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SubjectRe: "mm: use early_pfn_to_nid in page_ext_init" broken on some configurations?
On Fri 14-07-17 11:34:31, Vlastimil Babka wrote:
> On 07/14/2017 11:13 AM, Michal Hocko wrote:
> > On Fri 07-07-17 14:00:03, Vlastimil Babka wrote:
> >> On 07/04/2017 07:17 AM, Joonsoo Kim wrote:
> >>>>
> >>>> Still, backporting b8f1a75d61d8 fixes this:
> >>>>
> >>>> [ 1.538379] allocated 738197504 bytes of page_ext
> >>>> [ 1.539340] Node 0, zone DMA: page owner found early allocated 0 pages
> >>>> [ 1.540179] Node 0, zone DMA32: page owner found early allocated 33 pages
> >>>> [ 1.611173] Node 0, zone Normal: page owner found early allocated 96755 pages
> >>>> [ 1.683167] Node 1, zone Normal: page owner found early allocated 96575 pages
> >>>>
> >>>> No panic, notice how it allocated more for page_ext, and found smaller number of
> >>>> early allocated pages.
> >>>>
> >>>> Now backporting fe53ca54270a on top:
> >>>>
> >>>> [ 0.000000] allocated 738197504 bytes of page_ext
> >>>> [ 0.000000] Node 0, zone DMA: page owner found early allocated 0 pages
> >>>> [ 0.000000] Node 0, zone DMA32: page owner found early allocated 33 pages
> >>>> [ 0.000000] Node 0, zone Normal: page owner found early allocated 2842622 pages
> >>>> [ 0.000000] Node 1, zone Normal: page owner found early allocated 3694362 pages
> >>>>
> >>>> Again no panic, and same amount of page_ext usage. But the "early allocated" numbers
> >>>> seem bogus to me. I think it's because init_pages_in_zone() is running and inspecting
> >>>> struct pages that have not been yet initialized. It doesn't end up crashing, but
> >>>> still doesn't seem correct?
> >>>
> >>> Numbers looks sane to me. fe53ca54270a makes init_pages_in_zone()
> >>> called before page_alloc_init_late(). So, there would be many
> >>> uninitialized pages with PageReserved(). Page owner regarded these
> >>> PageReserved() page as allocated page.
> >>
> >> That seems incorrect for two reasons:
> >> - init_pages_in_zone() actually skips PageReserved() pages
> >> - the pages don't have PageReserved() flag, until the deferred struct page init
> >> thread processes them via deferred_init_memmap() -> __init_single_page() AFAICS
> >>
> >> Now I've found out why upstream reports much less early allocated pages than our
> >> kernel. We're missing 9d43f5aec950 ("mm/page_owner: add zone range overlapping
> >> check") which adds a "page_zone(page) != zone" check. I think this only works
> >> because the pages are not initialized and thus have no nid/zone links. Probably
> >> page_zone() only doesn't break because it's all zeroed. I don't think it's safe
> >> to rely on this?
> >
> > Yes, if anything PageReserved should be checked before the zone check.
>
> That wouldn't change anything, because we skip PageReserved and it's not
> set.

I thought they were still marked reserved from the bootmem allocator I
would have to go through the initialization code again to be sure.

> Perhaps we could skip pages that have the raw page flags value
> zero, but then a) we should make sure that the allocation of the struct
> page array zeroes the range, and b) the first modification of struct
> page in the initialization is setting the PageReserved flag.

I would rather not depend on the page state. There are plans to not
initialize the struct page (even to 0 during memmap init) until
__init_single_page.

Either the page is fully initialized or we are touching invalid pfn
range. end_pfn = pfn + zone->spanned_pages but I guess we should in fact
consider first_deferred_pfn as well (calculate_node_totalpages is not
deffered initialization aware).
--
Michal Hocko
SUSE Labs

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