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SubjectRe: [RFC 21/55] KVM: arm64: Forward HVC instruction to the guest hypervisor
On Mon, Jul 03, 2017 at 11:08:50AM +0200, Christoffer Dall wrote:
> On Mon, Jun 26, 2017 at 11:21:25AM -0400, Jintack Lim wrote:
> > On Wed, Feb 22, 2017 at 6:47 AM, Christoffer Dall <cdall@linaro.org> wrote:
> > > On Mon, Jan 09, 2017 at 01:24:17AM -0500, Jintack Lim wrote:
> > >> Forward exceptions due to hvc instruction to the guest hypervisor.
> > >>
> > >> Signed-off-by: Jintack Lim <jintack@cs.columbia.edu>
> > >> ---
> > >> arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_nested.h | 5 +++++
> > >> arch/arm64/kvm/Makefile | 1 +
> > >> arch/arm64/kvm/handle_exit.c | 11 +++++++++++
> > >> arch/arm64/kvm/handle_exit_nested.c | 27 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > >> 4 files changed, 44 insertions(+)
> > >> create mode 100644 arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_nested.h
> > >> create mode 100644 arch/arm64/kvm/handle_exit_nested.c
> > >>
> > >> diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_nested.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_nested.h
> > >> new file mode 100644
> > >> index 0000000..620b4d3
> > >> --- /dev/null
> > >> +++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_nested.h
> > >> @@ -0,0 +1,5 @@
> > >> +#ifndef __ARM64_KVM_NESTED_H__
> > >> +#define __ARM64_KVM_NESTED_H__
> > >> +
> > >> +int handle_hvc_nested(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
> > >> +#endif
> > >> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/Makefile b/arch/arm64/kvm/Makefile
> > >> index b342bdd..9c35e9a 100644
> > >> --- a/arch/arm64/kvm/Makefile
> > >> +++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/Makefile
> > >> @@ -35,4 +35,5 @@ kvm-$(CONFIG_KVM_ARM_HOST) += $(KVM)/irqchip.o
> > >> kvm-$(CONFIG_KVM_ARM_HOST) += $(KVM)/arm/arch_timer.o
> > >> kvm-$(CONFIG_KVM_ARM_PMU) += $(KVM)/arm/pmu.o
> > >>
> > >> +kvm-$(CONFIG_KVM_ARM_NESTED_HYP) += handle_exit_nested.o
> > >> kvm-$(CONFIG_KVM_ARM_NESTED_HYP) += emulate-nested.o
> > >> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/handle_exit.c b/arch/arm64/kvm/handle_exit.c
> > >> index a891684..208be16 100644
> > >> --- a/arch/arm64/kvm/handle_exit.c
> > >> +++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/handle_exit.c
> > >> @@ -29,6 +29,10 @@
> > >> #include <asm/kvm_mmu.h>
> > >> #include <asm/kvm_psci.h>
> > >>
> > >> +#ifdef CONFIG_KVM_ARM_NESTED_HYP
> > >> +#include <asm/kvm_nested.h>
> > >> +#endif
> > >> +
> > >> #define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS
> > >> #include "trace.h"
> > >>
> > >> @@ -42,6 +46,13 @@ static int handle_hvc(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct kvm_run *run)
> > >> kvm_vcpu_hvc_get_imm(vcpu));
> > >> vcpu->stat.hvc_exit_stat++;
> > >>
> > >> +#ifdef CONFIG_KVM_ARM_NESTED_HYP
> > >> + ret = handle_hvc_nested(vcpu);
> > >> + if (ret < 0 && ret != -EINVAL)
> > >> + return ret;
> > >> + else if (ret >= 0)
> > >> + return ret;
> > >> +#endif
> > >> ret = kvm_psci_call(vcpu);
> > >> if (ret < 0) {
> > >> kvm_inject_undefined(vcpu);
> > >> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/handle_exit_nested.c b/arch/arm64/kvm/handle_exit_nested.c
> > >> new file mode 100644
> > >> index 0000000..a6ce23b
> > >> --- /dev/null
> > >> +++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/handle_exit_nested.c
> > >> @@ -0,0 +1,27 @@
> > >> +/*
> > >> + * Copyright (C) 2016 - Columbia University
> > >> + * Author: Jintack Lim <jintack@cs.columbia.edu>
> > >> + *
> > >> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
> > >> + * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
> > >> + * published by the Free Software Foundation.
> > >> + *
> > >> + * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
> > >> + * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
> > >> + * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
> > >> + * GNU General Public License for more details.
> > >> + *
> > >> + * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
> > >> + * along with this program. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
> > >> + */
> > >> +
> > >> +#include <linux/kvm.h>
> > >> +#include <linux/kvm_host.h>
> > >> +
> > >> +#include <asm/kvm_emulate.h>
> > >> +
> > >> +/* We forward all hvc instruction to the guest hypervisor. */
> > >> +int handle_hvc_nested(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> > >> +{
> > >> + return kvm_inject_nested_sync(vcpu, kvm_vcpu_get_hsr(vcpu));
> > >> +}
> > >
> > > I don't understand the logic here or in the caller above. Do we really
> > > forward *all" hvc calls to the guest hypervisor now, so that we no
> > > longer support any hypercalls from the VM? That seems a little rough
> > > and probably requires some more discussions.
> >
> > So I think if we run a VM with the EL2 support, then all hvc calls
> > from the VM should be forwarded to the virtual EL2.
>
> But do we actually check if the guest has EL2 here? It seems you cann
> handle_hvc_nested unconditionally when you have
> OCNFIG_KVM_ARM_NESTED_HYP. I think that's what threw me off when first
> reading your patch.
>
> >
> > I may miss something obvious, so can you (or anyone) come up with some
> > cases that the host hypervisor needs to directly handle hvc from the
> > VM with the EL2 support?
> >
>
> So I'm a little unsure what to say here. On one hand you are absolutely
> correct, that architecturally if we emulated virtual EL2, then all
> hypercalls are handled by the virtual EL2 (even hypercalls from virtual
> EL2 which should become self-hypercalls).
>
> On the other hand, an enlightened guest may want to use hypercalls to
> the hypervisor for some reason, but that would require some numbering
> scheme to separate the two concepts.

Yes, I've been thinking that a KVM generic vcpu needs to be enlightened,
and to use a hypercall to get the host cpu's errata. If we head down that
road, then even a vcpu emulating EL2 would need to be able to this.

>
> Do we currently have support for the guest to use SMC calls for PSCI
> when it has virtual EL2?

Yup, that's already supported by QEMU and the guest kernel.

Thanks,
drew

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