[lkml]   [2017]   [Jul]   [19]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
Messages in this thread
SubjectRe: [RFC v2 0/5] surface heterogeneous memory performance information
On 2017/7/7 5:52, Ross Zwisler wrote:
> ==== Quick Summary ====
> Platforms in the very near future will have multiple types of memory
> attached to a single CPU. These disparate memory ranges will have some
> characteristics in common, such as CPU cache coherence, but they can have
> wide ranges of performance both in terms of latency and bandwidth.
> For example, consider a system that contains persistent memory, standard
> DDR memory and High Bandwidth Memory (HBM), all attached to the same CPU.
> There could potentially be an order of magnitude or more difference in
> performance between the slowest and fastest memory attached to that CPU.
> With the current Linux code NUMA nodes are CPU-centric, so all the memory
> attached to a given CPU will be lumped into the same NUMA node. This makes
> it very difficult for userspace applications to understand the performance
> of different memory ranges on a given CPU.
> We solve this issue by providing userspace with performance information on
> individual memory ranges. This performance information is exposed via
> sysfs:
> # grep . mem_tgt2/* mem_tgt2/local_init/* 2>/dev/null
> mem_tgt2/firmware_id:1
> mem_tgt2/is_cached:0
> mem_tgt2/is_enabled:1
> mem_tgt2/is_isolated:0
> mem_tgt2/phys_addr_base:0x0
> mem_tgt2/phys_length_bytes:0x800000000
> mem_tgt2/local_init/read_bw_MBps:30720
> mem_tgt2/local_init/read_lat_nsec:100
> mem_tgt2/local_init/write_bw_MBps:30720
> mem_tgt2/local_init/write_lat_nsec:100
> This allows applications to easily find the memory that they want to use.
> We expect that the existing NUMA APIs will be enhanced to use this new
> information so that applications can continue to use them to select their
> desired memory.
> This series is built upon acpica-1705:
> And you can find a working tree here:
> ==== Lots of Details ====
> This patch set is only concerned with CPU-addressable memory types, not
> on-device memory like what we have with Jerome Glisse's HMM series:
> This patch set works by enabling the new Heterogeneous Memory Attribute
> Table (HMAT) table, newly defined in ACPI 6.2. One major conceptual change
> in ACPI 6.2 related to this work is that proximity domains no longer need
> to contain a processor. We can now have memory-only proximity domains,
> which means that we can now have memory-only Linux NUMA nodes.
> Here is an example configuration where we have a single processor, one
> range of regular memory and one range of HBM:
> +---------------+ +----------------+
> | Processor | | Memory |
> | prox domain 0 +---+ prox domain 1 |
> | NUMA node 1 | | NUMA node 2 |
> +-------+-------+ +----------------+
> |
> +-------+----------+
> | HBM |
> | prox domain 2 |
> | NUMA node 0 |
> +------------------+
> This gives us one initiator (the processor) and two targets (the two memory
> ranges). Each of these three has its own ACPI proximity domain and
> associated Linux NUMA node. Note also that while there is a 1:1 mapping
> from each proximity domain to each NUMA node, the numbers don't necessarily
> match up. Additionally we can have extra NUMA nodes that don't map back to
> ACPI proximity domains.
> The above configuration could also have the processor and one of the two
> memory ranges sharing a proximity domain and NUMA node, but for the
> purposes of the HMAT the two memory ranges will always need to be
> separated.
> The overall goal of this series and of the HMAT is to allow users to
> identify memory using its performance characteristics. This can broadly be
> done in one of two ways:
> Option 1: Provide the user with a way to map between proximity domains and
> NUMA nodes and a way to access the HMAT directly (probably via
> /sys/firmware/acpi/tables). Then, through possibly a library and a daemon,
> provide an API so that applications can either request information about
> memory ranges, or request memory allocations that meet a given set of
> performance characteristics.
> Option 2: Provide the user with HMAT performance data directly in sysfs,
> allowing applications to directly access it without the need for the
> library and daemon.

Is it possible to do the memory allocation automatically by the kernel and transparent to users?
It sounds like unreasonable that most users should aware this detail memory topology.

Bob Liu

> The kernel work for option 1 is started by patches 1-3. These just surface
> the minimal amount of information in sysfs to allow userspace to map
> between proximity domains and NUMA nodes so that the raw data in the HMAT
> table can be understood.

 \ /
  Last update: 2017-07-19 11:50    [W:0.080 / U:0.848 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site