, that's already supported by QEMU and the guest kernel.
>
Yes, and the KVM support follows this patch in the series as it turns
out (but given the time since I looked at this series last, I forgot).


Thanks,
-Christoffer

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